Изображения страниц



motives alone urge this reform, but bacteriological, biochemical, psychosense and

common morality. logical and other laboratories of the For shell-shock has brought us no new Universities. (6) To encourage the sciensymptoms. Its sole ground of difference tific investigation of the mental and from other disordered states of mind lies bodily factors concerned in mental in its unusually intense and wide-spread- disease. (7) To further international exing causes. The problems of shell-shock change of scientific knowledge concernare the everyday problems of " nervous ing mental disorder, by providing a welbreakdown." They existed before the come for visitors from other countries. War, and they will not disappear miracu- (8) To provide for the dissemination of lously with the coming of peace. The medical views on certain important social War has forced upon this country a questions and the correction of existing rational and humane method of caring prejudices concerning insanity.

(9) To for and treating mental disorder among provide where necessary for the afterits soldiers. Are these signs of progress care of discharged mental patients. We merely temporary? Are such successful have sought to direct special attention to measures to be limited to the duration of

this pioneer publication, for it is one to the War, and to be restricted to the which medical advisers and all workers Army ? Germany has applied them for for human betterment should give serious years

to the alleviation of suffering consideration. We are of opinion that among her civilian population with a the study of these pages by school medisuccess which has made her famous- cal officers and child welfare workers outside England. Can we be content to will encourage them to devote greater treat our sufferers with less sympathy, attention to the beginnings of mental deinsight, and common

than Ger- rangement in childhood and adolescence. many ?

It is at this time, while our If a sound prophylaxis is to be secured country is anxiously considering how best it is clear that diagnostic and therapeutic to learn the lessons of the War, that we measures must commence early in life. wish to call attention to one of these Much of the psychoneurosis which now lessons which is in danger of being over- prevails undoubtedly had its foundations looked." After a careful study of the prepared in morbid conditions which were nature of “shell-shock" there follows a

allowed to exercise prejudicial influence chapter on “ Treatment" full of sensible during the developmental period of plastic and serviceable suggestions. Chapter III childhood and impressionable youth. is devoted to an exposition of Psychological Analysis and Re-education in “Woman's Great Adventure." By AraCases of Psychoneurosis. The conclud- bella Kenealy. Pp. vii + 322. London : ing chapters point the lessons which war Hurst and Blackett, Ltd., Paternoster experiences are enforcing and elaborate

House, 34, Paternoster Row, E.C. 2. 1917.

Price 6s. the reasons why we should hasten 10 revise our attitude to and expand our “ The most beautiful witness to the service for the needs of the mentally evolution of man is the mind of a little affected. The authors are insistent on child. . It was ages before Darwin the importance of establishing psychiatric or Lamarck or Lucretius, that Maternity, clinics, the chief functions of which bending over the hollowed cradle in the would be : (1) To provide attendance of forest for the first smile of recognition experts on the mentally sick. (2) To

from her babe, expressed the earliest secure opportunities for personal inter- trust in the doctrine of development. course between patients and psychiatrists Every mother since then is an unconin training (3) To serve in the theoreti- scious evolutionist, and every little child cal and practical instruction of students. a living witness to Ascent." These sum(4) To advise general practitioners and marizing words of the late Professor others who are faced with difficult prob- Henry Drummond stand on the title-page lems arising in their daily work. (5) To of Miss Arabella Kenealy's latest novel, serve as a connecting link between inves- serving most fittingly as text for a retigations in the large asylums and re- markable exposition in fiction form researches in the anatomical, pathological, garding woman's greatest adventure

date. A copy should be available for the nursing staff in every British and American hospital where sick and wounded combatants are being cared for.

motherhood. Miss Kenealy has written many striking works of fiction, and in this, her latest work, there is originality in design, boldness in execution, and considerable artistic and literary power. The novel is a psychological study of much interest, and throughout there is evidenced a spirit of altruism and a worthy eugenic purpose. The main interest centres in the charming personality of a nurse who strangely enters into her adventure of Blessed Circumstance. The psychology of a modern, scientifically trained, pregnant and eugenically directed woman is skilfully revealed, and the author indicates in forcible language the condemnation which is meet for women who are willing to forgo and eager to relinquish the noblest of dignities and the most blessed of responsibilities. We do not pretend to endorse all Miss Kenealy's physiology and psychology, but with the main claims for eugenic principles and practice we are thoroughly in sympathy. The novel is full of life and interest, and is not without its atmosphere of war. The descriptions of infant ways and the doings of winsome childhood are particularly delightful All who desire a good story with at the same time valuable suggestions regarding maternity and child welfare should read Miss Kenealy's strange and stirring story.

