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admire so much the wonderful pere have been defended on the ground that severance of men, who brave such they were “ for the best.' It was aldangers in spite of repeated experi- lowed that they were bad, but then, ence, and who exhibit the moft ex. they would produce good effects, and alted state of human fortitude and that out of them an overruling prophilosophy, by fubfifting in the ut- vidence can bring order and happimost misery, for weeks and months, ness. What greater impiety can there in an open boat, perhaps, without a be than thus to make the Deity a partcompass to guide them. A hurricane ner in the wickedness of the most in the West Indies he has been per- abandoned of a mob! What the purfectly in friendship with, since the pose of the Almighty may be in perviolent opposition given to the plan mitting such wickedness, we know not, for abolishing the traffic of human but we know that his unalterable deAesh. Why,' says Hilarius, • feel cree to punish evil will be executed, for those who have no feeling for and that his vengeance is denounced others, who systematically add to the against those, who do evil that good afflictions of human nature !' In a may come of it. This indeed, might word, Hilarius is proof against all that be the plea of a highwayman, or may happen in this world to himself a murderer of any description, and or others.

might, as it really bas been, be brought Some time ago, he fell from his in defence of the most cruel máfiacres horse, and broke bis leg. This, a- that ever stained the history of human mong his friends, was a subject for nature. condolence. Not so with Hilarius. In the character of Hilarius, on the •Wherefore all this piece of work; other hand, we may respect the conI shall be confined for some weeks, tentedness with which he bears the and I am as well pleased to be at home lesser evils of life, and which indeed, as abroad ; my furgeon will receive not to bear with resignation, argues a a handsome fee for his trouble, and mind as unfit for this world as unwithout such accidents, how are these prepared for any other. It is wondermen, who have spent the best of their ful how much the evils of life are mul days and their small fortunes in ac- tiplied by the cowardice of the mind, quiring skill, to exist ? This accident and by the perversities of the temper. too has reminded me of the shortness Selfish folly lays claim to uninterof life, and the suddenness of its termi- rupted happiness, and is continually nation, which I should probably have ruffled by trifles, which disinterefted and forgot in the course of the long and manly wisdom can despise. Though pleasant journey, which is now pre- we cannot attain the state of stoical vented from taking place.'

philofophy, yet, as a great writer obFrom a character like this, fome- ferves, we may very properly enthing may be extracted that is valu- quire, how near to it it is in our able, but something must be guarded power to approach, and how far we against, which in its tendency is per- can exempt ourselves from outward innicious.

He no doubt carries his fluences, and secure to our minds a doctrine too far, and if men in gene- state of tranquillity; for though the ral carried it so far, the consequence boast of absolute independence is ridiwould be anarchy of principle and li- culous and vain, yet a mean flexibicentiousness of practice; evils, to pro- lity to every impulse, and a patient duce which no new fyftem is surely submission to the tyranny of casual wanted. But it is rather fingular that troubles, is below the dignity of that this doctrine of. All for the best,'has mind, which, however depraved or lately been revived by the abettors of weakened, boasts its derivation from a violence and bloodthed in a neigh- celestial original, and hopes for an bouring country. The vilctt atrocities union with infinite goodness, and unwhich were committed there lait year variable felicity.' CARLOS.


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D. 11. Baro. T. out) T. in Hyg. C.


Weather, &c.







| 30,0766








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more wind
hazy night

. more wind

31. little rain, less wind
SW i finc
SSW 2.

Si hazy. cloudy: gentle rain
SW I little wet, fine

Si gentle showers. fair eve
Slittle wet. fine
SW wind S
SSW 2. little wet: lower. fine
SW 2

• Shower
SSW 2. little wet and more wind
SSW 4. less wind
- SW 1hazy. cloudy
SW 1. fine. cloudy night: fins

Wohazy. cloudy
NNW il: shower
NE 2. wind N
N 2. litile wet
N 21. tine night

less cloudy
WNW: : cloudy
WNWI litile rain. fair night: little rain
WNWI fine

wind NW NW ihazy. cloudy WNW)

ra ny night

frequent showers
Nilituie wet at night

less cloudy
NW 1 fine : cloudy

Wi little rain, fine

cloudy eve. little wet: fine
NW 1
NNW i cloudy nigh:

