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" and protefted her innocency.

And now again,

" and faid to M. Kingston,

I heard fay I shall

68

not die afore noon, and I am forry therefore, for I thought to be dead by this time, and past my

pain,' I told her it should be no pain it was so fotell, for fo is his word" (adds Lord Herbert). "And then she said, fhe heard fay the executioner "was very good, and I have a little neck;' " and put her hand about it, laughing heartily. "I have feen many men and women executed, "and they have been in great forrow; and to my knowledge, this lady hath much joy and pleasure " in death.

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May 19, 1536."

"The nineteenth of May being thus come," fays Lord Herbert, "the Queen, according to "the exprefs order given, was brought out to a "fcaffold erected upon the Green in the Tower "of London, where our hiftorians fay fhe fpoke "before a great company there affembled, to this "effect:

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GOOD CHRISTIAN PEOPLE,

"I am come hither to die. For according to "the law, and by the law, I am judged to die, " and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I "am come hither to accufe no man, nor to speak any thing of that whereof I am accused and

"condemned

Subtile, fudden.

"condemned to die. But I pray God fave the

King, and fend him long to reign over you. "For a gentler nor a more merciful Prince there "never was, and to me hee was ever a good, a gentle, and a foveraine Lord. And if any perfon will judge of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of "the world, and of you all. And I heartily defire

'"

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<<

you all to pray for me.” "After which," adds Lord Herbert, "coming "to her devotions, her head was ftricken off by a fword. And thus ended the Queen, "lamented by many, both as fhe was defirous "to advance learned men, in which number "Latimer Bishop of Worcester and Saxton Bishop of Salisbury are recounted, and as fhe "was a great alms-giver, infomuch that fhe is

faid in three quarters of a year to have be"ftowed fourteen or fifteen thousand pounds in "this kinde, befides money intended by her "towards raising a stock for poor artificers in the "realme."

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In one of the letters which fhe wrote to Henry previous to her trial, fhe fays, "You have chosen "me from a low eftate to be your Queen and

companion, far beyond my defert or defire. "If then you found me worthy of such honour, "let not any light fancy or bad council of mine "enemies withdraw your princely favour from

"me.

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" me.

Neither let that stain, that unworthy stain "of a difloyal heart towards your good Grace "ever cast so foul a blot on your most dutiful wife, and the infant Princeffe her daughter.' Try me, good King, but let me have a lawfull trial, and let not my fworn enemies fit as my "accufers and judges. Yea, let me receive an "open trial, for my truth fhall fear no open "fhame."

*

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CARDINAL WOLSEY

Told Sir William Cavendifh, his Gentleman Ufher, that by means of his parents, and other his good friends, he was maintained at the Univerfity of Oxford, where he profpered fo well, that in a fhort time he was made Bachelor of Arts when he was but fifteen years of age, and was commonly called there the Boy Bachelor.

Wolfey, on his return from Oxford, fettled in the country as a schoolmafter, where happening to displease a powerful neighbour, Sir James Pawlet, "he (as his Biographer, Cavendish, fays) fet Wolfey by the heels; which affront," it is added, was neither forgotten nor forgiven; for "when the schoolmafter mounted fo high as to "be Lord Chancellor of England, he was not

<<

""

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forgetful

"forgetful of his old difpleasure most cruelly "ministered to him by Sir James, but fent for him, and after a very sharp reproof, enjoined him not to depart out of London without. "licence firft obtained; fo that he continued in "the Middle Temple for the space of five or fix years, and afterwards lay in the Gate-houfe near the Stayres, which he re-edified, and fumptuously beautified the same all over on the "outfide with the Cardinal's arms, his hat, his cognizance, and badges, with other devices, in "fo glorious a manner, as he thought thereby to "have appeafed the Cardinal's displeasure."

**

The eldeft fon of the Earl of Northumberland, who was in the Cardinal's household, was contracted in marriage to Anne Boleyn, to the extreme indignation of Henry the Eighth, who ordered the Cardinal to fend for his father to London, to talk to him on the fubject of his intended marriage. The Earl of Northumberland," fays Cavendish, "came to London very speedily, and "came first to my Lord Cardinal, as all greatperfonages did that in fuch fort were fent for, by whom they were advertised of the caufe of "their fending for; and when the Earl was come, "he was prefently brought into the gallery to the "Cardinal. After whofe meeting, my Lord "Cardinal and he were in fecret communication "a long fpace. After their long difcourfe, and "drinking

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drinking a cup of wine, the Earl departed; and "at his going away, he fate down in the gallery, "upon a form, and called his fon unto him, and "faid: Son, (quoth he) even as thou art and ever "haft been a proud, difdainful, and very unthrifty mafter, fo thou hast now declared thyself. "Wherefore what joy, what pleasure, what com"fort can I conceive in thee, that thus, without "discretion, haft abused thyself; having neither "regard to me thy natural father, nor unto thy "fovereign Lord, to whom all honeft and loyal "fubjects bear faithful obedience, nor yet to the "profperity of thy own eftate; but haft fo unadvisedly enfnared thyfelf to her (Anne Boleyn;) "for whom thou haft purchased the King's high displeasure, intolerable for any fubject to fuf"tain? And but that the King doth confider the "lightness of thy head, and the wilful qualities of

thy person, his displeasure and indignation were "fufficient to caft me and all my pofterity into utter ruin and deftruction. But he being my fingular good Lord and favourable Prince, and << my Lord Cardinal my very good friend, hath " and doth clearly excufe me in thy lewdness, and "doth rather lament thy folly than malign thee; " and hath advised an order to be taken for thee, "to whom both you and I are more bound than "we can conceive of. I pray to God, that this "may be a fufficient admonition to thee, to use

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