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marrying with the are's, have pro- inspecting it, with a careful attention duced the might-be's, a very promising to continuity of descent, we may obfamıly. From them are descended serve that the whole family of the havés the would-be's, of whom we' with it beens, a distant branch of the should were possible to speak as favourably. be's, and to whom they were united But the truth is, the would-be's are a many centuries ago, appear so obtimid and irresolute generation; not, fcure, that it is at present the most indeed, so bad as the are's, but very difficult thing in the world to trace far deftitute of the spirit and fortitude the precise connexion between them, of the should-be's; and though they where it began, where it was conmay, in time, be emancipated from founded, and where it ended. This the trammels in which they are held, is so much the greater misfortune, becontrary to conviction, yet, at pre- cause, in our days, many of the are's fent, they add no great honour to the discover a particular fondness for provfamily of the should-be's, and fre- ing that they are more nearly related quently lose by cowardice, what a very to the have beens than cheir opponents. Imall portion of effort might secure to Now if they could prove this, which them.

many of them labour much to effect, While the would-be's (of whose the case of the should-be's becomes de good intentions no person can reason- plorable. But we are happy to add ably doubt) were courting a nearer that, in the first place, the are's are alliance with the should-be's, a race very deficient in their attempts to sprung from them, partaking of the prove their descent from the have qualities of both in a certain degree ; beens, that is, by any positive and we mean, the faids and dones.- Said, legal proof; for all suppositions and a progenitor of this race, was re- conjectures must be thrown afide, in markable for the excellence of the a case where fo much is depending. plans he laid down, and the force of And, secondly, there is in the cha. his resolutions, which were often re- racters of the parties fufficient interpeated, and as often departed from; nal evidence to invalidate the testiwhereas done, another progenitor, was mony of the are's, and to convince as remarkable for carrying all the re- us, that they cannot be the legitisolutions of said into prompt and ef- 'mate descendants of the have-beens, fective execution. When their chil- although it may be proved, and we dren united, much was expected from will allow it, that some runaway the union of such useful talents; and matches, or unlawful connexions, were some good effects unquestionably were of old time formed between certain produced; but, of late, there has distant branches of both families. ärisen a considerable degree of shy- Having now detailed such parts of ness between the families, and, bating the history of the are's and the should a few intermarriages of no great note, be's as have come within our observathe union of faid and done is not fo tion, it may, perhaps, be allowed us proverbial, as it was when they lived to add some conjectures and remarks, under the immediate guidance and relating to the future prosperity of two direction of the foould-be's.

families, which very nearly divide the There is only one other particular world between them. From what has in the history of the fould-be's, which been said of the genius and disposition is deserving of mention, and this is, of the are's, it is certain that they do that they have unfortunately lost some by no means contribute to promote part of the family pedigree. At what the happiness and well-being of mantime the defalcation took place cannot kind, that their superiority in point of now be easily ascertained, but it is to numbers, ftanding as it does alone, be lamented that there is a very great and without a grain of any other blank in their genealogical tree. On fuperiority, is a very unfavourable 4

fympo fymptom for pofterity. It appears and seducing appearance of the are's. no less certain, that little is to be ex. In the character of the latter, they pected from the timidity and time will not fail to perceive a felfishness, lerving disposition of the would-be's, which arrogates all merit to itself, and nor from the distant reserve kept up despises the acquilitions of wiser and between the descendants of said and better men, who have gone before done. It follows, that as the happiness them, while it is the pride of the of every individual results from his frould-be's to adopt whatever is praisenearer approaches to the character of worthy from any quarter, to be diffi a fbould-be, so the happiness of the dent of their own attainments, to colwhole, of all mankind mult be an lect the experience, and practise the aggregate, resulting from an universal wisdom of past ages. On such prin

