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and our God, by his constant intercession. I and dealings are all love toward those who lle is inerciful, and therefore feels for us, believe in Jesus. My soul, I charge thee and sympathises with us, under all our to renounce every other priest and sacrifice failings, infirmities, temptations, and sor. but Jesus and his perfect work; for by one rows. He is faithful, and therefore fulfils offering he hath perfected for ever them his engagements, does honour to his office, that are sanctified. Christ alone is thy perforins his word, and secures the present priest. acceptance and eternal salvation of all who rely on his blood. God requires no more “We have not an high priest which cannot blood, he inflicts no penal sufferings, he is be touched with the feeling of our infirmities;

was in all points tempted like never influenced by wrath, but his nature as we are, yet without sin."-HEBREWS iv. 15.

but

Missions.

CHINA.

Rev. W. S. Swanson to the Treasurer.

Amoy, Feb. 25th, 1861.

turned on Monday afternoon, having thus

heen nearly a week on this journey. MY DEAR MR. MATHESON, -As the

The small chapel we have opened in E-ning. mail is just about to start, I have only time Kang is still open, and we hope we will soon to write you a very few lines; but, thanks have to record soine fruit from the effort in be to God, these will contain some good this direction. news for those who are continuing to pray

On Saturday I went to Peh-chiu-a, staid for us.

there over Sabbath, and returned this mornThe week before last, Mr. Douglas and I ing. My tongue is beginning to loose a started on Tuesday morning for Anhai, and little now, and although I can do very little got there safely and well. On the way up, as yet, I hope, from that little, soon to be on account of a contrary wind we had a able to do more. good deal of detention, but this served to

Mrs. Swanson has never had better health give the opportunity of preaching in some than since she came to Amoy;

She is towns and villages on the way. I was very longing much to be able to speak Chinese, much struck with the vastness of the field and to do something for Christ. She is able that here surrounds us on erery side. To already to say a little. me (as this was my first visit in this

You may easily conceive how much we quarter) the sight of such a field, almost yet feel the want of dear Mackenzie here: he untouched, was calculated to impress me has nobly taken what seemed to him the more than ever with the need of earnestness path of duty; and I believe the Lord will and zeal in this work. On arriving at continue to bless him. I hope the ComAnhai I was cordially welcomed by all the mittee may be led to a like view with him. brethren and sisters there. With Song and

Be so kind as show this letter to the Lat I was particularly struck, and indeed editor of the “Children's Messenger.” I with all who have as yet joined this little intended to have written him this mail, church. I would like much to tell you were it not that the steamer is just about how much love they all displayed, if I had

starting. time, but now I cannot.

With kindest love to you and yours, We baptized two converts on Sabbath.

I am, yours ever, Mr. Douglas baptized the one and I the

W. S. SWANSON. other. It was a solemn scene for me, the first I had baptized in China. His name I will not soon forget. He is called Toàn. Besides these, 23 inquirers were examined,

The following deeply interesting letter 17 men and six women. Of these, we hope from the Rev. W. C. Burns, was lately soon to be able to receive a considerable received by a private friend. number. The Lord is thus, you see, not denying us His grace. I hope that many

Yam-Chow, Feb. 23rd, 1861. of you are praying specially for Anhai ; do The place where I now am is a village ask that, if it be the Lord's will, this Church fully twenty miles to the N. E. of Swatow, may get rest from persecution. We re- and lying on the sea-shore opposite to the

Island of Namoa. Ten years ago, Mr. few of his companions, and overtook us at Lechler, a German missionary, was located the side of a pond, into which they seriously here, but he met with so many hindrances threatened to push us. However, in this in his position and work, that after some they stopped short, and contented them. years he removed to another field in the selves with pushing us about, and taking neighbourhood of Hong Kong. In 1856, away some part of our dress. As we slowly I spent ten days at Tang-Lang, a town moved on, one man struck A-Kee rather within five miles distance of this place, but heavily on the back of the head with a not hearing of any here who continued in- carrying pole, so as to cause bleeding ; his terested in the Gospel

