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sects, 200.

Beech-tree overhanging deep water, 53, 151 ; | Cape llorn, the most southern point in South
large size, 172.

America, on the last island of the Fuegiiin
Behring's Straits (Dan. pron., bā'ring), sepa- Archipelago, so named in 1616 by its dis-

rating Asia and North America; it is about coverer, Schouten, in honor of his Dutch
thirty-six miles broad, 31, 32.

birthplace (Hoorn), 42.
Bizcacha (Span. pron., bith-kah'tchah), a rab- Cape of Good Hope, the southern extremity

bit-like animal, prey of the puma, 45; home of Africa, 165.
on the Pampas, range, food, flesh good, col. Capi'bara, or capy'bara, a water-hog, prey of
lections about its burrow, 48.

the jagnar, 46, 145.
Blue-gum tree, 166.

Carbonate of lime, a substance mannfactured
Bolas (“balls "), with which Ganchos catch from sea-water by shell-fish and coral in.

ostriches and cattle, 71, 121; made and
used by Indians, 107, 108; catch Mr. Dar- Carpacho (Span. pron., kar-patch'o), an ore-
win's horse, 121.

sack, in Mexico called tanute (tah-nah'ti),
Bones used as fuel, 124,

Booby, a stupid and tame bird, 75.

Carrion-buzzard, 76.
Boomerang, an Australian missile, 104. Casara (Span. pron., kris-suh'ra),

Botafoʻgo Bay, in the Bay of Rio de Janeiro, builder," or oven-bird, it.
39, 41.

Casarita (Span. pron., kas-sııh-rë'tah), “liule
Bower bird, Australian, 49, 50.

house-builder,“ makes deep holes for nests;
Brazil, the largest country in South America, has no idea of thickness, 74.

settled by the Portuguese, 112, 113; fruit. Castro, the capital of Chiloe, 153.

bearing trees, 164; primeval forests, 170. Casts of trees; remains of trunks in which
Bread-fruit, 163, 164.

the vegetable fibres have been replaced by
Buenos Ayres (Span. pron.,

boo-en'oce ah'è. ting particles of stone without altering the
ress), the capital of the Argentine Confed- shape, 181.
eration—the name means “fine air"-33, Cat, jaguar scratches like a, 47.

48, 109, 126, 127, 144, 146j; plains, 182. Caterpillars, turning them into butterflies a
Bullock wagon of the Pampas, 147, 148. heresy, 132.

Charles Island, one of the Galapagos group,

60, 78.
CACIQUE (Span. pron., kath-o'ká), an Indian Chatham Island, the easternmost of the Gala-
chief, 108.

pagos group, 61.
Cactus, 59; food of lizards, 60; of tortoises, Chile (Span. pron., tchè'li), a Spanish-Amer-

61; on the Parana, 148; in Chile, 194. ican republic on the l'acific coast of South
Callao (Span. pron., kal-yah'o), port of Lima, America, 44, 45, 67, 109, 118, 129, 154 ; a

159; liability to earthquake waves, 190. raised coast, 1:59 ; mountains, 178; fossil.
Camping ont, on the Pampas, 123; in Tahiti, shells and wood, 181; barrenness in north,

Cannibalism of Fuegians, 101, 1755.

Chileno (spån. pron., trha-lü'no), an inhabi..
Cape Blanco, on the east coast of Patagonia- tant of Chile, trap for condors, 68; po-
the naine means “ white "-44.

liteness, 128; wonder at the naturalist, 129;
also a cape on the west coast of superstition about volcanoes, 188; miners
Northern Africa, 81.

improvidence, 129, funeral procession, 130,
Cape de Verd Islands, west of Northern Afri. heavy loads, 130, endurance, 131.

ca, in the Atlantic Ocean--the name means Chiloe (Span. pron., tchè-lo-i'), a large island'
“green "--64, 81.

south of Chile, 153 ; abundant apple-trees,
Cape Gregory, in Patagonia, on Magellan 178, 167; prospect, 177; eartlıquakes, 189,
Strait, 104.



guay, 149.

and stri

China (Span. pron., tchö'nah), a young In- | Cornwall, the sonth-western extremity of Eng-
dian woman, 106.

land, 129.
Choiseul Sound (Fr. pron., shwah-zurl'), on the Corral', a yard or enclosure, 111.

east side of the largest of the Falkland Isl-Corrobery, Australian dancing-party, 138, 140
ands, 124.