. adoption of the principles, character, ciples we may venture to prophesy and conduct of these foould-be's. If that they will ultimately fucceed, and there are any persons who may earn- possess an assimilating influence over estly wish to attain this character, the whole world. If this important they will not find it a difficult talks, reformation should not happen in our Let them, as a preliminary step, search time, each individual may at least into the records of antiquity for the have the satisfaction to reflect that he hiftory and actions of the have beens, is haftening that happy period, and and animated by their spirit, their that his humbleft efforts will not be virtue, and their perseverance, let loft. them beware of the falle brilliancy,

ALL FOR THE BEST. A Character.

o be fully contented with the might perhaps be attained in this,

lot of humanity, is the privilege were we always to keep in mind that of few; to murmur and complain is the best of our enjoyments are imperthe humour of most; and where there fect, and that all of them are shortprevails a disposition to be diffatisfied, lived; that the present state was never there never will be wanting food intended, and therefore never can enough to gratify its voracious appe- prove a state of uninterrupted felicity; site. Even of those who are most that misfortunes will come, notwithremarkable for contentedness, we are standing our utmost caution, and that apt to suspect that their being quiet the caution which the best of us can proceeds more from insensibility than command, is a very feeble defence fatisfaction; and, unwilling to give againft an enemy whom we cannot them credit for a virtue which is foresee, and against weapons which wanting in ourselves, we say that the we are not prepared to encounter ; 'moderation of their desires, and the that, therefore, the good and ill of want of zeft in the enjoyment of them, life are to be considered as indispenfaa constitutes a stoical apathy of habit, ble in the lot of human kind, and which is mistaken by the world, for that we ought to enjoy the former a philofophic acquiescence in what- with moderation, and bear the latter ever may happen. On the other without hopeless depresion. Such hand, most men discover an eager reflections, often recalled to mind, impetuosity in all their affections; and compared with what passes every they rush toward the object with fer- day, within the sphere of our own obvour, and without suspicion, and every servation, might, no doubt, in a great disappointment is consequently en- measure, procure us that equanimity countered with bitterness and despond- of mind which constitutes true hapo ence. A middle course between ex- piness, which preferves vigour of tremes is preferable in all cases, and thought, and arms us against fudden



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misfortunes. These, indeed, we can- made. Look at that carriage, and not avert, but it is wonderful how consider how many hands have got much the greater misfortunes of life employment in the construction of it, may be softened and alleviated, if we from the wood, iron, steel, leather, only meditate frequently on them, paint, &c. &c. Ask the coachmaker and familiarize them to our imagina- how many of the poor he gives bread tions.

to, and how many of them he could Hilarius is a character of the most afford to feed were there no demand fingular itamp. He is a mott deter- for coaches ? What are the poor peo. mined enemy to all grumblers and ple of this country supported, fed, and complainers, and, as his name im. clothed by ? Chiefly by manufactures; ports, is always merry. He literally and how many manufactures are there thinks that nothing can come amiss, which may not, in your sense of the and that · All is for the best. By a word, be deemed luxuries ? If linen long continued habit of undervaluing were to be used instead of muslin and vice and misfortune, and by consider- filk, or woollen instead of linen, if ing, with rather a looseness of princi- lace were discontinued, iron substiple, that the greatest evils work for tuted for silver, and common earthen good, Hilarius has reconciled every ware for china and glass, what would thing that takes place in the world to the poor of three-fourths of the kinghimself, although he has, as yet, made dom fubfift upon ? Not, surely, upon very few converts to his opinions. your fage reflexions on luxury. But But his peculiar tenets will be beit un. carry this idea with you, and you der coi by a specimen. The luxury will find it confirmed by applying it to of the age is a common, and with every one of those articles, which you many persons, a favourite topic for cen- condemn as unnecessary and luxurious. fure; philosophers, moraliits, preach- • But you will answer, that those ers and poets, have combined against persons who possess fine furniture, &c. it, but against all they can advance, often cannot afford it, and they are Hiluius will reason in this manner : ruined.' And what then? They have

