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three prizes took the form of expending so much money in beautifying the grounds of the successful schools.

The Society at Oakville has made the greatest percentage of increase of any Society in the District, increasing from 62 to 144. Distributions were made to the school children and a children's auxiliary formed which now has a membership of forty. Another line of work pursued by the Society was the giving of prizes for lawns and gardens, and the results of this competition can be seen throughout the town.

The Grimsby Society has held its own in membership and is doing good work in holding lectures, an exhibition of roses and distributing plants to its members. This Society looks forward to a prosperous year under the guidance of the new President, Dr. W. A. Brownlee.

The Simcoe Society is in a flourishing condition, spending its money and time in striving to inculcate a love of beautiful home surroundings among the citizens of the town. Seeds were distributed amongst the school children but, unfortunately, the drouth was so great that the children's plants did not thrive, and no exhibition was held.

The Milton Society, which is the baby society of the District, has done good work in holding an exhibition and conducting a competition for lawns and gardens.

In looking over the work of the District two questions arise: Is it wise to give a horticultural publication to every member? Some Societies follow this plan; some pay only part of the subscription and the members pay the balance; others, again, do not give a publication at all. This is a question that should be well thought out, as there is no better way of educating our members than by giving them a good horticultural publication. As to the school children, it has been stated that if the children are asked to pay a nominal fee for what they receive they are more apt to value the plants and seeds than if they were given them free. In this instance the Societies are divided, some giving the seeds or plants outright and others charging from five to ten cents.

ST. CATHARINES SOCIETY: Miss L. A. Radcliff, Secretary.

It is a matter for regret that scale, which has proved so destructive amongst fruit trees, has made its appearance in a very alarming manner amongst ornamental trees and shrubs.

To the scientific culture of fruit trees for bloom and foliage we are indebted for some of the most beautiful early floral displays.

The European Bird Cherry, Siebold's Double Flowering Cherry, Bechtel's Flowering Crab, Double Flowering peach, Pissardi Plum Shrub, and others of the fruit varieties when in leaf and bloom are magnificent specimens of the horticulturist's effort to please. Such trees seem the first to fall to the ravages of the scale. It does not, however, confine its destruction to these alone. It takes kindly to the Thorn tree, the Old English Hawthorne, the Pyrus Japonicus or Burning Bush, Spiræa, Sorbifolia Stellipeda (Mountain Ash Leaf) and the Camperdown or Drooping Elm.

While a general spreading of the scale amongst ornamental trees and shrubs is possible and would be a serious matter, such does not seem probable, as the means for its check are now part of the knowledge of the progressive fruit grower, and I am satisfied that a general adoption by horticulturists of the spraying mixtures, such as Lime and Sulphur, Bordeaux or Kerosene mixtures, would soon bring about its complete eradication from our home gardens, parks and cemeteries.

With these powerful means to fight it in the hands of so many of its enemies, and urged on by inspectors, it would seem that the scale would be short lived. The

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danger seems to arise that while each owner sprays an allotted space the uncared-for areas are left to become breeding places. The fence corners along the road-sides, railroad tracks, vacant lots, public works and pasture fields remain from year to year without even a visit from the owner or inspector.

Wild seedling apples, plum suckers, scrub hawthorns, grow unchecked and unsprayed, an ideal testing station for this detriment to healthy tree growth.

Spraying is frequent, hard and expensive work, and consequently the unproductive, uncared-for areas will have to be reached by cheaper and easier methods, namely, the axe and fire.

The rented farm, with its few scattered overgrown apple trees, is another menace to the community in which it is situated. Neither the owner nor the lessee will assume the responsibility, and it usually means that no spraying is done, and the crop of scale is heavy and that of apples light.

While the failure to reach these places cannot be laid to incompetent inspectors, each municipality should take up the matter with the inspectors and lay out a definite line of action, which would mean the clearing of highways and byways of scrub material, and a more rigid enforcement of the spraying by-law.

This Society might even report the necessity of more severe legislation to the Honourable Minister of Agriculture on these lines.

I wish to say a word of praise for the manner in which the fruit companies operating throughout Ontario are treating the orchards.

The National Land Fruit and Packing Co., The Cared For Fruit Co., The Better Fruit Co., and The Biggs Fruit and Produce Co., Ltd., are doing a work on their leased orchards that will soon show grand results in the destruction of this worst of evils to the fruit grower.

Commercially, it is not wise for the fruit grower to neglect spraying, and, as a wealth of nature's beauty is the plenteous reward of the up-to-date horticulturist, it is not wise for him to neglect the care of his trees and shrubs.

Their united efforts will look after their own, but we must see that the inspectors look after the indifferent ones, and that the municipalities devise some means for the removal of the unproductive material from the uncared-for areas.

I hope this Society will take some action before this pest has worked its evil results on the ornamental, as it has already done on the fruit trees of Ontario.



The Societies in this District seem to be in a very healthy condition as the annual reports will bear witness.

In company with the President of the Clinton Society, Mr. M. D. McTaggart, I visited Seaforth and Goderich, and discussed with their members the culture of different plants, more especially "Cannas," showing photos of beds planted by members of the Clinton Society.

Mr. McTaggart addressed the Seaforth Society in reference to reclaiming unsightly spots as are to be found in all towns and cities, such as the removal of bill boards, etc., and referred to what the Clinton Society has done in that regard, and also showed what may be accomplished by every Society.

He also outlined a scheme for not only keeping the Front Yards beautiful but the Back Yards clean which should be a prominent plank in the policy of all Horticultural Societies.

The Seaforth and Goderich Societies have each purchased a library of reference on Horticulture for the use of their members.

CLINTON SOCIETY: James Fair, Secretary.

Our Society took considerable interest last summer in beautifying the business parts of the town. They planted flower beds in front of the Public Library, removed a bill board from a prominent part, seeded the lot, and set it out in flower beds, which were such a decided improvement, that they are going to continue the work next summer, and it looks now as if the day for bill boards, on the main street, at least, in our town, will soon be a thing of the past.



Waterloo, Brant and Wellington are flower loving counties in the heart of the Province, and good work has again been done by the Horticultural Societies. Our newest baby, Berlin, has come to us with every sign of vigorous life. Within six months of starting a Society they have 286 members, have held a most successful show and also an outdoor lawn, boulevard and flower bed and boxes competition, at which Mr. Jaffray and myself acted as judges.

Guelph has 165 members and is doing the usual good work as in other years, distributing 2,000 bulbs to members, installing window boxes on City Hall and Post Office, as well as holding the usual competitions.

Galt is forging ahead, their show being the best yet held and their flower beds in different parts of the city, are very fine. Brantford expended over $318 in further improving their beautiful city, distributing bulbs to school children and planting two beds around the public library.

Hespeler has been doing good work along the usual lines, also Elmira and Waterloo.

We have been fortunate in having excellent support from our newspapers, a great deal of space has been given us and I doubt if any other district has received. as large assistance as we have had from our newspaper friends.

I would like to make special mention of the fine collection of fruits and flowers made at the exhibitions, in spite of the very dry, adverse season of 1911. More praise should be given for even moderate success that has been obtained this year, than for the splendid displays made in the favourable seasons of other years.

It shows undaunted effort, greater care and manifest ability, not seen under other ordinary circumstances.

There are two plans of work which we are trying to carry out in these three counties.

(1) The ornamentation and beautifying of all approaches to the towns or villages, by rail, car or road, so that strangers may receive a first favourable impres


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