Cotton, 184.
Cholechel (Span. pron., tcho--tchel'), an isl. Crab, plunders the noddy's nest, 75, 76; ou
and in the Rio Negro, La Plata, 108.

Keeling Island, lives on cocoa-nuts, 86-89,
Chonos Archipelago (Span. pron., tchoʻnoce), in burrows, 89; yields oil, strong pincers,

on the west coast of Patagonia, 50; earth- 89; found in kelp, 174.
quake, 190.

Cufre (Span. pron., koo'fra), a post in Uru-
Chuzo (Span. pron., tchooth'o), a pike, 108.
Cockroaches surrounded by ants, 83.

Cuttle-fish, means of hiding, change of color,
Cocoa-nut, 138, 163, 171, 198, 199; opened 64; walks with difficulty, 64; inhabits the
by crabs, 89.

kelp, 174.
Cocos Islands (see Keeling), 86, etc.

Colonia, a town in south-western Uruguay,

DARWIN, Charles, sketch of the life of, 17.
Combs of ladies of Buenos Ayres, 127. Deer, the prey of the puma, 45.
Concepcion (Span. pron., kon-thepth-d-on'), a Demivolt, a mode of raising up his forelegs

town near the west coast of Chile, destroy- to which a horse is trained, 119.
ed by enrthquake, 184-186; connection with Der Freischütz (Ger. pron., derr fri'shets-

Juan Fernandez, 188, with Chiloe, 189, 190. nearly), “the free - shooter " - name of an
Conchalee (in the Spanish form, Conchali), a opera by the German composer C. M. von

town on the west coast of Chile, rainfall, Weber, first performed in 1822–94.

Dog, shepherd - dog's training, 37; cowardly
Condor, a carrion bird, preys on the guanaco, at the house, brave with the flock, 38; drives

44; on goats and lambs, 68; plunders the off condors, 68; Fuegian dog not eaten till
puma, 45; size and range, 66; lives on old women are, 101.
steep cliffs, roosts on trees, egg-laying, 67; Dove, 76-78.
low caught, 68; poor sense of smell, 69 ;

sharp sight, mode of Aying, 70.
Conglomerate, a mass of rock particles, 203. EARTHQUAKE, of February 20, 1835, 183-192;
Copiapó, a town of northern Chile, fossil shells of 1751, 188; of 1837, 190; of 1822, 192;

and wood, 181; earthquake, 192; rainfall, effect on land and sea, 183; in upheaving,
193; irrigation, 194.

184, 190; moral effect, 183, 186, 191, 192 ;
Coquimbo (Span. pron., ko-kem bo), a north- relation to volcanic eruptions, 188; subter-

ern seaport of Chile, earthquake, 191; ranean connections, 188, 189.
rainfall, 193.

Edwards, Mr., an English resident of Co-
Coral reef of Tahiti, 163, of Keeling Island, quimbo in 1835, 191.
198; resistance to breakers, 199.

Elephant, fossil remains in South America, 31,
Coralline, a marine plant, 174.

Corcova’do (“hunchback "), a volcano in the El famo'so Corcova'do (Span.), “the famous
southern extremity of Chile, 177.

llunchback "-called “ famous" to distin-
Cordillera (Span. pron., kor-del-yer'ah), a guish it from other mountains having the

mountain chain-in the foregoing pages gen. same name, as, for instance, the Corcovado
erally the same as the Andes—15, 66, 67, in the vicinity of Rio-177.
105, 109, 159.

