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being, and when he is fully backed by Lords | render the presence of those who would comand Commons, leaving France out of the mit them intolerable in good society. And question, he is stronger than all the crowned influence, like water, runs downward. heads of Europe besides. When you look We went with a few Christian friends to in upon the Lords, and hear them quietly hear the Rev. Mr. Brock, a Baptist celebrity, talk, and then upon the Commons, and hear on Sabbath evening. His church is not far them more earnestly debate, and witness from “The Seven Dials," one of the many the effect of a few curt sentences from the rookeries of this city; and at the close of lips of a minister upon his friends or op- the service it was proposed to take a walk ponents, then it is that you can imagine through this far-famed den of jufamy. We the power of an English Prime Minister! were six in vumber, and we took with us And the world should rejoice that the power two policemen for our protection; and for of England - now the great power of the two hours we wandered through the narrow earth-is ably and mainly wielded in favour and filthy streets of this Sodom of London. of civil and religious liberty. May it have The sights that we witnessed the whisky. the grace of firinness now, during the com- shops everywhere open,- the roaring of proplications as to Italy, and until the safety fane revelry coming out from them all, of the Christians of Syria is firmly se the crowds of dirty men and women,-the cured.
intensely cunning look of the debased Jews, And if we superadd to all this the moral standing at the doors of their shops--the and religious influence going forth from filthy alleys running from narrow streets London into all the earth, our idea of its crowded with filthy women and children,greatness and vastness will be yet more ex- the haggard forms looking down upon us tended. I have before me the schedule of from broken windows, or coming up from the “ Anniversaries of Religious and Be cellars where they never breathe a breath of nevolent Institutions for 1860," and from pure air, to see what is rarely to be seen the 18th of April to the 24th of May, there there—well-dressed strangers, -the groups were one hundred anniversary meetings of thieves standing at every corner, ready held here! As seven of these anniversaries to cut your throat for half-a-crown,- and were held in one day, six on another, and the swarming of prostitutes, bloated, ragged, on many days five, and four, it was impos- shameless, it is impossible to describe. sible to attend them all; but if we might Such evidences of intense wickedness and infer from those that we did attend, the in degradation we never before witnessed. At fuence of those we did not, they must have every corner our police guides warned us to been powerful for good. Through the Bible, see to our pockets; and they told us as Tract, Missionary, Educational, and Refor. we bid thein "good-night," on the outer matory Institutions located here, there is circle of this fermenting vat of wickedness an influence going forth from London which and villany, that it was as mu. h as our reaches from shore to shore, and from the lives were worth to
pass through “The river to the ends of the earth.
Seven Dials” unguarded; and one of them But there is another side to London. It held up the stump of a finger which had is great in its depravity and wickedness. been bitten off by a ferocious woman a few None can question this who walk through days before, in a fight. And " The Seven its streets by gaslight. Its gin-palaces Dials," or St. Giles's, as it is more familiarly brilliantly lighted at every corner, crowded known, is within a few minutes' walk of with customers; - its innumerable beer. some of the most aristocratic churches and shops filled with bloated men and women, most crowded thoroughfares of this great and sending forth confused noises ;- the city. And as we passed into Oxford Street, many persons you meet, the very glance of where we again met clean people and bright whose eye makes you tremble at the thought faces, and could breathe a pure air, it seemed of meeting them in the dark ;-the count. like going up from the valley and shadow of less number of abandoned women every death to the light of life. where to be met in the pursuit of their There was one thing of Christian beauty illicit traffic, reveal the truth, that London with which we iet in this walk. As we is a greatly depraved city. Nor is its de turned into one of the most filthy alleys of pravity confined to the lowest classes of the locality, our attention was arrested by a society. The leaders in all that is sinful, strong, earnest voice, coming from beside carnal, and devilish, are, but too often, the a small archway. It was the voice of a scions of noble families, who wear upon young inan, about twenty years of age, from the breast which conceals a festering heart Ireland, and a recent convert in the great the emblems and evidences of their noble Revival there in progress, inviting publicans descent. Princes, dukes, earls, lords, often and harlots from the highways and hedges live in the practice of the most gross inn. into the kingdom of God. And we thanked moralities without losing their social posi- God for the living religion that animated tion; immoralities which, with us, would him, and for that glorious Gospel whose
provisions of mercy are abundant to save world, their lively concurrence in the dethe most abandoned of our race.
velopment of his designs and purposes, and KIRWAN.
to look for their sull and final consummation in the sure and speedy fulfilment of all his promises.
