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alliance between the two kingdoms, and a thanks for the timely aid which they had
match between Prince Edward, and Mary, received from England, and recorded before
the young Scottish Queen, a policy which the Lord a vow of constant fidelity to the
Fould bave antedated the Scottish Reforma. treaty of peace and alliance which had been
tion by nearly twenty years, if it had not contracted between the two kingdoms.
been nullified by the treaclrery and vacilla- Let me now bring to your recollection
tion of the regent Arran. But, undoubt- another series of facts illustrative of the
edly, if we had had a Scottish Reformation services rendered by the Scottish Reformers
in 1543, it would have been a Reformation to the English Reformation. It is not
in the sense of Henry VIII., not in the generally known how very early, and in how
sense of that of John Knox in 1560. (Hear, many instances, and in what important
hear.) But all these earlier services ren- posts, the Scottish Reformers assisted their
dered by England in the cause of the Refor- English brethren in diffusing a knowledge of
mation of Scotland were as nothing com- the Gospel in that kingdor. Long before
pared with those rendered to it in 1559 and Knox came into the field, a very considerable
1560, when the Reformation passed into the number of emiment Scottish exiles, driven
phase of civil war, and when, in fact, it had into England, rendered important service to
become impossible to separate the two the cause of evangelical truth in that country.
causes of the nation's patriotic struggle for (Applause.) I may mention Alexander
deliverance from the yoke of France, and Seyton, a Dominican friar, who was driven
the Church's struggle for emancipation into exile in 1530 or 1531, lived ten years
from the yoke of Rome. The experience of in England, was a popular preacher in some
two campaigns had proved that the feudal of the churches of London, and chaplain to
army of Scotland was no match against the Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, brother-
regular forces of France, especially when in-law of Henry VIII. John Wilcock,
the latter were able to fight behind strong exiled in 1534, became also a favourite
fortifications. The aid sent to our Re- preacher in London, where he went by the
formers at that crisis by Queen Elizabeth name of the Scottish friar, succeeded Seyton
was, under God, the salvation of the country in the chaplaincy of the Duke of Suffolk,
and the Reformation. The siege of Leith and was one of the religious instructors of
was the siege too of the Papal power in the accomplished and unfortunate Lady
Scotland ; and when the united chivalry of Jane Grey. He lived and laboured twenty
Scotland and England forced France to years in England. John M'Alpine, prior of
make peace, the heralds who proclaimed the Blackfriars of Perth, exiled in 1534,
that peace at the cross of Edinburgh vir- was made a prebendary of Salisbury, and
tually proclaimed at the same moment the rector of Bishopstowe, in Wiltshire. He
final downfall of Popery and the triumph of was probably the first preacher of the Refor-
the Reformation. To show the spirit by mation in that part of England. John
which England was animated towards the M‘Dowal), sub-prior of the Blackfriars of
Scottish Reformers on that occasion, let me Glasgow, exiled in 1534, was made chaplain
quote an extract from a letter of Sir William of Shaxton, Bishop of Salisbury.

He was Cecil. The idea of negotiating with Eng. sent down to preach in the cathedral against land a treaty offensive and defensive origi. the supremacy of the Pope, and was thrown nated with Knox himself; and it was at into prison for the zeal with which he exeKnox's suggestion that Sir William Kirk- cuted his invidious duty. Robert Richardcaldy, of Grange, put himself into commu- son, a canon of Cambuskenneth, was emnication with Sir William Cecil. The ployed by Lord Cromwell as a Reformed secretary said in his letter, " The proceed- preacher. He preached occasionally at ings in Scotland for the abandonment of Paul's Cross, and was sent down to Lincolnidolatry, and the maintenance of the freedom shire to preach against the Pope's supremacy, of their country from strangers, are such as during Aske’s rebellion in 1536, by which all Christian men ought to allow. Nothing that part of the kingdom was disturbed. can be more joyful to those in England Alexander Alesius, a native of Edinburgh, who have exalted their Queen to her king- and a canon of the priory of St. Andrews, dom, and brought in their Saviour Jesus passed into England from Wittemberg in Christ, than that the same blessing may 1535, was made “King's Scholar” by come to Scotland. They in England should Henry VII., and was sent down to Cambe utterly void of zeal to God were they bridge to read lectures in divinity. He was not to favour the purposes of the Lords.” probably the first academic teacher of the And this cordial feeling was reciprocated by Reformed theology in England.

