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NIPISSING.

Caldwell. Thistles, annual sow thistle, daisy, fireweed, golden rod, lambs' quarters, foxtail, wild buckwheat, wormseed mustard, yarrow, false flax.

NORTHUMBERLAND.

Wooler. Thistles, curled dock, couch, sow thistle, mustard.

ONTARIO.

Beaverton. Thistle, annual and perennial sow thistle, couch, wild oats, fleabane, daisy, catchfly, ox-eye daisy, buckhorn, chicory, dock, burdock.

South Ontario.-Perennial sow thistle, dock, curled dock, thistles, couch, tares, mustard, wild oats, wild buckwheat, ox-eye daisy, blueweed, catchfly, bindweed.

OXFORD.

Ingersoll, North and West Oxford.-Thistles, sow thistle, couch, dock, wild buckwheat.

North Norwich.-Wild buckwheat, dock, chess, cockle, wild flax, bindweed, shepherd's purse.

Tillsonburg and Dereham.-Wild buckwheat, thistle, ragweed, bindweed,

mustard.

West Zorra and Embro.-Wild buckwheat, smartweed, thistle, pigweed, plantain, curled dock, wild cotton, mavweed, annual sow thistle, foxtail, lambs' quarters, burdock, cockle, golden rod, couch, catchfly, stinking weed, wild oats, mustard, wild vetches, camomile.

PARRY SOUND.

Machar.-Wild oats, thistles, minor weeds.

McMurrich-Wild buckwheat, ragweed, ox-eye daisy, sorrel, lambs' quarters, fireweed, thistles, varrow, bladder campion.

Magnetawan.-Ox-eve daisy, thistles, lambs' quarters, ragweed, wild buckwheat, annual sow thistle, varrow.

Perry-Cockle, wild buckwheat, foxtail, lambs' quarters, thistles, golden rod, spurry, couch, daisy, fleabane.

Powassan.-Thistles.

PERTH.

Elma.-Wild oats, sow thistle (bad), couch.

South Perth. Thistles, dock, bladder campion, annual sow thistle, milkweed, trefoil, wild buckwheat, wild oats, yarrow.

PETERBOROUGH.

East Peterborough.-Mustard, couch, thistles, wild oats, dock, milkweed. Otonabee. Sow thistle, thistles, couch, milkweed, ragweed, daisy, dock.

PRESCOTT.

Alfred.-Sow thistle, and many other weeds.

PRINCE EDWARD.

Prince Edward.-Dock, vetches, couch, thistles, annual and perennial sow thistle, shepherd's purse, mayweed, milkweed, pigweed, wild peas.

Sophiasburg. Couch, sweet clover, shepherd's purse, dock, mustard, bluegrass. RAINY RIVER.

Emo.-Vetches, thistles, wild oats.

RENFREW.

Cobden.-Wild oats, thistles, vetches, cockle, couch.

Renfrew.-Vetches, catchfly, annual and perennial sow thistle, ragweed, blue burr, thistles, pigweed, couch, wild oats, pennycress, shepherd's purse, milkweed, chicory, yarrow, black bindweed, wormseed mustard, ox-eye daisy, bladder campion. RUSSELL.

Russell Tp.-Sow thistle, wild peas, and many other weeds.

Russell County.-Ragweed, trefoil, curled dock, false flax, annual and perennial sow thistle, mustard, thistles, couch, vetches, chicory, wild peas.

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East Simcoe.-Thistles, wild buckwheat, wild oats, lambs' quarters.

Tiny and Tay.-Chess, cockle, dock, thistles, wild oats, sheep burr, bladder campion, vetches, annual sow thistle, wild hops.

Nottawasaga.-Milkweed, wild oats, blue burr, ox-eye daisy, thistles, worm

seed mustard.

SUDBURY.

Warren. Thistles, annual sow thistle, lambs' quarters, wormseed mustard, wild buckwheat.

VICTORIA.

Verulam.-Thistles, curled dock, wild vetches, sow thistle, many minor weeds. WATERLOO.

S. Waterloo. Wild buckwheat, curled dock, false flax, purple cockle, chess, ragweed, mayweed, bitter dock, thistles, couch.

