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Lectures to maternity and child welfare workers will be delivered at the Royal Sanitary Institute, 90, Buckingham Palace Road, S.W.1, at 6 p.m. on the following evenings : Monday, November 5 : “ Hygiene of the Home," by Kate Marion Vaughan, L.S.A., D.P.H. Wednesday, November 7: Demonstration on Sanitary Appliances. Friday, Novem

" House Drainage," by W. C. Tyndale, M. Inst.C.E. Tuesday, November 13 : “ Official and Voluntary Agencies administering to Child Welfare” and “ The Children Act,” by Charles Porter, M.D., B.Sc. Tuesday, November 20 :

Organization and Management of Infant Welfare Centres and Clinics," by Janet E. Lane-Claypon, M.D., D.Sc. Particulars as to admission, fees, &c., may be obtained on application to the Secretary.

The National Association for the Prevention of Infant Mortality and the Welfare of Infancy, London, are holding an elementary course of lectures on “Infant Care," and the following lectures are being given on the following dates, from 5.30 to 6.30 p.m., at 1, Wimpole Street, London, W:1: Monday, November 5: “Artificial Feeding," by Edwin A. Barton, Esq., L.R.C.P., M.R.C.S. Monday, November 12 : “ The Early Recognition and Prevention of Spread of In fectious Diseases,” by W. J. Howarth, Esq., M.D. Monday, November 19: “ The Causes, Early Recognition, and Prevention of Defects of Eyesight," by R. Rowe Jeremy, Esq., F.R.C.S. Monday, November 26 : “ The Causes, Early Recognition, and Prevention of Defective Teeth," by C. F. Peyton Baly, Esq., M.R.C.S., L.D.S. Monday, December 3 : * The Causes, Early Recognition, and Prevention of Defects of Throat, Nose and Ear,” by Hunter E. Tod, Esq., M.A., M.D., F.R.C.S. Monday, December “ The Character Training of Children under School Age," by Miss Norah March, B.Sc. Monday, December 17 : “ The Teaching of Mothercraft to School Girls," by Mrs. Truelove.

A course of public lectures has been arranged in conjunction with the Imperial Studies Committee of the University of London, to be held on Wednesdays, at 5.30 p.m., at King's College, as follows : Vovember 7: “ The World and the Monroe Doctrine," by Profesor A. F.

Pollard, M.A., Litt. D. November 14: “ The Development of Tropical Africa." November 21: “ France and Colonial Power," by Professor Paul Mantoux, D.ès-L. November 28: “The Colonial Aspirations of Germany," by J. E. Mackenzie, M.A., formerly Correspondent of the Times in Berlin, Cards of admission to the course may be obtained on application to the Lecture Secretary.

In connection with the Royal Institute of Public Health a third course of lectures and discussions on “Public Health Problems under War and After War Conditions" will be held in the Lecture Hall of the Institute, 37, Russell Square, London, W.C.1, on the following Wednesday's 4 p.m. :

November 7: “ Women's Health and Work in War Time," by Mrs. Ogilvie-Gordon, D.Sc.; Chairman, Lady Cowan. November 14 : “ The Problem of the Disabled,” by Lieut.Colonel Sir Robert Jones, F.R.C.S., A.M.S. ; Chairman, H.M. King Manuel of Portugal, K.G. November 21: “Red Cross Work under War Conditions," by the Hon. Sir Arthur Stanley, G.B.E., C.B., M.V.O., M.P.; Chairman, Field-Marshal the Right Hon. Lord Grenfell, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., LL.D. December 5: "Women Workers and the Health of the Nation," by Miss A. M. Anderson; Chairman, Sir Robert L. Morant, K.C.B. December 12 : " Some Aspects of the Tuberculosis Problem— Treatment and Training of Surgical Tuberculosis Cases,” by Henry J. Gauvain, Esq., M.A., B.C. ; Chairman, The Right Hon. Sir Alfred M. Mond, Bart., M.P. December 19 : “Public Health and Alcoholism in Women," by the Right Hon. Lord D’Abernon, K.C.M.G. ; Chairman, The Right Hon. the Lord Mayor of London. A number of distinguished persons have intimated their intention of taking part in the discussions at the close of the several lectures. The course is intended primarily for Fellows and Members of the Royal Institute of Public Health, but medical officers of health, medical practitioners, sanitarians, and others engaged in public health work and national services are cordially invited to attend. Ladies are speciaily invited. Further particulars may be obtained on application to the Secretary, The Royal Institute of Public Health, 37, Russell Square, London, W.C.1.

