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Clay's resolutions, 258, 259; re-
capitulation of report of com-
mittee of thirteen, 260; Utah act,
261; Texas and New Mexico
act, 261-263; California act,
263, 264; Fugitive slave act,
264-271; act to suppress slave-
trade in District of Columbia,
Concord, assault on, 48.
Confederation, articles of new
England colonies, 19-27; arti-
cles of 1777, 59–71.
Confiscations, not to be made
against British loyalists, 82; not
to be made in case of war be-
tween Great Britain and United
States, 143; of Mexican property
not allowed, 244.
Congress, confederate, choice and
apportionment of representa-
tives, 295, 296; choice and ap-
portionment of senators, 296;
powers and duties of each house,
298; adjournment of, 298; power
of, 300-302; appropriation of
money by, 303; messages and
recommendations of president to,
310; power to punish treason,
311; power to legislate over new
territory, 313; proposition of
amendments by, 313, 314.
Congress, continental, declaration
and resolves of first, 37-42;
deputies to appointed by several
Congress, United States, choice
and apportionment of represen-
tatives, 95, 96; choice and appor-
tionment of senators, 96; powers
and duties of each house, 98;
adjournment of, 98; power of,
99-101, 108; time of choosing
presidential electors determined
by, 104; messages and recom-
mendations to by president, 106;
power of to punish treason, 107;
proposition of amendments by,
Constitution, confederate, 295–316;
qualifications of representatives,
295; apportionment of repre-
sentatives, 295, 296; qualifica-
tions of senators, 297; powers of
each house, 298; compensation
of members of congress, 298;
passage of bills, 299, 300; power
of congress, 300-302; importa-
tion of negroes from foreign
countries forbidden, 302; right
of habeas corpus, 303; bill of at-
tainder and ex post facto law for-
bidden, 303; rules for appropria-
tion of money, 303; no title of
nobility to be granted, 304; no
law respecting an establishment
of religion allowed, 304; freedom
of speech and of the press not to
be abridged, 304; right to bear
arms, 304; right to trial by jury,
305; restrictions on power of
states, 305, 306; election of presi-
dent and vice-president, 306,
307; removal of president from
office, 308; duties of president,
309, 310; judicial power, 310,
311; treason and its punishment,
311; jurisdiction of supreme
court, 311; fugitive slave law,
312; rights of states, 312; ad-
mission of new states, 312; ac-
quisition of territory, 313; con-
stitution guarantees protection to
every state, 313; provision for
amendments, 313, 314; shall be
the law of the land, 314.
Constitution, United States, 95–
111; qualifications of represen-
tatives, 95; apportionment of
representatives, 95, 96; qualifi-
cations of senators, 97; duties of
the senate, 97; powers and duties
of each house, 97, 98; compen-
sation of members of congress,
98; passage of bills, 99; powers of
congress, 99-101; importation of
slaves forbidden after 1808, 101;
right of habeas corpus, 101; bill
of attainder and ex post facto law
forbidden, 101; no taxes between
states, 102; appropriations of
money from treasury, 102; no
title of nobility to be granted,
102; restrictions on power of
states, 102, 103; election of presi-
dent and vice-president, 103,
104, 114, 115; qualifications for
president, 104; removal of presi-
dent from office, 104; duties of
president, 105, 106; judicial
power, 106, 107; jurisdiction of
supreme court, 107; treason and
its punishment, 107; rights of
states, 107, 108; fugitive slave
law, 108; admission of new
states, 108; rules respecting ter-
ritory, 108; protection of United
States guaranteed to each state,
108; provision for amendments,
109; shall be the supreme law
of the land, 109; amendments to,
112-117; Lincoln quotes from,
284; Lincoln declares no right
therein written denied, 288.
Consuls appointed by United
States and Great Britain, 147.
Contraband of war, citizens of
United States forbidden to carry,
124; procedure with vessels sus-
pected of carrying, 147; enumer-
ation of articles comprising, 148.
Convention, reciprocal, between
United States and Cuba, 383-
389; supplementary, between
United States and Cuba, 390-
392; between United States and
Copyright secured to authors by
Council appointed by British
crown, 40, 54.
Counterfeiting of coin punishable
by congress, 100.
Credit, full, to be given to each
state, 60, 107, 108.
Creditors, debts to be paid to both
British and United States, 81;
compensation to be made to
Cuba, recognition of independence
of, 372, 373; Spain relinquishes
claim to, 375; reciprocal com-
mercial convention between
United States and, 383-389;
supplementary, between United
States and, 390-392.
Declaration of rights, 34-36.
Declaration and resolves of first
continental congress, 37-42.
Declaration of causes and neces-
sity of taking up arms, 43–51.
Declaration of independence, 52-
Debt, public, power of congress to
pay, 99; as valid under Consti-
tution as under articles of con-
federation, 109; validity not to
be questioned, 117; Washing-
ton urges payment of, 169.
Detroit river open by treaty of
District of Columbia, suppres-
sion of slave-trade in, 259, 260,
272; fugitive slave law in, 270,
Duties, imposed on colonists by
Great Britain, 35, 37, 45, 47, 54;
repeal of stamp requested, 36; on
British goods, 134, 361-363; on
Indian goods, 134; between
Great Britain and United States,
146; on French and Spanish
goods, 180; between United
States and Spain, 382; between
United States and Cuba, 383-
388; between United States and
Education, encouragement of
means of in northwest territory,
Election, writs of, vacancies in
representation filled by, 96; of
president and vice-president,
103, 104, 114, 115.
