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The election in the IVth District was held at | February, A. D., 1855, three months afterward, Dr. Chapman's, over 40 miles from the Missouri when the Census was taken, but 53 voters; and State line. It was a thinly settled region, contain-yet the poll-books show that 604 votes were cast. ing but 47 voters in February, 1855, when the The election was held at the house of Frey McGee, census was taken. On the day before the election, at a place called "110." But few of the actual from 100 to 150 citizens of Cass and Jackson settlers were present at the polls. A witness who Counties, Mo., came into this district declaring formerly resided in Jackson County, Mo., and was their purpose to vote, and that they were bound well acquainted with the citizens of that county, to make Kansas a Slave-State, if they did it at the says that he saw a great many wagons and tents point of the sword. Persons of the party on the at the place of election, and many individuals he way drove each a stake in the ground and called knew from Jackson County. He was in their it a claim-and in one case several names were tents and conversed with some of them, and they put on one stake. The party of strangers camped told him they had come with the intention of all night near where the election was to be held, voting. He went to the polls intending to vote and in the morning were at the election polls and for Flennekin, and his ticket being of a different voted. One of their party got drunk, and to get color from the rest, his vote was challenged by rid of Dr. Chapman, a judge of the election, Frey McGee, who had been appointed one of the they sent for him to come and see a sick man, Judges, but did not serve. Lemuel Ralstone, a and in his absence filled his place with another citizen of Missouri, was acting in his place. The judge, who was not sworn. They did not deny witness then challenged the vote of a young man or conceal that they were residents of Missouri, by the name of Nolan, whom he knew to reside and many of them were recognized as such by in Jackson County. Finally the thing was hushed others. They declared that they were bound to up, as the witness had a good many friends there make Kansas a Slave-State. They insisted upon from that county, and it might lead to a fight if their right to vote in the Territory if they were he challenged any more votes. Both voted and in it one hour. After the election they again re- he then went down to their camp. He there saw turned to the their homes in Missouri, camping many of his old acquaintances whom he knew over night on the way. had voted at the election in August previous, in Missouri, and who still resided in that State. By a careful comparison of the poll-lists with the census rolls, we find but 12 names on the pollbook who were voters when the census was taken three months afterwards, and we are satisfied that not more than 20 legal votes could have been polled at that election. The only residents who are known to have voted are named by the witness, and are 13 in number-thus leaving 584 illegal votes cast in a remote district, where the settlers within many miles were acquainted with each other.

We find upon the poll-books 161 names; of these not over 30 resided in the Territory, 131 were non-residents.

But few settlers attended the election in the Vth District, the District being large and the settlement scattered. 82 votes were cast; of these between 20 and 30 were settlers, and the residue were citizens of Missouri. They passed into the Territory by way of the Santa Fe road and by the residence of Dr. Westfall, who then lived on the western line of Missouri. Some little excitement arose at the polls as to the legality of their voting, but they did vote for Gen. Whitfield, and said they intended to make Kansas a Slave State-and that they had claims in the Territory. Judge Teazle, judge of the Court in Jackson County, Missouri, was present, but did not vote. He said he did not intend to vote, but came to see that others voted. After the election, the Missourians returned they way the came.

The election in the VIth District was held at Fort Scott, in the southeast part of the Territory and near the Missouri line. A party of about one hundred men from Cass and the counties in Missouri south of it went into the Territory, traveling about 45 miles, most of them with their wagons and tents, and camping out. They appeared at the place of election. Some attempts were made to swear them; but two of the Judges were prevailed upon not to do so, and none were sworn, and as many as chose voted. There were but few recident voters at the polls. The settlement was sparse-about 25 actual settlers voted out of 105 votes cast, leaving 80 illegal votes. After the voting was over the Missourians went to their wagons and commenced leaving for home.

The most shameless fraud practised upon the rights of the settlers at this election was in the VIIth District. It is a remote settlement about 75 miles from the Missouri line, and contained in

The total number of white inhabitants in the XIth District in the month of February, A.D. 1855, including men, women and children, was 36, of whom 24 were voters-yet the poll-lists in this District show that 245 votes were cast at this election. For reasons stated hereafter in regard to the election on the 30th of March, your Committee were unable to procure the attendance of witnesses from this District. From the records it clearly appears that the votes cast could not have been by lawful resident voters. The best test in the absence of direct proof by which to ascertain the number of illegal votes cast, is by a comparison of the census roll with the poll-book-by which it appears that but 7 rident settlers voted and 238 votes were illegally and fraudulently given.