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In connection with the Education as National Service Movement the following lectures will be given at 11, Tavistock Square, W.C. : November 27, 6.30 p.m. :

Stages in Education,” by Miss E. P. Hughes. December 4, 6.30 p.m. : “ The Montessori Principles," by Miss Lillian de Lissa.

In connection with the Mothers' Union a series of addresses and conferences for working women is being held on Tuesday afternoons, at 3 p.m., at Mary Sumner House, Church House, 8, Dean's Yard, Westminster, S.W.1, as follows: November 6 to 27: “Talks on Character Training and Moral Instruction," by Mrs. W. M. Fletcher. A course of lectures on “Parliamentary Procedure and Local Government” are being held on Thursdays at 3 p.m. : November 1: “Infant Welfare and Maternity Work," by Miss Margaret Malim. November 8: “ The Vote and Public Health,” by Mrs. Knight. November 15 : “ Tuberculosis,” by Miss Jane Walker, M.D. November “Poor Law Administration," by Mrs. Mylne. November 29 : “Work of Woman Guardian," by Miss Wilde. December 6: “Mental Deficiency Act," by Miss Evelyn Fox. A course of lectures on “Education and Moral Questions” is being given on Wednesdays at 3 p.m. : November 7: “Women's Vote and Child Welfare," by Mrs. Francis. November 14: “The New Educational Schemes,” by the Master of Balliol. November 21: “Religious Education," by Miss Parham. November 28 : “Care Committees, After Care, Special Schools, Duties of School Managers," by Miss Margaret Frere. December 5: “The Children Act and Juvenile Courts," by R. J. Parr, Esq.

Further particulars may be obtained on application to the Secretary, Church House, 8, Dean's Yard, Westminster, S.W.1.

The Central Association for the Care of the Mentally Defective have arranged for courses of training for public health visitors and social workers on the Care and Supervision of the Mentally Defective. The Mental Deficiency Act has laid upon county councils and county boroughs the duty of supervising, in their own homes, certain classes of defectives. In some areas they employ their own officials, such as public health visitors, and in others, the voluntary associations for the Care of the Mentally Defective. Social workers are constantly coming in contact with feeble-minded cases and finding themselves hampered by the lack of the necessary knowledge to deal with them. The course now about to be held will be of much practical value to social workers and those engaged in child welfare endeavours. Particulars may be obtained on application to Miss Evelyn Fox.

"A Day in a Montessori School ” will be filmed at the Pump Room, Bath, on Saturday, November

Mrs. Lily Hutchinson, Dr. Montessori's supervisor of Montessori Schools in Great Britain, holder of the Montessori Diploma, and Secretary of “Montessori Society," London, will act as guide and demonstrator.

The annual Christmas Festival of the National Children's Home and Orphanage will be held this year as usual in the Queen's Hall, Langham Place, W.1, on Monday, December 17, at 6 p.m. Tickets may be obtained at N.C.H.O. Headquarters, 104-122, City Road, E.C.1.

We shall be glad to receive early intimation and full particulars regarding lectures, conferences, festivals and all other arrangements relating in any way to child welfare work, so that announcements may duly appear in these pages.

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GREAT THOUGHTS ON CHILD LIFE AND

CHILD WELFARE.

Under this heading are gathered quotations from the works of those who have formed ideals or dealt

with actualities relating to child life and child welfare. It is hoped that many of our readers will assist in the compilation of this page by sending any helpful thoughts which they may have found of service in their own experience or discovered in the course of their general reading.

“The gentleman is but a craftsman in the art of life.”

DE HOVRE.

A talent builds itself in solitude, But a character builds itself in the stream of the world."

GOETHE.

“What you have inherited from your fathers, Acquire it that you may possess it.”

SCHILLER.

· The real and true goal of the services is nothing else than the enrichment of human life by the introduction of new inventions and resources.

BACON.

· The great product of England is not so much its institutions, its Empire, commerce, or its literature as is the individual Englishman who is moulded by all these influences and is the ultimate test of their value."

