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Jatices of Books.

Baptism: its Subjects, Aloce, and Value. basis for the practice of Infant Baptism."

By the Rev. D. MEIKLEJOHN, Liverpool. p. 20.
Glasgow: Thomas Smith, 52, Argyle What Mr. M. says as to the tendency of
Street. 1861.

those who hold the opposite view to exalt This little treatise, from the pen of a

the mode of administration into undue young minister of our Church, is not one importance deserves to be seriously ponof those ephemeral and superfluous essays

dered. We have been struck with a sinin authorship with which, in these days, gular confirmation of the truth of his we are unpleasantly familiar; and in the remarks, in a letter from a Baptist miscase of which we are always tempted to sionary in Burmah, which had first apaddress to the writer the very ancient peared in one of the leading religious inquiry, “Wherefore shouldst thou run,

periodicals. The writer speaks of having seeing thou hast no tidings ?" Many an

been permitted, four Sabbaths in succession, Ahimaaz rushes into print without waiting to visit the beautiful waters of the large to have something to say. In the course of royal tank, to bury in baptism joyful con. his evangelistic labours amidst the neglected yerts ;”. of one of his brethren“ leading and destitute population of one of our great down into the liquid grave," fourteen per. cities, labours which we are happy to know sons

at one time. If the baptisms of have borne manifest fruit, Mr. Meiklejohn apostolic times had been recorded in this has come into contact with that class of strain in the Acts, there would have been awakened and inquiring minds which, under an end of all strife long ago. Is there the novel pressure of religious conviction, or

not in this elevation of Scriptural imagery in the first fervid impulses of faith and into dogmatic teaching something that self-consecration, are liable to have their reminds us of the mystical and orerviews unsettled and perplexed on the sub- strained phraseology that has come to be ject of Baptism. It is to this class, as associated with another ordinance of the standing in special need of solid and Gospel by the advocates of the high sacra. judicious instruction concerning the initia- mental theory? Is there not an approach tory ordinance of the Gospel, that the to the same spirit of ritualism in this author mainly addresses himself; but his materialising interpretation of a symbolic work will be perused with interest and phrase ? profit by the members of the Church at

We cordially recommend Mr. Meiklelarge, and especially by the heads of Chris- john's work as a well-timed and useful tian households. It will be found to em

contribution to our religious literature. body a terse and forcible résumé of the At the same time, we cannot conclude our Scriptural evidence of infant baptism, as

brief notice without remarking a certain well as a lucid and convincing demonstra controversial asperity and over-confidence tion of the grand spiritual principles that of tone in his allusions to opponents' lie at the root of the question. Well does faults, into which a young author is apt the author remark, after having cleared to be betrayed. We hope that when an his way by cogent reasoning to the con- opportunity of revising the book occurs, clusion :

expressions of this kind, which we fear “ The state of the question is, not that can only have the effect of impairing its we are wrong in administering baptism to chance of usefulness, will be carefully infants unless we can find an instance of weeded out. The ointment will be im. Infant Baptism in the New Testament, proved in fragrance and virtue by the rebut that you are wrong in neglecting it moval of some flies that have found their unless you can find a prohibition of it" way into it. The force and bearing of the argument

The Blackwell Prize Essay for 1860. from Old Testament analogy is thus con

the Causes that have retarded the Procisely summed up :

gress of the Reformation. By the Rer. “ One single, solitary instance of an

WILLIAM MACKRAY, A.M. London: infant receiving, by God's appointment,

E. Marlborough & Co. Edinburgh: a church rite on the ground of his parents'

Blackwood & Sons. faith-a rite which is a sign and seal of We have to express regret at an uninthe righteousness of faith-would serve to tentional omission, in not having noticed all time coming as a triumphant vindi. this very valuable essay at an earlier period. cation of the principle, and a complete. It is the second of the Blackwell Prize