Emu, good swimmer, 72; male hatches the
Cormorant, 51 ; playing with its prey, 65; de- eggs, 7t; Emu danre among Australian ne-
pendent on kelp, 1755.

gines. 139.

En el campo (Span.)—“on the open plain " | Gannet, 75.

Gaucho (Span. pron., gah-ooʻtcho), a general
England, magpies in, 78; wild geese, 80; cat- naine for the inhabitant of the Pampas,

tle-keeping, 126; probable effect of an earth- comtryman," fierce appearance, 116 ;
quake, 191.

ment diet, 123; opinion of jagniar meat, 47;
Entre Rios (Span. pron, en'tra re oce), a steals Indian offerings, 111; turcing a horse

South American country lying, as its name to swim, 29; horsemanship, 117-119 ; nise
signifies, " between rivers," namely, the Pa- of lazo, 120; of bolas, 71, 121 ; night camp,
rana and the Urngnay, 48.

123, 124; mode of kindling a fire, 137.
Eskimo, compared with Fuegian, 103. Geranium, 195.
Estancia (Span. pron., es-tanth'è-ah), a graz- Glaciers, in Beagle Channel, 152, 153; on

ing farm, estate, plantation, 30, 34, 125. Mount Sarmiento, 176 ; in Eyre's Sound
Estanciero (Span. pron., es-tanth-e-er'o), a and Gulf of Peñas, 177.
planter, 115, 127.

Goeree Road (Eng. pron., yo-re'), a roadstead
Eucalyp'tus, a species of Australian tree, blue- on the south coast of Tierra del Fuego, south
gum, etc., 166, 167.

of Lennox Island—“goeree" means in Dutch
Europe, fossil-bearing rocks of, 181.

good road” or “good anchorage"-151.
Evre's Sound, west coast of Patagonia, 177. Goitre, a diseased swelling of the neck, 128.

Gold mines of Chile, 132.

Good Success Bay, in the south-eastern ex-
Fagus betuloi'des, a kind of beech, 151. tremity of Tierra del Fuego, 93.
Falkland Islands, east of the southern end of Goose, upland, tame, 79; wild, 80.
Patagonia, 65, 78–80, 124.

Granite country furnishes clear water, 145 ;
Feast - days and idleness, 128; extravagance, not favorable to trees, 172 ; granite blocks

on icebergs, 177.
Finch, 60, 76; tameness, 78.

Grasshoppers blown out to sea, 81.
Fire procured by Tahitians and Gauchos, 137. Greenstone carried to a lime coral-reef, 203.
Fir-trees, petrified, 178, 181.

Guanaco (Span. pron., goo-ah-nah’ko), or wild
Flying-fish, food of noddy, 75, 78.

llama, the South American camel, 41;
Forests in the tropics, 170; petrified, 178, 181. range, 42; curiosity, bold when tame, good
Fossil remains in the arctic regions, 31; of the swimmer, 43; drinks salt-water, travels in

Pampas, 149; shells and wood in Chile, 181. straight lines, prey of puma and birds, 44,
Fox, 78, 79.

68; skin for clothing, 93, 99, 105.
Fuegians of Good Success Bay, 93 ; painted Guasco, a town of northern Chile, rainfall,

skins, 94, 108; mimicry, 94; shell - heaps, 193.
wigwains, 98; on the south coast, naked- Guava, 101.
ness, 99; food, 100; famine, blubber-eating, Gulf of Peñas (Span. pron., pān'yass), west
cannibalism, 101, 176 ; signal - fires, 101 ; coast of Patagonia, 177.
easy perspiration, 102 ; lowest of mankind, Gull, 51.
103; of superior capacity to Australians,

104; dependence on kelp, 175.

Iawk, 78.

