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improved type of the ordinary Anchusa italica. Height of plant 3 to 4 feet. Flowers a bright blue. Season of flowering, June, July, and a part of August. Wintered over here at the College in seedling stage without protection during winter of 1909-10 and in the perennial border during the winter of 1910-11 with no other protection than the snow. A few plants dotted here and there through the perennial border form very conspicuous and bright objects, with their bright blue flowers produced continuously during the summer months. The foliage is rather coarse, similar to most of the Borage family.

Dianthus latifolius atrococineus fl pl.: (Ever Blooming Sweet William). It is a pity that this lovely double-flowering variety of the perennial Dianthus has such a bewildering long botanical name. Its common name, however, scarcely does it justice as its double flowers far surpass those of the Sweet William in size, and possibly in brilliancy and depth of colour. Its rich crimson flowers and its continuous flowering habit make it a valuable addition to these favourite border plants. It grows readily from seed or from divisions of the root. Seed sown indoors in March or April will flower the same season.


Primula cortesoides Sieboldii: (Primula Sieboldii). Hardy perennial. useful little border plant. Leaves large, rather coarse, and low growing. The flowers are produced numerously in umbels and vary in colour from pure white to striped with carmine and rose colour. Height of flower stem eight to twelve inches. Like all the Primula family it likes a light, friable, fairly rich soil, and partial shade from hot sun. It seeds and reproduces itself very readily, young seedling plants being produced quite freely around the old plants if the soil is not disturbed too frequently. It flowers from about the middle of May until the end of June. A useful plant for a not too sunny border.

Pentstemon laevigatus digitalis: Perennial; hardy.

This is not one of the most showy perennials. Its almost pure white flowers borne in a rather loose spike on straight stems about 2 feet in height are, however, very acceptable in the border during July and August. It is usually catalogued as Pentstemon digitalis. This variety and P. barbatus Torreyi with its crimson scarlet flowers are interesting plants for the perennial border.

Scabiosa caucasica: (Caucasian Scabious). Perennial; hardy. This is by no means a newly introduced plant, having been brought from the Caucasian Mountains in 1803. It is not as well known, however, as it deserves to be. Height about 2 feet. Has finely cut silvery foliage. Flowers shell-like and about one and a half inches in diameter, of a pale lavender blue colour. It likes a well drained, light, loamy soil to give the best results. There is a white type, not as pretty or attractive as the blue.

Roses: Among the newer and less known roses, the following varieties have after a three year test proved to be worthy of a place among the many better known varieties:

Blanc double de Coubert: This rose, as its name implies, is a double white rose. It belongs to the Rugosa type, is a vigorous growing bush rose, quite hardy, and of a profuse and continuous flowering habit. The flower is pure white, semidouble in form. It commences to flower about the middle of June and is at its best about the end of June. Quite a number of blooms are produced all through the summer until quite late in the fall. The foliage is very dense and of a deep green, healthy appearance and quite decorative in itself. It is freer from attacks of insect pests than most varieties. Would make a good rose for a lawn hedge or for planting in a shrubbery. A decided acquisition to the Rugosa type of roses.

Sir Thomas Lipton: A single white Hybrid Rugosa rose very similar in growth to Blanc double de Coubert, but not quite as vigorous or as profuse and continuous flowering as the last named variety. Would make a good rose for a lawn hedge.

Oakmont: This rose is classed as a Hybrid Perpetual rose, but doubtless has a strain of the Bourbon Rosa in its composition. The blooms are of a pleasing silvery pink shade, very dainty in appearance, but, unfortunately, it has very little perfume. Blooms very profusely towards the end of June. Would make a good garden rose.

Heinrich Schultheis: Hybrid Perpetual, Bush Rose, Hardy, free flowering, vigorous. Its blooms are of a soft, pleasing pinkish rose shade. Large full blooms. Good exhibition rose.

Hugh Dickson: H. P. Bush Rose. Vigorous free grower, fine foliage. Colour brilliant crimson shaded scarlet, highly perfumed, a splendid rose. Should not be pruned too closely.

Tom Wood: H. P. Bush Rose. Strong vigorous grower. Large, full, perfectly formed rose. Colour cherry-red. A grand rose.

