« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
When the portrait of Erafmus was one day fhewn to Luther, he faid, "Were I to look like "this picture, I should be the greatest knave in "the world."
Luther had a perfonal diflike to Erafmus. They differed in opinion respecting free-will. At the beginning of the difputes between the Papists and the Proteftants, Luther had done every thing in his power to bring him over to his opinion, and according to Boffuet had written fome very fervile letters to him for that purpose. At first Erafmus favoured the fentiments of Luther; but when he found the fchifm between the two Churches openly declared, he withdrew from Luther, and wrote against him with his ufual moderation. Luther answered with extreme violence; and Erafmus in one of his letters to Melancthon fays, "I really thought that Luther's marriage would have "foftened him a little. It is very hard for a "man of my moderation, and of my years, to "be obliged to write against a favage beast and "furious wild boar."
Erafmus, in another letter to Melancthon, fpeaks of Luther's excefs of vehemence, and gives a folution of it. "What shocks me the "most in Luther is, that whatever opinion he "undertakes to defend, he pushes it to the ut"moft. And when he is told of this, inftead "of becoming more moderate he goes on ftill "farther,
farther, and feems to have a great pleasure to hurry on to a greater extremity. I know his difpofition from his writings as well as if I was living with him. He is of an ardent and impetuous fpirit. You fee in every thing that he does, an Achilles, whofe anger is not to be sub"dued. Add to all this, his great fuccefs, the fa"vourable opinion of mankind, and the applaufes of the great Theatre of the World, there is furely fufficient to spoil a man of the most modeft difpofition."
Malichias fays of Erafmus, " that he used to "rise early, and give up his mornings to study "and to writing; then, in imitation of the An"tients, make a late dinner, and afterwards give
himself up to the company of his friends, or "take a walk with them, and in converfation "chat pleasantly and cheerfully with them, or "repeat thofe fentences which, taken down in writing from his mouth by fome of them, have "fince appeared with the title of his Familiar "Colloquies."
Erasmus had so great an averfion to fish, that he could not even bear the smell of it: this made the Papifts fay, that Erasmus had not only a Lutheran difpofition, but a Lutheran stomach.
The memory of Erafmus was held in fuch veneration even by fovereigns, that Philip the Second of Spain, Mary Queen of Hungary, aud many Princes
Princes in their train, who were at Rotterdam in 1549, inflamed with a veneration for the memory of this great man, vifited the house and the chamber in which he was born.
THE memory of this learned and excellent Prelate will be ever endeared to all lovers of literature, for the patronage which he conftantly afforded to Erafmus.
Warham died, as d'Alembert fays a Catholic Bishop ever should die, without debts and without legacies. Though he had paffed through the highest offices in the Church and State, he left little more than was requifite to pay his funeral charges. Not long before he died, he called for his steward to know how much money he had in his hands, who told him that he had about thirty pounds. "Well then," replied he cheerfully, fatis "viatici ad Cælum: There is enough to laft me to "Heaven."
Erasmus, on hearing of the death of this kindeft patron he ever had, thus expreffed himfelf in one of his letters to Charles Blunt, the fon of Lord Mountjoy: My letter is, I fear, an unpleasant melancholy letter. I have this in
"ftant heard that that incomparable treasure of "virtue and goodness William Warham has changed this life for a better. I lament my "fate, not his; for he was truly my conftant "anchor. We had made a folemn compact together, that we would have one common fepulchre; and I had no apprehenfion but that he, though he was fixteen years older "than myself, would have furvived me. Nei"ther age nor difeafe took away from us this "excellent man, but a fatality not only to him"felf, but to Learning, to Religion, to the "State, to the Church. Though, as Lord "Archbishop of Canterbury, and Lord Chan"cellor of England, obliged to give audiences "to Ambaffadors, and his time to fuitors, yet " he had ftill time enough not only to transact "all his fecular bufinefs, but to beftow a large
portion of it upon ftudy and religion: for he "never loft a moment in hunting, in gaming, "in idle talk, or in amusement of any kind. "He occafionally received two hundred guests "at his table; amongst whom were Bishops, Dukes, and Earls; yet the dinner was always "over within the hour. Himself feldom tafted "wine; and when he was near feventy, he drank, and that very moderately, a weak "liquor which the English call Beer.
"fo fparing in his diet, he was always cheerful
"and lively in his conversation; and both be"fore and after dinner, preferved the fame "fobriety of behaviour. He joked himself, but "with great pleafantry, and permitted it in "others; yet he never allowed his jokes, or those "of his friends, to defcend into perfonality and « detraction, which he abhorred as much as any "man can deteft a ferpent. One peculiarity " he had which was fomething royal; he never "difmiffed any fuitor from him diffatisfied or out of humour."
THOMAS DUKE OF NORFOLK,
In fpite of all his fubmiffions, joined with the great merits of his paft fervices, would most probably have been executed, had not the death of Henry referved him for more merciful times,
One of the Articles brought against the Duke was, that he had complained to a Mr. Holland, that he was not of the Cabinet, (or as he termed it, the Privy Council) that his Majefty loved him not because he was too much loved in the country; and that he would follow his father's leffon, which was, that the lefs opinion others fet by him, the more he would fet by himself.