P. 15.


Essays which has been awarded to Mr. ling with many of his brethren throughout Mackray, and the production is most de almost all Europe and a great part of Asia, serving of the high honour which has thus " composing quarrels," it is said ; been bestowed upon it.

conciling multitudes to the obedience of The Essay is divided into two parts, the Holy See; leaving nothing unatnamely,The causes of a general kind tempted in his desire for the salvation of which had a tendency to retard the pro- men ; bringing even the worst men from gress of the Reformation; and, secondly, the revelry of their vices to penitence and causes of a special nature-some of them the love of Jesus Christ."** Dominic, in pertaining to the movements of the Pa- fine, owed the existence and renown of pacy, and others, attributable to Protestants his name and order to the circumstances themselves.

and events of those critical times. Five Under the head of " Papal Extension,” years posterior to the consecration of St. we have the following instructive passage, - Francis, he devoted himself to the Roman

“ The Reformation, though undoubtedly See ; and, in opposition to the cardinals, the greatest, was not the first great crisis and on the ground of another dream, in which the Church had encountered. Be- which Innocent beheld the Lutheran sides earlier ones of inauspicious memory, Church falling, and Dominic stepping in her annals recorded the fearful perils of the to support it with his shoulders, he too thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, when, was set apart as chief of one of the great through a most portentous schism, and missionary communities of the Papal under the claims and denunciations of rival Church. We associate these orders, come popes, the Church's boasted infallibility of them at least, in our minds only with became a byeword, and her very existence what is dark, malignant, and atrocious in seemed to be at stake. How were these religious fanaticism; but we do them perils met and overcome? Doubtless, in wrong. There were such spirits among some quarters, by no mild and gracious them; but Rome can employ the best means-but in others by new missions and means as well as the worst. Nay, we will new missionary orders. We say new mis- do her the justice to say, that when she sions ; for it is the fact, and it cannot be has them in her power, she will prefer too well known, or too deeply pondered by the best. Vincent Ferrier, the Dominican, the Protestant Churches, that Rome was was, in this point of view, the ornament the Missionary Church long before the of the fourteenth century; and yet he Reformation. In the sixth century hier was only one of a number of gilted and missionary zeal penetrated England; and energetic men of the orders to which we to Augustine, the monk, first Bishop of have been referring, who, for powerful, Canterbury, and through him to the oc- effective, and really useful preaching, were cupant of St. Peter's chair at Rome, do the the Wesleys and Whitfields of the age in Papalisers of Oxford trace up their orders which they lived. and observances at this day. In the eighth In the very same way did Rome meet century the same zeal made Germany its the crisis of the sixteenth century. Thus, debtor by the mission of Boniface, honoured instructed in her own history, did she downwards from his own age in the memory equip herself to repair the disasters inof the grateful people, as · The Apostle of Alicted upon her by the Reformation. The the Germans.'"

Papal Court itself became, as it were, a body of Thus did Rome meet and overcome her new men. The easy, effeminated elegancies perils of the thirteenth and fourteenth of Leo gave place to the gravities and centuries. She laid hold of, and conse- solemn earnestness of minds engrossed crated to her service the remarkable and with one great ruling idea and purposetalented men who placed themselves before the subjugation of the world to the Roman her. Francis, for example, laid his claim See. Institutions previously existing for an ecclesiastical order at the feet of the having for their object the defence and pontiffs ; and, when the cardinals hesi- propagation of the faith, were remodelled tated — deeming the existing fraternities and infused with new life and vigour, numerous enough – Innocent opportunely and communities, having the purpose of dreamed that he saw "a palm-tree growing more extended and formidable operations, up at his feet," and forthwith sanctioned were plauned and organised. Among an order which, ere ten years had elapsed, these, our present subject leads us to the numbered five thousand members, having order of the Jesuits, and to that order authority to preach at large, and without particularly in its missionary character. It licence from the bishop of the diocese. is a remarkable fact, that just at the time Benitus, of Florence, too, appeared, and when disaster had come over the cause of having obtained the pontifical sanction to Rome in the Old World, she was busied the order of “The Servants of God,” gave sending forth her apostles to make aggresit organisation and intense energy, travel. * Roman Breviary; Philip Benitus.-Aug. 23rd. sions on the New. Instead of waiting till prehended 250 churches, 3 seminaries, and she could concentrate her forces upon 100,000 converts. But we cannot dwell Europe, to retrieve her losses there, she ou details. Suffice it to say, in the words set on foot new and daring enterprises of our greatest modern historian-now, in foreign regions ; doubting not that, by alas ! with us no more :-" The Jesuit misthe triumphs of the faith abroad, she should sionaries invaded all the countries which soon reconquer the territories that had the great maritime discoveries of the prebeen wrested from her at home. The ceding age had laid open to Europeati idea was a noble one; and worthy of a enterprise. They are to be found in the higher and holier cause. Luther died in depths of the Peruvian mines, at the marts 1546; and, five years before that time, of the African slare caravans, on the the renowned missionary leader of the shores of the Spice islands, and in the Jesuits* had gone to India, and com- observatories of China. They made conmenced those Eastern Missions which verts in regions where neither avarice por gave the Church an empire in Asia more ex. curiosity had tempted