But, “ for these things he will be inquired of" by his believing people; and especially
he will honour and answer fervent, united, UNITED PRAYER FOR 1861.
Peniel-like prayer. Yet that prayer must
be accompanied with lowly prostration and The following "invitation, from the Calcutia Missionary Conference, to United deep humility of soul, for we are Prayer, during the first week of January, thy of the least of his mercies;" with heart
felt confession of sin--all sin, private and 1801,” is now being circulated, and we trust it may meet with as hearty a response as
public, special and general, secret as well that of last year from their Ludiana bre as presumptuous--our personal or indivi.
dual sins--our sins as fainilies-our sins as thren :
nations-our sins as churches; and with
ardent thanksgivings for past long-suffering " To all that in every place call upon the patience, faithfulness and love, amid all our name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs negligence and indifference, our forgetful. and ours: grace be unto you, and peace, ness and ingratitude, our provocations and from God our Father, and from the Lord
affronts. Jesus Christ.”
Besides special subjects of prayer which Beloved Brethren,-A suggestion from inay be suggested by local events or pecua distant land has reached this Conference, - liar passing emergencies, there are certain which, for the last thirty years, has “endea- great outstanding topics which will readily voured to keep the unity of the Spirit in present themselves to all who are waiting the bond of peace" among all evangelical for the full answer to the petition, " Thy labourers in this part of India, - to the effect kingilom come, thy will be done on earth, that we should venture (in imitation of our as it is in heaven;" -- the outpouring of the dear and faithful fellow-workers at Ludiana Holy Spirit on all teachers and ministers of last year) to invite the churches of our Lord the Gospel in nominally Christian lands, on and Saviour to join in a special service of all evangelical missions and mission tries prayer and supplication with thanksgiving among the heathen, and on the circulation at the commencement of 1861.
of the Bible, the indestructible word of the We should have welcomed such an invi- living God, with all books and tracts that tation from others; but as it has been re
are fraught with its spirit and its truth-on quested by some whom we love and honour all means and agencies that have been instiin the Lord, that it should be issued by us, tuted for the saving instruction of the we desire, in bumility, to make the pro- young, for the revival of true religion in posal, leaving the result with Him, "of individuals, families, and communities whom, through whom, and to whom are all “ professing godliness," and for the evangethings."
lisation of the sunken masses that live The "signs of the times" in which our “ without God and without Christ,” amid a lot is cast; the wonderful openings for the inultiplied exhibition of the ordinances of Gospel in China, Japan, and Central Africa; Gospel grace and salvation-and, finally, on the restoration of peace to India; the re- the varied instrumentalities that are emmarkable movements in Italy and Turhey-ployed for the destruction and downfall of the seats, respectively, of the Western and the gigantic systems of Pagan idolatry cm? the Eastern Anti-Christian tyrannies; the superstition, of anti-Christian error and destirrings in many places among the scat. lusion, and for the contemporaneous contered remnants of Israel," beloved for the version of Israel and the Gentile nationsfathers' sake;" the blessed and glorious re- all of which, in the vast aggregate of their vivals of religion in the United States of transcendent issues and outgoings shall America, in Great Britain and Ireland, in cause "the glory of the Lord to be reSweden, and other parts of the continent of vealed, that all flesh may see it together, as Europe ;-have all combined in creating, the mouth of the Lord hath spoken." in many hearts, the joyful hope of the In these and such like exercises of devogracious Lord's speedily accomplishing tion, we humbly yet fervently desire to join mighty works for the glory of his own great with all that "fear the Lord and speak name,