, I did not at that cap had been previously taken away. And time visit it. It appears, however, that when again we got to a distance of a few there was at least one man in whose heart hundred yards, we were overtaken by a party the truth had taken root, and who, amid who rifled our pockets of what pleased them. many trials continued to cleave to the After this we returned home, thankful that Saviour. For some time past, this man, in their blind rage they had not been A-Kee, has occasionally visited Mr. Smith, allowed to harm us in any serious way, and and has appeared to grow in Christian zeal rejoicing that we had been counted worthy and devotedness. He came out to Swatow to suffer even the least indignity for the several times to invite me to visit his village, name of Jesus. and at last, on the 5th of this month, I saw But what you will think the most wonder. my way to come with him here. We got ful part of the whole remains to be told. on without any serious hindrance a great We had been at home little more than an part of the way, but when passing through hour, when a message was brought from one Ching-Linn, a wealthy place of trade close of the merchant Hongs, at Ching-Linn, to to Tang-Lang, and three or four miles from say that the principal things as they this place, the people, but few of whom thought the whole,) that had been taken knew me, got excited by the cry that a from us were in their hands, and would be foreigner had come, and we were soon sur returned to any one we should send for rounded by a mass of people who were them. Accordingly on Thursday, our landdisposed to treat me rudely, and insisted lord here kindly went with a list of all that that I should go back with them and see we had lost, and with very trifling exception their head man. I did not go without fears all the things were found and restored to us. that I might be detained. However, to our In my own case I had nothing lost and glad surprise, when the head man saw our nothing injured; and we hear that the party he waved with the hand to allow us to showily dressed young man, who was the go on our way; and at once the more fiery chief instigator of the attack, was the person spirits shrunk back, and we proceeded to called on to go round and find out the our destination with no inconvenience but a missing things. Among the things taken crowd of boys, who followed us for a mile or and again restored, is the knife which my two clamorous for books. On this occasion dear mother sent to me in lieu of one I said that we meant to come again soon, which I lost by robbery in 1856, at Nan. to preach and distribute books, and that Yong, seven miles from Ching-Linn, on the then they would all more fully know who way to Swatow. we were, and what object we had in coming. The people of this place (Yam-Chow,) And so, on Wednesday last (20th), I went have received us very kindly, and from more to Ching-Linn, again accompanied by A- than one place in the surrounding country, Kee, and Philhea, a native of this region we have invitations to go and let them hear connected with the American Baptist Mis our message. The first Sabbath after our sion. On this occasion, we were kindly coming here was the Chinese New-year's received by some, but when we began to day, and we had many about us who heard speak in the open air, a word or two of an more or less of the truth, and exceeding all inflammatory kind uitered by one man ex. in interest were a large number of children, cited the latent feeling of hostility at once who were taken with the new colloquial to foreigners, and to the Gospel, and we hymns, and continued during the first few saw at once that we had better retire. A days of their year to recite and sing them finely-dressed young man came up to me with great zeal. A number of these dear and angrily demanded what books these children still continue to come in the even. were I had in my hand, and when in one of ing when they are at leisure, and join them he saw the Saviour's name, he said, quietly in our worship. The " Happy "And so you're teaching the people to Land," both hymn and tune, is the great believe in Jesus." I said “Yes," and on favourite here, as at Foo-Chow. There are this, with angry threats he ordered us to be also several women who have been devoted gone, and pursued us to the gate of the Buddhists, who are interested more or less village. Encouraged no doubt by this, one in the Gospel, and one man who has excited of the fiery youths of the place collected a our hopes, although for the last two days be

has, for some reason, not been with us. You I watched their movements for the last ten will see from these statements that we are years, will hope for almost nothing froin not without encouragement in entering them in the way of a permanent governanew on Mr. Lechler's old position. We ment, at least until they succeed in overhave nothing now to fear from Mandarin turning the Tartar power at its seat. interference; if only the people are friendly, They have overrun and devastated nearly we may go among them without hindrance. entire provinces, but have maintained a You will be happy to hear that Mr. Mack settled government almost nowhere except enzie has at Jast made up his mind and at Nankin, and there it is the government come down from Amoy to join the Tie-Chin of a camp not of a country. But it is needmission. He is at Swatow, and seems to less for me or others to give opinions on feel himself in some degree at home there, the matter; the communications lately pubas both Mr. Smith and myself have for- lished from those who have been at Nankin, merly done, although the people are far enable friends at home to judge for themfrom being uniformly friendly. One day selves nearly as well as those who are in there A-Kee and I, when speaking in the China, but are yet at a distance from the vicinity of a play, were in some danger of scene of conflict. Let us pray that soon an being abused by the rabble, and sometimes end may be put to the miseries of civil war Mr. Mackenzie feels himself not quite at in China, either by the success of the rebel ease in going out to take his afternoon walk. movement, or in some other way which Hitherto, however, none of us have been shall more subserve the best interests of injured, and going out in the Lord's name, this heathen empire. there does not seem to be much to fear. I As I shall not be able to write separately had been getting Mr. Smith's house at on this occasion to Mr. Matheson or Mr. Swatow finished, and just an hour after the Barbour, perhaps any part of the above workmen were done, on a Saturday after which you may think suitable might be noon,' Mr. Mackenzie