Ilay un gato encerrado aquí (Span. pron, ah'è

oon gah'to en-ther-rah'do ah-ke') — " there
Galapagos Islands (Span. pron., guh-lah'- is a cat shut up here "—there is some

pah-goce), west of Ecuador, remarkable for tery about it, 132.
the differences between their animal species Hibernation, passing the winter in a torpid
and those of the main-land; they got their state, 195, 196.
name from the great number of “ turtles” Horse, good swimmer, 29, 30; mares killed for
found on them, 56, 76, 79, 80.

food and hides, 30, used to tread out wheat,

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31; fossil horse in South America, 31 ; the Indian Ocean, south-west of Sumatra,
horse introduced by Europeans, 33; feats 86, 197, 198, 200.
of training in Chile, 118, 119; struggle Kelp, 172; strength, 173 ; great length, use:
with lassoed bullock, 120; entangled in as a breakwater, swarming with animal life,
bolas, 121.

174, 175.
Hottentots, inhabitants of South Africa, 73. Kerguelen Land (Eng. pron., kerg'-e-len),
Huachos (Span. pron., 00-ah'tchoce), a name an island in the southern part of the Indian
given to unhatched ostrich eggs, 73.

Ocean, 174.

King George's Sound, in the south - western

part of Australia, 138; natives, 138.
ICEBERGS in Eyre's Sound, 177.

Indian, North American, 95; South Ameri-

can, 105; fine-looking, 106; work of men Lagoon Islands, 197–204 ; mode of forma
and women, manufacture and use of bolas, tion, 204.
71, 107, 108; silver riding gear, horseman- Land, rising and sinking of, 178, 181, 190, 204.
ship, 108; heroism, following a trail, 109; La Plata (Span. pron., lah plah'tah), the old
tree altar, 110; ancient remains near Lima, name of the present Spanish - American

Argentine Republic or Confederation, the
Indian file, single file, or one behind another, second largest country, after Brazil, in South

America; it is also the name of the riv-
Indian Ocean, 197.

er and estuary into which flow the Pa-
Irrigation in Chile, 194, 195.

rana, Uruguay, and other great rivers (see
Isle of France, in the Indian Ocean, east of Plata); for this whole river system it is oc-
Madagascar, 204

casionally used the head-lines of the re-
Itacaia (Port. pron., 2-tah-kah'-e-ah), a village going pages, 45, 81, 118, 129, 146; flatness,
in Brazil, east of Rio, 112.


La Platan medical superstitions, 124.

Las Minas (Span. pron., lass mē'nass), a town
JACKASS penguin, 65, 66.

in the southern part of Uruguay—the name:
Jaguar, or American tiger, haunts great riv-

the mines ” —116, 126, 143.
ers, 46, 145; prey, attacks man in vessels Las Vacas (Span. pron., lass vah'kass), au
and houses, 46; mode of killing, noisy hab- town in Uruguay-the name means “the
its, tree-scratching, flesh eaten, 47.

James Island, one of the larger of the Gala- Lawson, Mr., an English vice-governor of the
pagos Islands, 58.

Ecuadorian penal colony in the Galapagos
Juan Fernandez (Span. pron., hoo-an' fer-nan'. Islands, 60.

deth), an island west of Chile, inhabited by Lazo (Span. pron., lath'o), a long slip-noose,
a Scotch solitary, Alexander Selkirk, whose 120, 121, 123.
life here is supposed to have suggested to Lichen, 181, 194.
Defoe the story of Robinson Crusoe; con- Liesk, Mr., an English resident of Keeling
nection with Concepcion shown by earth- Island, formerly a ship's-mate, 89:
quakes, 188.

Lima (Span. pron., lè'mah), the capital' of

Peru, 70, 159, 161, 190; Indian remains,

KAFFIRS, of South Africa, mimicry, 95. Lizard, of the Galapagos, 56 ; dislike to wa-
Kangaroo dance of Australian negroes, 140. ter, 57; burrow-making, 58; cowardice,
Kauri pine (pronounced kow'ry), the Dammara 59; not feared by birds, food,
australis, 171.

mon lizard, surrounded by ants, 83; hiber-
Keeling (or Co'cos) Islands, a coral group in nation, 195, 196.




