Journal of Researches Into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited During the Voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle Round the World, Under the Command of Capt. FitzRoy, R.N.
John Murray, 1876 - Всего страниц: 519
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America animals appearance arrived become believe birds body called Captain cause Chile climate close coast colour common considered Cordillera course covered crossed curious distance doubt effect elevation England English extremely fact fall feet forest formed four give greater ground habits hand head heard height hills History horses hundred Illustrations Indians inhabitants interesting island kind land leaves less living lower manner mass miles morning mountains natives nature nearly never night observed party passed period plain plants Post 8vo present probably reached remains remarkable Rio Negro rise river road rock scarcely seems seen shells shore short side soon South species standing stones stream surface Travels trees valley vegetation Vols whole wild wind wood
Стр. 327 - And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron: and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle.
Стр. 381 - The tortoise is very fond of water, drinking large quantities, and wallowing in the mud. The larger islands alone possess springs, and these are always situated towards the central parts, and at a considerable height. The tortoises, therefore, which frequent the lower districts, when thirsty, are obliged to travel from a long distance. Hence broad and well-beaten paths branch off...
Стр. 502 - One's mind hurries back over past centuries, and then asks: Could our progenitors have been men like these ? men whose very signs and expressions are less intelligible to us than those of the domesticated animals; men who do not possess the instinct of those animals, nor yet appear to boast of human reason, or at least of arts consequent on that reason.
Стр. 184 - In the case of any bird soaring, its motion must be sufficiently rapid, so that the action of the inclined surface of its body on the atmosphere may counterbalance its gravity. The force to keep up the momentum of a body moving in a horizontal plane in the air (in which there is so little friction) cannot be great, and this force is all that is wanted. The movement of the neck and body of the condor, we must suppose, is sufficient for this. However this may be, it is truly wonderful and beautiful...
Стр. 501 - Tierra del Fuego, where Death and Decay prevail. Both are temples filled with the varied productions of the God of Nature : — no one can stand in these solitudes unmoved, and not feel that there is more in man than the mere breath of his body.
Стр. 382 - ... found it very difficult to keep my balance. The flesh of this animal is largely employed, both fresh and salted; and a beautifully clear oil is prepared from the fat. When a tortoise is caught, the man makes a slit in the skin near its tail, so as to see inside its body, whether the fat under the dorsal plate is thick. If it is not, the animal is liberated; and it is said to recover soon from this strange operation.
Стр. 156 - it was snowing butterflies,' and such in fact was the appearance. More species than one were present, but the main part belonged to a kind very similar to, but not identical with, the common English Colias edusa.
Стр. 303 - Shortly after the shock, a great wave was seen from the distance of three or four miles, approaching in the middle of the bay with a smooth outline; but along the shore it tore up cottages and trees, as it swept onwards with irresistible force.
Стр. 228 - At present, even a piece of cloth given to one is torn into shreds and distributed; and no one individual becomes richer than another. On the other hand, it is difficult to understand how a chief can arise till there is property of some sort by which he might manifest his superiority and increase his power. I believe, in this extreme part of South America, man exists in a lower state of improvement than in any other part of the world.
Стр. 381 - It is, however, certain, that tortoises can subsist even on those islands where there is no other water, than what falls during a few rainy days in the year. I believe it is well ascertained, that the bladder of the frog acts as a reservoir for the moisture necessary to its existence : such seems to be the case with the tortoise.