any of their tensive by far than that which she had lost in countrymen to enter, and preached and Europe. The whole missionary life of this disputed in tongues of which no other wonderful man extended to only ten years native of the West understood a word."'+ and a half; but during that time he gained We need not say how desirable it is that many thousands of converts in tbe conti- such a work as this should meet with a nent of India, and visited, more than once, wide circulation. the island of Ceylon, the peninsula of Malacca, and the islands of the Indian Old Jonathan for the present month is Archipelago. He was the first Christian mis- excellent. The noble woodcut, which sionary that landed on the island of Japan. adorns its first page, represents the His labours there were continued during journeyman-baker at his useful but labor two years and a half, till his death at the age ious toil. No better or “ cheaper of forty-six ; and fifty years after that pennyworth can be had, of its kind, than period, the mission he had founded com- this. * Xavier.

+ Macaulay.

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FOREIGN MISSIONS. logical College of the Presbyterian Etal Sabbath School

Lowick (collection) Church in England will be opened Risley (collection)

Do. (association) . (D.v.) on Tuesday, the 8th of October, at Six o'clock p.m., when the opening Collections :

Dudley lecture will be delivered by the Rev. Warrington Dr. McCrie. The lecture will be of

Michael Church, Herefordshire :

JAMES E. MATHIESOS, a popular character, and all friends

77, Lombard Street, E.C., Joint Treasurer. are invited to attend.

London, 2012 Sept., 1861. Tbe course at this College embraces six sessions of four months each, extending to three years. The terms on which bursaries and scholarships are awarded may be learnt on application to the Professors, at the PRESBYTERY OF NEWCASTLE. College, 29, Queen Square, Blooms- pro re nata meeting of this Presbytery bury, London, W.C.; or to Archibald was held in the John Knox Church, New

castle, on the 19th ult., to consider and disJ. Ritchie, Esq., Treasurer and Secre

pose of an application from Laygate congtetary, 26, Poultry, London, E.C.

gation] for the moderation in a call. Pre

Presbyteries' Proceedings.

sent-Revds. P. L. Miller, J. Brown, and ters, with Messrs. Dods, Heddle, Wake, and J. Reid, ministers; with Messrs. J. Heddle Taylor, elders. and Geo. Sisson, elders.