W little wet at times : little rain

little wet at times

46,514 42


54,5 43 512

37,53 27 29,85 55,5 58 47 29:72 62,561

37,515 317 29,99585160

47,54 52

40 4730,1059


44 3 30,11 69

40 4 517 30,08 59 62,5 46 4

2 30,08 07,566 44,5 4
7 130.06 56


4 30,0303,504,5 44 5 717 2.1,9757,562,5149 5 29,94 67

64,5 41 8

729,89 57,5 61,546 4 N 2 20,95163 44 917,130,08 56


3. 30,05 62,563

43 3 30,1354

60 2 30,13 64,564,5 40 1117 30,13:2

61,5 42,515 127 129,77 $4,5.50 47,52

2 30,04161,5162,5 41 5 137 30,17 54 50 2 30,2059 62

5 14 7 30,23 50,5 / 58,5 45 5 2 30,2156 60

41,55 151730,1849,5 57 44

2 39,18 57,5159 40 1517 1 30,18 54 60

30,08 64,5163 41,514 1717 29,91 57,5161 48

2 29,87 66,5 54 1817 29,98151 59

42 29,99 59 1917 129,75 54


47 5 229,72 58 61


4 2017 29,92 51,558,5 46 5

2 30,03 54,560 43 5 2117 30,1152 57 30,0761,5 60

41 227 29,7954 52 229,8361

60,5140 2317 29,99 50,5159 42

F2 30,02 61,560,51 32 247 29,99 1,5 1 58,5 46

5 2 29,94 58,5160,5146 2517 29,93 55,5161

47,55 22,94 64

63 44 5 2617 29,82 549562,5/52,55 2 29,83171

43,512 2717 29,8956

62 29,86 68,5166 41 28 7 29.89157,5162,547 13

29,93 65,5165 44 29129,84 58

47,55 29,7516; 307 29,95 59,5163 47

65,5 42,5 3

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S 2 chielly cloudy and gentle rain SSW 3

iittle wet at eve but chiefly fine SSW 3

cloudy. Jittle rain: shower, fine SW 31. leis wind. cloudy night


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29,94 /66


OBSERVATIONS on the Diseases in June 1793. THE "HE scarlet fever began to prevail very early in the month, and increased

in frequency as it advanced, particularly at the weitern part of the town, but all its symptoms were mild; swellings of the tonsils and glands of the throat (as is usual) accompanied it, but fuppuration very seldom took place. The weather being warn, free admision of air into the apartments of the sick was beneficial, the fever was moderated by it, and the exceffive debility which frequently succeeds this disease was in a great degree prevented : acid gargies, when the throat was affected, were particularly useful ; and ripe fruit proved beneficial, by keeping the bowels in a proper state, and tending to check the putrid symptoms. The finallpox itill continued, and was more malignant than in the preceding month; in the natural ftate it was mostly of the confluent kind. It is usual under inoculation to prepare the body for this disease, by giving mercurial medicines in alterative doses, from the time of inserting the matter till the appearance of the eruption, and daily experience proves its utility; yet this medicine has feldom been given in the natural disease: but it is an established fact, that corrosive sublimate in particular, mixed only with sugar, and in a small doe twice or three times a day from the first appearance of the eruption, will, even in the worît conAuent kind, render the symptoms much milder, and affift very much in condueting the patient through the disease. The urticaria likewise continued. Apthous ulcerations of the mouth and fauces, were very prevalent, but in general without fever, or any other unpleasant fymptom. The hoopingcough was also very prevalent, but extremely mild.


A Curious Account of the Dress of the different Orders of SOCIETY in England and Scotland, during the Reigns of Henry VII and VIII.