[ocr errors]

Walter Greenway, Spy and Hero: His Life Story." By Robert Holmes. Second impression. Pp. xi x 295. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons. 1917. Price 5s. net.

Among the wonders of war stories the strange tale of Walter Greenway is one of the most wonderful. Mr. Robert Holmes, with much patience and persistence, has unravelled the fascinating records. The story has been'told in parts in “My Police Court Friends with the Colours” and in Blackwood's Magazine, but in this volume the whole fascinating history is set forth with rare charm. This account of thrilling adventures, suffering and sacrifice heroically borne, and noble service rendered, by one who was a Rugby schoolboy, a ten-times convicted "criminal," a Bedouin-like deafmute, a sojourner in Arabia and Mesopotania, and a self-dedicated spy in the interests of his well-beloved Britain. This is a story which will prove irresistible to youthful minds, and it is full of lessons for all who have to deal with boys as well as those who seek to offer assistance to their fellows. Mr. Robert Holmes has rendered a truly patriotic service by thus placing on record the life of a misunderstood and misguided man, who at the last himself found a way to rank with heroes.

"A Text-Book of War Nursing." By Violetta Thurstan. Pp. 227. London and New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1917. Price 2s. 6d. net.

This is a book for the needs of to-day. It should be studied by all classes of nurses engaged in war work either at home or abroad. It will be found of much practical service by those who are engaged in the instruction of nurses and V.A.D. workers or conducting classes in first-aid and nursing. The book will be appreciated by all interested in the scientific practice of military nursing. The manual opens with an account of nursing on active service, then indicates the duties of a probationer, and describes the work of a sister in a military hospital. There are also chapters on nursing in special cases. The book is crisp, direct, interesting, instructive, and up 0


“Fifty Thousand Miles on a Hospital Ship." By “The Padre." Pp. 284, with illustrations. London: The Religious Tract Society, 4, Bouverie Street, and 65, St. Paul's Churchyard, E.C. 1917. Price 3s. 6d.

Here is a book which will be acceptable both to young and old. It is a picturesque record of the great doings of to-day. The author is a broad-minded, humorous, human Chaplain of the Church of Eng. land who, dropping ecclesiasticism and its fetters, devotes himself to tending the sick and suffering men on their way back to Blighty from Gallipoli, Egypt and elsewhere. The book has been compiled from - ('ircular Letters" sent to friends at home. These “Budgets” were well worth the gathering into book form, for they provide graphic pictures of the sorrows and sacrifices heroically borne by our men, and indicate also something of the effective way in which science, human sympathy, and the powers of religion can lighten the load and bring support to the -tricken. This is a book which should be read and talked over in every home. It is full of noble lessons, and will serve as fuel to the sacrificial flames of a truly religious patriotism.

[ocr errors]

health, presented in non-technical language and in a form which will be easily understood by busy men and women. Each volume of the series is written by a well-known medical expert, Dr. Murray Leslie, as Chairman of the Women's Imperial Health Association and a medical adviser of much experience, contributes the volume on “ Women's Health.” It is a helpful dissertation, simply expressed, on the fundamental, physiological, and hygienic facts and principles which every woman should be able to appreciate. All is excellent and reliable, but the concluding chapter, on “ The Woman Worker,” is particularly timely. Dr. Arthur Saunders's manual of the infant is one which should have a wide circulation among potential and actual mothers. In few words it provides reliable guidance regarding the care of the baby in all stages of its develop

Very rightly special attention is devoted to the subject of so-called artificial feeding. The chapter on “ Premature Babies" seems rather out of place in such a little volume as this, for skilled medical advice and nursing where possible is always necessary for infants who arrive before pre-natal development is complete. There are many helpful suggestions in the chapter on “ Education and Training," but the chapter on “Ailments and Accidents” is too brief to be of any real service and might well have been omitted. There are fifteen illustrations. It is difficult to understand why the figure of a Thermos bottle should be included, as everyone know's what a Thermos is, and should further understand that it is just the convenient appliance which should never be employed for keeping milk hot for a baby. Each little volume is effectively got up and bound in red cloth.

