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Mr. Evelyn, in his Effay upon Phyfiognomy at the end of his Treatife upon Medals, fays of Lord Bacon, " he had a spacious forehead, d "a piercing eye, always (as I have been told by
one who knew him well) looking upward, as "a foul in fublime contemplation, and as the "person who, by ftanding up against dogmatifts "was to emancipate and fet free the long an "miferably captivated philosophy, which has ever "fince made fuch conquefts in the territories of "nature."
Lord Bacon, in his "Effay upon Health and Long Life," fays, that on fome Philofopher's being asked how he had arrived to the very advanced period of life at which he then was, replied, "Intus melle, extra oleo-By taking honey within, " and oil without *."
Not long before Lord Bacon's death he was vifited by the Marquis d'Effiat, a Frenchman of rank and of learning. Lord Bacon was ill, and received
* One of our Confuls in Egypt (a gentleman to whom this Country has the higheft obligations, for the very early information with which he supplied our Settlements in the East Indies with the information of the breaking out of the last war with the French) imagines that oil applied externally to the human body, as in a fhirt dipped in that lubricating substance, would prevent the infection of that horrible calamity the plague: and as he lives in a country very frequently vifited by that dreadful diforder, he has had but too frequent opportunities of making the experiment.
received him in his bed-chamber with the curtains drawn. The Marquis on entering the room paid to him this very elegant compliment; "Your
Lordship resembles the Angels, We have all "heard of them; we are all defirous to fee them; " and we never have that fatisfaction."
Dr. Tatham fays finely of Bacon:
"Ariftotle locked up the Temple of Knowledge, and threw away the key, which in the abfurd and fuperftitious veneration of his authority, was loft for ages. It was found at last by " a native of our own country, whose name as a philofopher, and particularly as a logician *, "does more honour to England than his did to Stagyra; who threw open the prison in which "Science had been held captive, and once more "fet her free; and who with a bold and virtuous "facrilege tore the laurel from that dark and "deified philofopher, which he had so long and "fo injuriously worn." The Chart and Scale of Truth, vol. I. page 353. According to Mr. Aubrey, Cardinal Richelieu, was a great admirer of Lord Bacon. Balzac fays of him refpecting his character of the Ancients,
"Croyons donc, pour l'amour du Chancelier Bacon, que toutes les folies des anciens font fages, & tous "leurs fonges myfleres."
* Illud verò monendum, nos in hoc noftro Organo tractare Logicam, non Philofophiam.-Nev. Organ. Lib. ii. Aphorifm 52.
The following notices of this great man are copied from Mr. Aubrey's MSS. in the Afhmolean Library at Oxford:
"Mr. Thomas Hobbes (Malmburienfis) was "beloved by Lord Bacon. He was wont to have "him walke with him in his delicate groves when " he did meditate; and when a notion darted into "his head, Mr. H. was prefently to write it down, " and his Lordship was wont to say, that he did "it better than any one elfe about him; for that "many times when he read their notes, he scarce "understood what they writ, because they under"stood it not clearly themselves. In fhort, all "that were great and good loved and honoured "him. Sir Ed. Coke, Lord Chief Juftice, al
ways envied him, and undervalued his law, and I knew Lawyers that remembered it. Lord "Bacon was Lord Protector duringe King James's progreffe into Scotland, and gave audience in great ftate to Ambaffadors at Whitehall, in, the Banqueting House. He would many times
"have muficke in the next roome where he me "ditated. The aviary at Yorke Houfe was built
by his Lordship: it coft three hundred pounds. "At every meale, according to the feafon of the "yeere, he had his table ftrewed with fweet herbs "and flowers, which he faid did refresh his spirits. "When he was at his country-house at Gorhambury, St. Alban's feemed as if the Court had "been
been there, fo nobly did he live; his fervants "had liveries with his creft. His watermen were "more employed by gentlemen than any other, "except the King's.
"His Lordship being in York House Garden, looking on fishers as they were throwing their "nett, afk'd them what they would take for their draught; they anfwered, So much. But his "Lo would offer them no more but fo much. They drew up their netts, and it were onley "two or three little fifhes. His Lo' then told "them it had been better for them to have taken
his offer. They reply'd, they hoped to have "had a better draught; but, fay'd his Lo', hope "is a good breakfast, but an ill supper.
"When his LoP was in disfavour, his neigh"bours, hearing how much he was indebted, "came to him with a motion to buy oake wood " of him; his LoP told them he would not fell "his feathers.
"The Earle of Manchester being removed from "his place of Lord Chiefe Juftice of the Comon "Pleas, to be Lord Prefident of the Councell, "told my Lord (upon his fall) that he was forry to fee him made fuch an example. L "Bacon replied, it did not trouble him, fince he "was made a Prefident.
"The Bishop of London did cutt down a noble "clowd of trees at Fulham; the Lord Chancellor
"told him he was a good expounder of darkė
"Upon his being in dis-favour, his fervants fuddenly went away: he compared them to the flying of the vermin, when the house was falling. "One told his Lordship, it was now time to "looke about him. He replied, "I doe not "looke about, I looke above me."
"S' Julius Cæfar (Master of the Rolls) fent "to his Lo, in his neceffity, a hundred pounds " for a prefent.
"His Lordfhip would often drinke a good "draught of strong beer (March beer) to bed"wards, to lay his working fancy asleep, which "otherwife would keepe him from fleeping great « part of the night.
"He had a delicate lively hazel eie. Dr. Har"vey fayd to me, it was like the eie of a viper.
"I have now forgott what Mr. Bushell fayed, "wether his Lordfhip enjoyed his muse best at "night or in the morning."
Mr. Hobbes told Mr. Aubrey, that "the cause "of his Lo death was trying an experiment, "viz. As he was taking the aire in a coach with "Dr. Witherborne towards Highgate, fnow lay "on the ground, and it came into my Lord's
thoughts why flesh might not be preserved in "fnow as in falt. They were refolved to try the "experiment, and ftaid fo long in doing it, that "Lord