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he has likewise the authority of scripture make no question, you will come over to to justify him. The part of Abdiel, who mine. You are not to imagine I find fault was the only spirit that in this infinite host that she either possesses or takes delight in of angels preserved his allegiance to his the exercises of those qualifications I just Maker, exhibits to us a noble moral of re- now mentioned; it is the immoderate fondligious singularity. The zeal of the sera-ness she has to them that I lament, and phim breaks forth in a becoming warmth that what is only designed for the innocent of sentiments and expressions, as the cha- amusement and recreation of life is become racter which is given us of him denotes the whole business and study of hers. The that generous scorn and intrepidity which six months we are in town, (for the year is attends heroic virtue. The author doubt- equally divided between that and the counless designed it as a pattern to those who try,) from almost break of day till noon, live among mankind in their present state the whole morning is laid out in practising of degeneracy and corruption:

with her several masters; and to make up

the losses occasioned by her absence in So spake the seraph Abdiel, faithful found Among the faithless, faithful only he;

summer, every day in the week their atAmong innumerable false, unmoy'd,

tendance is required; and, as they are all Unshaken, unseduc'd unterrify'd;

people eminent in their professions, their His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal:

skill and time must be recompensed acNor number nor example with him wrought To swerve from truth, or change his

constant mind, cordingly. So, how far these articles exThough single. From amidst them forth he pass'd, tend, I leave you to judge. Limning, one Long way thro' hostile scorn, which he sustain'd

would think, is no expensive diversion; but, Superior, nor of violence fear'd aught; And with retorted scorn his back he turn'd

as she manages the matter, it is a very conOn those proud tow'rs to swift destruction doom'd. siderable addition to her disbursements;


which you will easily believe, when you know she paints fans for all her female

acquaintance, and draws all her relations' No. 328.] Monday, March 17, 1711-12. pictures, in miniature: the first must be

mounted by nobody but Colmar, and the Nullum me a labore reclinat otium.

Hor. Epod. xvii. 24.

other set by nobody but Charles Mather. *

What follows is still much worse than the Nay chases night, and night the day, But no relief to me convey.

former; for, as I told you, she is a great

artist at her needle, it is incredible what • MR. SPECTATOR, As I believe that sums she expends in embroidery; for, bethis is the first complaint that ever was sides what is appropriated to her personal made to you of this nature, so you are the use as mantuas, petticoats, stomachers, first person I ever could prevail upon my; handkerchiefs, purses, pin-cushions, and self to lay it before. When I tell you I working aprons, she keeps four. French have a healthy, vigorous constitution, a protestants continually employed in makplentiful estate, no inordinate desires, and ing divers pieces of superfluous furniture, am married to a virtuous lovely woman, as quilts, toilets, hangings for closets, beds who neither wants wit nor good-nature, and window-curtains, easy chairs, and tabouby whom I have a numerous offspring to rets: nor have I any hopes of ever reclaimperpetuate my family, you will naturally ing her from this extravagance, while she conclude me a happy man. But notwith- obstinately persists in thinking it a notable standing these promising appearances, I piece of good housewifery, because they am so far from it, that the prospect of being are made at home, and she has had some ruined and undone by a sort of extrava- share in the performance. There would gance, which of late years is in a less de- be no end of relating to you the particulars of gree crept into every fashionable family, the annual charge, in furnishing her storedeprives me of all the comforts of my life,

room with a profusion of pickles and preand renders me the most anxious, misera- serves; for she is not contented with having ble man on earth. My wife, who was the every thing, unless it be done every way, only child and darling care of an indulgent in which she consults an hereditary book mother, employed her early years in leam- of receipts: for her female ancestors have ing all those accomplishments we generally been always famed for good house-wifery, understand by good breeding and polite one of whom is made immortal by giving education. She sings, dances, plays on the her name to an eye-water, and two sorts of lute, and harpsichord, paints prettily, is a puddings. I cannot undertake to recites all perfect mistress of the French tongue, her medicinal preparations, as salves, sereand has made a considerable progress in cloths, powders, confects, cordials, ratafia, Italian. She is besides excellently skilled in persico, orange-flower, and cherry-brandy, all domestic sciences, as preserving, pick-together with innumerable sorts of simple ling, pastry, making wines of fruits of our waters. But there is nothing I lay so much own growth, embroidering, and needle to my heart as that detestable catalogue of works of every kind. Hitherto, you will counterfeit wines, which derive their names be apt to think, there is very little cause of from the fruits, herbs, or trees, of whose complaint; but suspend your opinion till I have further explained myself, and then, Il