He was correctly copied and forwarded to them brought on shore from the steamer by some both, that they may know something of of the wildest of the people, and certainly where I am, and how I am engaged. Since met with an unusually kind reception both the colloquial hymns were printed we have froin them and others. We trust that he got two additional ones ready, viz., “ Just as will be spared to be a blessing to many of I am without one plea,” &c., and a missionthe natives here, as well as to our own ary hymn, founded on “From Greenland's countrymen, to whom he preaches on board icy mountains," &c., both of the same ship on the Sabbaths.

measure as the originals. It is now getting You seem to wonder that in my late late, (Saturday evening,) and as my mesletters I make no allusion to the Nankin senger goes early on Monday morning to rebels, about whom so much is at present | Swatow, I must conclude with love to all said and written, My reason is probably friends, and Christian regards to all who this. I want to see whether they are at last pray for the coming of God's kingdom in to wage a successful war against the present China. rulers of China, or only continue as at present a horde of marauding plunderers in

(Signed) Wm. C. Burns. the country. I am not sure that the foreign authorities at Shanghae were wrong in re

My letters may now be addressed “Swafusing to allow them to occupy that city, tow,” as have now an English consul and I think that any one who has carefully and a post-office.

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Correspondence.

OUR HOME MISSION.-II. see no reason to retract any of my criti

cisms-confess with yourself that there To the Editor of the English Presbyterion Messenger. is need for apology, bolding, at the

DEAR SIR,-Notwithstanding your same time, that yours is insufficient. apology for the short-comings of the Let me now proceed to offer a reHome Mission Committee in the first mark or two on the second department branch of their labours--for the fact of their laboure, viz., the Supplemental. that during the past year of its exist. 1. This, they tell us, is confined ence it bas done literally pothing--I ' " chiefly to the rural districts," This is a mistake. The largest part of their sess. The minister of the large confunds do not go to the rural districts. gregation is inclined to boast of his If we look into the accounts, we find success, but the fact is, most of his sucthat the Presbytery most dependent cess is directly traceable to the labours for supplement in the Home Mission is of the poor country minister. He is none other than the Presbytery of more of a pastor than the town minisLancashire. There are only two Pres- ter. He has carefully trained up those byteries in the Church which have a noble youths who make themselves preponderance of rural charges ; yet useful in large congregations. He has these two, taken together, do not re- imparted to them their attachment to ceive half of what is expended in this the Church. And thus the town mic way. We must conclude, therefore, nister is really a debtor to the country that this part of their labours is chiefly minister. Again, the best town minisconfined to poor congregations in towns. ters have obtained their capacity for

2. The impression which is often usefulness in these smaller charges. conveyed is that these charges are some of the ministers in the Church heavy burdens; are taxes upon larger who have at this day the largest salacongregations, of which they have a ries once could be satisfied with their right to complain; and often is the as. congregations contributing £50 a year surance reiterated that the present to the Sustentation Fund. “ powers

will be wiser than the past, 4. But we have too many small charges? and take good care to plant charges Not so. Our proportion is smaller only where they will pay. Now, if ihe than that of any other Church in the older Committees planted charges in British Isles. We say this advisediy. unfortunate localities, they at least Try the Free Church of Scotland. There saved themselves from the charge are in that Church 788 charges. Or which, as has been shown, may with these, 466 contribute to the Sustentajustice be brought against our wiser tion Fund less than £100. The average Committee of doing nothing at all in cost of each of these congregations to the way of Church extension. But we the Church is £75 per annum. Where would like to know if it be the prin. is the solitary congregation among us ciple of Christ's kingdom to preach the which is supplemented to this extent? Gospel only where it will pay? We Again, of the aid-receiving congrega. can find nothing of such a law in the tions, 110 average, as contributions to Scripture at least. Would, again, our the Sustentation Fund, £35. Among wealthier congregations prefer it, look us there is at most only one congregaupon it as the very beau ideal of a tion which could have been numbered Church, were there no poor congrega- among this class. Then what would tions to help? Then we can only say some of our friends think of £103 being there is a wide gulf between Christ's given by way of supplement to these will and theirs. It is an arrangement | 110 congregations ? Let any one coni. of Divine Providence : “ The poor ye pare these figures with ours, and then have with you always.” And if we say whether our proportion of small are to carry out the unholy principle congregations is anything like so great in opposition to this, let us begin by as that of our neighbours. casting out of our churches all the As I cannot venture to trespass farmembers, however pious and useful, ther upon your space, I beg to conclude. who are not able to pay ; and then, to

Yours, &c., be consistent, the poor congregations will get the cold shoulder next.

