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"fhe had done once before for fome innocent
act, when he was made to walk to Tyburn; "fome fay bare-foot."
In 1664, Henrietta went to Paris, where fhe found the Queen of France not very able, and perhaps lefs willing to affift her: fo that the fays of herself, she was obliged to afk alms of the Parliament of Paris for her fubfiftence: De de"mander une aumone au Parliament pour pouvoir "fubfifter."
Indeed this Queen, the daughter of Henry the Fourth, the beloved Monarch of France, was in fuch diftrefs at Paris, that he and her infant daughter were obliged to lay in bed in their room at the palace of the Louvre in that city, as they could not get wood to make their fire with. The celebrated Omer Talon in his Memoirs tells us, "Le Mecredi, 13 Janvier 1643. La Reine "d'Angleterre logée dans le Louvre, & reduite à "le dernière extremité, demande fecours au Parlement "de Paris, qui lui ordonna 2000 livres pour fa fubfiftence."
The learned and excellent Pascal, in the first edition of his celebrated work « Les Penfées fur la Religion," printed about the year 1650, fays, Qui auroit eu l'amitié du Roi d'Angleterre (Charles I.), du Roi de Pologne (Cafimir V.), "&de la Reine de Suede (Chriftina), auroit il cru pouvoir manquer de retraite d'azyle au monde? << -Could
"Could any person that poffeffed the friendship "of a King of England, a King of Poland, or a Queen of Sweden, have thought it poffible that " he could have been in want of a place to put his " head in?"
Madame de Baviere, in her Letters, fays, "Charles the Firft's widow made a clandeftine "marriage with her Chevalier d'Honneur, Lord "St. Alban's who treated her extremely ill; fo that whilft fhe had not a faggot to warm herfelf with, he had in his apartment a good fire, " and a fumptuous table. He never gave the Queen a kind word, and when she spoke to him, "he ufed to fay, Que me veut cette femme? What "does the woman say?"
"THE King of Spain (fays Mr. Selden in his «Table-Talk') was outlawed in Westminster
hall, I being of Counsel against him: A mer"chant had recovered costs against him in a fuit, "which because he could not get, we advised
him to have his Majefty outlawed for not apr pearing, and so he was. As foon as Gondemar "the Spanish Ambassador heard that, he presently
fent the money; by reafon if his master had "been outlawed, he could not have the benefit "of the law; which would have been very prejudicial, there being then many fuits depending "between the King of Spain and our English "Merchants *."
Mr. Selden, on the diffolution of the Parliament in 1629, was brought to the bar of the Court of King's Bench for what he had faid in
Parliament; and refufing to fubmit to the jurif diction of the Court, he was committed to prifon, from whence he was foon released; and in 1631, he was again committed to cuftody with the Earls of Bedford and Clare, Sir Robert Cotton, and Mr. St. John, on account of having difperfed a libel, intitled, "A Propofition for his Majefty's Service, to bridle the Imperti"" nency
• When the Ambaffador of Peter the Great was arrefted for debt in London, in the latter end of Queen Anne's time, the Monarch expreffed his aftonishment and indignation, that the perfons who had thus violated the respect due to the Reprefentative of a Crowned Head, were not immediately put to death. His aftonishment was confiderably increased, when he was told, that in England, whatever punishment (however fhort of death) the Law fhould think fit to inflict upon the offenders, a procefs of fome length muft of neceffity be gone through, before they could be brought to juf tice; and that the Sovereign of the Country himself had no power of difpenfing with thofe laws to which he was himself fubjected.
@ nency of Parliaments *." It was afterwards proved, that Sir Robert Dudley, then refiding in the dominions of the Duke of Tufcany, was the writer:
Lord Clarendon fays of Mr. Selden, that he was a person whom no character can flatter, or transmit in any expreffions equal to his merit and his virtue. "If," adds he, "he had fome infir"mities with other men, they were weighed down "with wonderful and prodigious abilities and ex"cellencies in the other scale."
"Noy," fays Howell in his Italian Profpective," a great cried-up Lawyer, put it into the "head of King Charles to impofe an old tax "called Ship-money upon the fubject; which "the faid Lawyer did warrant upon his life to "be legal, for he could produce divers records "how many of his progenitors had done the " fame."
"With infinite pains and indefatigable study," fays Howell in his Letters, " he came to his knowledge of the Law; but I never heard a
See APPENDIX, No, II,
"more pertinent anagram than was made of his "name, William Noy, I moyl in law.”
Noy," adds Howell," left an odd will, "which is fhort, and in Latin: Having be-. queathed a few legacies, and left his fecond "fon one hundred marks a-year, and five hun"dred pounds in money to bring him up to his father's profeffion," he concludes, Reliqua meorum omnia primogenito meo Edvardo, diffi
pando (nec melius unquam fperavi ego)-I leave "the reft of all my goods to my first born Ed"ward, to be confumed or fcattered; for I "never hoped better."
PHILIP EARL OF PEMBROKE.
JAMES HOWELL addreffed a Pamphlet to this extraordinary Nobleman under the title of "A "Sober and Seafonable Memorandum fent to
Philip Earl of Pembroke, &c. to mind him of his particular Secret Ties, (besides the Com"mon Oath, Allegiance, and Supremacy,) whereby he was bound to adhere to the King, "his Liege Lord and Mafter, prefented unto "him in the Hottest Bruit of the Civil Wars," in which he thus addreffes him: " My Lord, I