* A well-known toyman in Fleet-strect at the time.

juices they are chiefly compounded. They readings, and the like, is what in all ages are loathsome to the taste, and pernicious persons extremely wise and learned have to the health; and as they seldom survive had in great veneration. For this reason I the year, and then are thrown away, under cannot but rejoice at the following epistle, a false pretence of frugality, I may affirm which lets us into the true author of the they stand me in more than if I entertained letter to Mrs. Margaret Clark, part of all our visitors with the best burgundy and which I did myself the honour to publish champaign. Coffee, chocolate, and green in a former paper. I must confess I do not imperial, peco, and bohea teas, seem to be naturally affect critical learning; but findtrifles; but when the proper appurtenances ing myself not so much regarded as I am of the tea-table are added, they swell the apt to flatter myself I may deserve from account higher than one would imagine. I some professed patrons of learning, I could cannot conclude without doing her justice not but do myself the justice to show I am in one article; where her frugality is so re- not a stranger to such erudition as they markable, I must not deny her the merit smile upon, if I were duly encouraged. of it; and that is in relation to her children, However, this is only to let the world see who are all confined, both boys and girls, what I could do: and shall not give my to one large room in the remotest part of reader any more of this kind, if he will forthe house, with bolts on the doors and bars give the ostentation I show at present. to the windows, under the care and tuition of an old woman, who had been dry nurse

• March 13, 1711-12. to her grandmother. This is their residence “SIR,-Upon reading your paper of yesall the year round; and as they are never terday, I took the pains to look out a copy allowed to appear, she prudently thinks it I had formerly taken, and remembered to needless to be at any expense in apparel or be very like your last letter: comparing learning. Her eldest daughter to this day them, I found they were the very same; would have neither read nor wrote, if it and have, underwritten, sent you that part had not been for the butler, who, being the of it which you say was torn off. I hope son of a country attorney, has taught her you will insert it, that posterity may know such a hand as is generally used for en- it was Gabriel Bullock that made love in grossing bills in Chancery. "By this time I that natural style of which you seem to be have sufficiently tired your patience with fond. But to let you see I have other mamy domestic grievances; which I hope you nuscripts in the same way, I have sent you will agree could not well be contained in a inclosed three copies, faithfully taken by narrower compass, when you consider what my own hand from the originals, which a paradox I undertook to maintain in the were wrote by a Yorkshire gentleman of a beginning of my epistle, and which mani- good estate, to madam Mary, and an uncle festly appears to be but too melancholy a of hers, a knight very well known by the truth. And now I heartily wish the rela- most ancient gentry in that and several tion I have given of my misfortunes may other counties of Great Britain. I have be of use and benefit to the public. By the exactly followed the form and spelling. I example I have set before them, the truly have been credibly informed that Mr. Wilvirtuous wives may learn to avoid those liam Bullock, the famous comedian, is the errors which have so unhappily misled descendant of this Gabriel, who begot Mr. mine, and which are visibly these three; William Bullock's great-grandfather, on First, in mistaking the proper objects of the body of the above-mentioned Mrs. Marher esteem, and fixing her affections upon garet Clark. As neither Speed, nor Baker, such things as are only the trappings and nor Selden, take notice of it, I will not predecorations of her sex: Secondly, in not tend to be positive; but desire that the letter distinguishing what becomes the different may be reprinted, and what is here restages of life. And, lastly, the abuse and cor- covered may be in Italics. I am, sir, your ruption of some excellent qualities, which, daily reader.' if circumscribed within just bounds, would have been the blessing and prosperity of

To her I very much respect, Mrs. Marher family; but by a vicious extreme, are

garet Clark. like to be the bane and destruction of it.' Lovely, and oh that I could write loving,

T. Mrs. Margaret Clark, I pray you let affec

tion excuse presumption. Having been so

happy as to enjoy the sight of your sweet No. 328.*] Monday, March 17, 1711-12. countenance and comely body sometimes Delectata illa urbanitate tam stulta.

when I had occasion to buy treacle or li

quorish powder at the apothecary's shop, Delighted with unaffected plainness,

I am so enamoured with you, that I can no That useful part of learning which con

more keep close my flaming desire to besists in emendations, knowledge of different come your servant. And I am the more

bold now to write to your sweet self, be† The above Paper was very early substituted for cause I am now my own man, and may the one now immediately following, which latter is here reprinted from the original folio, numbered, as at match where I please; for my father is first, 328.*

taken away; and now I am come to my VOL. II,


Petron, Arb.



and me.

