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instead of some thoughts scattered through- ling them, have not some salutary, some out forty books and nineteen centuries, an powerful regeneration in reserve for the entire doctrine, developing itself from book ready, but premature, greedy, impure, stillto book and from age to age, passing from born literature of our day. Interrogate it the hand of prophet to apostle, as a work yourselves, men of state ; know if this planned by one workman and transmitted divine constitution which has served as a by him to another to complete; a doctrine, model to modern legislation, and created whose mission, plenitude, clearness, simpli- European civilization, holds not hidden city, brilliant in the midst of an ignorance within its unopen folds some yet unknown profound and universal, excited in me a sur- perfection for our proud age, and if it could prise which grew with meditation. For all not teach, for example, our magistracy, rethis revealed itself to me by degrees; the nowned in all the world, that the least that place assigned to woman in Scripture, limited it can do for this Gospel which has founded at the first glance, continually enlarged all freedom, is to allow it to be itself free. itself before me. We must seek for a But, if Scripture has so many lessons woman in Scripture ; but once found, she upon subjects which hardly seem to occupy appears there clothed with a ministry as it, what will it not have to say upon that benificent as glorious. Her position there subject which is to it, and which ought to instructed me. I learned that such as she be also to each of us, the one thing needful? is in this book, she ought to be in life-- Oh! I beg you interrogate it upon salvagreat, but hidden. I say it boldly; of all tion. Interrogate it concerning sin and religions and all systems, Scripture alone pardon, life and death, good and evil, heaven has known and understood woman.

and hell. Woe to you, if your ears are too Alone, between the two opposite tenden- sensitive to hear this language! Yes, incies of the Southern and Germanic races, of terrogate it upon heaven and hell; and you antiquity and the Middle Ages, the one will find the only place where woman can making her the slave of man, the other the accomplish her mission, is also the only arbiter of his destinies, it has spared her at one where you can yourselves find grace, the same time, “this excess of honour and peace, and life. Beneath the cross, beneath this indignity.” Alone, in fine, by one of the cross altogether, one in mind, one in those combinations of truth in which the heart! Beneath the cross to live, beneath world only sees strange contradictions, it the cross to die, beneath the cross to meet has at once restored to her her place, and the judgment of the great day-happy in held her in silence, giving to her a work as then recognizing in Him who is our judge, much more noble as it is more humble, as Him who has been our Saviour !- From The much more loving as it is self-sacrificing. Christian Woman, her Place and Power.

Understand then, Oman, the treasure By the Rev. ADOLPHE Monod, D.D. which you possess in Scripture, and question Nelson & Sons. it that you may gather from it the light which it spreads upon even those subjects which it does not seem to have intended to

THE OBJECT OF LIFE. illuminate. Interrogate it, men of thought; know if it does not retain concealed within “Seek first the kingdom of God and his rightits fertile recesses, waiting until your haughty cousness; and all these things shall be added unto pride shall abase itself to demand them of you." it, new revelations upon the plans of the A GENTLEMAN lately travelling among Creator, and the destinies of the creature, strangers, gave in substance the following and the final solution of some of those instructive account of himself. When quite problems which are the eternal despair of young he became hopefully pious, but by philosophy.

degrees lost much of his lively sense of reliInterrogate it, men of science; know if gious obligation, grew worldly in his desires our old earth, which has been obliged to and anticipations, and at length came to the open its bosom most profoundly to the most determination to exert himself to the utmost conscientious investigations, to show itself to become rich. Riches, he thought, must in perfect agreement with this Biblical cos- add greatly to a man's comfort and usefulmogony to which one had opposed it with ness in life. The means of acquiring them so much assurance, has not still some other were before him; and for a time he used secret to say to the genius of a Cuvier them with much success.

In the same proin favour of the inspiration of a Moses. portion, however, he unhappily declined in Interrogate it, men of letters ; know if these religion. He had little or no comfort in sublime thoughts of poetry, the paintings spiritual things, and had nearly abandoned so natural, the narrations so animated, the his hope of salvation. In this dilemma he demonstrations so simple and so strong, was met by the providence of God. His that our greatest writers glory in imitating, riches took to themselves wings, and left without flattering themselves of ever equal. I him penniless. He now came to himself,

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kissed the rod, and him that had appointed shall be when we get to the top of it. it, and determined thenceforward to seek The longer our journey is, the sweeter first the kingdom of God and his righteous will be our end; and the longer our

His desires for wealth were relin- passage is, the more desirable will the quished.

