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The joy and glory of a well-ordered family;
The delight and happiness of tender Parents,
But a crowne of bleffings to a Hufband.
In a wife, to all an etertal paterne of godenefs
and cause of joye, whilft fhe was.
In her Diffolution

a lofs invaluable to each, yet herself blefst, and they fully recompenced in her

tranflation from a tabernacle of claye and fellowshipp of Mortals, to a celeftial Manfion and Communion with a Deity,

the 10th day of Auguft, 1634. JOHN HAMPDEN, her forrowfull Husband, in perpetual teftimony of his conjugal love, hath dedicated this Monument."

So little is known refpecting this illustrious character, that even the manner of his death has never been afcertained; fome perfons fuppofing that he was wounded in the fhoulder by a fhot of the enemy; and others fuppofing that he was killed by the burfting of one of his own piftols, with which his fon-in-law had prefented


Of the perfon of this honour to our country, there is, I believe, no reprefentation of which we can be certain. The print of him in Houbraken's Heads of the Illuftrious Perfons of England,

England, is fuppofititious. An account of one defect in his face Sir Philip Warwick has preferved.

The last male defcendant of his family always declared, that the ivory buft of him was not an actual representation of his features, but compofed by the memory and tradition of them. The arms under it have this infcription, but too well fuited in general to those who have the misfortune to be engaged in civil wars:

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The following account of the death of Mr. in a book Hampden was found on a loose paper bought out of Lord Oxford's collection, and was kindly communicated to the COMPILER by H. J. PYE, Efq. the prefent Poet-Laureat, á lineal defcendant in the female line from that great Affertor of the Liberties of his Country:

"Two of the Harleys, and one of the Foleys,

being at fupper with Sir Robert Pye, at Farring"don Houfe, Berks, in their way to Hereford"fhire, Sir Robert Pye related the account of Hampden's death as follows: That at the action

v. of

Veftigia nulla retrorfum:

There is no poffibility of returning.

"Mr. Hampden received a hurt in his shoulder, whereof "he died in three or four days after; for his blood in his temper was acrimonious, as the fcurfe commonly on his "face fhewed,"


" of Chalgrave Field his pistol burst, and shat"tered his hand in a terrible manner. He howquarters; but find

"ever rode off, and

got to his

ing the wound mortal, he fent for Sir Robert Pye, then a Colonel in the Parliament army, "and who had married his [eldeft] daughter, and



" told him, that he looked on him as in fome degree acceffary to his death, as the pistols were "a present from him. Sir Robert affured him "that he bought them in Paris of an eminent maker, and had proved them himself. It ap"peared, on examining the other pistol, that it "was loaded to the muzzle with feveral fuper"numerary charges, owing to the careleffnefs of "a fervant who was ordered to see the pistols "were loaded every morning, which he did with"out drawing the former charge."

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The King, on hearing of Mr. Hampden's being wounded at Oxford, defired Dr. Giles*, who was a friend of Mr. Hampden, to send to inquire after him, as from himself; and, adds Sir Philip Warwick, "I found the King would have fent "him over any furgeon of his, if any had been

wanting; for he looked upon his intereft, if "he could gain his affection, as a powerful means


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Dr. Giles, according to Sir Philip Warwick, was a near neighbour of Mr. Hampden's in Buckinghamshire, and being an opulent man had built himself a good parfonage-houfe, in which ftru&ture Mr. Hampden had used his skill.

"of begetting a right understanding between him " and the two Houses."


Osborn, in his "Advice to a Son," fays, that it was an observation of Mr. Hampden, that to speak laft at a conference is a great advantage. By this means," adds Ofborn," he was able "to make him ftill the gaol keeper of the party; "giving his oppofites leifure to lofe their reafons "in the loud and lefs fignificant tempeft com"monly arifing upon a first debate, in which if " he found his fide worsted, he had the dextrous fagacity to mount the argument above the heads "of the major part, whose single reafon did not "feldom make the whole Parliament fo fufpicious "of their own as to approve his; or at least gave "time for another debate, by which he had the opportunity to mufter up more forces. Thus by confounding the weaker, and by tiring out "the acuter judgment, he feldom failed to attain "his ends."





SIR TOBY MATTHEWS, in his collection of Englifh Letters, has preferved the following letter of Sir William Waller, before he took the command of the forces of the Parliament against Charles the Firft.



46 SIR,

"The experience which I have had of your "worth, and the happineffe which I have en"joyed in your friendship, are wounding confi"derations to me, when I look upon this present "distance between us. Certainly, Sir, my af"fections to you are fo unchangeable, that hofti«litie itself cannot violate my friendship to your perfon; but I must be true to the cause wherein "I ferve. The old limitation of ufq. ad aras, "holdeth ftill; and where my conscience is interested, all other obligations are swallowed up. "I should wait on you, according to your defire, "but that I look on you as engaged in that partie beyond the poffibility of retreat, and, confe"quentlie, uncapable of being wrought upon by "anie perswasion; and I know, the conference "could never be so close betwixt us, but it would "take wind, and receive a conftruction to my "difhonour. That Great God, who is the "fearcher of all hearts, knows, with what a fad "fear I go upon this fervice, and with what per"fect hate I deteft a war without an enemie. "But I look upon it as opus Domini (the work of "the

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