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WHEN riding, it is a common thing to meet a large flock of sheep guarded by one or two dogs, at the distance of some miles from any house or man. I often wondered how so firm a friendship had been established. The method of education consists in separating the puppy, while very young, from its mother, and in accustoming it to its future
, companions. A ewe is held three or four times a day for
the little thing to suck, and a nest of wool is made for it in the sheep-pen; at no time is it allowed to associate with other dogs, or with the children of the family. From this education, it has no wish to leave the flock; and just as an. other dog will defend its master, man, so will these the sheep. It is amusing to observe, when approaching a fock, how the dog immediately advances barking, and the sheep all close in his rear, as if round the oldest ram. These dogs are also easily taught to bring home the flock at a certain hour
in the evening. Their most troublesome fault, when young, is their desire of playing with the sheep; for in their sport they sometimes gallop the poor things most unmercifully.
The shepherd-dog comes to the house every day for some meat, and as soon as it is given him he skulks away, as if ashamed of himself. On these occasions the house-dogs are very tyrannical, and the least of them will attack and pursue the stranger. The minute, however, the latter has reached the flock, he turns l'ound and begins to bark, and then all the house-dogs take very quickly to their heels. In a similar manner, a whole pack of the hungry wild dogs will scarcely ever venture to attack a flock guarded by even one of these faithful shepherds. In this case the shepherddog seems to regard the sheep as its fellow- brethren, and
thus gains confidence; and the wild dogs, though knowing that the individual sheep are not dogs, but are good to eat, yet, when seeing them in a flock with a shepherd · dog at their headl, partly consent to l'egard them as he does.
DURING my stay at Rio de Janeiro I resided
MONKEY WITH PREHENSILE TAIL.