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148;

Point Venus, Tahiti—so called because Cap-
P.

tain Cook observed there the transit of the
PACIFIC Ocean, vastness, 197; lagoon isl. planet Venus, June 3, 1769-136.
ands, 203.

Polyp, the coral insect, 200, 203.
Palm, 143, 164, 171, 200.

Poncho (Span. pron., pon'tcho), a blanket with
Pampas, South American plains or prairies, a hole in the middle, through which the

home of the bizcacha, 48; Indian inhabi- wearer puts his head, 101.
tants, 105; Gaucho, 120, 123; unfavorable Ponsonby Sound, between Hoste and Nava-
to growth of trees, 144; not absolutely flat, rin Islands, which form the south coast of

fossil remains, 149; mud formation, 183. Beagle Channel, 102, 175.
Pan de Azucar (Span. pron., pahn ath-oo- Poplar, 143.

kar)—“sugar-loaf”-a prominent landmark Porphyry, a hard rock, often of a green color,
on the south coast of Uruguay, 143.

199.
Parana (Span. prori., pah-rah-nah'), one of the Porpoise, mode of swimming, outstrips a ship,

chief tributaries of the river Plate, 46, 48, 53; feeds among the kelp, 175.
135; broad, 147; full of islands, 144 ; mud. Port Famine, in Patagania, on the Strait of
dy, a neglected highway, 145.

Magellan, at the point where the letter a of
Paris, the chief city of France, 177.

Famine is printed on the map, 151, 172.
Parrot, 41.

Portillo Pass (Span. pron., por-tēl'yo), a route
Patagonia, the southernmost country of South over the Andes between Chile and the Ar-

America, so named by Magellan on ac- gentine Republic—the name means a "gap”
count of the supposed “big feet” (patagon') or “gate"-33.
of the native inhabitants, 41, 43, 45, 47, 71, Port Valdes (Span. pron., val-dāce'), a station
72; impressive plains, 150, 182.

on the east coast of Patagonia, 44, 72.
Patagonian, like some of the Fuegians, 93; Posta, a post-station, 109, 111.

like northern Indians, 105; height, painted Promethean matches, consisting of a roll of

skin, behavior at table, stock of horses, 105. paper treated with sugar and chlorate of
Peach-trees used for firewood, 143.

potash, and a small cell containing sulphuric
Peat in Tierra del Fuego, 151.

acid-when the cell was broken the acid set
Penguin, noise, 53 ; bravery, 66.

fire to the composition—125.
Pepsis, a kind of wasp, 84.

Pulperia (Span. pron., pool-per-ě'ah), a drink-
Pernambuco (Port. pron., perr-nam-booʻko), ing-shop, 116.
a seaport of Eastern Brazil, 113.

Puma, or South American lion, range and
Peru (Span. pron., -roo'), a Spanish-Ameri- prey, 44, 45; mode of killing, 45; drives

can republic on the Pacific coast of South off condor, 45, 68; flesh like veal, 45, 47.
America, 118.

Pyrainids of Egypt, 204.
Petrel, 197.
Petrified trees, 178, 181.

Q.
Phosphorescent sea, 53, 54.

Que cosa (Span. pron., kay kos'sah)—"what
Pineapple, 163.

an idea "-115.
Plata (Span. pron., plah'tah), the Plate river Quillota (Span. pron., kēl-yo'tah), a town of

and estuary, separating Urugnay and the Chile, south-east of Valparaiso, 157, 159.
Argentine Confederation — the Spanish Quiriquina (Span. pron., kë--kë'nah), an isl.
word, like Argentine and our English plate, and on the west coast of Chile, affected by
means “silver"-29, 46, 53, 145; a muddy earthquake, 184, 185.

expanse, 146, 183.
Plaza (Span. pron., plath'-ah), the Spanish

R.
name for an open sguare in the heart of a RADACK Archipelago, lagoon islands in the
town-in Italian, piazza (-at'sa), 153. North Pacific, near the equator, 203.

name means

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Rain, scanty fall in northern Chile, 193; effect | San Luis, a town in the central part of the
on vegetation, 193, 194.