WELLAND.

Bertie.-Ragweed, thistles, stinking mayweed, wild buckwheat, milkweed, plantain, curled dock, wild lettuce, annual sow thistle, St. John's wort, tares, couch, mustard.

Welland.-Ragweed, thistles, curled dock, mayweed, wormseed mustard, milkweed, wild lettuce.

WELLINGTON.

Centre Wellington.-Sow thistle, minor weeds.

Mount Forest.-Wild oats, sow thistle, minor weeds.

Puslinch.-Thistles, red dock, bladder campion, blue burr, ragweed, sow thistle, milkweed, buckhorn, chickweed, mustard.

WENTWORTH.

W. Flamboro.-Thistle, daisy, red dock, bindweed, sow thistle.

YORK.

Richmond Hill.-Sow thistle, wild oats, couch.

Scarboro.-Ragweed, sow thistle, couch.

THIN-HULLED OATS GIVE THE BEST FOOD VALUE.

An expert grain grower calls attention to the greater feeding value of thinhulled oats as compared with those with thick ones.

"As oats are the leading grain crop in Ontario and the bulk of them are fed to stock on the farm, the farmer should be doubly interested in growing those which possess the highest food value. There is a variation of from 20 to 50 per cent. of husk between varieties. When we consider that husk, or hulls, have practically no feeding value we can see the importance of growing a variety. having a thin hull.

"Take oats with 20 per cent. hull. This means that every bushel contains 274 lbs. of kernel and 634 lbs. husk. Take other varieties with 50 per cent. hull, and we have only 17 lbs. kernel-a difference of 1014 lbs. per bushel. Knowing the high value of oatmeal as a food for man and beast-better than wheat or barley incal, and nearly as good as peas-we cannot fail to see the great difference between the two in actual value. Taking oats at 40 cents per bushel there is a difference of 15c. per bushel in favor of the thin-hulled variety.

"Taking the average of 10 acres on each 100 acre farm, with a yield of 40 bushels to the acre, we get in a thin-hulled variety two tons more nutriment than in a thick-hulled one. This being so, is it not worth our while to see that we sow the right varieties? Nor is this the only advantage. Heavy hulled varieties are not heavy yielders. In our experience they do not yield as well as the light hulls do; besides they require more moisture to germinate them. This tell against them in a dry spring, and for this same reason shel grains will often germinate before fall plowing and consequently they grow up the next spring to the detriment of the succeeding crop. A thin-hulled oat is known by its wide open bosom. Lay a kernel with its oval side downward, the bosom will then be up. There should be a good space with only a film over it. In a coarse oat the opposite will be observed. We cannot name varieties-they are far too numerous, and we expect some varieties have many different names. The Banner, Abundance, Siberian, Lincoln, and Thousand Dollar are among the best, while Tartar King, Storm King, Egyptian, and Early Gothland are among the objectionable varieties, because while they weigh, look and handle well, the nutriment is not in them.

"Another point we would mention here, is that thick seeding increases the amount of hull. This is because more plants occupy the ground than can be supported, and the result is that a goodly number of imperfectly developed grains are produced. Plumpness in all grains is to be sought after. This can be obtained only by giving each plant sufficient space for full development. One bushel of first class seed per acre will put the grain two inches apart in rows seven inches wide. This should be sufficient on land of good fertility; one and a half bushels by measure should be sufficient in any case. Heavy seeding, especially of inferior seed, is the real cause of so many light oats and of the (socalled) blighted grains with nothing in them."

ΤΟ

ANNUAL REPORT

OF THE

Agricultural Societies

OF THE

PROVINCE OF ONTARIO

1911

RESULTS OF COMPETITIONS IN STANDING FIELD CROPS

AND PRIZE WINNING GRAIN AT WINTER FAIRS.

(PUBLISHED BY THE ONTARIO DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE)

PRINTED BY ORDER OF

THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF ONTARIO

TORONTO:

Printed by L. K. CAMERON, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty

Printed by

WILLIAM BRIGGS,

29-37 Richmond Street West,

TORONTO.

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