often one to another" in every land ; and, At "such a time as this," it becomes his in order that the union may be general, we people devoutly to remember that “ his send forth this timely notice, earnestly beways are higher than their ways, and his seeching that no unworthiness on our part thoughts than their thoughts;" to stir up may prevent any of his people from agree chemselves in faith to manifest, before the ling with us in this proposed season of prayer and supplication on each day from Such practice is not without Scrip. the 1st January, 1861, to the 7th inclusive. tural suggestion and countenance, if
And “God be merciful unto us, and not warrant and authority. bless us; and cause his face to shine upon A lamb was offered morning and us : that thy way may be known upon earth, evening daily, in public sanctuary thy saving health among all nations. Let
service. (Exod. xxix. 38–42.) the people praise thee, O God; let all the
Daily devout praise to Christ is people praise thee. O let the nations be glad, and sing for joy : for thou shalt judge predicted as a feature of his future the people righteously, and govern the na. triumphs—“ Prayer also shall be made tions upon earth. Let the people praise for him continually; and daily shall thee, O God; let all the people praise thee. he be praised.” (Ps. lxxii. 15.) Then shall the earth yield her increase ; and
To watch daily at Wisdom's gates is God, even our own God, shall bless us. affirmed to be an element of spiritual God shall bless us; and all the ends of the life- "Blessed is the man that heareth earth shall fear him."
me, watching daily at my gates, wait“ Even so, come, Lord Jesus; come ing at the posts of my doors.” (Prov. quickly; Amen.”
viii. 34.) Signed by authority and on behalf of the
Social and family prayer prompted Calcutta Missionary Conference,
by the Divine Teacher himself, runs,
Give us this day our daily bread." Alex. Duff, Chairman.
(Matt. vi. 11.) D. Ewart, Secretary.
The Saviour himself attended daily Calcutta, July, 1860.
temple worship—"I was daily with you in the temple. (Mark xiv. 49.) ** And he taught daily in the temple."
(Luke xix. 47.) Pentecostal Christians AN EARNEST APPEAL practised, and made daily progress by
means of, public worship And they, On behalf of Daily United Prayer
continuing daily with one accord in among all true Christians. the temple.” (Acts ii. 46.) The
tolic advice, “Not forsaking the as. The improved spiritual condition of sembling of ourselves together, as the the Church of God is evident, among manner of some is, but exhorting one other things, in her readily adopting another" (Heb. x. 25), and “Exhort new modes of action to meet discerned one another daily, while it is called tonecessities; in serious inquiry into day; lest any of you be bardened scriptural teachings on the much-neg- through the deceitfulness of sin" lected subject of Christian stewardship; (Heb. iii. 13), surely implies daily and in the generally increased spirit of public prayer. prayer, and its wide prevalence for the The voluntary adoption and vigoroutpouring of the Holy Spirit. ous maintenance of such an exercise
The happy effects of frequent gather- of worship would be a public homage ings for prayer have suggested the to Christ, a constant channel of spirithought of the necessity for, if not the tual life, and bond and vital medium solemn obligation of daily united of sacred fellowship among Christians, prayer among Christians of the same and an irresistible charm and power in locality, as a permanent and regular the world. means of grace.
The ever-thickening conflict of poMost Christian Churches have their litico-ecclesiastical principles calls for own weekly service, or prayer-meeting; some such frequent occasions of readbut a united daily service of prayer ing each other's hearts in order that we would act as a distinctly reiterated may eschew rancorous controrersy and profession of religion before the world cold reserve. —would give Christians of different The new phases and mighty foroes communions frequent occasions of holy of error and wickedness, combining as sympathy in Christ—and would furnish for one final and overwhelming assault seasonable opportunities for jointly on a pure scriptural Christianity, depleading with God, on behalf of the mand such training of her forces and ever-varying political and moral events tempering of her weapons for the deadly of daily life, and interests of the king. onslaught. The grand and novel tridom of Christ.