He soon settled down upon a haven be. small pittance acquired by industry, raised

A murmurer is an ungodly man; he is a happy family, and enjoyed all as the gift of God. He now saw the hand of God in an ungodlike man; no man on earth more every thing, and was disposed to live a life unlike to God than the murmurer; and of entire devotedness to his service. Brought therefore no wonder is

, when Christ comes to this state of mind, the hand of God was to execute judgment, he deals severely again opened to him. His cup of temporal and terribly with him. Let him make blessings again overflowed. He has more what profession he will of godliness, yet than heart can wish; but what sweetens his if murmuring keeps the throne in his cup of blessings is, that it comes to him only heart, Christ will deal with him at last as the bounty of his heavenly Father, who as with ungodly sinners. has riches in store, infinitely more valuable, A lazy Christian will always want four reserved for all those who put their trust in things—comfort, content, confidence, him, and renounce the world as their chief and assurance. Assurance and joy are object of pursuit.

choice donatives that Christ gives to laborious Christians only. The lazy

Christian has his mouth full of comSUBSTITUTION THE SUBSTANCE plaints, when the active Christian has OF THE GOSPEL.

his heart full of comforts.

God loves to smile most upon his peoI have always considered, with Luther ple when the world frowns most. When and Calvin, that the sum and substance the world puts its iron chains upon their of the gospel lies in that word, "Substi- legs, then God puts his golden chains tution," Christ standing in the stead of about their necks; when the world puts

a bitter cup into their hands, then God I deserve to be lost; the only reason drops some of his honey-some of his why I should not be damned is this, that goodness and sweetness into it. When Christ was punished in my stead, and the world is ready to 'stone them, then there is no need to execute the sentence God gives them the white stone; and twice for sin.

when the world is tearing their good On the other hand, I know I cannot names, then he gives them a new pame, enter heaven unless I have a perfect and none knows but he that has it-a righteousness; I am absolutely certain I name that is better than that of sons and shall never have one of my own, for I daughters.--Spurgeon's Smooth Stones. find I sin every day; but then Christ had a perfect righteousness, and he said “Here, take my garment, put it on; you shall stand before God as if you were A BROKEN BLOSSOM. Christ, and I will stand before God as if I had been the sinner; I will suffer in

Just when the red June roses blow the sinner's stead, and you shall be re

She gave me one-a year ago,

A rose whose crimson breath reveal'd warded for works which you did not do, but which Christ did for you.— Spur

The secret that its heart conceal'd,

And whose half shy, half tender grace geon's Anxious Inquirer.

Blushed back upon the giver's face.

A year ago -a year ago

To hope was not to know.

Just when the red June roses blow

I plucked her one--a month ago: Long afflictions will much set off the It's half-blown crimson to eclipse, glory of heaven. The longer the storm, I laid it on her smiling lips; the sweeter the calm ; the longer the

And looking on her face so fair, winter nights, the sweeter the summer

I never dreamt that death was there. days. The new wine of Christ's kingdom

Swiftly do golden hours creepis most sweet to those who have long

To hold is not to keep. been drinking gall and vinegar. The The red June roses now are past higher the mountain, the gladder we This very day I hroke the last,

And now its perfumed breath is hid, The bird that sings the sweetest, the pine With her, beneath a coffin lid;

that crowns the rock, There will its petals fall apart,

The glory of the garden, the flower of the And wither on her icy heart:

flock. At three red roses' cost My world was gain’d and lost.

'Tis ever thus, 'tis ever thus, with creatures

heavenly fair,

Too finely formed to bear the storms more THE FIRST TO GO.

earthly natures bear ; 'Tis ever thus, 'tis ever thus, with all that's A little while they dwell with us, blest minisbest below,

ters of love, The dearest, noblest, loveliest, are always Then spread the wings we had not seen, and

seek their home above. first to go.



Presented to the Synod at its late Meeting in Liverpool.

It affords your Committee satisfaction to be the beginning of August this hall was able to report that their operations during opened by the Rev. Joseph Burns. From the past year have extended over a some. the first the promise was most encouraging. what wider area, and have been attended A large number of heads of families pledged with a considerable measure of success. It themselves as adherents and supporters of has been their constant aim to do what in the cause. Application was made to the them lies, in behalf at once of the Church's Presbytery, and Carlisle was formally sancextension and of her consolidation ; and tioned as a preaching station, your Comthey are thankful to say that every year mittee cheerfully undertaking to render witnesses some good effected in both these pecuniary help, should the place not be directions. Since last meeting of Synod self-sustaining. The pulpit was supplied, two new spheres of labour have been under in the first instance, by members of the taken with the assistance of your Committee; Presbytery, and other ministers of the the one in Carlisle, the other in Exeter; Church ; the attendance ran frequently as and in regard to each of them there is high as 500, and was on all occasions very reason to cherish hopeful anticipations. In satisfactory. Subsequently the services of addition to these, there is a very interesting a licentiate were obtained, whose labours mission-field in Liverpool, which the Canning have been continued for some months. Street congregation have been vigorously Your Coinmittee understand that the Presworking, without any aid from your mission. bytery are in a position to petition the Synod And there is one of your oldest congrega in favour of Carlisle being sanctioned as a tions in Cumberland that had been almost stated charge. They will not fail, with your utterly extinct, but under the fostering care of sanction, to give it all the encouragement in your Committee and the Presbytery, it has their power. been considerably revived, and may yet Exeter.- In this important city, where attain a measure of strength. A few words the necessity for the services of an Evanin detail regarding each of these places may gelical Church is so great, a preaching not be inappropriate.

