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Conversations on the Elements of Metaphysics, Tr. by R. Pennell
Недоступно для просмотра - 2019
able Abstraction according actually admit agree answer appears applied attention Author believe body cause Circle circumstance clear Common Sense conceive consequence considered constitutes continued conversation corporeal demonstration difficulty distinct distinguish effect equally EUGENIUS evidence exercise existence experience express extension external fact faculty false give ground human idea impossible impressions independent instance intelligible internal truth interrupted judge judgment kind knowledge least less light manner matter means Metaphysician Metaphysics mind nature never notions object observation opinion ourselves particular pass perceived perception Philosophers physics possess possible practical precision present principle probably produce properties proposition prove qualities question rational reality reason receiving regard replied LEANDER resemblance respect Science seems sensation separate signified similar solidity sometimes speak substance term thing thought tion true understanding Universals writing
Стр. 123 - ... for wit lying most in the assemblage of ideas, and putting those together with quickness and variety, wherein can be found any resemblance or congruity, thereby to make up pleasant pictures and agreeable visions in the fancy; judgment, on the contrary, lies quite on the other side, in separating carefully, one from another, ideas, wherein can be found the least difference, thereby to avoid being misled by similitude, and by affinity to take one thing for another.
Стр. 119 - He was bred to the law, which is, in my opinion, one of the first and noblest of human sciences ; a science which does more to quicken and invigorate the understanding, than all the other kinds of learning put together ; but it is not apt, except in persons very happily born, to open and to liberalize the mind exactly in the same proportion.
Стр. 180 - We ascribe to reason two offices or two degrees. The first is to judge of things self-evident; the second, to draw conclusions that are not self-evident from those that are. The first of these is the province and the sole province of common sense ; and therefore it coincides with reason in its whole extent, and is only another name for one branch or one degree of reason.
Стр. 158 - If, then, external objects be not united to our minds when they produce ideas therein, and yet we perceive these original qualities in such of them as singly fall under our senses, it is evident that some motion must be thence continued by our nerves, or animal spirits, by some parts of our bodies,' to the brain, or the seat of sensation, there to produce in our minds the particular ideas we have of them.
Стр. 120 - ... order ; but when the high roads are broken up, and the waters out, when a new and troubled scene is opened, and the file affords no precedent, then it is that a greater knowledge of- mankind, and a far more extensive comprehension of things, is requisite, than ever office gave, or than office can ever give.
Стр. 166 - Light and colours, heat and cold, extension and figures, in a word the things we see and feel, what are they but so many sensations, notions, ideas or impressions on the sense ; and is it possible to separate, even in thought, any of these from perception ? For my part I might as easily divide a thing from itself.
Стр. 179 - It is absurd to conceive that there can be any opposition between reason and common sense.* It is indeed the first-born of Season ; and, as they are commonly joined together in speech and in writing, they are inseparable in their nature.
Стр. 176 - Now by common sense is meant, I apprehend, (when the term is used with any distinct meaning,) an exercise of the judgment unaided by any art or system of rules; such an exercise as we must necessarily employ in numberless cases of daily occurrence; in which, having no established principles to guide us, no line of procedure, as it were, distinctly chalked out, we must needs act on the best extemporaneous conjectures we can form. He who is eminently skilful in doing this, is said to possess a superior...
Стр. 167 - As for our senses, by them we have the knowledge only of our sensations, ideas, or those things that are immediately perceived by sense, call them what you will : but they do not inform us that things exist without the mind, or unperceived, like to those which are perceived.