The election in the XIVth District was held at the house of Benjamin Harding, a few miles from the town of St. Joseph, Missouri. Before the polls were opened, a large number of citizens of Buchanan county, Missouri, and among them many of the leading citizens of St. Joseph, were at the place of voting, and made a majority of the company present. At the time appointed by the Governor for opening the polls, two of the Judges were not there, and it became the duty of the legal voters present to select other Judges.

camping in tents and wagons about the town
"like a camp meeting." They were in companies
or messes of ten to fifteen in each, and numbered
in all several hundred. They brought their own
provisions and cooked it themselves, and were
generally armed. Many of them were known by
the witnesses, and their names given, and their
names are found upon the poll-books. Among
them were several persons of influence where they
resided in Missouri, who held, or had held, high
official positions in that State. They claimed to
be residents of the Territory, from the fact that
they were then present, and insisted upon the right
to vote, and did vote.
Their avowed purpose in
doing so was to make Kansas a Slave State.
These strangers crowded around the polls, and it
was with great difficulty that the settlers could get
to the polls. One resident attempted to get to the
polls in the afternoon, but was crowded and
pulled back. He then went outside of the crowd
and hurrahed for Gen. Whitfield, and some of
those who did not know him said, “that's a good
Pro-Slavery man," and lifted him up over their
heads so that he crawled on their heads and put
in his vote. A person who saw from the color of
his ticket that it was not for Gen. Whitfield,
cried out, "He is a damned Abolitionist-let him
down;" and they dropped him. Others were

The Judge who was present suggested the name of Mr. Waterson as one of the Judges-but the crowd voted down the proposition. Some discussion then arose as to the right of non-residents to vote for Judges, during which Mr. Bryant was nominated and elected by the crowd. Some one nominated Col. John Scott as the other Judge, who was then and is now a resident of St. Joseph. At that time he was the City Atiorney of that place, and so continued until this Spring, but he claimed that the night before he had come to the house of Mr. Bryant, and had engaged boarding for a month, and considered himself a resident of Kansas on that ground. The Judges appointed by the Governor refused to put the nomination of Col. Scott to vote, because he was not a resident. After some discussion, Judge Leonard, a citizen of Missouri, stepped forward and put the vote himself; and Mr. Scott was declared by him as elected by the crowd, and served as a Judge of Election that day. After the election was over, he returned to St. Joseph, and never since has resided in the Territory. It is manifest that this election of a non-resident lawyer as a Judge was imposed upon the settlers by the citizens of the State. When the board of Judges was thus completed the voting proceeded, but the effect of the rule adopted by the Judges allowed many, if not a majority of the non-residents, to vote. They passed to the polls in the same way, and others claimed that their presence on the ground especi-crowded up in the best way they could. After ally when they had a claim in the Territory, gave this mockery of an election was over, the nonthem a right to vote-under that construction residents returned to their homes in Missouri. Of of the law they readily, when required, swore the 312 votes cast, not over 150 were by legal they were "residents and then voted. By this voters. evasion, as near as your Committee can ascertain from the testimony, as many as 50 illegal votes were cast in this District out of 153, the whole number polled.

The election in the XVth District was held at Penseman's on Stranger Creek, a few miles from Weston, Missouri. On the day of the election a number of citizens of Platte County, but chiefly from Weston and Platte City, came in small parties, in wagons and on horseback, to the polls. Among them were several leading citizens of that town, and the names of many of them are given by the witnesses. They generally insisted on their right to vote, on the ground that every man having a claim in the Territory could vote, no matter where he lived. All voted who chose. No man was challenged or sworn. Some of the residents did not vote. The purpose of the strangers in voting was declared to be to make Kansas a Slave State. We find by the poll books that 306 votes were cast-of them we find but 57 are on the census rolls as legal voters in February following. Your Committee is satisfied from the testimony that not over 100 of those who had voted had any right so to do, leaving at least 206 illegal votes cast.