station has been opened during the year. Carlisle.- li had long been considered A handsome church, capable of accommovery desirable that our Church should be dating 1,200 persons, has been temporarily suitably represented in this city. But the obtamed, with the liberty of purchase on difficulties in the way were so great, that till tavourable terms. The church was opened recently the Cumberland Presbytery did not in the month of July, by the Rev.J. Wright, feel warranted in undertaking the enterprise. of Southampton, and his since been recogLatterly, however, the prospect seemed to used as a station in connection with the brighten ; and, after consultation with your Presbytery of London. Your Committee Committee, they agreed to make the experi- have gladly made a grant in favour of an ment. A large and commodious hall was enterprise so interesting and important. So secured for the Sabbath services ; and in far, the prospects are very encouraging: The attendance on ordinances is large; the of the Synod. Meantime, your Committee people seem to be thoroughly in earnest; close their notice of this interesting case in and the hope is entertained, that in due the words of the secretary of this station, season a numerous congregation will be from whose report the foregoing facts have gathered in this ancient city.

been gathered : “ Taking everything into Heath Street, Liverpool. — It affords account, we think we have good reason to your Comınittee much pleasure to testify to thank God and take courage. Of the the excellence of the work of a purely Home future we are all most hopeful. Mr. Meikle. Missionary character, that is being done john (the licentiate) we all feel is just the by the Canning Street congregation. man for the work. The people are much The district is one of the most densely attached to him; and should your venerable populated and most neglected in the town, Synod deal kindly and liberally with us in a large proportion of the inhabitants being the matter of ordination, we feel assured, sunk in poverty and wretchedness. For a that by the good hand of our God upon us, number of years this congregation has we shall still go on prospering and to maintained Sabbath schools, and conducted prosper." missionary operations on a smaller scale in Haltwhistle.Your cause at Haltwhistle the neighbourhood. But within the past has, for a number of years, been on the very ten years these operations have assumed a verge of utter extinction. During the past more important and extensive character. year, however, efforts have been made to Mission premises have been obtained at an ex• revive it, and there is some prospect of their penditure of nearly £1,900. These consist of being successful. The church, which had a commodious church capable of accommo- become quite dilapidated, has been repaired, dating 650 worshippers, with large school and rendered comfortable. The pulpit was rooms attached for the instruction of the for some time supplied by members of children on the Sabbath and week-day. A Presbytery, when the building was filled to well-qualified licentiate has been secured to overflowing with interested audiences. Lat. take the superintendence of the work ; and terly one of your licentiates has been for some time he has been labouring in the labouring in the district; and as it is spirit. difficult field with very encouraging results. ually a very destitute one, it is hoped During the past year, application was made that the efforts put forth will be attended to the Lancashire Presbytery, that Heath with salutary influences, and that the Divine Street might be recognised as a preaching blessing will crown the endeavours thus station under its charge ; and the Presby- ' made to "build the old wastes." tery very cheerfully gave its sanction. Wharton and Swinton.—The only other A congregation of some 450 people, a large illustration of the Church's progress to which proportion of them reclaimed from habits of your Committee think it necessary to refer, utter indifference and neglect, statedly waits is the case of Wharton and Swinton. These on the preaching of the Word, and not with. ' are two stations in the neighbourhood of out tokens of the Divine blessing. The Manchester, about five miles apart from Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was dis- each other, under the care of the Lancashire pensed by Mr. Welsh, with the authority of Presbytery. At Wharton there are a comthe Presbytery, a few months ago, when modious church and schools, a manse, and upwards of fifty communicants commemo- small cottages, which constitute a limited rated the Saviour's death. Besides the endowment. The district is populous, and ordinary Sabbath services, there are Sab- the people needy. At Swinton there is a bath schools attended by some 350 children, large school-room in which the Sabbath and taught by thirty teachers. There are services are conducted, and Sabbath and week-day and evening schools, district' week-day schools are held. The distance prayer meetings, a visitors' association, between the two places being such as to libraries, and other means for effecting the admit of one individual's taking charge of moral and spiritual elevation of the district; them both, the Presbytery has united them. and in them all the people manifest a lively Mr. Stuart, who was formerly labouring at interest. It is their earnest desire to be Wharton, feeling the infirmities of age recognised as a stated charge, so that they creeping on him, has retired on a joint may enjoy all the advantages of an or- allowance from your Committee and the dained ministry; and with this view they Lady Hewley Fund. Now the services of have appeared recently before the Presbytery a licentiate have been secured, who con. by petition, expressing their willingness to ducts Divine worship at both places every contribute to the extent of their ability to. Lord's-day. The result is, that the interest wards the maintenance of a pastor, and so is considerably revived, the attendances on not be wholly dependent on the generosity ordinances much improved, and the people of their Canning Street friends. The Pres. have made out such a good case before the bytery have agreed to recommend the Presbytery in favour of their being organ. application to the favourable consideration ised into a joint ministerial charge, that the

