The Literary and Scientific Class Book: Embracing the Leading Facts and Principles of Science. Illustrated by Engravings, with Many Difficult Words Explained at the Heads of the Lessons, and Questions Annexed for Examination; Designed as Exercises for the Reading and Study of the Higher Classes in Common Schools. Selected from the Rev. John Platts' Literary and Scientific Class Book, and from Verious Other Sources, and Adapted to the Wants and Condition of Youth in the United States

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J. & J.W. Prentiss, 1830 - Всего страниц: 320
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Содержание

Taste Improvement and Pleasures
10
Poetryits Object
11
Advantages of Studying History
12
Philosophyits leading Offices
13
The Praise of Philosophy
14
General Properties of Bodies
15
Attraction of Gravitation Sir Isaac Newtons Dis
16
Centre of Gravity Pyramids of Egypt Tower of Pisa
17
The Laws of Motion and Reaction
18
Compound Motion The Pendulum
19
Mechanical Powers The Lever Velocity Momenta Action Page
20
The Diving Bell and Steam Engine
26
Nature and Properties of Air The Air Pump
27
The Barometer Uses
28
Sound Velocity of Sound Echo
29
Nature of Musical Sounds Musical Barometer
30
Optics Reflection and Refraction of Light
31
6
33
35
37
The Wedge and Screw Friction
44
The Laws of Fluids 28NN 8 8 8 8888JJ3 21 23
47
25
49
CONTENTS
50
27
56
30
64
Lesson Page 32 Different Kinds of Lenses Burning Glass
69
33
71
Mirrors Convex Reflectors
72
Colours The Prism
73
The Rainbow Halo and Parhelia
75
Structure of the Eye Angle of Vision
78
Optical Instruments Spectacles Microscopes
81
Microscopic Discoveries
83
The Telescope and Telegraph
86
Astronomy Progress of this Science
88
The Solar System Galileo
91
The Sun a magnificent habitable globe
93
Mercury and Venus
95
The Earth Ecliptic and Zodiac Celestial Lati tude and Longitude
98
Day and Night causes of
100
Changes of the Seasons
102
47
104
The Tides explanation of
107
Eclipses of the Moon and Sun
108
50
111
Jupiter his Belts Satellites c
113
52
114
54
117
The Constellations Hymn to the North Star
119
56
122
The Planetary System w
125
Chemistry Importance and Use of
127
59
128
Caloric Thermometer
132
61
133
Water Composition of Hydrogen Gas
135
The Earths and Alkalies Uses of Lime
137
64
140
Simple Combustibles Carbon Metals
143
Oxyds and Combustion Exhilarating Gas
145
Natural Historyits Objects
169
Mineralogy Characters of Minerals
173
Classification of Minerals The Diamond
174
Goldits remarkable ductility
176
Silver and Mercury Plating with Silver Quick silver Mine
178
Copper and Lead Brass White Lead
180
Iron and Tin Importance of Iron Use of Tin Pewter
183
Study of Geologyits objects and uses
185
Geology Stratification Sacred History confirmed
186
Relative Situation of Rocks Decomposition of Rocks
189
Biographical Sketch of Linnæus
191
Study of Botany a Source of Mental Improve ment
194
Texture of Vegetables Bark Wood Pith Age of Trees
197
Sap and Secretions Flowing of the Sap Sugar
198
Process of Vegetation
200
Roots Stems Buds and Leaves Effect of Light upon Plants
204
Flower and Fruit
205
Classification of Vegetables its Importance and Use
207
Flowers Insects in Flowers
210
Animal Kingdom Study of Zoology advanta geous to the Young
212
First Class of Animals Mammalia Orders of
213
Birds their Division into Orders Moulting
217
Reptiles and Fishes Electrical Fishes
219
Structure and Transformation of Insects
221
Orders of Insects The Gossamer
226
Lesson Page 101 Crustaceous and Molluscous Animals Shells
228
Vermes and Zoophytes Leech Polypes
230
Existence of the Deity
232
Political Economy Progress of Civilization ១១ ᎧᎧ 105 Property unequal Distribution of
235
Division of Labour
237
Agriculturethe Strength of Nations
239
Commerce and Manufactures
240
Money its abundance not the cause but the con sequence of Wealth
242
Shipbuilding and Navigation
244
Architecture Advantages ofOrders of
246
Constitution of the United States Sketch of
248
Excellence of our Republican Government
251
Intelligence of the People a Means of Safety
252
the Government
254
an Extract from Bryants Poem of the Ages
257
Structure of the Human Body
258
Structure of the Human Body continued
260
The Human Voice wonderful Mechanism of
262
Structure of the Ear
264
Music Pleasures ofEar for
265
Painting Cartoons of Raphael
269
Sculpture Statuary Casting in Plaster of Paris
270
The Love of Nature
271
The Importance of Natural Philosophy
272
Mythology
274
Account of the Principal Heathen Gods
275
Account of the Principal Heathen Goddesses
278
Harmony of Science and Christianity
280
The Influence of an Early Taste for Reading
281
The Mechanical Wonders of a Feather
282
Art of Making Pins
284
Clouds and Rain
285
Invention and Progress of Printing
287
Hope Influence of
288