The minute of last ordinary meeting and Mr. Brown was elected moderator pro the two intervening special meetings having tem., and the meeting was duly constituted. been read, were sustained. The circular calling the meeting was read, Reasons of absence from Mr. Farquhar. the moderator's conduct approved, and the son and Colonel Barnes were given in and meeting sustained.

sustained. There was laid on the table and read an Mr. Miller then moved, according to extract minute of the Laygate Session, notice, that the Preshytery alternate its to the effect that a congregational meeting ordinary meetings in the various churches had been held, that the congregation was within the bounds. The motion not being found ripe for a call, and praying the Pres. seconded fell to the ground. bytery to grant moderation on an early day. Mr. Anderson having reported that he Mr. John Heddle for the Session, and Mr. had, as instructed, corresponded with Mr. Thomas McGregor for the congregation, Wrightson, and had a meeting with the were heard in support of the application. It Session at Wark, in regard to the interest of was agreed unanimously to grant moderation the Church debt, it was remitted to the as craved, to meet for this purpose in the moderator and Session to take measures for church at Laygate, on the 5th September, at raising the requisite sum as speedily as seven p.m., Mr. Brown to preach and pre possible. side, and the edict to this effect was appointed The call from Laygate to the Rev. Sylves. to be read from the pulpit of Laygate church, ter M. McLelland, signed in all by 119 on Sabbaths the 25th August and 1st Sep members and 38 adherents, was then laid tember, in terms of the trust deed.

upon the table. A commission from the The meeting was closed with prayer.

Laygate Session and congregation in favour Laygate church, 5th September, 1861, of Messrs. M. Cay and Alexander Bain, ap. which time and place the Presbytery me! pointing them respectively to appear to-day according to adjournment, and was duly and support the call, was laid on the table constituted by the Rev. J. Brown, moderator

and read. An extract minute of Mr. pro tem.

McLelland's license by the Free Presbytery Present - The Rev. J. Brown, moderator pro tem., Messrs. Black and Reid,

of Lockerby was also produced and read, ministers, with Messrs. J. Heddle and J. and he was admitted as a probationer within Robson, elders. The minute of last meeting been heard, it was moved and agreed unani.

the bounds. The commissioners having was read and approved. The edict was returned duly served and attested. It was

mously that the Presbytery sustain and con. then moved and agreed that the moderation cur in the call, and Mr. McLelland being in a call to fill up the vacancy in this Church present, and the moderator having put the do now proceed, whereupon Mr. Brown, call into his hands, he stated his acceptance according to appointment, conducted public thereof, and the following subjects of trial Worship, and at the close, having intimated for ordination were prescribed to him, viz.:-that the Presbytery were now prepared to

Latin exegesis, “Au mors temporalis homi. moderate in a call, it was moved by Mr. num sit pæna peccato debita et inflicta ?” Alexander Bain, and seconded by Mr. Greek exercise, Eph. ii. 18—22; Lecture,

Thomas McGregor, that the Rev. Sylvester Heb. vi. 4–6; Homily, Exod. xx. 8; PopuM. McLelland, a licentiate of the Free lar sermon, 2 Cor. viii. 9; Heb. examinaChurch of Scotland, be called to be pastor Hist. Cents, 1, 2, and 3; Theology, the dis

tion, Judges v.; Greek N. T. ad ap. lib. Ch. of Laygate congregation. No other candi. date having been proposed, Mr. McLelland tinct personality and work of the Holy was declared duly elected. The call was

Spirit. then read, and having been signed, in pre.

These trials were appointed to be delivered sence of the court, by sixty-one members on the 22nd October next; Mr. McLelland and six adherents, was attested by the mode to have charge of the Laygate pulpit from rator, and left in the hands of the Session this date. for additional signatures.

There was then laid upon the table and The meeting was closed with prayer.

read an extract minute of the Presbytery of

Berwick-on-Tweed, appointing the Rev. The Presbytery met for ordinary business Peter Thomson and Peter Valence a depu. in the John Knox Church, Newcastle, on tation to confer with this Presbytery in rethe 10th September, and, in the absence of gard to the raising of a debt extinction and the moderator, was duly constituted by the building fund for the northern Presbyterise. Rev. John Jeffrey.

