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THIS great Architect, a pupil of Palladio, appears to have excelled his master in magnificence and fplendor of defign. What can be conceived more grand in design, and more exquifite in decoration, than the Palace of Whitehall planned by him, and of which the prefent banquetinghouse made a part. The original Drawings of this intended palace are in the Library of Worcefter College in Oxford; they are extremely highly finished, and are not fupposed to have been executed by the hand of the architect himfelf.
Lord Burlington published a complete Collection of the Defigns of Inigo Jones, and was fo impreffed with the beauty of the Corinthian Portico which his favourite Architect had appended to the old Gothic fabric of St. Paul's Cathedral, that on feeing the present beautiful Chriftian Temple built on the fite of the old church by Sir Chriftopher
"It was the fashion," fays Ofborn, " in James the "Firft's time, for the principal Gentry, Lords, Courtiers, "and men of all profeffions, to meet in St. Paul's Church "by eleven, and walk in the middle aifle till twelve, and "after dinner from three to fix; during which time fome "difcourfed of bufinefs, fome of news."-Ofborn's Advice to a Son.
pher Wren, and being asked what he thought of it, he exclaimed, "When the Jews faw the Second Temple, they reflected upon the beauty of the first, and wept."
The first work which this great architect executed after his return from Italy, is faid to have been the decoration of the infide of the Church of St. Catherine Cree in Leadenhall-ftreet.
CHARLES THE FIRST.
THIS accomplished Sovereign when Prince of Wales, and foon after his return from Spain, iş thus defcribed by the Countefs of Bedford, in a letter to his fifter the Queen of Bohemia:
"None plaies his part in this our world with "fo due applaufe as your excellent brother, "who wins daily more and more upon the hearts "of all good men, and hath begotten, by his princelie and wife proceedings, fuch an opinion "of his realitie, judgment, and worthie inten"tions for the public good, that I think never "Prince was more powerful in the Parliament
house than he; and there doth he express "himself fubftantially fo well, that he is often
"called up to speak, and he doth it with that "fatisfaction to both Houses as is much admired; " and he behaves himself with as much reverence "to the Houses, when either himself takes oc"cafion to speak, or is chofen by them to do fo,
unto the Lower Houfe, as any other man who "fits amongst them; and he will patiently bear « contradictions, and calmly forego his own "opinions, if he have been mistaken, which yet hath fo feldom happened, as not above twice in all this time he hath had cause to "approve of any other than his own; all which "are fo remarkable excellencies in a Prince fo "young, fo lately come to be himself, as I am "fure the world hath not another to parallel "with him. He is befides most diligent and indefatigable in bufineffes, a patient hearer, judicious in distinguishing counsells, moderate in his actions, fteady in his refolutions; fo " even as variableness is a thing neither in deed "nor in appearance in him; and fo civil and "accomplished withall every way, both in mind " and body, that confider him even not as Prince, (which yet adds much luftre to him,)
" and there is nobody who must not acknow
66 ledge him to be a gentleman very full of per"fections; and, without flatterie, I know none to be compared with him, for his virtues and
parts are eminent, without any mixture of "vanity or vice."
February 1621.-I ftood by the most illuftri" ous Prince Charles at dinner. He was then "very merry, and talked occafionally of many things with his attendants. Amongst other
things, he said if he were neceffitated to take "any particular profeffion of life, he could not << be a Lawyer, adding his reafons: I cannot (faid he) defend a bad, nor yield in a good cause. "Sic in majoribus fuccedas, in æternum fauftus fereniffime Princeps.
Archbishop Laud's Diary.
James Howell wrote a Treatife with this title, "Of the Land of Ire, or, a Discourse of that "horrid Infurrection and Maffacre which hap
pened lately in Ireland, by Mercurius Hiber"nicus, who discovers unto the World the true "Causes and Incentives thereof, in Vindication "of his Majefty, who is moft maliciously tra"duced to be acceffary thereto, which is as " damnable a Lie as poffibly could be hatched in "Hell, which is the Staple of Lies.
"A Lie ftands upon one leg,
Amongst other reasons to account for the infurrection and massacre in Ireland, Howell fates, "that the army of eight thousand men, which "the
"the Earl of Strafford had raised to be tranf "ported to England, for fuppreffing the Scot, being by the advice of our Parliament here diffolved, the country was annoyed by fome of "those ftraggling foldiers, as not one in twenty "of the Irish will from the fword to the fpade, " or from the pike to the plough again. There"fore the two Marquiffes that were Ambaffadors "here then from Spain, having propounded to "have fome numbers of those disbanded forces "for the fervice of their mafter, his Majefty, by "the mature advice of his Privy Council, to "prevent the mischiefs that might arife to his kingdom of Ireland by thofe loose cashiered foldiers, yielded to the Ambaffadors' motion, "who fent advice to Spain accordingly, and fo provided shipping for their transport, and im"preffed many to advance the bufinefs. But as they were at the heat of their work his Majefty being then in Scotland, there was a fudden stop made of those promised troops, who had depended long upon the Spaniards's fervice, as "the Spaniard had done upon theirs, and this "was the laft though not the leaft folid caufe of "that horrid infurrection. All which particu"lars well confidered, it had been no hard mat"ter to have been a prophet, and standing upon "the top of Holyhead, to have foreseen there "thick clouds engendering in the Irish air, which