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Richard GRAFTON appears to have been descended of a good family, and to have been born in London, about the close of the reign of Henry VII. He had probably a liberal education, since it appears by his writings, that he understood the languages. He practised the art of printing in the successive reigns of llenry VIII. Edward VI. queen Mary, and of Elizabeth. By company, he was a grocer, as he subscribes himself in a letter to the lord Cromwell, dated 1537. The same year, too, he first appears as a printer in London; a profession he first engaged in, from his being applied to, to procure an edition of Tyndal's Testament, and afterwards of his Bible revised by Coverdale. He might possibly have been induced also, like several other persons of education in that age, by a desire to promote the progress of ancient learning, as well as of the reformation. He was the printer of Matthew's' Bible.

Grafton dwelt in a part of the dissolved house of the Grey Friars, which was afterwards granted by Edward VI. as an hospital for the maintenance and education of orphans, called Christ's Hospital. On the death of Edward VI. he was employed, from his office of king's printer, to print the proclamation, by which the lady Jane Grey was declared successor to the crown.

For thus discharging simply the duty of his office, he was deprived of his patent, and forfeited a debt of 3001. due to him from the crown. He was also prosecuted and imprisoned for the same ostensible cause; though more probably from his attachment to the principles of the reformers.

There was a Richard Grafton, grocer, member of parliament for London 1553 and 1554 ; and again, 1556 and 1557; but that this person was the same with the printer appears somewhat inconsistent with his imprisonment just mentioned. Grafton the member was afterwards returned for Coventry.

During his imprisonment, or at least, while he was driven from his profession of a printer,

he mizi in fungerer de Crneies of Eagad:f muca cere jave been serera impresszons, mes ars. Dat je wad con ire. Intet r . Thuse r 1362, 1.569, lintwo. mu 173

Tiere uneas cu lave jeen some pique beteen Gratton and Join Stow, the historian of London, ic. org

nachy probably in a spirit of rivalry: for Grarion, in the dedication of his editions of 1570 and Bre, afects to speak with contempt of the labours of his brother historian, whose Chronicie, he said, was composed of " The memories of superstirious foundations, tables, and lies, too shly STOWED together," &c. Scow, in the next edition of his Chronicle, retorted this ceasure upon Grafton; charging him with making Edward Hall's Chronicle, his own; and with falsifying Harding's Chronicle, in several instances, when he printed it in 1543. As we are naturally interested in the veracity of our early Chroniclers, it is proper that we should hear what Grafton has to say of himself in vindication. This vindication is contained in the epistle to the reader, in the edition of Richard Grafton to the gentle reader.

I have (right loving reader) now once again turned over my first abridgement of Chronicles, and not only amended such things as I found amiss therein, but also have added thereunto many and divers good notes, as the diligent reader shall easily perceive. And my trust is, that as I am not desirous to offend any person, neither by naming or misreporting of their doings; so I shall be favourably (without reproachful or malicious taunts and biting terms) allowed of, as my labours deserve. But yet, gentle reader, this one thing offendeth me so much, that I am enforced to purge myself thereof, and shew my simple and plain dealing therein. · One John Stowof whom I will say no evil, although he hath greatly provoked me thereunto, as by writing of an epistle against me, stuffed with ragged eloquence and uncourteous terms, descanting and defining my name, &c.--and now of late the same man hath published a book, which he nameth a summary of the Chronicles of England, (the untruths whereof I will not here detect) and therein hath charged me bitterly, but chiefly with two things. The one, that I have made Edward Hall's Chronicle my Chronicle, but not without mangling, and (as he saith) without any


inuenuous and plain declaration thereof. The other ang that he chargeth me withal, is in praising

von Harding, one of his authors (who surely - orthy vi great praise, and I wish he had follow

Dis book no worse author). He saith, that a Inicie o Harding's which he hath, doth much

mesa the Chronicle, which under the said faldleaflet Muune was printed by me, as thoughı I

haled Harding's Chronicle. For answer to

klike I have not made Hall's Chronicle my. Tags sandilin ilthough the greatest part of the same

Choucle, and written with mine own wak ull little knoweth Stow vt Hall's Chro

hind this I have not mide Hall's Bad writiro ) ibavnicien Mitiler have I used his Samsonit tha) veid's Wine tudi lette Chronicles ; non estil que es posakialali wiele i cuier him to what totalis kidees de cuven werran vigse him as

Till slutet an hour and not in every Hide Heat way to let the chiefest

land when I found Elod banid 'adona de la hi hi vars there I al

and its sedan od staid. And thus

in sind Aving and none other1 and that I do re

Now dead, as Whiasa while with whom I

brani I am as ready to

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