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living, which is ten yard land, and a house; /* This is for madam mary norton disforth and there is never a yard land* in our field

Lady she went to York. but is as well worth ten pounds a year as a

• Madam Mary. Deare loving sweet lady, thief's worth a halter; and all brothers

my and sisters are provided for: besides, I have for they will put you in the nunnery; and

i hope you are well. Do not go to london, good household stuff, though I say it, both heed not Mrs. Lucy what she saith to you, Brass and pewter, linens and woollens; for she will ly and ceat you. go from to and though my house be thatched, yet if another place, and we will gate wed so with you and I match, it shall go hard but I will have one half of it slated. If you shall speed., mind what i write to you, for if think well of this motion, I will wait upon there, and so let us gate wed, and we will

they gate you to london they will keep you and hay-harvest is in. I could, though I say yourself

. you as soon as my new clothes are made, both go. so if you go to london, you rueing

so heed not what none of them it, have good matches in our town; but my saith to you let us gate wed, and we shall mother (God's peace be with her,)

charged lie to gader any time. i will do any thing me upon her death-bed to marry a gentle- for you to my poore. i hope the devil will woman, one who had been well trained us faile them all, for a hellish company there in the sowing and cookery. I do not think be. from there cursed trick and mischiefus but that if you and I can agree to marry, ways good lord bless and deliver both you and lay our means together, I shall be made grand jury-man ere two or three years come about, and that will be a great credit to us.

• I think to be at York the 24 day.' If I could have got a messenger for six- * This is for madem mary norton to pence, I would have sent one on purpose, London för a lady that belongs to dishforth. and some trifle or other for a token of my • Madam Mary, i hope you are well. i am love: but I hope there is nothing lost for soary that you went away from York. deare that neither. So, hoping you will take this loving sweet lady, i writ to let you know letter in good part, and answer it with what that i do remain faithfull; and if can let care and speed you can, I rest and remain, me know where i can meet you, i will wed yours, if my own, • Mr. GABRIEL BULLOCK,

you, and i will do any thing to my poor;

for you are a good woman, and will be a ‘now my father is dead.

loving misteris. i am in trouble for you, so •Swepston, Leicestershire.

if you will come to york i will wed you.

with speed come, and i will have none but: •When the coal carts come, I shall send you. so, sweet love, heed not what to say oftener; and may come in one of them my- to me, and with speed come; heed not self.'t

what none of them say to you; your Maid

makes you believe ought. For sir William to go to london at west

"So deare love think of Mr. george Nillminster remember a parlement. son with speed; i sent 2 or 3 letters before.


gave misteris elcock some nots, and “Sir, William, i hope that you are thay put me in pruson all the night for me well. i write to let you know that i am in pains, and non new whear I was, and i did troubel about a lady your nease; and i do desire that you will be my friend: for when But it is for mrs. Lucy to go a good way i did com to see her at your hall, i was from home, for in york and round about she mighty Abuesed. i would fain a see you at is known; to writ any more her deeds, the topecliff, and thay would not let me go same will tell her soul is black within, her to you; but i desire that you will be our corkis stinks of hell. March 19th, 1706, 'F friends, for it is no dishonour neither for you nor she, for God did make us all. i wish that i might see you, for thay say that you No. 329.] Tuesday, March 18, 1711-12. are a good man; and many doth wounder at it, but madam norton is abuesed and

Tre tamen restat, Nuno qua devenit et Ancus.

Hor. Ep. vi. Lib. 1. 27. ceated two i believe, i might a had many

With Ancus, and with Numa, kings of Rome, a lady, but i con have none

but her with a

We must descend into the sitent tomb. good consons, for there is a God that know our hearts. if you and madam norton will

My friend Sir Roger de Coverley told come to York, there i shill meet you if God me t'other night, that he had been readbe willing and if you be pleased. so be not ing. my paper upon Westminster-abbey, in angterie till you know the trutes of things. which, says he, there are a great many in

He told me at the same "I give my to me lady

genious fancies: •George Nelson. and to Mr. Aysenby,

I In the original folio edition of the Spectator, the and to madam norton, following letter is added to No. 330; it is given here as March the 19th, 1706.' evidently relating to this paper, which, as already ob

served, was suppressed soon after its first publication.. *" In some counties 20, in some 24, and in others 30

March 18, 1711-12. acres of land. Virguta Terra."