BISHOP CREIGHTON.

he is seldom prominent in conversation and never wearisome. He makes light of favours while he does them, and seems to be receiving when he is conferring. He never speaks of himself except when compelled, never defends himself by a mere

He has no ears for slander or gossip, is scrupulous in imputing motives to those who interfere with him, and interprets everything for the best. He is never mean or little in his disputes, never takes unfair advantage, never mistakes personalities or sharp sayings for arguments, or in. sinuates evil which he dare not say out. From a long-sighted prudence he observes the maxim of the ancient sage, that we should ever conduct ourselves towards our enemy as if he were one day to be our friend. He has too much good sense to be affronted at insults, he is too well employed to remember injuries and too indolent to bear malice. He is patient, forbearing, and resigned, on philosophical principles; he submits to pain because it is inevitable, 10 bereavement because it is irreparable, and to death because it is his destiny. If he engages in controversy of any kind, his disciplined intellect preserves him from the blundering discourtesy of better though less educated minds, who, like blunt weapons, and hack instead of cutting clean, who mistake the point of argument, waste their strength on trifles, misconceive their adversary, and leave the question more involved than they find it. He may be right or wrong in his opinion, but he is too clearheaded to be unjust ; he is simple as he is forcible and as brief as he is decisive. Nowhere shall we find greater candour, consideration, indulgence ; he throws himself into the minds of his opponents, he accounts for their mistakes. He knows the weakness of human reason as well as its strength, its province and its limits. If he is an unbeliever he will be 100 profound and large-minded to ridicule religion or to act against it; he is too wise to be a dogmatist or fanatic in his infidelity. He respects piety and devotion ; he even supports institutions as venerable, beautiful or useful, to which he does not assent; he honours the ministers of religion, and he is contented to decline its mysteries without assailing or denouncing them. He is a friend of religious toleration, and that, not only because his philosophy has taught him to look on all forms of faith with an impartial eye, but also from the gentleness and effeminacy of feeling which is the attendant on civilization

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CARDINAL NEWMAN.

“If public education is to have any real value for humanity, it must imitate the means which make the merits of domestic education ; for it is my opinion that if school teaching does not take into consideration the circumstances of family life, and everything else that bears on a man's general education, it can only lead to an artificial and methodical dwarfing of humanity."

PESTALOZZI.

It is almost a definition of a gentleman to say he is one who never inflicts pain

The true gentleman carefully avoids whatever may cause a jar or a jolt in the minds of those with whom he is cast : all clashing of opinion, or collision of feeling, all restraint, or suspicion, or gloom, or resentment; his great concern being to make everyone at their ease and at home. He has his eyes on all his company; he is tender towards the bashful, gentle towards the distant, and merciful towards the absurd ; he can recollect 10 whom he is speaking: he guards against unseasonable allusions or topics which may irritate ;

THE CHILD.

A MONTHLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO CHILD WELFARE.

No. 3.

DECEMBER, 1917.

Vol. VIII.

THE OPEN-AIR LIFE FOR TUBERCULOUS CHIL

DREN: AN ACCOUNT OF THE WORK OF THE
EAST ANGLIAN CHILDREN'S SANATORIUM.

By JANE WALKER, M.D.
Medical Superintendent of the East Anglian Sanatorium.

In view of the fact that the treatment of tuberculosis in children in residential institutions comprising both sanatorium and school was considered by some to be still on its trial, it was decided to begin the East Anglian Children's Sanatorium with only twelve patients, and to work out on them the best regime as regards general routine of school work, exercise, rest, diet, and times and frequency of meals, and the desirability or not of a uniform dress.

Following the plan of meals usual with adults suffering from tuberculosis, we have found that the children do best on three meals a day and no more. They have a good breakfast, a plentiful dinner with a great deal of variety, and a “high tea."

high tea.” When tea is over preparations for bed begin, and every child is at rest by 7.30 at the latest. Then, as the periods of repose are most important, the children rest for a full hour before dinner and tea, and I attribute to this and their long nights the remarkable way in which they have gained weight.

As a uniform system of clothing seemed desirable, experiments have been made so to arrange the children's dress that they are both suitable and pretty. The girls wear combinations, knickers, and a bodice, with a princess dress of dark myrtle green with scarlet belts, cuffs and colours. The boys are clothed in grey trousers, with grey or khaki jerseys in winter, and a scarlet belt. In summer they wear a grey garibaldi with a broad scarlet collar.

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