Electors, presidential, qualifica-
tions of, 95; appointment of,
103; method of voting, 114, 115.
Emancipation proclamation, 317-
Excises, power of congress to lay
and collect, 99; must be uniform
throughout United States, 100.
Ex post facto law, not be passed by
congress, 101; by any state, 102.
Extradition of criminals, between
states, 60, 108; agreement for
between United States and
Great Britain, 155, 224.
Farewell address, Washington's,
from by Great Britain, 47;
rights in granted to United
States by Great Britain, 80,
Florida, Spain cedes to United
France, and United States unite
against Great Britain, 72, 73;
treaty with of 1778, 72-76;
treaty with of 1803, 177-182;
cedes Louisiana to United
States, 178, 179.
Fugitive slaves, law for reclaiming
in northwest territorial govern-
ment, 94; clause in Constitution,
108; provision for prompt de-
livery of, 259, 260; act, 264-272;
law in District of Columbia,
270, 271; law in Nebraska, 281;
Lincoln quotes clause from
Constitution, 284; enforcement
of law, 285, 290, 291; clause in
Confederate Constitution, 312.
Gadsden treaty, 273–279.
Gage, General, sent to subdue
colonists, 47; assault upon Lex-
ington and Concord, 48; treach-
ery of to inhabitants of Boston,
48; proclamation of, 49.
Gettysburg, Lincoln's address at,
Ghent, treaty of, 183–194.
Gila river open by treaty of 1848,
Great Britain, colonists disclaim
intention to separate from, 50;
France and United States form
treaty of alliance against, 72;
acknowledges independence of
United States, 78; treaty with of
1783, 77-84; treaty with of 1794,
131-156; promises to vacate
posts and places assigned to
to pay delayed debts
to subjects of, 137; agrees to in-
demnify United States citizens
for illegal capture of vessels, 140;
United States agrees to indem-
nify subjects of for capture of
vessels, 142; subjects of to retain
lands held in the United States,
143; debts nor money of not to
be confiscated in case of war,
143; consuls to be appointed by,
147; treaty with of 1814, 183-
194; and United States agree to
stop hostilities with Indians, 193;
and United States unite to
abolish traffic in slaves, 193;
treaty with of 1842, 215-225; and
United States agree to suppress
slave-trade, 223, 224; treaty
with of 1846, 226-229; treaty
with of 1850, 251-257; treaty
with of 1871, 341–368.
Guadalupe Hidalgo, treaty of,
230-250; abrogation of articles
Guam, Spain cedes to United
Habeas corpus, right of in north-
west territory, 90; not to be sus-
pended unless required by pub-
lic safety, 101.
Hawaiian islands, annexation of,
369–371; public debt of, 370,
371; government of, 370, 371;
treaties of, with foreign powers,
House of representatives, choice of
members, 95; qualification of
members, 95; apportionment of
representatives, 95, 96, 116; has
sole power of impeachment, 96;
compensation of members, 98;
all bills for raising revenue to
originate in, 99; part of in elec-
tion of president, 104, 115.
Hudson's bay company, Columbia
river open to, 227.
Impeachment, punishment of, 97;
senate has sole power to try, 97;
of president and all civil offi-
Importation of slaves after 1808
forbidden by Constitution, 101.
Imposts, power of congress to lay,
99; to be uniform throughout
United States, 100; net produce
to be for United States treasury,
Impressment of American seamen
by Great Britain, 55.
Inaugural address, Washington's
first, 118-122; Washington's
second, 123; Lincoln's first, 283-
294; Lincoln's second, 325-327.
Independence, declaration of, 52–
58; Great Britain acknowledges
the United States, 78; of Spanish-
American colonies, recognition
of, 212, 213; of Cuba, recogni-
tion of, 372, 373; United States
guarantees to Panama, 394.
Indians, typical early treaty with,
28-33; instigated against colo-
nists by Great Britain, 49, 55;
good faith toward in northwest
territory, 91; treaty with Six
Nations, 126-130; United States
and Great Britain agree to stop
hostilities toward, 192, 193;
control of in territory ceded by
Mexico, 239, 240; rights of in
Insurrection, proclamation declar-
ing at an end, 328–334.
James, king, grants charter of Vir-
Jay treaty, 131–156.
Jefferson, Thomas, on capture of
British vessels, 141.
Johnson, Andrew, proclamation
declaring insurrection at an end,
Judges made dependent on British
crown, 37, 54.
Judicial power of United States,
how vested, 106; extent of, 107.
Jury, trial by, colonists deprived
of, 41, 45, 54; right to in north-
west territory, 90; provided for
in Constitution, 107, 113.
Kansas-Nebraska act, 280-282.
Kansas, provisions relating to ter-
ritory of, 282.
Law of nations, violation of pun-
ishable by congress, 100.
Legislations, colonial, suspended,
Letters of marque and reprisal, 63,
Lexington, assault on, 48.
Lincoln, Abraham, first inaugural
address, 283-294; denies inten-
tion to interfere with existing
slavery, 283; quotes fugitive
slave clause from Constitution,
284; on enforcement of fugitive
slave law, 284, 285, 290, 291;
holds union of states to be per-
petual, 286, 287; declares no law
written in Constitution denied,
288; calls central idea of seces-
sion anarchy, 289, 290; dis-
cusses decision of constitutional
questions by supreme court, 290;
shows difference between seces-