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The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection: Or, The ..., Том 1
Полный просмотр - 1889
according action adapted admit allied America amount animals appear become believe belonging birds breeds called cause certain characters climate closely colour common considered continued crossed descendants developed difficulty distinct domestic doubt effects existing extinct extremely facts families favourable fertility flowers follow formations forms genera genus geological give given groups habits hand Hence hybrids important increase individuals inhabitants inherited insects instance instincts intermediate islands kind known land laws less living look male manner means modified namely natural selection naturalists nearly never observed occur offspring organs origin parent perfect period plants points present preserved principle probably produced ranked reason remarked resemblance respect seeds seems seen separated shown side similar single slight sometimes species stage sterility structure successive supposed tend theory variability variations varieties various vary whole widely young
Стр. 1 - These facts, as will be seen in the latter chapters of this volume, seemed to throw some light on the origin of species — that mystery of mysteries, as it has been called by one of our greatest philosophers.
Стр. 1 - ... of our greatest philosophers. On my return home, it occurred to me, in 1837, that something might perhaps be made out on this question by patiently accumulating and reflecting on all sorts of facts which could possibly have any bearing on it. After five years' work I allowed myself to speculate on the subject, and drew up some short notes...
Стр. 424 - Analogy would lead me one step further, namely, to the belief that all animals and plants have descended from some one prototype. But analogy may be a deceitful guide.
Стр. 50 - In these several senses, which pass into each other, I use for convenience' sake the general term of Struggle for Existence.
Стр. 322 - Every species has come into existence coincident both in space and time with a pre-existing closely allied species.
Стр. 146 - If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.
Стр. 310 - I strongly insisted, in 1839 and 1845, on this " law of the succession of types,"—on " this wonderful relationship in the same continent between the dead and the living." Professor Owen has subsequently extended the same generalisation to the mammals of the Old World. We see the same law in this author's restorations of the extinct and gigantic birds of New Zealand. We see it also in the birds of the caves of Brazil. Mr. Woodward has shown that the same law holds good with sea-shells, but, from...
Стр. 57 - Now the number of. mice is largely dependent, as every one knows, on the number of cats; and Col.
Стр. 103 - It is a truly wonderful fact—the wonder of which we are apt to overlook from familiarity—that all animals and all plants throughout all time and space should be related to each other in groups subordinate to groups, in the manner which we everywhere behold...