He was our reforming fathers—when solemn thanks certainly the first who gave lectures upon giving was returned to God in the great the Hebrew Bible. Driven from Cambridge church of St. Giles's for the success of the in 1536, he disputed with the Popish war and the restoration of peace. John bishops in convocation or conference held at Knox, who was in the pulpit, gave special | Westininster in 1536 or 1537, and main. tained with great ability and learning the led him into the extreme of denying the true doctrine of the sacraments. John principle of mediatory merit altogether ; Rough preached in various parts of England and it was this heresy which he publicly during the reign of Edward VI., and suf- abjured and recanted, not the Protestant fered martyrdom in London for preaching to doctrine regarding tlie mediation of the a Protestant congregation in Islington, in Virgin. This curious discovery, therefore, the reign of Mary. John Knox laboured in completely vindicates his menory from the Berwick and Newcastle ; in the great church charge of insincerity and want of firmness. of the latter he nobly maintained his The stain of inconsistency and inconstancy, testimony against the Mass, when summoned which for the last fifty years has rested upon by the Bishop of Durham to answer for his his name is for ever wiped away. (Hear, doctrine in teaching that the Mass was hear.) idolatrous; was made a royal chaplain ; Having glanced at these facts, let me now preached in London, Buckinghamshire, and suggest the practical lesson which flows from Kent; was consulted by the bishops in these recollections of the connection which revising King Edward's first Liturgy; and it existed between the Scottish and the English was by his influence that a rubric was intro. Reformations. That lesson in its most duced into the Communion Service, which general form is the duty of Scottish Protestook away the adoration of the real presence tantism to come to the aid of English in the sacrament, –

-a service to true Protes- Protestantism in our own time. Much still tantism for which Papists and High Church- requires to be done to prosecute the Reformen have never forgiven him. (Applause.) mation in England. We are all of opinion There is one other very interesting fact, that the Reformation in England was not which I am anxious to take this opportunity thoroughly done, but was left incomplete. It of stating. It is a new fact, and one which is clear that Puritanism and Dissent are just serves to deliver the memory of one of our the evidences of the original incompleteness most beloved martyrs from the only stain and imperfection of the Reformation work that has ever on apparently good grounds in England. In addition to that, we are all been thrown upon it.-I refer to George aware that the work of the English ReWishart. It is usually represented in our formers is now threatened by the rise and histories that in 1539 George Wishart progress of Tractarianism, and the new life preached in Bristol against the doctrine of and energy of Popery. Scotland is much the mediation of the Virgin, was accused stronger and more happily situated in this of heresy, and condemned to make a public respect, and is able to come to the aid of the recantation, which he did accordingly in two belcaguered Protestantism of England ; and of the churches of that city. That statement this is owing to the firmness with which she was furnished to the late Dr. M'Crie by a has always adhered to the fundamental gentleman residing in Bristol, in the form of principle that nothing is to be received in an extract from an ancient chronicle belong. religion but what has a clear warrant in the ing to the corporation of that city, called word of God. I hail, therefore, with joy " The Mayor's Calendar.” Having observed the proposal which has been made to found that there were several blanks in the extract in Scotland a Protestant Institute, which as printed by Dr. M'Crie, in the notes to will be important, not only as a fortress of his “ Life of Knox," I was desirous of filling defence for Scotland herself, but also as a them up, if possible; and two or three years basis of oitensive operations against Roago I examined the chronicle at Bristol with manism and Romanising principles in that view, when I was not a little surprised England. (Cheers.) Putting the same and gratified to discover that the reading of lesson into a inore specific form, it is this,the document which had been sent to Dr. the duty of Scottish Presbyterianism, which D'Crie was an entire mistake, so far as the is by far the most important and influential Virgin was concerned. The gentleman who form of Protestantism in Scotland, is to come sent the extract to Dr. M‘Crie had mistaken to the aid of Presbyterianism in England. the old English word roiher--i.e., neither-|(Hear, hear.) Presbyterian evangelism is for mother. What Wishart had taught was, the most formidable of all foes to Rome, that Christ irother hath nor could merit for which arises from the fact of its being, of all him, nor yet for us. What the extract the forms of Protestantisın, the inost able to represented him as having taught was, that I cope with Rome itself in the two qualities of Christ's inother hath not nor could merit for concentration of force, and discipline of him, nor yet for us. So that what Wishart force. A Presbyterian Church is able, at publicly recanted at Bristol was an error, pleasure, to concentrate all its resources not a truth. He had fallen into a serious upon a single point, whether for purposes of misapprehension regarding the work of offence or defence; and her whole ecclesiChrist, while his theological views were yet astical force marches at the word of comunsettled. His zeal in preaching against the mand. The best thing, therefore, that could doctrine of merit in the Romish saints had l be done for the Protestantism of England