Llama (Span. pron., l-yah'mah), the South Monkey, with prehensile tail, 38; bearded, 41.

American camel (see Guanaco), 41, etc. Montevideo (Span. pron., mon'---dä'o), the
Locust, bred in deserts, 81; swarm like a cloud, capital of Uruguay-the name means pros-

81; speed of flight, height from ground, pect hill”—29; hibernation of animals, 195.

noise, 82; driven off by cottagers, 83. Moresby, Captain, 89.
London, the chief city of England, 74. Mosquitoes, 145.
Low, Captain, a sealing-master in Patagonian Mountains of Tierra del Fuego, 175, 176.
waters, 101, 105.

Mount Sarmiento, in Tierra del Fuego, 176.
Luxan or Lujan (Span. pron., loo-hahn'), a Mule, knows its leader, follows a scent, 33;

town on the western border of the Argen- endurance, superior to its parents, 34.
tine Republic, 81.

Murrumbidgee River, in New South Wales,
Lyco'sa, a kind of spider, 84.

Australia, a tributary of the Murray River,


Macare (Port. pron., mah-kah-a'), a river in Negro lieutenant under Rosas, 111; negro

south-eastern Brazil, north of Cape Frio, 113. wonian's heroism, 112; a degraded slave,
Macrocys'tis pyri'fera (kelp), 172.

113; cruel treatment of slaves, 113–116 ;
Madrina (Span. pron., mah-drē'nah), the bell- negress with a goitre, 128.

mule (or bell-leader) of a troop of mules, New South Wales, an eastern division of Aus-
33, 34.

tralia, 165; peculiar trees, 165–167.
Magellan Strait, separating Patagonia and New Zealand, a group of islands in the South

the island of Tierra del Fuego, 33, 66, 93, Pacific Ocean, belonging to Great Britain,

Magpie, 78.

Noddy, a stupid and tame bird, 75.
Maldonado (Span. pron., mal-do-nah'do), a North America, some of its animals derived
seaport town of Uruguay, 63, 125.

from Asia, 31, 32.
Mango, 171.

Niagara, the most famous falls in the United
Mares (see Horse).

States, 176.
Mastodon, an extinct animal resembling the el. No sé (Span. pron., no )—“I don't know "-
ephant, fossil remains in South America, 31.

Matë (Span. pron., mah'ta), a South Ameri-

can shrub used for tea, 110.

OCEAN bed raised into mountains, 181; into
Mayor- domo (Span. pron., mah-jor-dom'o), a plains, 182 ; ocean prospect tedious, 196;
superintendent, 184, 185.

ocean vastness, 197.
Mazeppa, a Pole, born 1641, died 1709, was, Octo'pus, the cutile - fish, so called from its
for a punishment, bound to a wild horse's

eight feet” or arms,

back, which was then set loose, 109. Olive, 143, 157.
Meat diet of Gauchos, 123; of Chilian miners, Orange-tree, 157, 162, 163, 164, 171.

Osorno, a volcano in the southern part of Chile,
Mendoza (Span. pron., men-do'-thah), a west- 177.

ern town and province of the Argentine Re- Ostrich, range, food, how caught, 71, 72;
public, 81, 147; plains, 182.

good swimmer, 72; cock-bird larger, note,
Mercedes (Span. pron., mer-thä'dace), a town sits on the nest, 73; attacks man, num-
in western Uruguay, 126, 128.

bers and weight of eggs, 73; prey of puma,
Mimosa tree, 148.

Miners of Chile, 129–132.

Otter (see Sea-otter).
Misericordia (Span.)"mercy,

," "have mer- Owl, 78, 80.

Ox-cart of the Pampas, 147, 148.
Mocking-thrush, 76 ; tameness, 77.

Ox knows its own troop, 34.

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