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A Description of the Situation and Plan of the City of WASHINGTON,

in the District of Columbia, in North America, now Building for the METROPOLIS of the UNITED STATES.


HE city of Washington, in the the most extensive internal resources;

district of Columbia, now build- is by far the molt eligible situation for ing for the permanent seat of the go- the residence of Congrets; and it is vernment of the United States of now pressing forward, by the publicAmerica, stands at the junction of the spirited enterprise, not ony of the rivers Potomacand the Eastern Branch, people of the United States, but also extending about four miles up each, of foreigners. including a tract of territory scarcely The inland navigation of the Pototo be exceeded, in point of conveni- mac is so far advanced, that craft ence; falubrity, and beauty, by any loaded with produce now come down in the world : for, althou h the land that river and its several branches, is apparently level, yet, by gentle from upward of 180 miles to the great and gradual swellings, a variety of falls, which are within fourteen miles elegant prospects are produced. This of the new city. The canals at the territory lies partly in the fate of great and little falls are nearly comVirginia, and partly in that of Mary- pleted, and he locks in such forwardland, and was cded by those two ness, that, in the course of the ensustates to the United States of Ame: ing summer, the navigation will be rica, and by them established to be entirely opened between tide water the seat of government, after the year and the head branches of the Potomac's 1800.

which will produce a communication Within the limits of the city are by water between the city of Washtwenty-five never-failing springs of ington and the interior parts of Virexcellent water; and, by digging gin'a and Maryland, by means of the wells, water of the best quality is Potomac; the Shannandoah, the South teadily had : besides, the never-fail- Branch, pecan, Cape Capon; Pata ing streams that now run through that terson's Creek, Conoochegue, and territory, are also to be collected for Monocasy, for upward of 200 miless the use of the city.

through one of the most healthy, pleaThe Eastern Branch is one of the fant, and fertile regions in Americas fafest and most commodio!is harbours producing, in waft abundance, to: in America. being sufficiently deep bacco of superior quality, hemp, Infor the largest tips; for about four dian corn, wheat, and o:her small miles above its mouth; while the grain, with fruit and vegetables pechannel lies close along the edge of culiar to America, in valt abund. the city, and is abundantly capacious. ance. This river contains thirty and thirty- The lands upon the Potomac above five feet to near the upper end of the the city of Waihington, all around its eity, where it is eighteen and twenty and for fixty miles below; are high feet deep.

and dry, abounding with innumerable The city being situated upon the springs of excellent waters and are great poft road; exactly equidiltant well-covered with large timber of from the northern and southern ex- various kinds. A few miles below tremities of the Union, and nearly so the city, upon the banks of the Potofrom the Atlantic Ocean to the River mac, are inexhaustible mountains of Ohio, upon the belt navigation, and excellent freeitone; of the white and , in the midst of the richest commercial red Portland kinds, of which the puh. territory in America, commanding lic edifices in the city are now build


ing: Above the city, also upon the and south are, from the capitol eastbanks of the river, are immense quan- ward, named, East First Street, Eaft tities of excellent coal, limestone, and Second Street, &c. and those west of marble, with blue flate of the best it are in the fame manner called quality.

West First Street, West Second Street, The founding of this city, in such &c. those running east and west are an eligible fituation, upon such a li- from the capitol northward named, beral and elegant plan, will by future North A Street, North B Street, &c. generations be considered as a high and those south of it are called South proof of the judgment and wisdom of A Street, South B Street, &c. the present prelident of the United The squares, or divisions of the States, while its name will keep fresh city, amount to 1150. The rectanin mind, to the end of time, the gular squares generally contain from obligations they are under to that three to fix acres, and are divided illustrious character.

into lots of from forty to eighty feet in The plan of this city, agreeably to front, and their depth, from about the directions of the president of the 110 to 300 feet, according to the size United States, was deligned by major of the square. L'Enfant, and is an inconceivable The irregular divisions produced by improvement upon all other cities, the diagonal streets are some of them combining not only convenience, re- fmali

, but generally in valuable fitua- gularity, elegance of prospect, and a tions. Their acute points are all to free circulation of air, but every thing be cut off at forty feet, so that no grand and beautiful that can be intro- house in the city will have an acute duced into a city.

The lots in these irregular The city is divided into squares or squares will all tarn at a right angle grand divisions, by the streets running with the respective streets, although due north and south, and east and west, the backs of the houses

upon them will which form the ground-work of the not stand parallel to one another; plan. However, from the capitol, which is matter of no consethe president's house, and some of the quence. important areas in the city, run trans- By the rules declared and published verse avenues or diagonal streets, from by the president of the United States, one material object to another, which for regulating the buildings within not only produce a variety of charm- the city, all houses must be of stone ing prospects, but remove that insipid or brick : their walls must be parallel sameness that renders some other great to the streets, and either placed imcities unpleasing. They were devised, mediately upon them, or withdrawn to connect the separate and most dif- therefrom at pleasure. The walls of tant objects with the principal, and all houses upon streets 160 feet wide to preserve through the whole a re- must be at least thirty feet high. ciprocity of fight. These great lead- . The area for the capitol (or house ing streets are all 160 feet wide, in- for the legislative bodies) is situated cluding a pavement of ten feet, and upon the most beautiful eminence in a gravel walk of thirty feet planted the city, about a mile from the Eastern with trees on each side, which will Branch, and not much more from the leave eighty feet of paved street for Potomac, commanding a full view of carriages. The rest of the streets are, every part of the city, as well as a in general, 110 feet wide, with a few considerable extent of the country only ninety feet, except North, South, around. The president's houle wilt and East Capitol Streets, which are 160 stand upon a riling ground, not far feet. The diagonal streets are named from the banks of the Potomac, pofafter the respective states composing fefling a delightful water prospect, the Union, while those running north with a commanding view of the capi