would be, that England should possess a principle that, in a general way, and except strong and influential Presbyterian Church; in circumstances of a special and excepand the special duty of Scottish Presbyterians tional kind, an agreement among churches in reference to England is to labour for this in the two grand particulars of Presbyterian end. Give us, then, when we ask for them, doctrine and discipline ought to be considered able and efficient men to labour in England; , as furnishing a fair basis of union. Our take care that Presbyterians leaving Scotland churches and congregations in England now attach themselves to Presbyterian churches number 100. During the last fifteen years in England; help us to accomplish Presby- the Presbytery of London has tripled itself; terian union in England; accept and and, instead of having only eight congregaencourage the idea of a Presbyterian Church tions, it has now twenty-four. Lancashire specially adapted to England, speaking with has made a similar increase, from eight conan English voice, and wearing a genuinc.gregations to twenty-four. You will admit English aspect. And I will take this oppor- ! that this is a very considerable progress to tunity of expressing my sense of the great be made in that time; and if a union such and important service which this Church has as I refer to were brought about between our lately rendered to the cause of Presbyterian Church and the United Presbyterian congreism in England, by giving to our Church gations in England, our numbers would at such an eminent and esteemed man as my once be raised to 160 or 170. We should beloved colleague, Dr. M.Crie. (Cheers.) then bulk much more considerably in the He has already been able, in a remarkable public eye, in the midst of the great eccledegree, to understand the peculiarity of our siastical masses by vihieli we are surrounded. position in England, and the nature of the I hope that in a few years we may see this difficulties with which we have to contend ;; union completed. and he has already broken ground in a The assembly then adjourned till the number of directions, in which we expect evening. from his labours still further fruits. He has recently presented us with a meritorious work, containing an able statement of our distinctive principles as a Church, and the

CIASTENING. relations in which we stand to other bodies

BY THE REV. WILLIAM C. BURNS. in Scotland, Ireland, America, or elsewhere. I hope that this excellent manual will be the (From a Hearer's Notcs.) means of enlightening our English neigh

« Lord in thy wrath rebuke me not, bours in regard to the true character of our

Nor in thy hot rage chasten me.' Church. He has also lately given an able

PsALX vi. and interesting view of the present position The rebuke of the Almighty is hard and prospects of Unitarianism in England,

to endure. which will be very useful in enabling people Jehovah is a lieavy hand, and one which,

The chastening land of in England, who often confound, Presbyte; when mightily stretched fortlı, can rianism with Unitarianism, to distinguislı between them. In the one work he tells the crush his creatures almost to nothing, English public what our Church is, in the until, with the Psalmist, they have to other he shows what it is not. I may also cry out, entreating him to stay his mention that Dr. M'Crie is addressing hin- hand and to return to them in love, self to the very important subject of Presby- and to save them for his own name's terian union in England. If such a unión sake. lle comes to them as if in anger; can be carried out in Australia or in Canada but, ah! my dear friends, ever reupon sound principles, it is hard to see why member that it is not actually in anger it might not also be carried out on equally that he chastens his people--not besound principles in England also. Princi- cause his fierce wrath is kindled against ples are not matters of geography or topo- them by anything that they have ever graphy. If they are right on the other side done, or ever can do, but because he of the Atlantic, they must be right on this. loveth them, and chastens them for If a sound union of Presbyterians can take their good, that they may be made place in Nora Scotia, might it not take place in Old Scotia itselt? °(Applause.) I partakers of his holiness. The ideas trust that, so far as the influence of this of the people of God eren are very, Church can be brought to bear in the way of sery low and unjust on this point. encouragement 46 us, that encouragement