Argentine Republic, 182.
Rancho (Span. pron., ran'tcho), a half-way San Nicolas, a La Platan town on the Pa-
house, 111.

rana, 145, 147, 148.
Rastro, a track or trail, 109, 110.

Santa Cruz (Span. pron., krooth), a river of
Recado (Span. pron., rä-kah'do), saddle of the Patagonia—the name means “holy cross
Pampas, 120, 128.

-42, 44, 67, 72.
Renous, a German naturalist suspected of

also, the chief town in the island
heresy, 132.

of Teneriffe, 155, 156.
Rio Colorado (Span. pron., rö'o ko-lor-ah'do), Santa Fé (Span. pron., fä), a town in the Ar-
a river of the Argentine Confederation-the gentine Confederation the name means

"red river" -- 30, 105, 110, "holy faith"-46, 124, 146; plains, 149.
111, 182.

Santa Lucia (Span. Prona, loo-th ah), a river
Rio de Janeiro (Port. pron., re'o zhah-nä'e- of Uruguay, 29.

ro), or simply Rio, the capital of Brazil, and Savage man, 92; mimicry, 95 ; keen senses,
bay of the same name, which means “river 98.
of January,” 38, 53, 84, 113, 114.

Scurvy-grass, 98.
Rio Negro (Span. pron., rē'o na'yro), a river Sea-bed become dry land, 181, 182.

formerly the southern boundary of the Ar- Sea-eggs, 100, 174.
gentine Republic—the name means 'black Seal, piggish habits, 50; noise, 53; skin for
river"–105, 110.

wigwam covers, 99; flesh for food, 100.
also, a river of Uruguay, 126. Sea - otter, 52; plays with fish, 65; skin for
Rosario (Span. pron., ros-sar' e-o), a La Platan clothing, 99.
town on the Parana -- the name means a Shell-heaps of Fuegians, 98.
rosary”—145, 147, 148.

Shingle, sea-shore gravel, 182.
Ross, Captain, an English colonist of Keeling Shropshire, ako called Salop, a western coun--
Island, 203.

ty of England, where Mr. Darwin was born,
Rouse, Mr., an English consul at Concepcion 85.
in 1835, 186, 188.

Siberia, the northernmost country of Asia, 31,.
Ruminants, animals that chew again what 32.
they have swallowed, as cattle do, 31, 32. Silex, flint, 181.

Snails hibernating, 196.
S.

Snow-line in Tierra del Fuego, 151, 176.
St. Elmo's light, 53.

South Africa, ostriches in, 73; Kaffirs, 95;
St. Paul's Rocks, islands in the middle of the root-eating tribes, 103.

Atlantic, nearly on the equator, 75. South America, extinction of the horse in,
Saladillo (Span. pron., sah-lah-dil'lyo), the 31; range of the condor in, 66.

"little Salado” (or [hide] salting stream), a South Sea Islanders, Pacific Ocean, 103.

small western tributary of the Parana, 147. Spain, the south-western peninsula of Europe,
Salina (Span. pron., sah-lè'nah), a salt-marsh, 125.
44.

Spaniard, cruelty to slaves and animals, 115;
Salinas, a salt-marsh region near Bahia Blan- ignorance of natural history, 132; prefers.

traitors to cowards, 135.
San Blas Bay, the southernmost in the Ar- Spider, surrounded by ants, 83; killed by a
gentine Republic, 72.

WASP, 84 ; kills a wasp, 85; hibernation, 195,
San Felipe (Span. pron., -lē'pa)—“St. Phil- 196.

ip”-an inland town of Chile, 159. Star-fish, 174, 175.
San Fernando, an inland town of Central Strata, layers, 181.
Chile, 132, 159.

Stru'thio rhea, the American ostrich, 71.

ca, 109.

Sugar-cane, 163.
Sumatra, a large island on the equator, south

of Asia, 198.
Superstition about earthquakes, 188, 190.
Swan, black-necked, 52, 80.
Sweet potato, 163.

Nelson defeated the French and Spanish,

Oct. 21, 1805, 135.
Tree-fern, 171.
Trees of Australia, 165-167; of the Tropics,

170; petrified, 178, 181.
Tropilla (Span. pron., tro-pèl'yah), a little

troop, 34.

T.

waves, 190.