[From Dr. Henry's History of Great Britain, Vol. VI, just published.] T: HE dress of the nobility during mántle diminished. The fashions

the reigns of Richard and Henry which the great have discarded, are VII, was grotesque and fantastical, often retained by the lower orders, such as renders it difficult at first to and the form of the tunick, a Saxon ditinguish the sex. Over the breeches garment, may be ftill discovered in was worn a petticoat; the doublet the waggoner's frock; of the trause, was laced, like the stays of a pregnant and perhaps of the petticoat, in the woman, across a stomacher, and a different trousers that are worn by gown or mantle with wide sleeves de. seainen. These habits were again scended over the doublet and petti- diversified by minute decorations and coat down to the ankles. Common- changes of fashion : from an opinion ers were satisfied, instead of a gown, that corpulence contributes to dignity, with a fock or tunick shaped like a the doublet was puckered, stuffed, Ahirt, gathered at the middle, and and diftended around the body; the fastened round the loins by a girdle, fleeves were swelled into large ruffs ; from which a short dagger was gene- and the breeches bolstered about the rally suspended. Bụt the petticoat hips; but how fhali I describe an arwas rejected after the accession of tifcial protuberance, grofs and indeHenry VIII, when the trauses or light cent in the age of Henry VIII, if we breeches, that displayed the minute judge from his, and the portraits of symmetry of the limbs, was revived, others, a familiar appartenance to the and the length of the doublet and dress of the sovereign, the knight,


and mechanic, at a future period re- The attire of females was becoming tained in comedy as a favourite theme and decent, fimilar in its fashion to of licentious merriment? The doublet their present dress, but less subject to and breeches were sometimes flashed, change and caprice. The large and and with the addition of a short cloak, fantastic head-dresses of the former to which a stiffened cap was peculiar, age were superseded by coifs and velresembled the national dress of the vet bonnets, beneath which the maSpaniards. The doublet is now tranf- tron gathered her locks into tufts or formed into a wa stcoat, and the cloak tifocks; but the virgin's head was or mantle, to which the Neeves of the uncovered, and her hair braided and doublet were transferred, has been fastened with ribbons. Among genconverted gradually into a modern tlemen, long hair was fashionable coat; but the dress of the age was through Europe till the emperor juilly censured as inconvenient and Charles, during a voyage, devoted clumsy. • Men's servants,' to whom his locks for his health or safety; and the fashions had descended with the in England Henry, a tyrant even in clothes of their masters, have suche taste, gave efficacy to the fashion by pleytes,' says Fitzherbert,“ upon theyr a peremptory order for his attendants breftes, and ruffes uppon theyr sleves, and courtiers to poll their beads. The above, theyr elbowes, that yf theyr fame spirit induced him, probably, mayiter, or theym felfe, hadde never by fumptuary laws to regulate the inso greatte neede, they coude not ordinate dress of his subjects. · Cloth shoote one thote to hurte theyr en- of gold or tissue was reserved for nemyes, tyll they had cafte of theyr dukes and marquises; if of a purple cotes, or cut of theyr Neves.' The colour, for the royal family. Silks dress of the peasantry was similar, but and velvets were restricted to commore convenient, consisting generally moners of wealth or distinction; but of trunk hose, and a doublet of coarse embroidery was interdicted from all and durable fuftian.

beneath the degree of an earl. Cuffs The materials employed in dress for the sleeves, and bands and ruffs were rich and expensive; cloth of for the neck, were the invention of gold, furs, filks, and velvets, pro- this period; but felt-hats were of fulely embroidered. The habits of earlier origin, and were still coarser Henry VIII, and his queen, on their and cheaper than caps or bonnets. procession to the Tower previous to Pockets, à convenience unknown to their coronation, are described by Hall, the ancients, are perhaps the latest an historian delighting in shows and real improvement on drefs-; but inspectacles. His grace wared in his ftead of pockets, a loose pouch seems upperft apparrell a robe of crimsyn to have been sometimes suspended velvet, furred with armyns; his jacket from the girdle. or cote of raised gold; the placard The Scottish was apparently the embrodered with diamonds, rubies, fame with the English dress, the bonemeraudes, greate pearles, and other net 'excepted, peculiar both in its cosiche itones ; a greate bauderike lour and form. The masks and trains, aboute his necke, of large balalles. and superfiuous finery of female apThe quene was appareled in white parel, had been formerly prohibited; latyn embrodered, her haire hangyng but falhion is superior to human laws, downe to her backe, of a very great and we learn from the satirical inlength, bewtefull and goodly to be- vectives of poets, that the ladies fill hold, and on her hedde a coronall, perfilled in retaining their finery and set with many riche orient fones.' muzzling their faces.





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