MR. Spectator, -The ostentation you showed yes See No. 324, and note.

terday (March 17] would have been pardonable, had

gat cold.



See 328.*



time, that he observed I had promised an-| honest man, and went in without further other paper upon the tombs, and that he ceremony. should be glad to go and see them with me, We had not gone far, when Sir Roger not having visited them since he had read popping out his head, called the coachman history. I could not imagine how this came down from his box, and, upon presenting into the knight's head, till I recollected himself at the window, asked him if he that he had been very busy all last sum- smoked. As I was considering what this mer upon Baker's Chronicle, which he has would end in, he bid him stop by the way quoted several times in his disputes with at any good tobacconist's, and take in a roll Sir Andrew Freeport since his last coming of their best Virginia. Nothing material to town. Accordingly I promised to call happened in the remaining part of our upon him the next morning, that we might | journey, till we were set down at the west go together to the abbey.

end of the abbey. I found the knight under his butler's As we went up the body of the church, the hands, who always shaves him. He was no knight pointed at the trophies upon one of sooner dressed, than he called for a glass the new monuments, and cried out, 'A of the widow Truby's water, which he brave man, I warrant him!' Passing aftertold me he always drank before he went wards by Sir Cloudesly Shovel, he Aung abroad. He recommended to me a dram of his hand that way, and cried, “Sir Cloudesit at the same time, with so much hearti- ly Shovel! a very gallant man.” As we ness, that I could not forbear drinking it. stood before Busby's tomb, the knight utAs soon as I had got it down, I found it tered himself again after the same manner: very unpalatable; upon which the knight, Dr. Busby: a great man: he whipped my observing that I had made several wry grandfather; a very great man, I should faces, told me that he knew I should not have gone to him myself, if I had not been like it at first, but that it was the best a blockhead: a very great man!' thing in the world against the stone or We were immediately conducted into gravel.

the little chapel on the right hand. Sir I could have wished indeed that he had Roger, planting himself at our historian's acquainted me with the virtues of it sooxer; elbow, was very attentive to every thing but it was too late to complain, and I knew he said, particularly to the account he gave what he had done was out of good will. Sir us of the lord who had cut off the king of Roger told me further, that he looked upon Morocco's head. Among several other it to be very good for a man whilst he staid figures, he was very well pleased to see the in town, to keep off infection, and that he statesman Cecil upon his knees; and congot together a quantity of it upon the first cluding them all to be great men, was connews of the sickness being at Dantzick: ducted to the figure which represents that when of a sudden turning short to one of his martyr to good housewifery who died by servants, who stood behind him, he bid the prick of a needle. Upon our interprehim call a hackney-coach, and take care it ter's telling us that she was a maid of howas an elderly man that drove it.

nour to queen Elizabeth, the knight was He then resumed the discourse upon very inquisitive into her name and family; Mrs. Truby's water, telling me that the and, after having regarded her finger for widow Truby was one who did more good some time, I wonder,' says he, that Sir than all the doctors and apothecaries in the Richard Baker has said nothing of her in country; that she distilled every poppy his Chronicle.' that grew within five miles of her; that We were then conveyed to the two coroshe distributed her water gratis among all nation cha where my old friend, after sorts of people: to which the knight added having heard that the stone underneath the that she had a very great jointure, and that most ancient of them, which was brought the whole country would fain have it a from Scotland, was called Jacob's pillar, match between him and her; "and truly,' sat himself down in the chair, and, looking says Sir Roger, if I had not been engaged, like the figure of an old Gothic king, asked perhaps I could not have done better." our interpreter, what authority they had to

His discourse was broken off by his man's say that Jacob had ever been in Scotland ? telling him he had called a coach. Upon The fellow instead of returning him an anour going to it, after having cast his eye swer, told him, that he hoped his honour upon the wheels, he asked the coachman would pay his forfeit. I could observe Sir if his axle-tree was good: upon the fellow's Roger a little ruffled upon being thus tretelling him he would warrant it, the knight panned; but our guide not insisting upon turned to me, told me he looked like an his demand, the knight soon recovered his

good humour, and whispered in my ear, you provided better for the two extremities of your that if Will Wimble were with us and saw paper, and placed in the one the letter R. in the other,

those two chairs, it would go hard but he Nescio quid meditans nugarum et totus in illis.

would get a tobacco stopper out of one or A word to the wise. I am your most humble servant. t'other of them.