The election in the XVIth District was held at Leavenworth. It was then a small village of three or four houses, located on the Delaware Reservation. There were but comparatively few settlers then in the district, but the number rapidly increased afterward. On the day before and on the day of the election, a great many citizens of Platte, Clay and Ray counties crossed the river-most of them

The following abstract exhibits the whole number of votes at this election for each candidate; the number of legal and illegal votes cast in each district; and the number of legal voters in each district in February following: ABSTRACT OF CENSUS,

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Thus your Committee find that in this first elec

tion in the Territory a very large majority of the | Missouri. The number and

votes were cast by citizens of the State of Mis-gration then passing into ts a log house, and souri in violation of the organic law of the Terri- grossly exaggerated and misreprest fall again, but tory. Of the legal votes cast Gen. Whitfield the active exertions of many of its Pro-Slavery received a plurality. The settlers took but little zens, aided by the secret societies before crowd interest in the election, not one half of them to, the passions and prejudices of the peop withvoting. This may be accounted for from the fact that State were greatly excited. Several residehe that the settlements were scattered over a great there have testified to the character of the reports extent that the term of the delegate to be elect-circulated among and credited by the people. ed was short-and that the question of Free and These efforts were successful. By an organSlave institutions was not generally regarded by ized movement which extended from Andrew them as distinctly at issue. Under these circum- County in the North, to Jaspar County in the stances a systematic invasion from an adjoining South, and as far eastward as Boone and Cole State by which large numbers of illegal votes were Counties, companies of men were arranged in cast in remote and sparse settlements for the regular parties and sent into every Council Disavowed purpose of extending Slavery into the trict in the Territory, and into every Representative Territory, even though it did not change the District but one. The numbers were so distriresult of the election, was a crime of great magni-buted as to control the election in each District. tude. Its immediate effect was to further excite They went to vote and with the avowed dethe people of the Northern States-induce acts sign of making Kansas a Slave State. They of retaliation, and exasperate the actual settlers against their neighbors in Missouri.

In January and February A. D. 1855, the Governor caused an enumeration to be taken of the inhabitants and qualified voters in the Territory, an abstract of which is here given.


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T. W. Hayes...
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were generally armed and equipped, carried with them their own provisions and tents, and so marched into the Territory. The details of this invasion, from the mass of the testimony taken by our Committee, are so voluminous that we can here state but the leading facts elicited.

IST DISTRICT-MARCH 30, 1855.-Lawrence.

The company of persons who inarched into this District, collected in Ray, Howard, Carroll, Boone, La Fayette, Randolph, Saline, and Cass Counties, in the State of Missouri. Their expenses were paid-those who could not come contributing provisions, wagons, &c. Provisions were deposited for those who were expected to come to Lawrence in the house of William Lykins, and were distributed among the Missourians after they arrived there. The evening before and the morning of the day of election, about 1,000 men from the above counties arrived at Lawrence, and camped on a ravine a short distance from town, A near the place of voting. They came in wagons -of which there were over one hundred-and on BION horseback, under the command of Col. Samuel Young of Boone County, Missouri, and Claiborne 99AN F. Jackson of Missouri. They were armed with gun, rifles, pistols, and bowie-knives, and had tents, music, and flags with them. They brought 101N with them two pieces of artillery, loaded with musket balls. On their way to Lawrence, some of them met Mr. N. B. Blanton, who had been appointed one of the Judges of Election by Gov. Reeder, and after learning from him that he considered it his duty to demand an oath from them On the same day the census was completed, the as to their place of residence, first attempted to Governor issued his Proclamation for an election bribe, and then threatened him with hanging, in to be held on the 30th of March, A. D. 1855, for order to induce him to dispense with that oath. Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Ter- In consequence of these threats, he did not apritory. It prescribed the boundaries of Districts; pear at the polls the next morning to act as Judge. the places for polls, the names of Judges; the The evening before the election, while in camp, appointment of members; and recited the quali-the_Missourians were called together at the tent fication of voters. If it had been observed, a of Capt. Claiborne r. Jackson, and speeches were just and fair election would have reflected the made to them by Col. Young and others, calling will of the people of the Territory. Before the for volunteers to go to other Districts where there election, false and inflammatory rumors were were not Missourians enough to control the elec busily circulated among the people of Westerntion, and there were more at Lawrence than were