“Hans Andersen's Fairy Tales, Set forth in Simple Words for Young Children.' By William Woodburn. Illustrated by Gordon Robinson. Pp. vii + 513. London and Edinburgh: W. and R. Chambers, Ltd., 1917. Price 7s. 6d. net,

The immortal stories of Hans Andersen should be among the best-prized possessions of the mind's treasure house. Every child should be given the privilege of early entering into the delights of these masterpieces of the imagination. Mr. Wood burn has accomplished a difficult task with sound judgment and real literary skill. He has presented thirty-three of the best known of the stories in such easy words as that every boy and girl of from 7 to 8 should be able to read and thoroughly enjoy them. This is an ideal gift-book for little people. It is a large handsome volume with large bold type suitable for young eyes.

It should also be added that Mr. Robinson's clever illustrations, many in colour, add greatly to the charm of this fascinating volume.


[ocr errors]

“The Health of a Woman." By R. Murray Leslie, M.A., B.Sc., M.D., MR.C.P. Pp. xi + 112. “ The Baby. By Arthur Saunders, M.A., M.B., D.P.H., F.R.C.P. Pp. xi + 132. London: Methuen and Co., Ltd., 36, Essex Street, W.C. 1917. Price 1s. 3d. net each.

These are the two latest additions to the excellent “Methuen's Health Series,” edited by N. Bishop Harman, M.B., F.R.C.S. These little volumes provide concise, condensed and serviceable expositions regarding various aspects of human

“Twenty-two Goblins." Translated from the Sanskrit by Arthur W. Rdyer. Pp. viii + 220, with 20 illustrations in colour by Perham W. Nahl. London : J. M. Dent and Sons, Ltd. 1917. Price 7s, 6d. net.

This handsome book will make a delightful New Year gift-book for youth. This wonderful collection of a score and two oriental stories will also prove of interest to many grown-ups. These remark

[ocr errors]

able Sanskrit excursions into the realm of the occult and mystic make most attractive reading for the imaginative. The English version has been skilfully prepared, and the Eastern form and atmosphere is well preserved. The book is something more than a mere story-book ; it is a gathering of ancient fairy-tales and goblin stories which will be appreciated by students of mystical literature. The illustrations in colour are numerous and particularly suited to the incidents they illustrate. The whole work has been produced with much skill and is charmingly got up.

“ Adolescence." By Stephen Paget. Pp. 59. London: Constable and Company, Ltd., 10, Orange Street, Leicester Square, W.C. 2. 1917. Price 7d. net.

This brochure contains the record of a lecture given in the Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford, in August, 1917, in connection with the Oxford University Extension Course. The main interest of the discourse centres in the lecturer's views on so-called “ Sex Education." Mr. Paget in his introductory note simply but effectively expresses sound guidance : “ The great thing is that the parent, or it may be the teacher, should be able to tell the child, 'Do come to me, right away, whenever you are puzzled or shocked at anything that you read, or hear, or notice; and I will tell you, as well as I can, all that you need to know about it.' And the greatest thing of all is careful self-preparation. To answer a child with evasive or lying nonsense is to offend the child; and we have it on good authority that we deserve for that offence the millstone round our necks, and the depth of the sea.” Mr. Stephen Paget is always delightful in the simplicity of his expression of the fundamentals of true wisdom, and in this most helpful little volume he throws light on many dark corners which perplex parents and puzzle children. Here are words of truth and practical suggestiveness : “So many of us hang about the child's mind, in a timid sort of way, hesitating to go in. We look up at the windows, we peep through the letter-box, we try the back door, we ring the bell very gently—the left-hand bell, which is marked ‘Servants'; we dare not ring the visitors' bell, nor ply the knocker. And the child, all the while, is expecting us. lle wait for opportunities. It is probable with some children, that we ought to make them, not wait for them. I do not altogether like the word 'initiate ’; yet I have in my imagination some special day set and appointed for a grave little home ceremony; the whole thing well thought out, the exhortation written down beforehand, every word of it. The occasion of telling boys and girls the truth about their bodily nature would thus be made solemn and memorable as

act of their lives." Parents and teachers will appreciate Mr. Paget's own views as to ways and means : “ If it were


“The Eurhythmics of Jaques-Dalcroze." Second and revised edition. Pp. 64, with portrait, frontispiece, and full-page illustrations. London: Constable and Company, Ltd., 10, Orange Street, Leicester Square, W.C. 2. 1917. Price 2s. net.

