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First Volume of this work.

Chronologists
differ about
the dates of
their deatbs.

153

X. B. The dates denote the year in which the person died, or resigned the office.
Roman Emperors.

Bishops of Rome. *
CENTURY I.
A.D.

CENTURY I.
Augastus

Linus 14

Anaclitus Tiberius

S7 Caligula

41

Clement Claudius

54

Evaristus Nero ....

68

Alexander Galba

69

CENTURY II. Otho.... 69

A. D. Vitellius 70 Xystus or Sixtus

127 Vespasian., 79 | Tellesphorus

138 Titus.... 81 Hyginus

150 Domitian

96 Pius I... Nerva 98 Anicetus

162 CENTURY II. Soter

172 Trajan .. 117 Eleutherius.

185 Adrian 138 Victor ...

196 Antoninus Pius ..

161

CENTURY III. Marcus Antoninus 180 Zepherinus

219 Lucius Verus Commodus. 192 Callistus .

294 Pertinax..... 193 Urban

231 Did. Julianus 193 Pontianus

253 Niger ... 194 Auterns

236 Albinus 197 Fabianus

251 CENTURY III. Cornelius

S54 Severus 211 | Lucius....

956 Caracalla 217 Stephen

258 Macrinus 218 Sixtus II.

259 Heliogabalus

992 | Dionysius Severus Alexander 235 Felix

275 Maximin.... 237 Eutychianus

285 Gordian I. II.... 257 Caius Marcellinus..

296 Babianus and Balbinus. 288

CENTURY IV. Gordian III. 244 Marcellinus

S04 Philip the Arabian 250 Marcellus

S09 Decios.... 252 | Eusebius..

311 Gallus and Volusianus 255 Melcbiades.

313 Emilianus 253 Sylvester

SS5 Valerian 2.59 Mark

336 Gallienus. 268 Julius

$52 Claudius II. 270 Liberius

367 Quintillius 270 Damasus.

S84 Aurelian 275 Syricius

398 Tacitus

975

CENTURY V. Florianus 276 Anastasius

402 Probus 282 Ivnocent..

417 Carus... 183 | Zasivius

418 Numerianus 284 Boniface I......

423

270

• The succession of the Bishops of Rome is an extremely intricate affair. But the following catalogue, which is according to the learned Bishop Pearson, will, perhaps, be sufficiently accurate to serve the purpose of assisting the readers of this history,

432

Roman Emperors.

Bishops of Rome.
CENTURY IV.

A. D.
A. D. Celestine I....
Dioclesian and Maximin 305 Sixtus III.

440 Galerias .... 311 Leo the Great

461 Constantins 306 Hilarios

467 CONSTANTINE the GREAT 337 Simplicius

483 Maximin and Licinius 312 Felix III.

492 Constantine II. 338 Galasias

496 Constantius 361 Anastasias II.

498 Constans

350

CENTURY VI. Julian the Apostate 363 Symmachus I.

514 Jovian .. 364 Hormisdas

523 Valentinian 575 John I....

526 Valens. 378 Pelix IV..

529 Gratian 383 | Boniface II.

531 Valentinian II. 392 John II.

535 Theodosios the GREAT 395 Agapetus I.

536 NB. The Roman Empire at this time Sylverius...

540 divided into Eastern and Western.

Vigilius

555 CENTURY V. Pelagius I.

558 Emperors of the West. (Rome.) John III.

572 Honorius 423 | Benedict I.

577 Valentian III. 435 Pelagius II.

590 Maximus..

455 GREGORY the GREAT, who is properly Avitus...

456

termed the Pope or Universal Bishop. Majorianus

461 Severus

465

Popes after Gregory the Great. Anthemius

472
Sabinianus

605 Glycerius 474 Boniface III.

606 Julius Nepos

475
Boniface IV

614 Angustulus...

476
Deodatus

617
O DOACER
Boniface V.

625 took the title of King of Italy,

Honorius I......

638 and put an end to the Western

Severinas I. 493

639 Empire until the reign of Char.

John IV... lemagne in 800.

Theodore I.

648 CENTURY VI. Martin I.

655 Kings of Italy. Eugenius 1.

656 Theodoric 526 Vitalianus

67 1 Athalaric 534 Adeodatus

676 Theodatus 536 Domnus

678 Vitiges... 540 | Agatho I.

682 Lombard Kings. Leo II.

684 Alboinus.. 571 | Benedict II.

685 Clephis 573 | John V.

686 Antharis 590 Conon

687 Emperors of the East. (Constanti- Sergius I.

701 nople.) John VI...

705 CENTURY V. John VII.

707 Arcadius... 408 Sisinnius

708 Theodosius II. 450 Constantine

714 Marcianus 457 Gregory II.

731 Leo I. 474 Gregory III.

741 Leo II. 474 Zachary

752 Zeno Isaurius... 491 Stephen II..

752 CENTURY VI. Stephen III.

757 Anastasius 518 Paul......

767 Justin I. ..... 527 Stephen IV.

772 Justinian..... 565 | Adrian....

795

641 A. D.

795 816 817 824 827 827 844 847 855 858 867 872 832 884 885 890 896 897

Emperors of the Eust.

Popes of Rome.
A. D,

CENTURY IX.
Justin II.

