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it off as long as I could, till the neces- that if we continued to refuse that fality of it might press so hard upon us vour, he should fear that the gentlemen as to make it unavoidable.--I beg that present were not well pleased with the what I have said may have the weight appointment. Mr Vanlittart, who with this Hon. Committee that it has knew his own motives as well as mine, with me.

I thought of nothing but and, I make no doubt, of the rest of temporary systems, formed to the day the gentlemen of the committee, told and to the minute: I would not truit Cossim Ally Khan, returning him the my own abilities and judgement so far paper, “ When you have paid off all as to decide upon what was right or the arrears due to tbe Company, to wrong: I knew something was to be your own troops, that the peace of done, but how to do it I really did not this country is settled, and that your know.-When that letter I have read own treasury is full, if then you think was wrote, the Nabob's son was then proper to make us any acknowledgealive: his extraordinary death made a ment for the services now done you, great change in the situation of our af- we shall not then be unwilling to acfairs in that country. Mr Vanlittart's cept such marks as you will be pleased arrival, and the confidence I had in his to give us of your friendhip.” There abilities and judgement, made me, ended that affair; and I declare sowithout reluctance, adopt his plan; I lemnly upon my honour, ihere were knew his motives: they were honest no stipulations made, no partitionand disinterested as to himself, honour. treaty, or any thing of the kind, menable and advantageous to his employers; tioned, then or after, to my knowand the necellity of the times, our parti- ledge, of that transaction. cular situation at Bengal, and the ge- I am now ready and willing to deneral ftate of the Company's affairs, clare what I received upon that occasi, throughout India, have ever in my opi- on, when I received, and how I receivpion vindicated the measure that was ed it. I own I little expected, after pursued.

thirteen years service in that country, Q. Whether twenty lacks or any o

and nine of them in the field, that the lit.. ther

fum was ftipulated for bringing a- tle fortune made should become the ob. bout that revolution?

ject of fo public an enquiry; but I am A. The night that Coffim Ally Khan happy to ineet this inquiry more than signed the articles for accepting the half-way; and the more so in this parmanagement of the affairs of Bengal ticular point, as perhaps it may give under Jaffier Ally Khan, (in the pre- an opportunity of doing justice to the sence I believe of Mr Vanfittart, Mr. memory of the man from whom I reSumner, Mr Holwell, and myself,) ceived it (Mr. Vanlittart,) who did it Coslim Ally Khan, after expressing in his usual generous and handsome many obligations he ḥad to us for our way, so that I knew not but to tẠis intended good offices in his fayour, minute the sum í received may be tendered a paper to Mr Vanlittart, charged to this account. After Collim which, as Mr Vanfittart interpreted to Ally Khan was placed in the governus, contained a note for twenty lacks ment, I went up to the army at Patņa, of rupees payable to the gentlemen came down again, imbarked for the then present. I don't secollect a gén- Coast in January 1761, remained there tleman present there that did not con- a year and a half, and came back to cur with me in desiring Mr Vanlittart Calcutta, called there upon extraordito return that paper to Collin Ally nary business. In October 1762, Mr Khan, telling him, that he mistook our Vanlittart, then going up to Mungeer, motives for his advancement. He told me, “ If I am happy enough to pressed on Mr Vanfittart again the ac- settle with the Nabob the unfortunate ceptance of the paper; telling him,


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differences that have sublisted between of the transaction it appears, that Meer him and my council, and that I can Jaffier, rather than consent to the terms with propriety remind him of the ser- we propoled, sent for Meer Collim, and vices you jointly did him, I shall cer- gave up the government to him imnetainly endeavour to serve you.” Mr diately. Vanlitrart went up to Mungeer, and I 2. Whether Mr Holwell made any imbarked aboard Thip for Europe. In report to the Select Committee, that the year 1763 I received an account- Coslim Ally Khan had proposed to take current from Mr Vasittart, in wbich I off the Nabob? A. I never heard found credit for two lacks of rupees, of such proposal. Mr Holwell never unsolicited, as I have mentioned be- reported to us that such a proposal had fore, and much beyond my expectati- been made to him." ons; and this upon my honour, is the Adjourned till to-morrow. whole of what I received dire&tly or