This exposition for British readers of M. Jaques-Dalcroze's system of eurhythmics has been prepared in the main by the enterprise of friends and supporters of the English School of Dalcroze Eurhythmics, at 23 Store Street, W.C. The first edition appeared in 1912. Mr. John 11. Harvey provides an introductory note, and Professor M. E. Sadler supplies a particularly sympathetic and suggestive introduction proper. Mr. and Mrs. Percy B. Ingham have furnished an excellent translation of Dalcroze's “Essays on Rhythm

Factor in Education," “ Moving Plastic and Dance,” &c. Mr. Ingham also provides an explanatory paper on the

Dalcroze Method," which Mrs. Ingham describes her experiences as a pupil with M. Dalcroze.

Finally, Mr. M. T. H. Sadler closes with a thoughtful estimation of the value of eurhythmics to art. For those who are anxious to understand the claims, aims, methods and underlying principles of this new educational system, this artistically prepared and attractively written collection of essays will be much appreciated. The excellent portrait of M. Dalcroze and the charming illustrations of the Institut Jaques-Dalcroze at Geneva and students at work add much to the interest and value of a book which all educationists should study.



Teachers will find its articles of the greatest value. The contributions can be taken at their face value as they appear anonymously. They are free from bias and prejudice, afford a constructive view of existing situations, and are written with real vision and much literary charm. The articles in the current issue deal with the Gathering of the Nations, the Genesis of the Present Situation in India, America's Part in the War, Freedom and Unity, Turkey, Russia, and Islam, and there are other contributions dealing with problems in the various parts of the great British Commonwealth.

my duty to inform a boy between 12 and 14 years of age--and it certainly is not the business of any man to speak to girls about their bodily nature-I would not begin with botany. I would begin with mankind. I would tell him that all of us come out of the bodies of our mothers, and in that way come all creatures. I would argue from us to animals, not from animals to us. Then I would say something about the anatomical differences between male and female children; and I would tell him that this difference runs through all creation, all the distance from us down to plants and flowers. And I would say to him, “All creatures are formed in this way, in the bodies of their mothers, before they are born; but they cannot begin to be formed till the male and the female have actually come together; and that is all that you need to know.' If it were my duty to talk to a young man 18 or 19 years old, I would talk to him as to any other man, freely and explicity; I would also warn him of the disastrous bodily results which may follow even one act of wrong-doing, and how these results might be visited, years hence, on his children. And, of course, whatever the age, I would not only picture, I would also preach. If I am to help a boy to keep straight,' I must appeal from that which is natural in him to that which is spiritual in him." We wish it were possible to get all doctors to think and speak as does the gifted son of the great Sir James Paget; then we might safely place physicians and surgeons to fulfil the functions of the preacher in all the pulpits of our land, and then we should be nearer to the realization of pure adolescence, worthy maturity, a reliable parenthood, and a healthy and happy childhood. Every parent and teacher should possess and ponder Mr. Paget's helpful little volume.


Chili Study. The Journal of the Child Study Association. Edited by T. G. Tibbey, M.A., 36, Drakefell Road, New Cross, S.E. 14. Published quarterly by Edward Arnold, 41 and 43, Maddox Street, Bond Street, London, W.1. Price 6d. net cach number. Annual subscription 2s.

The last issue of this valuable journal, much curtailed in size, is almost entirely taken up with a highly suggestive paper

“ The Unstable Child," by Mr. Cyril Burt, the Psychologist to the Schools of the London County Council. The library of the Child Study Society, we understand, is now permanently located at the London School of Economics, Clare Market, W.C., and particulars regarding the use of the same and copies of the catalogue can be obtained on application to the Hon. General Secretary of the Association, Mr. W. J. Durrie Mulford, 69, Hosack Road, Upper Tooting Park, S. W.



The Round Table. A Quarterly Review of the Politics of the British Empire. Published by Macmillan and Co., Ltd., St. Martin Street, W.C., and at 175, Piccadilly, W. 1. Annual subscription 10s. Single numbers 2s. 6d.

This notable quarterly occupies unique position. It is a periodical which every patriot should regularly peruse.

American Journal of Care for Cripples. The official organ of the Federation of Associations for Cripples and the Welfare Commission for Cripples. Edited by Douglas C. McMurtrie, and published quarterly at 2929, Broadway, New York City. Annual subscription $3.00.

This notable journal is accomplishing a much needed service. The latest issue, Vol. v, No. 1, consists of 217 pages and numerous fine illustrations, and contains a series of informing articles on various aspects of the problem of the war cripple. " The French System for Return to Civilian Life of Crippled and Discharged


« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »