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THE following article was partially published in the "Edinburgh Review," during my absence from Europe. Considerable portions of the matter contained in the proofs, as I finally settled them, were omitted. It is now reprinted unmutilated, indeed verbatim, from the revise as it left my hands.
On reperusal I have found nothing to soften or to retrench, though I could add and strengthen much.
To bring down the story of American Slavery to the present time, I have reprinted the speech of Mr. Sumner in the Senate of the United States, on the 19th and 20th of May last, and a brief notice of the frightful scenes which followed it.
The moral and intellectual character of Mr. Sumner has long been admired by Europe.
To sympathy for his courage is now added sympathy for his calamity.
I cannot believe that he has suffered in vain.
I cannot believe that the great country to which
ample of the depravation and ferocity which sudden wealth and uncontrolled power can produce in nations, as they have often produced them in individuals.
The present degradation of the United States is a tremendous warning. It must sadden and alarm all who believe in the excellence of purely democratic institutions.
THE UNITED STATES.*
THE sale of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" is the most marvellous literary phenomenon that the world has witnessed.
It came out as a sort of feuilleton in the "National Era," a Washington paper. The death of Uncle Tom was the first portion published, indeed the first that was written. It appeared in the summer of 1851, and excited so much attention, that Mrs. Stowe added a beginning and middle to her end, by composing and printing from week to week the story as we now have it, until it was concluded in March, 1852. It
* 1. Uncle Tom's Cabin, or Life among the Lowly. By HARRIET BEECHER STOWE. London: 1853.
2. A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin. By HARRIET BEECHER STOWE. London: 1853.
3. Sunny Memories of Foreign Lands. By Mrs. HARRIET BEECHER STOWE. London: 1854.
4. Speech of the Honourable Charles Sumner on his Motion to Repeal the Fugitive Slave Bill in the Senate of the United States. Aug. 26. 1852. Washington: 1852.