umphs of grace, ever and anon being realised alike in all sections of the Long had I despised it; long bad I deemed Church, both at home and abroad, it a class book for the credulous and ignorinvite to such an attestation of her ant; until, having investigated the Gospel union in Christ, and to such a proof of of Christ, with an ardent desire to ascertain her love and devotion to him and his its truth or falsity, its pages proffered to glory. “I have set watchmen upon
my inquiries the sublimest knowledge of thy walls, O Jerusalem, which shall
man and nature, and the simplest, and at never hold their peace day nor night : moral ethics. Faith, hope, and charity
the same time the most exalted system of pe that make mention of the Lord,
were enkindled in my bosom; and every keep not silence, and give him no rest, advancing step strengthened me in the contill he establish, and till he make viction, that the morals of this book are as Jerusalem à praise in the earth.” superior to human morals as its oracles are (Isaiah lxii. 6, 7.)
superior to human opinions.-M. L. Pan. J. R. tain, Professor of Philosophy, Strasbourg.
He that runs against time has an
antagonist not subject to casualties.THE TRUE BURDEN BEARER. Johnson. Cast thy burden on the Lord and he shall sustain GRATITUDE AND INGRATITUDE.—Gratithee.-Psalm 1v. 22,
tude is a virtue disposing the mind to an We do not need to bear our own burdens
inward sense and an outward acknowledge any more than we need to bear our own readiness to return the same, or the like,
ment of a benefit received, together with a sins. God has provided for the bearing of both. He takes them upon himself. The as occasions of the doer of it shall require, work of burden-bearing is as completely his and the abilities of the receiver "shall
extend to. as is the work of sin-bearing. His love has
Ingratitude is an insensi. removed all necessity for our attempting to endeavour either to acknowledge or repay
bility of kindnesses received, without any bear either the one or the other. Even if we could, then, why should we
them. Ingratitude sits on its throne, with bear them? It is not wise ; nay, it is pride at its right hand and cruelty at its
left-worthy supporters of such a state. foolish beyond measure; and it is as use
You less as it is foolish.
may rest upon this as an unfailing But more than this, it is sinful. To try
truth, That there neither is, nor ever was, to be our own sin-bearers is to make void any person remarkably ungrateful, who was the work of Christ as such ; so to try to be not also insufferably proud ; nor any one our own burden-bearers is to make void his proud, who was not equally ungrateful. work as such. We see the sin of trying to and this is because pride makes it carry
Ingratitude overlooks all kindnesses ; bear our own guilt, let us learn to see as its head so high. Ingratitude is too base clearly the sin of seeking to bear our own to return a kindness, and too proud to burdens. Let us understand the sin of not casting our burden on the Lord.
regard it ; much like the tops of mounWhat is there about these burdens that tains, barren, indeed, but yet lofty, they them? Or what is there about God that and look down upon all the world about we should be so unwilling to part with produce nothing, they feed nobody, they
clothe nobody, yet are high and stately, should make us unwilling to cast them on them. It was ingratitude which put the him? His love, and power, and faithfulness, all inrite us to do this. Not to do it poignard into Brutus's hand, but it was is to suspect and distrust him. He de want of compassion which thrust it into
Cæsar's heart. lights to bear the whole undivided weight; shall we not, then, give up every burden to
Friendship consists properly in mutual him who wants us to be without careful- acts of kindness. But he who does a
offices, and a generous strife in ultimate ness," because he careth for us! What kindness to an ungrateful person, sets his sweet and holy lightness of spirit would seal to a fint, and sows his seed upon the then be ours! The burden is not lessened sand :-upon the former he makes no in itself, but it is borne by the mighty impression, and from the latter he finds no God !-Horatius Bonar, D.D.
THE HOUSE OF GOD.
It is the Sabbath bell, which calls to pray'r,
Ev'n to the house of God, the hallow'd dome,
Where He who claims it bids his people come THE BIBLE.– A single book has saved To how before his throne, and serve him there
With pray'rs, and thanks, and praises. Some me; but that book is not of human origin.
