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"thyfelf more wifely hereafter. For affure thy"felf, that if thou dost not amend thy prodigality, "thou wilt be the laft Earl of our Houfe. For thy natural inclination, thou art wasteful and prodigal to confume all that thy progenitors "have with great travail gathered, and kept toge "ther with honour; but having the King's Majefty's my fingular good Lord's favour, I trust "(I affure thee) fo to order the fucceffion, that "thou fhalt confume thereof but little. For I "do not intend (I tell thee truly) to make thee "their; for, thank God, I have other boys, that (I trust) will use themselves much better, and prove more like to wife and honeft men, of "whom I will chufe the most likely to fucceed “me” oidh

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Then," continues Cavendish, "turning to us "who were the attendants of the Lord Cardinal, "he faid, Now, good Masters and Gentlemen, it may be your chances, when I am dead, to fee these things which I have spoken to my son,

prove as true as I now speak them. Yet, in "the mean time, I defire you all to be his friends, " and tell him his faults in what he doth amiffe, wherein you will fhew yourselves friendly to him; " and fo I take my leave of you. And fon, go "your wayes unto my Lord, your Mafter, and "ferve him diligently. And fo parted my Lord " of

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" of Northumberland, and went down into the "Hall, and fo took his barge."

The Cardinal does not appear to have been very fcrupulous in the means by which he procured fupport for the pious and learned foundations which he raifed. According to Lord Herbert, by a concurrence of the papal and regal authority, he fuppreffed divers Monafteries, and gave fuch terror to the reft, that he drew large fums from them; but as this, at last, became a public grievance, the King took notice of it in fo sharp à manner, that the Cardinal was enforced not only to excufe himself with much submission, but to promise never to do 'fo any more; protesting withal, that he had made a laft will and teftament, wherein he had left a great part of his eftate

The Cardinal," fays Ofborne acutely, "had forgotten "an aphorifm of policy, when he pulled down Monafteries "to build Colleges; by which he inftructed that docile "Tyrant Henry to do the fame. The wifdom of Mofes," adds Ofborne," was fuperlative; who, left one facrilegious

injury fhould have proved a precedent for a greater (had "the people made a benefit by the spoil,) employed the cenfers "of Corah and his accomplices to make plates for the altar; "but finding the gold of idols too rank decently to be used in "the fervice of God, he reduced them to powder, and threw "them into the River, left the multitude, having been fleshed

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on a Calf, (a falfe Deity) fhould after affume the boldness to "rob the true one, and thofe his inftitutes appointed to live "by his fervice."

eftate unto his Highness. Upon which fub"miffion of the Cardinal, as I take it," fays Lord Herbert, "the King fent him this letter, "written all with his own hand, as we find it in "our records:

"As touching the matter of Wilton, feeing it "is in no other strain than you write of, and you being alfo fo fuddenly (with the falling fick of your fervants) afraid and troubled, I marvel "not that it, overflipped you as it did. But it is

no great matter, ftanding the cafe as it doth; "for it is yet in my hand, as I perceive by your "letter, and your default was not fo great, fecing "the election was but conditional. Wherefore,

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my Lord, feeing the humbleness of your fub miflion, and though the cafe were much more "heynous, I can be content for to remit it; being right glad, that according to mine in"tent, my monitions and warnings have been benignly and lovingly accepted on your behalf; "promifing you, that the very affection I bear you caused me thus, to do. As touching the help of religious houfes to the building of your Colledge, I would it were more, fo it be. lawfully; for my intent is none but that it "fhould fo appear to all the world, and the oc"cafion of all their mumbling might be feclud"ed and put away; for furely, there is great murmuring of it throughout all the realm, both

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"good and bad. They fay not, that all that is "ill gotten is bestowed upon the Colledge, but "that the Colledge is the cloak for covering all mifchiefs. This grieveth me, I affure you, to "hear it spoken of him which I fo entirely love. "Wherefore, methought I could do no less than "thus friendly to admonish you. One thing

more I perceive by your own letter, which a little, methinketh, toucheth confcience; and that is, that you have received money of the Ex«empts for having of their old Visitors. Surely, "this can hardly be with good confcience. For,

" and they were good, why should you take money?

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and if they were ill, it were a finful act. How"beit your legacy herein might peradventure "apud homines be a cloak, but not apud Deum. "Wherefore you, thus monifhed by him who "fo entirely loveth you, I doubt not will defift

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"not only from this, (if confcience will not bear it,) but from all other things which fhould tangle the fame; and in fo doing, we will fing,

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"Te laudant Angeli atque Archangel..
Te laudat omnis Spiritus.

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"And thus an end I make of this, though "rude yet loving letter, defiring you as bene

volently to take it as I do mean it; for I in"fure you (and I pray you think it fo) that there " remaineth at this hour no fpark of difpleasure "towards

"towards you in my heart. And thus fare you "well, and be no more perplext. Written with "the hand of your loving Sovereign and friend, " HENRY R."

The Cardinal's naif and interefting Biographer gives the following account of his fall, and of the incidents that took place whilft it was impending.

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" prefently after the King rode on progrefs, and

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Now," fays he, "the King commanded the Queen (Catharine of Arragon) to be removed from the Court, and fent to another place, and

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"had in his company Miftrefs Anne Boleyn. In "which time Cardinal Campejus made fuit to be difcharged, and fent home to Rome; and in the "interim returned Mr. Secretary (Gardiner); and "it was concluded, that my Lord (the Cardinal "Wolfey) fhould come to the King to Grafton "in Northamptonshire; as alfo, that Cardinal

Campejus, being a stranger, fhould be conduct"ed thither by my Lord Cardinal. And fo next "Sunday there were divers opinions that the King "would not speak with my Lord. Whereupon "there were many great wagers laid.

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"These two Prelates being come to the Court, "and alighting, expected to be received of the great Officers (as the manner was); but they "found the contrary. Nevertheless, because the

"Cardinal

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