3. Are the poorer congregations only burdens on the Church? We speak

LOTTERIES. not, as we fear it would be vain to the class we are reasoning with, of the spi.

To the Editor of the English Presbyterian Messenger, ritual blessings they are able to send SIR, -As lotteries are so common at back to those who assist them. But bazaars in connection with the Church, even in directions which will be better and seeing the great evils which result understood, it would be easy to prove therefrom to the Church and the world, their value. They send, for instance. I crave a space in your " Messenger into large towns the very best mem- for the insertion of the following rebers which these congregations pos-' marks :

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“The lot is cast into the lap, but the of his spiritual kingdom, such as placing whole disposing thereof is of the Lord.” ministers, elders, and deacons. Not Prov. xvi. 33. "Therefore Saul said unto that we may have what we think best, the Lord God of Israel, Give a perfect but what pleases Him, and what He lot.” 1 Saml. xiv. 41. Here we have a knows is best for us.

And they gave direct appeal to the Lord, who dis- forth their lots and the lot fell upon poses of the lot

he will. Indeed, I Mathias, and he was numbered with question there is such a thing as chance. the eleven Apostles." Acts i. 26. The following texts seem to teach there The lot, then, is a solemn thing, and is not. "Are not five sparrows sold for when properly used, valuable, but two farthings, and not one of them is when abused is fraught with direful forgotten before God P” showing that consequences. It may be quite lawful the most insignificant things are not to appeal to God to appoint a king, but left to "hap hazard," but their every very unlawful to appeal to him to movement is controlled by the great appoint what is to be the “ trump" Disposer of all things. “And one of card. It may be proper to appeal to them shall not fall to the ground with God to decide who the Achan is in the out your Father." “But the very camp; but certainly improper to aphairs of your head are all numbered." peal' to him in this dispensation to Again, "For promotion cometh neither decide who stole this or that trifle. It from the east nor from the west, nor is quite right to appeal to God to defrom the south, for God is the judge: cide what congregation shall possess a he putteih down one and setteth up certain minister, elder, or deacon, but another." Psal. xxv. 6, 7. And certainly very sinful to appeal to him again, “A mau's heart deviseth his to decide who shall be the possessor of way: but the Lord direcreth his steps." a ceriain twopenny dull, a cushion, or

Zud. During God's tbeocratic govern screen. And yet this is the very thing ment of the world, the Lord was pleased we encourage at our bazaars, believing to use the lut as a medium of conveying but so email a matter is notbing wben his will in the settlement of important compared with the object in view; questious, as in the division of the land that the means, however questionable, among the tribes of Israel. “The land and condemned by the law when conshall be divided by lot: according to the nected with the tavern, is sanctified Dames of the tribes of their fathers and proper wben connected with tbe they shall inherit. According to the lot Church. Ab, God never works by shall the possession thereof be divided questionable or sinful means. No! between many and few.” Numb. xxvi. God's blessing does not rest there. 25, 26. Also in the case of Achan. “In the The minister is raising his voice moroing therefore ye shall be brougbt against sin on the Sabbath, and counaccording to your tribes: and it shall tenancing it in the lottery through the be, that the tribe which the Lord week, telling us that “all uprighteoustaketh shall come according to the ness is sin," and yet winking at un. families thereof . . . And he brought righteousness at the bazaar. But it is his household man by man; and Achan, not the mere appeal to the Almighty the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the that is the sin of gambling. It is the son of Zerab, of the tribe of Judah, was unholy feelings and desires which it taken.” Jos.vii. 14, 18. And again, when engenders, such as covetousness, selfishthe people rejected God, and would ness, exulting at the disappolutment have an earthly king to reign over and envying at the success of others ; them, they had recourse to the lot. the inordinate thirst for gain without “And when Samuel had caused all the giving an equivalent, which often leads tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe to the most heinous crimes, such as of Benjamin was taken. When he untruthfulness, thefts, and even murcaused the tribe of Benjamin to come ders. Then there is the example to near by their families, the family of our children. That is a beautiful pasMatri was taken, and Saul, the son of sage in Scripture where the children Kish, was taken.” 1 Sam. x. 20. The ask, “ What is this?" and the parent setting apart of the scape goat is is commanded to tell him that “ By another instance. The great Head of strength of hand the Lord brought us the Church is pleased also to permit out from Egypt.” Ex. xiii. 14. When the use of the lot in directing the affairs a child comes into our bazaars and

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