Mercurii, 60 dei Maii, 1772. indirectly upon that occasion. So little was money my object or thought, Bengal proceedings relative to Col. that I never inquired or knew of what Caillaud read. others might have got upon the fame Opinion of Court of Directors rela. occasion. If money had been my ob- tive to Col. Caillaud read. ject, I should have been more curious A member of the House being prein my inquiries. It is not stated in fent, desired to acquaint the Committhe account from Mr Vanfittart from tee, that he was chairman of the Eaft. whom the two lacks came, but I sup- India Company at that time, and was pose they came from Cossim.

the principal cause of Col. Caillaud's Q. Who took posleslion of the house coming home, in order to do justice to and effects of Meer Jaffier?- A. a character he entertained an high opiCoffim Ally Khan, after Jaffier had nion of; that the Court of Directors taken out every thing that he wanted, entered into a minute inquiry, when

Q. When was the resolution taken he was unanimously acquitted, and reof making Coffim Ally Khan Nabob turned to India with higher honours. in the room of Meer Jaffier?- -A. Adjourned till to-morrow. In the accounts you have heard read

(To be Continued.)

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December 14.

Vienna, Nov. 21. Sir Robert Mur-
T U R K E Y.

ray Kieth arrived here on Friday laft, Constantinople, Nov. 3. On the 24th to succeed Lord Viscount Stormont as last the plenipotentiary Abdurrezak, Envoy Extraordinary from his BritanReis Effendi, set out from the Vizir's nic Majesty. camp at Schumlat, for the congress to

F R A N C E. be holden at Bucharest, accompanied by Cadiz, Nov. 21. The Swedish fri. the several Councillors, Secretaries, gate named Illerim has just failed from and Drugomen of his mission, together this place for Sallee, at which place with his nephew, and some of the prin- will debark the Consul from the King cipal officers of the Janizaries. of Sweden, together with 25,000 hard

dollars, dollars, which this court has sent as a The abuses committed in India, partipresent to the Emperor of Morocco. cularly in Bengal, made it necessary a

set of gentlemen should be appointed in H O L L A N D. whom we could confide for regulating Hague, Nov. 26. The States Ge- and mangaging our affairs in India. neral have forbidden all merchants and The choice fell upon fix gentlemen, retailers in the province of Kink to pur- and notwithstanding the great expence, chase or cause to be purchased, from which the honourable Alderman has the 17th inft. any kind of grain, except calculated to be 100,000l. yet I affirm in the open markets properly appointed that millions may be saved in confefor that purpose.

quence of that expence. The report,

as it lyes on the table, ftrikes at the ITALY.

very charter and conftitution of the Rome, No. 11. They write from Company. It is the most unprecedentVenice, that the Cardinal Priuli, Bish- ed and unparliamentary proceeding I op of Padona died in the night of the ever knew. I am far from denying the 26th ult. in the territory of Trevignia- power of Parliament, and their right no. His death has vacated a 14th Hat to superintend the company; but before in the facred college, besides the five they yenture to dispossess the company that the Pope keeps in petto.

ofits privileges, they should be first alfured of those privileges being abused.

Nothing else can justify such a measure E N G L A N D.

and as that has not yet appeared, I LONDON Dec. 14.

hope the house will proceed to the pre

vious question. Substance of Mr ‘Dempster's, Lord

Lord North. It is the wish of parNorth's, Governor Johnstone's, and Mr Burke's Speeches in the H.ofc. liament, and particularly of adminiftraon the motion made to bring on a bill tion, to make the East India Company to restrain the East India Corupany tle it upon a permanent foundation,

a great and glorious Company, and setfrom sending out Supervisors.