"You complain of luxury; pray, done good to the community at large; what is luxury? What! but the the guinea they did not know how to wearing finer apparel, pofleffing finer value, is gone into the hands of one furniture, equipage, &c. than the who does know it. These cherries lower class of people, who do not coit a shilling a piece, but the garavoid such things, because they loath dener will not swallow the shillings he and abhor them, but because they can- received for thein. That tureen cost not purchase them. And such things forty pounds, but the silversmith will you

call luxury, and say that they are not go and give the forty pounds for not necessary: There you are wrong. fomething, which he does not necesThey are necessary to every class of farily want; with that sum he will people. They are neceffary to the give weekly bread to forty men. But, poor, because they cannot live without forsooth, the owner of all these is them, and they are necessary to the ruined, and his family reduced to a rich, because they cannot enjoy life low fituation. Granted, and perhaps without them. Nay, they are more to the very situation from which he neceitary to the poor than to the rich. arose, and the only situation he was To the former they give bread in all fit for. If a man by good luck, or the various manufactories where they fome luck or other, gains that height are made, whereas their neeility to which he cannot or will not keep by the rich, though real, is matter of good management, it is fit that he opinion and fashion. Who made any thould again find his level. In the of those elegancies you cry out against? interim, he has been the means of difNot the poffeffor, for he has not the tributing a great deal of money in mal diftant idea of how they can be proper channels. The money is not lott



as you


by his parting with it. Here is a fa and the daughters are fine ladies. So mily of four or five persons ruined, that you perceive that at last it comes

call it, and here are a thous to the very same thing. He that fand industrious men provided for. hoards, is only making up a fuiler The harm done is very small, the purse for the market of luxuries, and good done is very great. Money the good he would not do in his lifedoet not go off in iteam; wh a fool time, is done after his death in a drops, a wise man will pick up. manner of which he had no concef

You ask me, if I do not think that tion. You may talk for ever about men ought to live within their in- luxury, but unless you prove that the comes. No doubt, if they please ; world can subfilt without it, you talk but it is no misfortune to the commu- in vain. Jf you wish to reside where nity, if they do not. What a pretty there is no luxury, you may place world should we have, if every man yourself, for a time, in some infant lived within his income! I think you itate, er rising colony, just as, if you kave worn that coat above a year; wish for innocence and fimplicity, you your shoes are more than half as old, mult seek them in the nursery. No, and your buckles are only the second fir. luxury mait exist, and the conlu t pair you ever had in your life. Now, of fools is the provision of wise men. fancy to yourself the whole kingdom It is all for the beit.' living in the same manner. What Such is a specimen of that train of would be the consequence? Why, sir, reasoning by which Hilarius supports in such a case, you would have those the luxurious manners of the times. men to provide for as beggars, who lo it we may perceive a foundation of can at present provide for themselves good fenfe, although the fuperftrucand their families, not by your affiit- ture which he raises gives symptoms ance indeed, but by working for of prejudice and misrepresentation. gentlemen, who are not attached to He is no less an advocate for resignathreadbare coats, and brown hats, tion and contentment in every other who occasionally think it no misfor- vice, folly, and even misfortune. if tune to break or lose a pair of buckles, he hears that a young fe'low has ruinand who like a change of the articles ed his constitution by a course of deof dress.

i bauchery.“ "Well, fir, and what is all • You ask me again, whether I do this? He was capable of no other pleanot think it is a man's duty to lay by • sures, and he has enjoyed them, and something, which he may leave to his his example will be a proper warning family ? Every man is, or ought to to hundreds. What is he, but a victim be the proper judge of what is his on the altar of experience, a sacrifice duty. That is no business of mine. to the injured dignity of virtue and But I firmly believe that if every man common sense? Let his friends lament left his family without a shilling, and him; the community have nothing to without the