Presbytery have resolved on recommending And yet they think that they have reason to the application to the favourable considera- congratulate the Synod that what has been tion of your Court.

regarded for many years as a great de. Your Committee have had their attention sideratum, is now actually realised. And directed to several populous towns, chiefly in instead of resting on their cars, and being Lancashire and Yorkshire, and have made satisfied with this attainment, their purpose inquiries as to their being suitable spheres is still to persevere, urging the claims of of enterprise for our Church. Not yet, the ministry on the Church, until their inhowever, have they felt warranted in adopt. come be raised to an amount somewhat ing decisive measures in regard to any of more in keeping both with their necessities them. But it is hoped, that in the course and their deserts. of the current year, they will see their way There is another class of congregations open to establish a new interest in some one whose interests the measure recently adopted of these centres of population. There is by the Synod was designed to serve-ihat one principle by which they invariably de- class whose ministerial income ranges from sire to regulate their conduct regarding new £100 to £150. The measure holds out a strong enterprises ; and that is, that in our circum- inducement to such congregations to make stances as a Church, it is highly inexpedient an effort towards the increased comfort of to commence operations in any locality their ministers, inasmuch as it offers a supwhere there is not a strong likelihood of a plement of 10s, in the pound on all sums self-sustaining congregation being gathered raised above a certain stipulated basis, till within a reasonable period. This principle the entire ministerial income reaches £150. has led them repeatedly to refuse applica- | Your Committee are rather disappointed tions from small places when there was no that a larger number of these congregations such likelihood, inasmuch as they would be have not availed themselves of the offered a perpetual drag on the energies and re- bonus. Arrangements have been made with sources of the Church. They conceive that the following congregations:-Belford, Glanthe true policy of the Church, in the matter ton, Blyth, Bavington, Rochester, and of extension, is to lay hold, in the first in- Guernsey; and as the result, these congregastance, on the great centres of population tions and their ministers will be materially and industry, where there is abundant ma- benefited. Your Committee cannot but terial on which to work, where there is a think, however, that there are many other Presbyterian element to form a nucleus, congregations in this category; and they and where, after a few years of fostering would earnestly appeal to them to take adcare, self-sustaining and aid-giving congre- vantage of the proposed benefit, satisfied as gations may be established, to add to the they are that the Church will provide the strength, instead of causing weakness of the necessary funds when she feels that they entire ecclesiastical body.

are to be devoted to improve the position Regarding the second department of your and increase the comfort of her esteemed Committee's work, that, namely, in which ministry. they supplement the inadequate stipends of The only grants of an exceptional nature ministers in the smaller congregations, they that your Committee have made during the are glad to be in a position to report favour- year are those to Framlington and Millably. So far as they know, there is not a wall; and these were made for special reasingle congregation within the bounds of the sons, which seemed quite sufficient to justify Church, but one, whose minister is in re- them in relaxing the rules by which grants ceipt of less than £100 per annum. That are statedly made. one is an exceptional case. And yet so

In resigning their trust to the Synod, your fully persuaded are your Comınittee of the Committee are gratified that the state of the importance of having no exception, if pos- fund is more than usually satisfactory, there sible, to this minimum, that they are at pre- being a considerable balance in the hands of sent in treaty with the office-bearers of that the treasurer. This arises from two causes, one congregation; and they anticipate that both of wbich are cheering. The one is, in a few weeks the arrangements will be that the contributions have been more completed by which its esteemed minister liberal than formerly, the chief increase also will be raised to this level; and so coming through the channel of Congregathere will not be a single pastor in the tional Associations; and the other is, that Church whose income will fall short of this although the status of ministerial incoine in point. They are fully alive to the fact that the aid-receiving congregationis was never so this minimum is much too low, and that to high as it is at present, yet this has been maintain his family in any degree of com- obtained, not by a larger, but by a smaller fort, and be relieved from the pressure of expenditure on the part of your Committee. pecuniary carés and anxieties, a minister The measure now in operation is so effective should have an income, in any circum. in developing the resources of congregastances, much in excess of this amount. tions, that with a smaller disbursement from

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