Who hold it meet to linger now at home, Union should be effected between the And some o'er fields and the wide hills to roam,
“ United Presbyterian Church” and the And worship in the temple of the air! For me, not heedless of the lone address,
“ Presbyterian Church of Canada,' on such Nor slack to meet my Maker on the height, terms as may be agreeable to the Word of By wood, or living stream ; yet not the less Seek ! his presence in each social rite
God, and the standards accepted by both Of his own temple : that he deigns to bliss,
Churches : Whereas also it is expedient There still he dwells, and there is his delight. that a Basis of Union, in terms of the six
articles which follow, be adopted, as statement of principles in regard to which
the Churches are mutually agreed: WhereUNION OF PRESBYTERIAN as, besides, it is desirable to prevent any CHURCHES IN CANADA. possible misapprehensions in reference to
the fourth of said articles, it is therefore The union of the “United Presbyterian hereby declared that no inference from that Church” and the “ Presbyterian Church in article is legitimate which asserts that the Canada” is about to be consummated, as civil magistrate has the right to prescribe will be seen from the following, which we the faith of the Church or to interfere with take from the “Ecclesiastical and Mis- her ecclesiastical action : And it is further sionary Record.” The “Basis of Union " declared, that in regard to the practical apwill be perused with interest by some of plication of said fourth article, unanimity our readers :
of sentiment is not required in the united A meeting of the Joint Committee on body, and that if any particular case should Union took place at Toronto, on the 31st emerge, it may, and can only, be considered July and 1st August, the result of which, and determined by the Church courts, in we presuine, will be already known to most accordance with the general principles and of our readers. After full and frank con- procedure of Presbyterian Churches : ference, all remaining difliculties, which, in truth, related rather to the mode of ex.
Be it therefore resolved :pression than to any real difference, were 1. Of Holy Scripture.- That the Scripremoved, and the committees of both tures of the Old and New Testaments, being Churches unanimously accepted the sub- the inspired Word of God, are the supreme joined Basis of Union, which, it will be and infallible rule of faith and life. seen, does not materially diffór from the II. Of the Subordinate Standards. Resolutions agreed to by last Synod, the That the Westminster Confession of Faith, six articles being entirely the same. It with the Larger and Shorter Catechisms, was agreed that meetings of both S, nods are received by this Church as her subordishould be called, to take place in the nate standards. beginning of October, for the purpose of But whereas certain sections of the said finally accepting the Basis, and making Confession of Faith, which treat of the necessary arrangements for the consuinma- power or duty of the civil magistrate, have tion of the Union so long.contemplated. been objected to, as teaching principles We rejoice at the prospect of such a happy adverse both to the right of private judg. termination of these long-continued nego- | ment in religious matters, and to the prerotiations, and we congratulate the brethren gatives which Christ has vested in his in both Churches, who have carried on the Church, it is to be understood :negotiations for several years with so great 1. That no interpretation or reception of ability and prudence, on the successful ter- these sections is held by this Church whic! mination of their labours. May the bless. would interfere with the fullest forbearance ing of God crown their efforts. Many as to any difference of opinion which may and great will be the benefits of Union, prevail on the question of the endowment Breaches and divisions will be healed, weak of the Church by the State. congregations will be strengthened, and an 2. That no interpretation or reception of impulse given to all the educational and these sections is required by this Church missionary efforts of the Church. We which would accord to the State any authotrust, too, that it may be the commence- rity to violate that liberty of conscience and ment of the work of Union, and that the right of judgment which are asserted in process will go on, until all sound Presby. Chap. xx. sec. 2 of the Confession, and in teriaus shall be brought together in an accordance with the statements of which honourable and scriptural Union.
this Church holds that every person ought
to be at full liberty to search the Scriptures, BASIS OF UNION, AS AGREED UPON BY without let or hindrance ; provided that no
JOINT COMMITTEES OF BOTH CHURCHES, one is to be allowed, under the pretext of 1st AUGUST, 1860.
following the dictates of conscience, to Whereas, for the glory of God and the interfere with the peace and good order of welfare of the Church, it is desirable that a society.