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exiled ministers after the restoration of Charles II.-the cha-
racter and manners of the good old Whigs of the Covenant-
distinguished from the canting hypocrites who unhappily crept
in among them, and injured the holy cause-the profligate
court of Charles II.-its influence sent out from it, as from a
common centre, over all ranks-tyrannical measures against
the christian patriots, the Whigs-broken and dispersed, they
retire into lurking places among the peasantry-they foster
civil and religious liberty in their retreats among the people-
the issue of the twenty-eight years sufferings-justice has not
been done to the memory of these patriots and martyrs-the
infidel historian-the poet-the novelist--throw out their un-
holy gibes-and give most erroneous delineations of charac-
ter-even modern Presbyterian writers not just in this matter
--Dr. Cook's late work noticed.


Sect. 13. It was during this excitement, and among such
people, that the Quaker missionaries in Scotland made their
first appearance-hence their failure-George Fox, in Glasgow,
could not prevail on even one to come to hear him.”

Sect. 14. Scotland assailed from another quarter, and by a
character very different from that of the first Quaker mission-
arics-the best writer of the society was given to them by
Scotland-Robert Barclay-his character as a writer-his
Latin Apology-note-Mosheim's remarkable accuracy in his
view of this writer, and of this sect-the antagonist of Barclay
-John Brown of Wamphry-Scotland has not yet done him
justice--his character as a polemic-the victory gained by him
and other writers over this sect in Scotland, complete-
proof from facts.


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Sect. 22. On the dress of the Friends-plainness-taste-no

disputing about such matters of taste-broad brim-anecdote,
note-the sufferings of the ancient elders in the establishment.

Sect. 24. On war-the society has never stated this question

fairly nor correctly-they confound offensive and defensive

war-what has been advanced by their most rational defend-

ers participates more of the nature of declamation than argu-

ment-specimen of it-arguments for defensive war-precept

-examples sanctioned by God-defensive war began in hea-

ven-the principle of non-resistance shown to be of a danger

ous tendency in a political view-not reducible to practice by

the society, nor by any sect-the principle shown to be of a

dangerous moral tendency, if carried into effect by any portion

of men it would hold out encouragement and facilities to the

robber and the murderer-it would encrease crime and moral

pollution to an incalculable extent-the practice of the society

seems to do violence to their theory, note-the leaders of the

society before the year 1660 do not appear to have held this

principle as now professed to be held by the Quakers-colli-

sion between the principle and the practice of their ancient el-

ders-their re-capture, vi et armis, of a sloop taken away by

pirates from the port of Philadelphia-re-capture of Friend

captain Pattison's ship, note-Penn's views and practice-

Paxton boys-only one thing has saved the existence of the

society, and this principle in their system-that is, their fel-

low citizens have neither believed nor practised upon it.

Sect. 25. The society has been a divided people-their in-

ternal state-natural tendency of their grand doctrinal tenet

their Liberales-their discipline-dissention on that head-
the opposition charged the society with having abandoned the
original principle of the sect-instead of the light within each
individual, they made the light of the body, collectively taken, the
guide of the conscience-hence the schism in the society-their
dissentions about the orthodox use of the hat-hence a schism

-a new sect springs up out of these two contending parties
-Shackleton revived this sect lately-the Keithian controver-
sy on a fundamental doctrine-anecdote of Penn and Keith-
mutual denunciation-dissention about the revision and cor-
rection of Friends' books-the majority in the society advo-
cate every expression and item uttered and written by the an-

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Sect. 27. The society has always stood aloof from every
communion-it has been against every sect-every sect has
been against it-the tide of the public opinion set in strongly
against them in the close of the seventeenth century-proofs

their antagonists-sketch of their writings against the Qua-
kers-Hicks-Dr. Owen-Sir Matthew Hale-Faldo-Stalham
-Scandrett-twenty-one divines-three rectors-Leslie-the
bishop of Cork-Keith-Bennet-act of toleration-Francis
Bugg-Dr. Stillingfleet-cause of the public suspicions that
Jesuits were among the earliest Friends-George Fox's Latin
works-his polyglot!


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Sect. 29. After some repose under Queen Anne and the first
Georges, the society is alarmed by the able and very tempe-
rate expositions of the bishop of Litchfield and Coventry-
they throw themselves before the king and implore his protec-
tion, as if the good bishop had been going to devour them-
they pledge to the public a full reply-it contained nothing
new it produced no favourable effect on the public mind.

Sect. 30. Incidents in the history of the later years of the

society uninteresting-their publications are confined to the

insipid journals of a few travelling prophets or prophetesses-

and attacks and defences from disowned members-these prin-

ciples have been about 180 years in operation-their numbers

decrease in Great Britain-their present numbers contrasted

with their number stated in the close of the seventeenth cen-

tury, note-they are supposed, on the whole, to be encreasing

in the U. States-they continue to stand aloof from all chris-

tian intercourse-as a body they decline aiding the Bible so-

cieties, and missionary efforts-the extent of their influence in

aiding to put down the most execrable trade in human flesh-

and in meliorating the condition of some Indian tribes, and of

the African population, note.


Sect. 31. Conclusion: their prophets, though professionally
inspired, found to be ineffective polemics-the society seems
to have looked out for advocates from other quarters-the mo-


Containing dissertations on their doctrines, worship, ministry, &c.

Chap. 1. Of their grand religious tenet, immediate revela-

tions which they exalt above the holy scriptures—a free and

full inquiry into this.

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