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go, and the sourians said, if the Judges appointed by the mpanies, from Governor did not receive their votes, they would to Tecumseh, choose other Judges. Some of them voted sexe. A other places.ral times, changing their hats and coats, and comthe Missourians ing up to the window again. They said they inng from their camp, tended to vote first, and after they had got through at a time. Mr. Blanton then the others could vote. Some of them claimed Judge was appointed in a right to vote under the organic act, from the claiming that, as the people fact that their mere presence in the Territory conad two Judges, it was nothing stituted them residents, though they were from that the Missourians should have Wisconsin, and had homes in Missouri. Other the 3. e, to look after their interests; and said they had a right to vote, because Kansas be Robert A. Cummins was elected in Blanton's longed to Missouri, and people from the East had stead, because he considered that every man had no right to settle in the Territory and vote there. a right to vote if he had been in the Territory They said they came to the Territory to elect a but an hour. The Missourians brought their Legislature to suit themselves, as the people of the tickets with them, but not having enough, they Territory and persons from the East and North had three hundred more printed in Lawrence on wanted to elect a Legislature that would not suit the evening before and the day of election. them. They said they had a right to make Kansas They had white ribbons in their button-holes to a slave State, because the people of the North had distinguish themselves from the settlers. sent persons out to make it a Free State. Some claimed that they had heard that the Emigrant Aid Society had sent men out to be at the election, and they came to offset their votes; but the most of them made no such claim. Col. Young said he wanted the citizens to vote in order to give the election some show of fairness. The Missourians said there would be no difficulty, if the citizens did not interfere with their voting, but they were determined to vote-peaceably, if they could, but vote any how. They said each one of them was prepared for eight rounds without loading, and would go the ninth round with the butcher knife. Some of them said that by voting in the Territory they would deprive themselves of the right to vote in Missouri for twelve months afterward.

When the voting commenced the question for the legality of the vote of a Mr. Page was raised. Before it was decided, Col. Samuel Young stepped up to the window where the votes were received, and said he would settle the matter. The vote of Mr. Page was withdrawn, and Col. Young offered to vote. He refused to take the oath prescribed by the Governor, but swore he was a resident of the Territory, upon which his vote was received. He told Mr Abbott, one of the Judges, when asked if he intended to make Kansas his future home, that it was none of his business; that if he were a resident then, he should ask no more. After his vote was received, Col. Young got up in the window-sill and announced to the crowd that he had been permitted to vote, and they could all come up and vote. He told the Judges that there was no use in swearing the others, as they would all swear as he had done. After the other Judges concluded to receive Col. Young's vote, Mr. Abbott resigned as Judge of Election, and Mr. Benjamin was elected in his place.

The polls were so much crowded until late in the evening that for a time, when the men had voted, they were obliged to get out by being hoisted up on the roof of the building where the election was being held, and pass out over the house. Afterward a passageway through the crowd was made, by two lines of men being formed, through which the voters could get up to the polls. Col. Young asked that the old men be allowed to go up first and vote, as they were tired with the travelling, and wanted to get back

to camp.

The Missourians sometimes came up to the polls in procession two by two, and voted.

The Missourians began to leave the afternoon of the day of election, though some did not go home until the next morning.

In many cases when a wagon load had voted, they immediately started for home. On their way home they said that if Gov. Reeder did not sanction the election, they would hang him.

The citizens of the town of Lawrence, as a general thing, were not armed on the day of election, though some had revolvers, but not exposed, as were the arms of the Missourians. They kept a guard about the town the night after the election, in consequence of the threats of the Missourians, in order to protect it.

The Pro-Slavery men of the District attended the nominating Conventions of the Free-State men, and voted for and secured the nominations of the men they considered the most obnoxious to the Free-State party, in order to cause dissension in that party.

Quite a number of settlers came into the District before the day of election, and after the census was taken. According to the census returns, there were then in the District 369 legal voters. Of those whose names are on the census returns, 177 are to be found on the poll-books of the 30th of March, 1855. Messrs. Ladd, Babcock and Pratt testify to 55 names on the poll-books of persons they knew to have settled in the District after the census was taken and before the election. A number of persons came into the Territory in March, Before the voting had commenced, the Mis-before the election, from the Northern and Eastern

During the day, the Missourians drove off the the ground some of the citizens, Mr. Stevens, Mr. Bond, and Mr. Willis. They threatened to shoot Mr. Bond, and a crowd rushed after him threatening him, and as he ran from them some shots were fired at him, as he jumped off the bank of the river and made his escape. The citizens of the town went over in a body, late in the afternoon, when the poll had become comparatively clear, and voted.