New Chrysanthemums: About thirty-five new varieties have been tested during the past season at the College, twelve of which were catalogued as introductions of 1911. Each have their own peculiar beauty of form and colour and would add to the value of any collection. The following are a few that give promise of merit:

Smith's Advance: This is a new variety of 1911, and may be difficult to obtain for a year or two. The accompanying photo will give an idea of its profuse flowering habit. In colour it is pure white. The plant shown is about two feet in height and had over 120 flowers on it, no disbudding at all having been done. It was sent out by Elmer D. Smith & Co., Adrian, Mich. It gives promise of being a great acquisition to the list of early flowering white varieties for pot culture and commercial growing. The flowers would have been much larger if the plant had been disbudded.

Chrysolora: An early type of the well known Col. D. Appleton variety, being about two weeks earlier in flowering. Colour a bright golden yellow. Good stem and foliage.

Roman Gold: A deep golden yellow, almost a bronzy gold, darker than Golden Wedding. A good, fairly close incurved flower. Foliage and stem very good. An acquisition.

Lenor: A large bright yellow Japanese flower. Rather tall growing. Early flowering. Good the last week in October. Useful as a second early yellow.

Morristown: A large semi-incurve flower. Reverse of petals faded old gold. Upper surface of petals of a pale pinkish magenta. A splendid variety for an amateur's collection.


Randee. A medium-sized incurve variety of a pale creamy white colour, slightly marked here and there with rich carmine markings. Very pretty. Foliage and stem good. Not a tall grower.

Naomah. A splendid pure white incurve. A beautifully formed flower. Medium height.

Mary Donellan. A rich golden incurve, broad petalled flower. Tall grower. An improved Kioto.

Golden Eagle. A deep golden yellow incurve flower, centre almost too full and crowded. Medium height. Splendid strong foliage and stem.

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L'Africane. A dark rich crimson flower of the recurved type. Good habit of growth. Should be in every amateur's collection.

Dolly Dimple. An immense flower, pale lemon yellow, extremely strong stem. Splendid foliage. A strikingly attractive variety.

Donatello. A bright lemon-yellow flower, globular, of medium size. Good foliage. Promises to prove a good commercial variety.

Golden Hair. One of the feathered or hairy type. Incurve blossoms of an old gold colour. Very pretty. A good variety for an amateur's collection.

Peluche Orleans. A grand incurve feathered flower, almost globular in form. Colour rich crimson tinted pale pink or carmine. Good habit. A splendid addition to this type of chrysanthemum.


Iberis gibraltarica. The outer flowers are pink, the inner ones white, but it stands supreme on account of its persistent blooming throughout the whole summer. Gerardia hybrida. A neat plant about a foot high, producing purplish flowers, freely all summer. It makes a neat border plant. Half hardy.

Puschkinia libanotica. This early flowering plant is one of the best and freest blooming of our early bulbous plants.

Campanula latifolia Burghalti. This is a handsome hybrid found in gardens. The flowers of a pale purple colour, very large pendent. One of the best border Campanulas grown.

Tulipa Greigi (Turkestan). Hardy, six to nine inches high, flaming red with black blotches margined with yellow; leaves also have brown blotches. It lasts long in bloom, June; little grown here.

Achillea serica. This is a bushy and neat plant, foliage cut and whitish looking, flowers yellow, and last long on the plant.

Statice sinensis. This variety is a very good one; the plant is dwarf, small leaves, white calyx and yellow flowers. It is very easily propagated from the root cuttings.

Potentilla Miss Wilmott. Is a very strong, free blooming variety, all summer; purple rose.

Trachymene coerulea. Is one of the best Australian annuals introduced for many years, and not well known; grows to two feet high, and good to cut.

Kniphofia. Red Hot Poker, Torch Lily, etc. There are some very fine varieties of these useful plants now grown. It is hard to choose the best, as all are good and useful in their place. The tallest one I find is K. Mad. Buchner; it grows five feet high, strong stem, flower spike branches and about fifteen inches long; yellow flowers, producing much honey.

Penstemon diffusus. Is a plant about twelve inches high, blooms very freely in early summer and deserves to be cultivated because it blooms freely again in the fall.

Colutea media. Bladder Senna. Buff coloured flowers, more plentiful than the old common one; the plant is also dwarfer and bushier. This is a plant that should be more grown; very hardy.

Veronica Andersonii. Is only half hardy, well known as a greenhouse plant, but the variegated leaved one of it is one of the best variegated plants we have.

Veronica Heavenly Blue and the variegated Sargent, and Veronica La Seduisante are excellent greenhouse plants which should be more grown. The shrubby varieties are excellent tub plants, and bloom continually. They may be rested and kept in a cool greenhouse over winter. Most of them are natives of New Zealand.

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