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"death, nor in their conduct." As fhe went to the fcaffold with a crucifix in her hand, one of the Commiffioners brutally told her, fhe had much better have her Saviour in her heart than in her hands. <c Sir," replied the coolly," it is almost impoffible for any one to have his Saviour in "his hands without having his heart deeply af"fected by him." She was preffed even at the fcaffold to change her religion; to which the nobly replied, "Pray give yourselves no farther "trouble on that point. I was born in the Ca"tholick Faith, I have lived in the Catholick Faith, " and I am resolved to die in it."


"And now," fays Wilfon in his "History of "the Reign of King James," in speaking of the fecond funeral of Mary in Westminster Abbey, " in the tenth year of his reign, the King cafts "his thoughts towards Peterborough, where his "Mother lay, whom he caufed to be tranflated to a magnificent tomb at Weftminster. And (fomewhat fuitable to her mind when fhe was living) fhe had a translucent paffage in the night through the city of London, by multitudes of "torches: the tapers placed by the tomb and the "altar in the cathedral, fmoaking with them like "an offertorie, with all the ceremonies and voices "their quires and copes could express, attended "by many Prelates and Nobles, who payd this "last tribute to her memory. This was counted

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"a piaculous action of the King's by many, "though fome have not ftuck to fay, that as "Queen Elizabeth was willing to be rid of the "Queen of Scots, yet would not have it her "action, and being it could not be done without ". her command, when it was done fhe renounced " her own act. So, though the King was angry "when he heard his Mother was taken away by " a violent death, recalling his Ambassador,

threatening war, and making a great noife, "(which was after calmed and clofed up with a c large penfion from the Queen) yet he might "well enough be pleased that such a spirit was layd, as might have conjured up three kingdoms " against him."


Or this celebrated Reformer, who difgracedhis ufeful and respectable character by outrage and violence, the Regent Earl of Morton faid, when he attended his funeral, "There lies a man, who

in his life never feared the face of a man ; who "hath been often threatened with dag and dag« ger, but yet hath he ended his days in peace " and honour; for he had God's providence "watching over him in a special manner when "his very life was fought."


Timoleon, the Reformer of Corinth, when he caufed his brother's blood to be fhed, turned afide his head, covered it with his cloak, and wept. The Scottish Reformer, however, not only performed the great work in which he was engaged with earnestness, but occafionally added want of feeling toward the perfons who suffered for it. In defcribing the murder of Cardinal Beaton, he introduces a joke about his corpulency, and adds, "these things we write merrily." When he relates an account of an exhortation which he gave to the unfortunate Queen Mary, he adds, "I made the Hyæna weep*." His writings are in the fame ftyle with his fpeeches, and bear titles expreffive of the agitation and violence of mind of him who penned them; as, "The First Blaft of the Trumpet against the "monftrous Regiment of Women;" and "A

brief Exhortation to England for the fpeedy embracing of Chrift's Gospel, heretofore by "the Tyranny of Mary fuppreffed and banished."


The elegant Mary herself, on feeing the bleeding body of a young gentleman brought near her, who had been fhot by fome of her foldiers, faid, "I cannot be refponsible for acci"dents, but I wish it had been his father." So nearly equal in brutality are the polite and the coarfe, the uncultivated and the refined, the Sovereign and the peafant, when they fuffer their minds to be tranfported by the violence of paffion, or corrupted by the partiality of prejudice.




Knox in one of his Sermons told his hearers, "that one Mafs was more frightful to him than "ten thousand enemies landed in any part of the

realm." This gave much offence to Queen Mary. Lord Darnley, whom fhe foon afterwards married, was prevailed upon to hear him preach, and he entertained his ears with this text from Ifaiah, O Lord, other Lords than thou have "reigned over us;" and fpeaking of the government of wicked Princes, he faid," that they "were fent as tyrants and fcourges to the people "for their fins;" adding, " that God occafionally «fets boys and women over a nation, to punish it for its crimes," &c.

To animate the mob of Perth to pull down cathedrals and monafteries, he exclaimed, " Pull "down the nefts and the rooks will fly away." Yet, as it is fagacioufly and humanely obferved by Mr. Andrews, in his judicious and excellent Continuation of Dr. Henry's valuable History,

he restrained his followers from blood; not " even by way of retaliation did a fingle man of "the Roman Catholic party lose his life for his religion, if we except the Cardinal, who fell as "much on account of his defpotifm as his bigotry. "To a fierce unpolished race like the Scots, a ftern taftelefs Apoftle like John Knox was perhaps neceffary."

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The following curious account is taken from the Thirteenth Book of the Scotch Hiftory of that learned and elegant writer:

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"About this time, 1500, a new kind of mon"fter was born in Scotland *. In the lower part "of its body it resembled a male child, nothing "differing from the ordinary shape of the human body, but above the navel, the trunk of the body, and all the other members, were double, "representing both fexes, male and female. The King (James the Fourth) gave special order "for its careful education, efpecially in mufic, "in which it arrived to an admirable degree of "fkill; and moreover it learned several tongues; " and fometimes the two bodies did discover fe"veral appetites difagreeing one with another, " and fo they would quarrel, one liking this, the "other that; and yet sometimes again they would

agree, and confult as it were in common for "the good of both. This was alfo memorable in

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A very ingenious Surgeon, lately arrived from the EaftIndies, fays, that he left alive in Bengal, fome years ago, a boy of eleven years of age with two heads, the one joined to the crown of the other, with a part of the neck appended to it, having the appearance of having been decapitated. When this Gentleman left the Eaft-Indies the boy was in perfect health.


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