When they feel God's chastening hand will be given in the direction of Presbyterian lying heavy upon them, instead of union, We felt grateful for the assistance welcoming the rod, they begin to given us in this direction by the venerable doubt his faiihfulness, and to doubt principal, Dr. Cunningham, at a recent his love, saying within themselves, meeting of Synod, where he laid down the “God cannot love me when he chastens

on

me thus, he must be an enemy who feel what David felt when he pended seeks my life;" and thus they begin this psalm, we could scarcely bear it at to feel as if eternal wrath were already all. Still, beloved friends, count it no commencing.

strange thing should you be led into Now, if it be true that Jehovah's trial. When it may come upon you, hand falls so heavy when it is lifted in how, or where it may come upon you, love, ah, what will be its weight when I know not, and futurity alone can it rises to consume the wicked, when it reveal that; but this I can tell you-for is raised in judgment ? Here is another this I know-that tried you shall be ; point on which our views are most un for “whom the Lord loveth be chasworthy and most erroneous. We seem teneth ;" so that, if the Lord loves to draw a comparison between the you, he shall chasten and scourge you, degree of God's chastenings of his own that you may be made like to himpeople in this world and that of the completely conformed to his imageİost in hell. We make light of his and ready to enter into his rest and threatenings and of his curse. Oh, glory. There is much, much to be beloved friends, consider this, I be done for you and in you, even after seech you. If the chastisment which Christ is made unto you salvation and love inflicts be 80 great, and sometimes redemption. Christ is made unto his apparently so insupportable, what must people sanctification ; so that, as surely Jehovah's curse be ? So little do many as when one gets possession of a diaknow of the desert of sin, as simply mond, he will have it cut and polished, opposed to the nature and character of so surely will the Lord cut and polish God, that their idea of the amount of and prove every soul that has been wrath which they deserve to bear for elected by his love and called by his sin does not nearly come up to the Spirit out from among an ungodly amount of suffering which many of world, even every one whom he has God's people have to bear in this world, taken unto himself for a possession.

their journey homewards; and Wherefore, if ye be the Lord's, expect many a saint, dear to God-unspeak. not to avoid or to do without these ably precious to God-suffer far more trials, which are just the messengers in the process of sanctification than of a God of love to the souls whom he even some Christians see it to be in has redeemed with the precious blood the power of God to have inflicted on of his Son ; for God never yet gave them to all eternity; and of which, if faith without afterwards trying it, to you were to speak to many a one see of what manner of spirit is this called Christian, they would at once soul who is to be united to him for shrink back and say, "Impossible, I evermore. never, never did anything, in justice, There are many of the Lord's people to deserve all this." Ah! yes, some of among you as yet untried, on whom, God's dearest people have to suffer in the fulfilment of his faithful word, much pain while they are preparing he will, in his own good time, lay lis for glory- more than others of his afflicting and chastening hand. Some people have any conception of. Hard of you will he lay upon a bed of lanmeasures have often to be used in guishing, consuming your strength, and weaning the soul from all beside but causing your beauty to fade away. God; and then afterwards, it may be, Some of you will he try by setting softer measures may do, and accomplish you down in the midst of a circle of the purpose, when once the heart has ungodly relatives and friends, and learned not to be quite so stubborn, and these will just be so many opportuniwhen once the will has learned not to ties thus granted you of glorifying the be quite so rebellious. Yes, if some of God of Israel in the fires. Some he us were enduring what others of his may spoil of their earthly possessions. dear people have endured before us, we Some will have to glorify him in enwould be giving up all hope, it may be. during bereavements in their families. of salvation at all, or, at least, be filled In short, the ways are endless in which with doubts and despair, and thinking he may do it, the methods various and in our hearts that we were beginning painful. Some of you may have to in every deed to drink the cup of wrath, glorify him by bearing persecution for which we were never to finish to all the name of Jesus. And then, again, eternity. If some of us were even to i he tries some of his very dearest chil.