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Стр. 272 - TO him who in the love of nature holds Communion with her visible forms, she speaks A various language; for his gayer hours She has a voice of gladness, and a smile And eloquence of beauty, and she glides Into his darker musings, with a mild And healing sympathy, that steals away Their sharpness, ere he is aware.
Стр. 272 - A man of a polite imagination is let into a great many pleasures that the vulgar are not capable of receiving. He can converse with a picture, and find an agreeable companion in a statue. He meets with a secret refreshment in a description, and often feels a greater satisfaction in the prospect of fields and meadows, than another does in the possession.
Стр. 274 - THESE, as they change, ALMIGHTY FATHER, these Are but the varied God. The rolling year Is full of THEE. Forth in the pleasing Spring THY beauty walks, THY tenderness and love. Wide flush the fields ; the softening air is balm ; Echo the mountains round ; the forest smiles ; And every sense, and every heart is joy. Then comes THY glory in the Summer months, With light and heat refulgent. Then THY sun...
Стр. 79 - O'er mountain, tower, and town, Or, mirrored in the ocean vast, A thousand fathoms down ! As fresh in yon horizon dark, As young thy beauties seem. As when the eagle from the ark First sported in thy beam. For, faithful to its sacred page, Heaven still rebuilds thy span • Nor lets the type grow pale with age That first spoke peace to man.
Стр. 78 - And yet, fair bow, no fabling dreams, But words of the Most High, Have told why first thy robe of beams Was woven in the sky.
Стр. 22 - The world is full of poetry — the air Is living with its spirit ; and the waves Dance to the music of its melodies, And sparkle in its brightness. Earth is veiled, And mantled with its beauty; and the walls That close the universe with crystal in, Are eloquent with voices, that proclaim The unseen glories of immensity, In harmonies, too perfect, and too high, For aught but beings of celestial mould, And speak to man in one eternal hymn, Unfading beauty, and unyielding power.
Стр. 57 - ... stupendous alike for its force and its flexibility, — for the prodigious power which it can exert, and the ease, and precision, and ductility, with which it can be varied, distributed, and applied. The trunk of an elephant, that can pick up a pin, or rend an oak, is as nothing to it.
Стр. 123 - Day, too, hath many a star To grace his gorgeous reign, as bright as they : Through the blue fields afar, Unseen, they follow in his flaming way : Many a bright lingerer, as the eve grows dim, Tells what a radiant troop arose and set with him.
Стр. 253 - As beasts excel cold rocks and brambles rude ; Men, who their duties know, But know their rights, and, knowing, dare maintain...
Стр. 124 - ... gaze, And steers, undoubting, to the friendly coast ; And they who stray in perilous wastes, by night, Are glad when thou dost shine to guide their footsteps right. And, therefore, bards of old, Sages, and hermits of the solemn wood, Did in thy beams behold A beauteous type of that unchanging good, That bright eternal beacon, by whose ray The voyager of time should shape his heedful way.

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