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"either in the Army or in the Parliament of "their party, are not in their mysteries, and of "no great parts, either for counsel or action, as I "could obferve."
THIS Frenchman, son of the celebrated Gui Patin, was in England in the year 1672. In giving an account to the Margrave of Baden Dourlach of what he faw in London in that year, he mentions having feen (upon what he calls le Parlement, but which I fuppofe was WestminsterHall) the heads of Cromwell, Ireton, and Bradfhaw. He fays:
"On ne fauroit les regarder fans palir, et craigner qu'elles vont jetter ces paroles epouvantables: Peuples, l'eternité n'expiera pas notre attentat. Apprenez à notre exemple, que la vie des Rois eft "inviolable."
"One cannot," fays he," look upon these heads "without horror, and without imagining that they "are just going to pronunce these terrible words: People, eternity itself will not be able to expiate "our offence. Learn by our example, that the "life of Kings is inviolable."
Charles Patin was a Phyfician, and used to fay for the credit of his art, that it had enabled him to live in perfect health till he was eighty-two years of age: that it had procured him a fortune of twenty thousand pounds; and that it had acquired him the friendship and efteem of many very respectable and celebrated perfons.
Patin mentions in his Travels a reply of a German to a Frenchman, who had taxed the Germans with loving wine, and expofing themselves in confequence of that vice; "Les Allemands font quelquefois fous dans leur vin, (faid he,) mais les François font toujours fous."
PERSONS Who have been the most active in promoting Revolutions in Kingdoms, have in general, after their experience of the dangers and miferies confequent upon them, been very open in proclaiming them to the world. Lord Fairfax, the celebrated Paliamentary General in Charles the Firft's time, fays, in the Memoirs that he left of the part which he took in those times of trouble and confufion, in speaking of the execution of his Sovereign, "By this purging
of the Houfe (as they called it) the Parliament "was brought into fuch a confumptive and languishing condition, that it could never again "recover that healthful condition which always kept the kingdom in its ftrength, life, and vigour. This way being made by the sword, "the trial of the King was the easier for them to "accomplish. My afflicted and troubled mind " for it, and my earnest endeavours to prevent it, " will, I hope, fufficiently teftify my dislike and "abhorrence of the fact. And what will they "not do to the fhrubs, having cut down the " cedar?"
Lord Fairfax by no means confented to the death of Charles the First, and was much furprised when Sir Thomas Herbert informed him that the fatal ftroke had been given.
This Nobleman made an offer to his Sovereign of the affiftance of the Army. Charles replied, that he had as many friends there as his Lordship.
Lord Fairfax told Sir Philip Warwick, who was complimenting him upon the regularity and temperance of his army, that the beft common foldiers he had came out of the King's army, and from the garrifons he had taken. "So," added he, "I found you had made them good foldiers, " and I have made them good men."
According to Sir Henry Slingsby's MS. Memoirs, Lord Fairfax appears to have been once in the most imminent danger of his life, in the fummer of 1642.
My Lord of Cumberland once again fent out "Sir Thomas Glenham to beat up Sir Thomas "Fairfax's quarters at Wetherby, Commanding out a party both of horse and of dragoons, "Sir Thomas comes close up to the town undif " covered, a little before fun-rife. Prideaux and "fome others enter the town through a back yard. "This gave an alarm quite through the town. "Sir Thomas Fairfax was at this juncture draw"ing on his boots to go to his father at Tadcaster. "Sir Thomas gets quickly on horseback, draws. "out fome pikes, and fo meets our Gentleman. Every one had his shot at Sir Thomas, he only "making at them with his fword, and fo retired "under the guard of his own pikes to another "part of the town."
LORD KEEPER FINCH.
THE following curious particulars relative to the impeachment of Lord Keeper Finch were copied by Bishop Warburton from a MS. Hif
tory of the Rebellion, found in a large volume, all in Lord Clarendon's hand-writing, which con-tains the private Memoirs of his own Life, as well as the public history that was extracted from this volume. They form one of the many paffages which Lord Clarendon himself had drawn his through, as not to be printed as part of the Hiftory of the Rebellion, and were presented to the COMPILER by the late learned and excellent Dr. Balguy, who received the copy from Bishop Warburton:
"It began now to be observed, that all the public profeffions of a general reformation, and "redrefs of all grievances the kingdom fuffered "under, were contracted into a fharp and extraordinary perfecution of one perfon* they had "accused of high treafon, and within fome bitter " mention of the Archbishopt; that there was
no thought of difmiffing the two armies, which "were the capital grievance and infupportable "burthen to the whole Nation; and that instead "of queftioning others, who were looked upon as "the causes of greater mifchief than either of "those they profeffed fo much difpleasure againft,
they privately laboured by all their offices to "remove all prejudice towards them, at leaft all thoughts of profecution for their tranfgreffions,
* Lord Strafford.
+ Archbishop Laud.