They are going into an expensive comMr. Dempster.

mission, at a time when they are consi. The proceedings of the secret com- derably in arrears to government at an mittee are the most extraordinary I e- expence, Sir, of 100,00ol. Surely, ver heard of. The very idea of a se. Sir, it is the duty of parliament to precret committee is unconftitutional, and serve them from ruin. I am sure no only allowable in cases of a criminal hostile intentions are conceived against

The Honourable Alderman that Company; but the committee apspeaks of the distress of the East India pointed by yourselves, have judged it Company. It is true, Sir, there is a expedient a restraint should be laid and deficiency of cash at present; but I af- as no restraint can posibly be laid but firm, that the affairs of that company by an act of Parliament, a bill is to be are neither in a ruinous nor deplorable brought in for that purpose. situation. The honourable gentleman Gov. Johnftone. The present difcomplains of the extraordinary ex- tress of the East India company arises pences attending the commission. That from their mismanagement of the moexpence is not yet ascertained ; and, gey; a wanton extravagance accompaSir, since Parliament have undertaken 'nies all their transactions. With respect to enquire into their affairs, they refolv- to the present commission, it is illegal; ed to wait thé determination of the the one before was both illegal and abhouse, before they proceeded any far- furd. Some business obliging me to go ther in the business of the supervisors, to the navy-office soon after the Aurora



was supposed to be loft. I found that laws. They have published a manifesto his Majesty's money was disposed of in to that purpose, which the noble Lord an æconomical manner; that the navy, has perhaps just received; and he gives office had very justly allowed her 8 it to you to day left it might be Itale weeks from her departure from the to-morrow.-But let us examine into Cape of Good Hope to be loft, and this extraordinary matter? Here is a paid to that time. What did the In- committee, which have produced nodia company do? Why, generously al- thing. This was the lawful wife pulowed a twelvemonth's pay. They have blicly avowed; but finding her barren, now appointed fix supervisors, though they have taken a near, little snug one, before there were but three, and those which they call a Secret Committee,and are supposed to have 10,000l. and all this is her first-born. Indeed, from the expences, with a table, paid; and it is singular expedition of this extraordinacomputed they will be abfent three ry delivery, I am apt to think she was years. I would ask any gentleman if pregnant before wedlock: yet, after all; it is poslible for the India company to what is this report but a direct invasion send out a more respectable character of the Company's charter? it is, Sir, a than an admiral, commander in chief ? bill to fuspend a law of the land; it is, What is he allowed? What is the go- neither more por less; and we are, af vernor of Jamaica allowed? Why, ter distressing the Company, about to 6,000l. per ann. But it is said that rob them of their charter, and overmuch parade is necessary; but I answer, throw their constitution. In the year on the authority of the late Mr Vansit. 1767administration plundered tbecomtart, that no pageantry is necessary, pany of 400,000l. and this I assert to and that it is a foolish and weak ex- have occasioned their present distress. pence, unnecessarily incurred. Upon Jf we suffer thiş bill to pass, we shall, the whole, therefore the propositions in fact,become the East India company; now before us appears unnecessary, as and you, Sir, will be feated in that there is not the least reason to suspect chair with a little hammer, by an inch the company have any intention of vio- of candle. The treasury Bench will be lating the respect which is due to the the buyers, and on this fide we shall be legislature, and fuppofing they had, the the sellers. The fenate will become grounds upon which this bill to restrain an auction-room, and the speaker an the exercise of their legal rights is now auctioneer! shame upon such proceed. ushered into the house, are such that ings! Here is an end to confidence and no man who has studied the great bar. public faith: public faith! alas ! that riers of a free government, can con- has long been given up; that_has pot sent to the question upon such princi- been attended to for some years. Howples.