dren and the dearest the most se-does when a child has offended him, verely too-by fearful darkness and however dearly he may love him, and despondency, and doubts, and fears, perhaps would even fain recall him to and sorrows of the soul, for which his side, he removes him from his pre. they know no balm, and from which sence, and desires him not to return they know not whither to escape and until the fault he has committed be flee. It seems, indeed, to be this trial repented of and forsaken. Just in the of which the Psalmist here complains, same manner does the Lord act towards and from which he cries for deliver- his children, if they have transgressed | ance. Some people say that it is sinful his known will. He puts a veil bein God's people to be dull, and cast tween them and himself, and shuts down, and desponding; that it is not them out in some measure from his the effect Christianity ought to pro- presence ; puts them, so to speak, beduce on the soul. Let such persons hind the door ; and, ah, that's bitter, read the Psalms; and, if there is any severely bitter chastisement; for when Christianity to be found there, they God is not in the soul, then peace is will see that a believer in Jesus can be not, joy is not; nothing is in the soul driven not only to doubts and fears, but darkness, and wretchedness, and but even well nigh to despair. emptiness. In such a case, all the

believer can do is abhorring himself in * Lord in thy wrath rebuke me not,

dust and ashes, to exclaim, “Be mer. Nor in thy hot rage chasten me."

ciful to me, for thy mercies' sake ; reSo fearful was the chastisement, that turn, return unto my soul, and save David could no longer bear it; and he me for thy mercies' såke.” selt as if the wrath of Jehovah was This expression, “ Save me,” is a lifting the rod, instead of his unchang- very remarkable one. Ah, it is a great ing love. Let the uncouverted take lesson to learn that God is a Saviour; Warning from this. Take warning! a lesson that few have learnt, and that remember it is a saint of God that is few desire to learn ; that from beginspeaking here-one on whom the anger ning to end, in every step of the Chriswas never to descend, one on whom tian life we need God as a Saviour. the wrath of God was never to be David does not say " Bless me," As poured out; and yet he speaks of sist me," " Aid me ;” but “ Save me.” “rage,” and “hot displeasure," and He does not say that he is to do half “ fierce anger.” Ah, unrenewed souls, the work himself, and the Lord the what will you do when the wrath of rest; but even after he knew that he an angry God bursts forth upon you? had escaped from the sentence and Not, mark it well, not the chastisement curse of the law, still the cry is, “Save of one who loves you as he loves him- me, save me !" Ah, it is a thing as diffiself

, but one who is your bitter foe to cult as it is unspeakably blessed when all eternity. What will you do then ? (attained unto, to acknowledge that,

The Psalmist goes on to say, “Lord, beside Jehovah, there is and can be no pity me, for I am weak." Exhausted Saviour. Ob, that his own people were by the conflict and the struggle, he not so full of self-conceit and self-concould now only lie down and say, fidence ; for that just keeps them far " Lord, pity me?” as an object of com- from God. My dear friends, you must passion to the merciful God. “ Heal give up looking to yourselves, or to me, for my bones vexed be ;” and then, anything in yourselves ; you must re" But, Lord, how long stay wilt thou ject self and all its confidences, or else make ?"

you must abide by self to the end, and

follow self to the grave, and follow self " Return, O Lord, my soul set free; O save me, for thy mercies' sake."

to judgment, and follow self to the left

hand and to the lake of fire. The PsalmOne of the greatest trials, perhaps ist does not ask to be put, as some think, the greatest of all to which God ever in a salvable state. He does not ask puts his children, is that of wanting God to enable him to save himself, or his

presence, and of being made to re- to give him the power to save himself, main at a great distance from him. or to fit and enable him to become his When they sin against him, he with own saviour ; but he simply says, draws the light of his countenance from "Save me.” This is what all God's

and just as an earthly parent people would need to feel before they

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