, and some other material parts of sent ferry is at the lower end of Kenthe city.

tucky Street, where the great road Due south from the president's now crosses the Eaftern Branch. house, and due west from the capitol, The Tyber, which is the principal run two great pleasure parks or malls, stream that passes through the city, is which interfect and terminate upon to be collected in a grand reservoir the banks of the Potomac, and are to beside the capitol, whence it will be be ornamented at the sides by a va- carried in pipes to different parts of riety of elegant buildings, houses for the city; while its surplus water will foreign ministers, &c.

fall down in beautiful cascades, through Interspersed through the city, where the public gardens west of the capitol, the most material ftreets cross each into the canal.-In various parts of other, are a variety of open areas, the city places are allotted for market formed in various regular figures, houses, churches, colleges, theatres, which in great cities are extremely &c. ufeful and ornamental.

The president of the United States, Fifteen of the best of these areas in locating the seat of the city, preare to be appropriated to the different vailed upon the proprietors of the soil ftates composing the Union; not only to cede a certain portion of the lots in to bear their reigective names, but as every situation, to be sold by his diproper places for them to erect ftatues, rection, and the proceeds to be solely obelisks, or columns, to the memory applied to the public buildings, and of their favourite eminent men. Upon other works of public utility within the small eminence, where a line dụe the city. This grant will produce west from the capitol, and due fouth about 15000 lots, and will be fufficifrom the president's house, would in- ent, not only to erect the public tersect, is to be erected an equeftrian buildings, but to dig the canal, conftatue of General Washington, now duct water through the city, and to president of the United States. pave and light the streets, which will The buiding where Massachussets and save a heavy tax that arises in other Georgia itreets meet, is intended for cities, and consequently render the a Marine hospital, with its gardens. lots considerably more valuable.

The area at the south end of East The grants of money made by VirEight Street is for the general ex- ginia and Maryland, being hitherto change, its public walks, &c.--The fufficient, few of the public lots have broad black line, which runs along yet been fold; but a fale is advertised part of North B Street, and, separat- to commence on the 17th day of ing, joins the Ealtern Branch at two September next. places, is a canal, which is to be In January last, most of the streets eighty feet wide, and eight feet deep. were run, and the squares divided The area, where South G Street into lots. The canal was partly dug, crosses the canal, is intended to con- and the greatest part of the materials tain a city hall, and a bason of wa- provided for the public buildings, ter; there being now a very large which are to be entirely of freestone {pring in the middle of it.

polished, and are now carrying on The area, at the junction of the with all possible expedition.- Last rivers, is for a fort, magazines, and summer several private houses were arsenals.

erected, and a great many proprietors At the east end of East Capitol of lots were then preparing to build Street is to be a bridge, and the pre- the ensuing summer.



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in almost all its degrees, in one of

other of his plays.

ALAS, that Love, fo gentle in his

Mercutio. O, then, I see, queen Mab view,

hath been with you. Should be so tyrannous and rough in She is the fairies midwife ; and she comes proof!

In shape no bigger than an agat-stone Romeo. O Love !

On the fore-finger of an alderman, O any thing, of nothing first create ! Drawn with a team of little atomies heavy lightness ! serious vanity! Athwart men's noses as they lie alleep: Mishapen chaos of well-seeming forms ! Her waggon (pokes made of long spin, Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, ners legs; fick health!

The cover, of the wings of grashoppers; Still waking fleep, that is not what it is ! The traces, of the smallest spider's web; This love feel I

The collars, of the moonshine's wat ry Love is a smoke rais'd with the fume of beams : sighs;

Her whip, of cricket's bone; the lash, of Being purg'd, a fire sparkling in lovers eyes

Her waggoner, a small grey-coated gnat, Being vex’d, a seą nourish'd with lovers Not half so big as a round little worm

Prickt from the lazy finger of a maid : What is it else? a madness most discreet, Her chariot is an empty hazel-nut, A choking gall, and a preferving sweet. Made by the joiner squirrel, or old grub,

Time out of mind the fairies coachmakers, In the above description of a par- And in this state the gallops, night by fion, which, with respect to the


generality of mankind, frames the hap- Through lovers brains, and then they

dream of love : piness or mifery of life, Shakspeare On courtiers knees, that dream on cour, has judiciously noticed the extreme t'lies straight : contrarieties it exhibits. Love is cer- O'er lawyers fingers, who straight dream tainly a passion that has more prevalent sensations of pleasure and pain, O'er ladies lips, who straight on kisses and affects the mind with a greater Which oft the angry Mab with blisters

dream ; diversity of impressions than any other.

plagues, Longinus, speaking of a celebrated

Because their breaths with sweet-meats Greek ode, attributes its beauty to tainted are. the skilful choice of those circum- Sometimes the gallops o'er a courtiers nose, stances, which are the constant, though And then dreams he of finelling out a fuit : surprising attendants upon love; and And sometimes comes. she with

a rithe pig's the observation of this illuftrious cri- tail, tic could never be applied with greater

Tickling a parson's ‘nose as he lies alleep,

Then dreams he of another benefice : propriety than to this passage from

Sometimes lle driveth o'er a soldier's Shakspeare. The qualities of love

neck, are certainly very proper for the ma- And then dreams he of cutting foreign nagement of a good poet; and our throats, great painter of nature has thewn it,

Of breaches, ambuscadoes, Spanini blades, * The author may mean being purged of smoke, but it is, perhaps, a meaning never given to the word in any other place. A better reading might be, being urged, ibat is, being excited and enforced. To urge the fire is the technical term.


on fees :

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