578 Tiberius II.

586 Leo III. CENTURY VII.

Stephen V. Mauricius

602 Paschal I. Phocas

610

Eugene II. Heraclius

641 Valentine Constantine III.

641 Gregory IV. Heraclianus

642 Sergius II. Constans II.

668 Leo IV. Constantine IV.

685 Benedict III. Leontius ·

698 Nicholas I.. Tiberius III.

703 Adrian II. CENTURY VIII.

John VIII. Justinian II. ........

711

Marinus II. Anastasius II.

714

Adrian III. Theodosius III.

716 Stephen VI. Leo Isaurius

741 Formosus Const. Copronymus

780 Boniface VI. Porphyry

797 Stephen VII. Irene ...

802

CENTURY X.
Emperors of the West, of the house of Theodore II. .
France.

John IX...
CENTURY IX.

Benedict IV...
Charlemagne ....

800 Leo V...... Lewis the Debonnair

814 Christopher... Lotharius I.

840 Sergius III.... Lewis II...

855 Anastasius III. Charles II. or the Bald

875 Landon Lewis III. or the Stammerer 878 John X. Charles III. or the Fat 879 | Leo VỊ. Arnold...

887 Stephen VIII. Lewis IV.

899 John XI..
German Emperors.

Leo VII.
CENTURY X.

Stephen IX.
Conrad I. ....

912 | Marinus III. Henry I. or the Fowler 919 Agapetus II. Otho I. or the Great... 936 Joho XII. Otho II. or the Bloody 973 Leo VIII. Otho III.....

983 Benedict V. Emperors of the East. Jobn XIII.. CENTURY IX.

Domnus II. Nicephorus.....

802 Benedict VI.. Stauracius

811 Boniface VII.. Michael Curopalates.

811 Benedict VII. Leo V...

813 John XIV. Michael II. the Stammerer 820 John XV. Theophilus

829 John XVI. Michael III.

842 John XVII. Basil

866 Gregory V.... Leo the Philosopher

886 Silvester II. CENTURY X.

CENTURY XI. Alexander .....

911 ) John XVIII. Constantine Prophyrogenitus 912 John XIX. Romanas Lecapene ·

919 Sergius IV. Christopher ...

Benedict VIII. Constantine restored... 944 John XX... Stephen ......

Benedict IX. Romanus the Young ... 959 | Gregory VI..

901 901 905 905 906 906 910 912 913 928 929 931 936 939 943 946 955 963 964 965 972 972 974 975 984 985 996 996 996 999

1003 1003 1009 1012 1024 1034 1044

A.D. 1046 1048 1049 1054 1057 1054 1061 1073 1086 1088 1099

Emperors of the East.

Popes of Rome.

A. D. Basil and Constantine

963 Clement II. Nicephorus Phocas

963 Damasus II. John Zimisces

969 St. Leo IX. Basil II. and Constantine the Victor II. Young restored.... 974 Stephen X.CENTURY XI.

Nicholas II. Romanus Argyropulus...... 1028 Alexander II. Michael the Paphlagonian .. 1034 Gregory VII. Michael Calaphates ... .... 1041 | Victor İII. Zeo and Theodora.... .... 1042 Urban II. Constantine Monomachus. 1042 Paschal II. Theodora......

1054

CENTURY XII.
Michael the Warrior. .... 1056 Gelasus II. .
Isaac Comnenus

1057 Calixtus II.. Constantine Ducas

1059 | Honorius II. Romanus Diogenes

1068 Innocent II. Michael Ducas

71 Celestine II. Nicephorus Botoniates...... 1078 Lucius II. Michael Ducas & Constantine

Eugenius III. Alexius Comnenus

1081 | Anastasius IV. CENTURY XII.

Adrian IV. Joanus Comnenus

1118 Alexander III. Manuel Comnenus ........ 1143 Lucius III.. Alexius Comnenus the younger1180 Urban III. Andronicus Comnenus...... 1183 Gregory VIII. Isaac Angelus

1185 Clement III. Alexius Angelus, called the Celestine III. Tyrant.....

1195 Innocent III.
Emperors of the West.

CENTURY XI.
St. Henry II. surnamed the
Lame..

1002 Conrad II. the Salic

1024 Henry III, the Black. 1039 Henry IV, the Old.

1056 Rodolph I.

1077 CENTURY XII. Henry V.....

1106 Lotharius II.

1125 Conrad III.

1139 Frederick I. Barbarossa

1150 Henry VI.

1193 Philip

1199

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INTRODUCTION.

The rise and progress of the Christian religion,-its influence on every state and kingdom by which it has been embraced, -and the amelioration of the condition of the human race, through its means, by the conversion of rude barbarians to a degree of improvement unknown to

a classic ages,-all concur to render an impartial account of it almost as interesting to the philosopher and the politician as it is to the sincere disciple of the Saviour.

The History now offered to the public, has, however, been compiled with a more direct and special view to the information of the latter class of readers than of either of the former; and it may not be without its use, before we enter immediately on the subject itself, to pause, and take a cursory view of the actual state of the world in the age in which the Gospel dispensation had its commencement. Christianity claims an heavenly origin, and professes to have conferred, and indeed still to confer, blessings on mankind to which no other religion has any pretensions. What, from age to age, it is doing for ourselves, few of us need to be told; but without reverting to the condition of our species at the time of its first promulgation, and distinctly marking its progress in the subversion of the idolatrons rites and absurd superstitions of Paganism, we can never apprecise, as we ought to do, the extent of those benefits which have resulted from the introduction and establishment of this VOL. I.

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