I hope the house will let this reMr Burke.--I rise up to thank the port lie upon the table until the secret noble Lord in office for his extreme committee have furnished us with more bounty in assuring us, that no hoftile fubftantial reasons than have yet apo intentions are designed against the East peared for invading the charter of that India Company, and that he wilhes to company. make it a GREAT and GLORIOUS The house was cleared at half past Company (for those are his pompous fix; and upon a division the question expresions) and put it upon a perma- was carried by 104 against 45. nent footing. Three Kings have en. On the with init. Mr Tho. Towns. tered an unfortunate kingdom with fire end addressed the house to the followand sword, in order, I presume, to make ing purport:-There can be very little it also a Great and GLORIOUS king- occasion to remind this house of what dom, and secure to it its liberties and I am certain is at present so fresh in their memories; I mean the subject of a prejudging of the cause, by no means the propriety of sending out an armed gives me a favourable opinion of the force to St. Vincent's, in order to make impartiality of a person who is to be a war on the wretched patives, nor of judge; however, every necessary paper the noble Lord's promise, at the same shall be laid before this house, and, I time that we should have every satis- make no doubt, but then, on a candid factory information on this head that perusal, every objection hitherto itaito could be possibly desired.


In the mo- ed will fall to the ground. The motion I am about to make, I would avoid tion was accordingly agreed to; and every appearance of any thing particu- being delivered by Mr Townsend to lar or personal, having nothing in my the speaker, was read, and is to the intentions but that the question, with following effect: That his Majesty be out any relation to party spirit; may addressed by this house to lay before be fairly and openly difcuflęd; it is them a copy of the several papers refor that reason, therefore, that I shall lative to the fending an armed force itate it in general terins, to which, in to St. Vincent's, and the orders illued my opinion, there can be no objection by the secretaries of state for that It is true, indeed, that in treating with purpose. foreigo ftates when any request of this Mr Dowdeswell made a motion, that nature is made, there may be many leave be given to bring in a bill " for plausible reasons afligned for the diffi- the relief of poor persons in certain culties attending fuch a compliance, circumstances, and under certain reboth in point of delicacy and delay, strictions. He was feconded by Sir but in the present instance nothing of George Savile. The motion was athat nature can be pl.aded.

greed 10 nem. con. and a bill ordered We are not afraid that such an en- to be prepared and brought in by Mr quiry as the present will be the means Dowdeswell, Sir George Savile, Mr of disclosing the secrets of the cabinet Cornwall, Mr Burke, &c. The into the unfortunate Caribbs, or that they tention of this bill is to make a proviare likely to know any thing at all of fion at a certain age, for the indigent, the matter. I know the ministry def- laborious, and indufirious. It is inpise the rest of Europe; I should be tended that parishes shall have power therefore extremely glad to discover to grant annuities from five to twenty what it is that is so dangerous in the pounds per annum; that certain fums appearance of those banditti as to claim Thall be paid by the perfoŋs, to be so the attention of administration in so entitled, according to the received rules singular a manner, and who, by the of computation; that these fums shall whole tenor of their conduct, have be from time to time vested in the pubthewn an inattention to every thing lic funds; that no person receive any befides.

benefit from this fund till he is fifty Lord North. I rise to inform the years old, nor thenif he be not indigent. gentleman who spoke last, that I am Mr Pultney, in a committee of the extremely ready to comply with what house, explained the motives of the he now desires. I should have already bill to secure to foreigners the sums of thanked hiin, and give him credit for money lent on estates in the West-Inhis profesions of moderation and im- dies, and obviated the many objections partiality, if he had not unhappily, in that were made to it last year. He then the midst of those professions (by way moved, that some witnesses might be of parenthelis) put the ministry in mind called in and examined, at the bar, of an improper attention on the point touching several facts he had stated. under conGderation, and an inattention Accordingly, Mr Fairholme, speaker to every other part of our duty. Such of the affembly at Tobago, and Mr Vol. II.



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