Turkey-buzzard, companion of seals, 50; feeds
Tahiti, the principal one of the Society Isl- on young tortoises, 62.

ands in the South Pacific, 135; valley of Turtle-dove, tameness, 77, 78.
Tia-auru, 136; coral reef, vegetable pro- Tyrant ily-catcher, 76.
ducts, 163.

U.
Tahitian, mildness, tattooed, 133; women in-

ferior, 136 ; fire-making, 137; cooking, 138. URUGUAY (Span. pron., 00-roo-gwah'ë), a
Talcahuano (Span. pron., tal-kah-hwah'no), a country of South America (see Banda Ori-

seaport of Chile, destroyed by earthquake, ental), 48, etc. ; also the name of the river
184, 185, 187, 188, 192; liability to great which forms its western boundary, 47, 48;

clearness, 145.
Tapulquen (Span. pron., tah-pool-kan'), a town Uruguayan, astonishment at compass and

in the south-eastern part of the Argentine matches, ignorance of geography, 125–
Republic, 123.

127 ; wonder at face-washing and beard-
Tattooing in Tahiti, 135, 136.

growing, 126 ; indolence, requirements of
Teneriffe, the largest of the Canary Islands, legislative representatives, 128.
155, 156.

Uspallata range and pass (Span. pron., 00s-
Tern, 51, 75.

pal-yah'tah), on the western border of the
Tia-auru, a valley of Tahiti, 136.

Argentine Confederation, 178.
Tierra del Fuego (Span. pron., tê- er'ra del

V.
foo-a'go), a large island south of Patagonia,
called “land of fire ” by Magellan on ac- Valdivia, a southern port of Chile, 158, 167;
count of the native bonfires on the coast, earthqnake of 1835, 183, 189; of 1837, 190.
43, 45, 53, 79, 98, 101, 155; mountainous Valparaiso (Span. pron., val-par-ah-è'so), the
and peaty, 151 ; full of bays and inlets, 159 ; principal seaport of Chile—the name means
forests, 170, 172; mountains and glaciers, “paradise valley ” — 69, 154; immunity
175, 176.

from earthquake waves, 190; earthquake
Tides, affected by earthquakes, 183–185, 187 ; of 1822, 192; rainfall, 193.
on shallow coasts, 190.

Villarica (Span. pron., vēl-yah-rë'kah), a vol-
Toad, black with red belly, in hot desert, un- cano in the south-eastern part of Chile, 189.

able to swim, 63 ; hibernation, 196. Volcano of Aconcagua, 156; Osorno, Corco-
Tortoise, of Galapagos Islands, vast numbers vado, 177; Antuco, 188, 190; Villarica,

and size, 60; difference between the sexes, 189; volcanic soil in western La Plata, 178.
food, long journeys for drink, 61, 62 ; pow-

W.
er to go without water, rate of travel, egg-
laying, old age, deafness, 62; carrying a WAIMATE, a town in the north-western part

of New Zealand, on New Ulster Island, 171.
Toucan, 41.

Walleechu, an Indian name for a sacred tree
Trade-wind, a steady wind blowing from north- in the southern part of the Argentine Re-

east or south-east toward the equator, 199. public, 110, 111, 122.
Trafalgar', a cape on the south-western coast Wasp, hunts down a spider, 84; caught by

of Spain, off which the British fleet under spider, 85.

man, 63.

Water-hog (see Capibara).

Winter's-bark, 172.
West Indies, the archipelago between North Wollaston Island, south of Tierra del Fuego, 99

and South America-Columbus's first dis- Wood sorrel, 195.
covery-32.

Wren, 76.
Whale, spermaceti, sporting, 53; blubber eat-

Y.
en by Fuegians, 100, 101.

Yam, 163.
White Cockatoo, 168.

Yammerschooner, a begging word of the l'u-
White Cockatoo men, an Australian tribe, egians, 102.
138.

Yaquil (Span. pron., jah-kel'), a gold-mining
138.

town of Chile, just west of San Fernando,
Wild celery, 98.

132.
Wild pease, 195.

Yerba (Span. pron., jer'-bah), a South Ameri-
Willows, 143.

can tea, also called matë, 110, 184.

Wild arum,

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