States, intending to settle, who were in Lawrence on the day of election. At that time many of them had selected no claims and had no fixed place of residence. Such were not entitled to vote. Many of them became dissatisfied with the country. Others were disappointed at its political condition, and in the price and demand for labor, and returned. Whether any such voted at the election, is not clearly shown; but from the proof, it is probable that in the latter part of the day, after the great body of the Missourians had voted, some did go to the polls. The number was not over 50. These voted the Free-State ticket. The whole number of names appearing upon the poll-lists is 1,034. After full examination, we are satisfied that not over 232 of these were legal voters, and 802 were non-resident and illegal voters. This District is strongly in favor of making Kansas a Free State, and there is no doubt that the FreeState candidates for the Legislature would have been elected by large majorities, if none but the actual settlers had voted. At the preceding election in November, 1854, where none but legal votes were polled, General Whitfield, who received the full strength of the Pro-Slavery party, got but 46 votes.


corner of the house, which was a log house, and lifted it up a few inches and let it fall again, but desisted upon being told there were Pro-Slavery men in the house. During this time the crowd repeatedly demanded to be allowed to vote without being sworn, and Mr. Ellison, one of the Judges, expressed himself willing, but the other two Judges refused; thereupon a body of men, headed by "Sheriff Jones," rushed into the Judges' room with cocked pistols and drawn bowie-knives in their hands, and approached Burson and Ramsay. Jones pulled out his watch, and said he would give them five minutes to resign in, or die. When the five minutes had expired, and the Judges did not resign, Jones said he would give them another minute and no more. Ellison told his associates that if they did not resign, there would be one hundred shots fired in the room in less than fifteen minutes; and then snatching up the ballot-box ran out into the crowd, holding up the ballot-box and hurraing for Missouri. About that time Burson and Ramsey were called out by their friends, and not suffered to return. As Mr. Burson went out, he put the ballot poll-books in his pocket, and took them with him; and as he was going out, Jones snatched some papers away from him, and shortly afterward came out holding them up, crying, "hurrah for Missouri." After he discovered they were not the poll-books, he took On the morning of election, the Judges appoint- a party of men with him and started off to take ed by the Governor appeared and opened the the poll-books from Burson. Mr. Burson saw them polls. Their names were Harrison Burson, Na- coming, and he gave the books to Mr. Umberger, thaniel Ramsay and Mr. Ellison. The Missourians and told him to start off in another direction, so began to come in early on the morning, some 500 or 600 of them, in wagons and carriages, and on horseback, under the lead of Samuel J. Jones, then Postmaster of Westport, Missouri, Claiborne F. Jackson, and Mr. Steely of Independence, Mo. They were armed with double-barreled guns, rifles, bowie-knives and pistols, and had flags hoisted. They held a sort of informal election, off at one side, at first for Governor of Kansas, and shortly afterward announced Thomas Johnson of Shawnee Missions elected Governor. The polls had been opened but a short time when Mr. Jones marched with the crowd up to the window and demanded that they should be allowed to vote without swearing as to their residence. After some noisy and threatening talk, Claiborne F. Jackson addressed the crowd, saying they had come there to vote, that they had a right to vote if they had been there but five minutes, and he was not willing to go home without voting, which was received with cheers. Jackson then called upon them to form into little bands of fifteen or twenty, which they did, and went to an ox-wagon filled with guns, which were distributed among them, and proceeded to load some of them on the ground. In pursuance of Jackson's request, they tied white tape or ribbons in their buttonholes, so as to distinguish them from the "Abolitionists." They again demanded that the Judges should resign, and upon their refusing to do so, smashed in the window, sash and all, and presented their pistols and guns to them, threatening to shoot them. Some one on the outside cried out to them not to shoot, as there were Pro-Slavery men in the room with the Judges. They then put a pry under the

as to mislead Jones and his party. Jones and his party caught Mr. Umberger, took the poll-books away from him, and Jones took him up behind him on a horse, and carried him back a prisoner. After Jones and his party had taken Umberger back, they went to the house of Mr. Ramsay and took Judge John A. Wakefield prisoner, and carried him to the place of election, and made him get up on a wagon and make them a speech; after which they put a white ribbon in his button-hole and let him go. They then chose two new Judges, and proceeded with the election.

They also threatened to kill the judges if they did not receive their votes without swearing them, or else resign. They said no man should vote who would submit to be sworn-that they would kill any one who would offer to do so-"shoot him," "cut his guts out," &c. They said no man should vote this day unless he voted an open ticket, and was "all right on the goose," and that if they could not vote by fair means, they would by foul means. They said they had as much right to vote, if they had been in the Territory two minutes, as if they had been there two years, and they would vote. Some of the citizens who were about the window, but had not voted when the crowd of Missourians marched up there, upon attempting to vote, were driven back by the mob, or driven off. One of them, Mr. J. M. Macey, was asked if he would take the oath, and upon his replying that he would if the judges required, he was dragged through the crowd away from the polls, amid cries of "Kill the d-d nigger thief," "Cut his throat," "Tear his heart ott," &c. After they got him to the outside of the crowd,

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