Sir Roger, in the next place, laid his According to the emendation of the above correspond hand upon Edward the third's sword, dent, the reader is desired, in the paper of the 17th, to

and, leaning upon the pummel of it, gave


read R for T.:

us the whole history of the Black Prince; plentiful. I cannot make myself better unconcluding, that, in Sir Richard Baker's derstood, than by sending you a history of opinion, Edward the Third was one of the myself, which I shall desire you to insert in greatest princes that ever sat upon the your paper, it being the only way I have of English throne.

expressing my gratitude for the highest obWe were then shown Edward the Con- ligations imaginable. fessor's tomb: upon which Sir Roger ac- I am the son of a merchant of the city of quainted us, that he was the first who London, who, by many losses, was reduced touched for the evil: and afterwards Henry from a very luxuriant trade and credit to the Fourth's; upon which he shook his very narrow circumstances, in comparison head, and told us there was fine reading to that of his former abundance. This took in the casualties of that reign.

away the vigour of his mind, and all manner Our conductor then pointed to that monu- of attention to a fortune which he now ment where there is the figure of one of our thought desperate; insomuch that he died English kings without a head; and upon without a will, having before buried my giving us to know, that the head, which mother, in the midst of his other misforwas of beaten silver, had been stolen away tunes. I was sixteen years of age when I several years since: Some Whig, I'll war- lost my father; and an estate of 2001. a year rant you,' says Sir Roger; 'you ought to came into my possession, without friend or lock up your kings better; they will carry guardian to instruct me in the management off the body too, if you don't take care. or enjoyment of it. The natural conse

The glorious names of Henry the Fifth quence of this was (though I wanted no and queen Elizabeth gave the knight great director, and soon had fellows who found opportunities of shining, and of doing justice me out for a smart young gentleman, and to Sir Richard Baker, who, as our knight led me into all the debaucheries of which I observed with some surprise, had a great was capable,) that my companions and I many kings in him, whose monuments he could not well be supplied without running had not seen in the abbey.

in debt, which I did very frankly, till I was For my own part, I could not but be arrested, and conveyed, with a guard strong pleased to see the knight show such an ho- enough for the most desperate assassin, to a nest passion for the glory of his country, and bailiff's house, where I lay four days, sursuch a respectful gratitude to the memory rounded with very merry, but not very of its princes.

agreeable company. As soon as I had exI must not omit, that the benevolence of tricated myself from that shameful confinemy good old friend, which flows out towards ment, I reflected upon it with so much hor. every one he converses with, made him very ror, that I deserted all my old acquaintance, kind' to our interpreter, whom he looked and took chambers in an inn of court, with upon as an extraordinary man: for which a resolution to study the law with all possireason he shook him by the hand at parting, ble application. I trifled away a whole year telling him, that he should be very glad to in looking over a thousand intricacies, withsee him at his lodgings in Norfolk-buildings, out a friend to apply to in any case of doubt; and talk over these matters with him more so that I only lived there among men, as little at leisure.

L. children are sent to school before they are

capable of improvement, only to be out of

harm's way. In the midst of this state of No. 330.] Wednesday, March 19, 1711-12. suspense, not knowing how to dispose of my

self, I was sought for by a relation of mine, Maxima debetur pueris reverentia

who, upon observing a good inclination in

me, used me with great familiarity, and carTo youth the greatest reverence is due.

ried me to his seat in the country. When I The following letters, written by two came there, he introduced me to all the very considerate correspondents, both under good company in the county; and the great twenty years of age, are very good argu- obligation I have to him for this kind notice, ments of the necessity of taking into consi- and residence with him ever since, has made deration the many incidents which affect so strong an impression upon me, that he has the education of youth.

an authority of a father over me, founded

upon the love of a brother. I have a good "SIR-I have long expected that, in the study of books, a good stable of horses, course of your observations upon the several always at my command; and though I am parts of human life, you would one time or not now quite eighteen years of age, familiar other fall upon a subject, which, since you converse on his part, and a strong inclination have not, I take the liberty to recommend to exert myself on mine, have had an effect to you. What I mean is, the patronage of upon me that makes me acceptable wheryoung modest men to such as are able to ever I ge. Thus, Mr. Spectator, by this countenance and introduce them into the gentleman's favour and patronage, it is my world. For want of such assistances, a youth own fault if I am not wiser and richer every of merit languishes in obscurity or poverty day I live. I speak this, as well by subwhen his circumstances are low, and runs scribing the initial letters of my name to into riot and excess when his fortunes are thank him, as to incite others to an imitation

Juv. Sat. xiv. 47.

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