ectation of one, there do with him, You and I have nowould be more happy families than thing to do with him. Nay, had he we at present behold. For what is lived, you perceive he would have the consequence of a man's having it been a friend to luxury, which you lo in his power to leave a great deal of violently reprobate. But, you say, money to his family in the first is it not shocking that a fine young place, as he is wise enough to let fellow should be cut off si foon by his them know this, they will be very own imprudence? To be fure it is. impatient to come in poffeflion; and, But, if fine young fellows will do as secondly, when they have got it, how much business in ten years as fine oid is it spent ? Here I will befriend you fellows can do in fifty, they mult quit a little. Why, it is spent in those their employment so much the sooner. very luxuries of which you complain; And you call it fhocking. --Now, who for the fons are all fine gencemen, is shocked at it? Whole features have


E 2

old age.

the appearance of shock and surprise ! will marry another woman, and like Why nobody's. This is all cant. I her as well. The fanciful love of should not be hocked were you to tell boys and girls is all eternal constancy; me that all the fine young fellows in that of grown persons is easily transEngland had died at thirty of mere ferable, and why should it not be fo?

It is the natural conse- There may be a pleasure in nursing quence of their mode of life. They hopeless regret, but surely no profit received a stock of health to laft, per- or advantage can accrue from it eihaps, for sixty years, and they chose ther to the dead or the living.to expend it all in half that time. Again, you fay the misfortune is Muft the laws of nature be reversed great, because Mr. -'s wife died for you fine young fellows ?? Must young. Now, how comes that to be the kindness of heaven be insulted a misfortune ? By her dying young, with impunity by any of our fellow- the husband is left not too old to marry creatures, because they happen to be again, if he chooses ; and the chil* fine young fellows?" And then, fir, dren, being in infancy, can feel little you see that his friends are shocked, regret for one they scarce ever knew. not because he was cut off so soon, but Besides, by dying early, how many because he could live no longer under mischiefs has the not avoided; the a course of bodily and mental poison. has not lived perhaps to survive the If they wilhed to be shocked, it should affections of her husband, and the have taken place in his life time, while virtue and happiness of her children; he was in the land of the living, and he has not lived to a decrepit widowthe place of hope.'

hood, bereft of friends, of children, Nor is Hilarius less prompt in re- of all comfort. Believe me, fir, this pelling the operations of grief for the is all for the best.' loss of valuable friends, or relatives. The political opinions of Hilarius If told that Mr. has had the are founded on the same placid fyftem misfortune to lose his wife, whose ill- of contentment. His friends can neness was sudden and short, and who ver know what fide he is upon, or has left him with a family of young rather, they discover that he is perchildren, deprived by this stroke of feetly neutral, not caring a straw for their tenderest parent. And so, fir, any set of men whatever ; and the you call this a misfortune. By no fame indifference he entertains toward means. If she were a bad mother, their measures. He hears of war or that is, one of your fond, foolish mo- peace, a battle or a festival, a maffathers, who make toys of their children cre or a Te Deum, a defeat or an when young, and fools of them after- illumination, with the fame calm phiward, where is their lofs? And if the lofophy. Nothing ruffles or disturbs were not a foolish mother, the pro- him above a minute, at the end of bably would have become so as soon which his composure returns. If he as they had grown up, and would, hears of a terrible fire, which has according to the usual custom, have consumed property and perfons, he made men and women of them before confiders the property as insured, and they ceased to be boys and girls. the persons as happily relieved from Whereas these children may now be all future cares; and if any other artaken care of by those who have no gument is wanting to reconcile him wayward affections to bias their judg- to the accident, it is, that the street ment. Perhaps the man liked his in which the fire took place, very much wife, anu is now very sorry. But wanted widening. A shipwreck, he how long will his liking or his forrow thinks, affords so much scope for the last? We cannot like that which we display of the resolution, ingenuity, have not, and the most violent for and patience of our feamen, thaç row is the nearer toward being con- without frequent instances of it, we ned by its own impetuosity. He fould not be acquainted with, and

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