The deputies having addressed the court at Present—The Rev. John Jeffrey, mode. length in support of the scheme, it was rator pro tem., Messrs. Miller, Brown, Mac- moved and agreed, that the thanks of this kenzie, Black, Anderson, and Reid, minis. Presbytery be given to the deputies for their




excellent addresses, and that the following bouring Presbyteries, especially as the Pres. be appointed a committee, carefully to ex- byteries in the north were strongly recom. amine the subject, and report to next ordi- mended by the Synod to commence a scheme nary meeting, viz., Messrs. Miller, Jeffrey, for themselves before asking aid from the and Reid, ministers, with Messrs. Dods, south,--that a deputation be sent to the Taylor, and Wake, elders—Mr. Miller con- Presbyteries of Newcastle and Northum.

berland, consisting of the Moderator and The clerk gave notice that at the next Mr. Valence, for the purpose of laying the ordinary meeting he would move that in subject before them, and asking their cofuture the Presbytery meet on ordinary operation in devising and carrying out occasions at twelve instead of eleven o'clock. measures by which this may be effected.

It was moved and agreed, that the next The Session records, deacons' courtordinary meeting be held in this place on books, and communion-rolls, were ordered Tuesday, the 12th November next, at twelve up at the next ordinary meeting.

The Presbytery appointed its next meetAdjourned to meet here on the 22nd ing to be held at Bankhill Church, Berwick. October next, at eleven a.m.

on-Tweed, on the first Tuesday of NovemThe meeting was closed with prayer. ber, at twelve noon.


This Presbytery met in St. George's This Presbytery met at Bankhill Church, Church, Liverpool, on the 4th day of Sep. Berwick-on-Tweed, on Tuesday, the 6th of tember, 1861. Sederunt : The Rev. Dr. August. Present—the Rev. P. Thomson, White, the Rev. Messrs. Davidson, J. C. Moderator; Messrs. Munro, Fraser, Terras, Paterson, J. Paterson, Johnstone, Hunter, Cant, Valence, Haig, and McLean, minis- Blellock, Halket, Ross, Welsh, Blyth, John ters; Mr. Gardner, elder.

Clelland, ministers; and Messrs. WightElders' commissions were laid on the man, W. Brown, J. G. Brown, ruling elders, table, read, and sustained, from Berwick in and the clerk. favour of Mr. Gardner, from Horncliffe in The Rev. R. H. Lundie was appointed favour of. Mr. Paxton, from Norham in moderator for the next six months. The favour of Mr. Steele, to represent these con- Rev. Mr. Arbuckle, of Kirkoswald, being gregations respectively for the current year. present, was associated. The Report of the

Mr. Fraser reported that the committee Committee on the Bradford Church Proappointed on the 7th of May last, to confer perty was given in, and the Committee was with the trustees and building committee of instructed to carry out the recommendations Ancrost Moor Church, had met, but could therein contained in terms of the Trust Deed. not succeed in getting all the trustees to The Rev. J. C. Paterson gave notice of the agree to borrow the sum of £100, so that following motion, to be considered at next the building of the manse might be pro- ordinary meeting of Presbytery:ceeded with immediately ; that three of “That a committee be appointed to inquire them had resigned, and that their resigna- into, and report concerning, the title to the tion had been accepted; that the remaining land and buildings belonging to, and occutrustees and members of the building com- pied by, each congregation within this Presmittee had agreed that the building, accord- bytery; the custody and provisions of the ing to the plan recommended by the Pres- deeds and documents relating to such title, bytery, be proceeded with, and that the and the incumbrances affecting the property Presbytery's consent be asked to borrow of each congregation; and that the com£100 upon mortgage or lien of the said mittee be empowered to issue the following, premises. It was moved, seconded, and among other questions, to the Deacons' agreed to, that the Presbytery receive and Court of each congregation, and to require approve the report, and authorise the trustees answers thereto :and building committee of Ancroft Moor 1. Are there any and what title deeds or Church in terms of their request to borrow other documentary evidence of title to the £100.

land and buildings used and occupied by the The Presbytery, agreeably to the resolu- congregation ? tion of former meeting, resumed considera- 2. In whose custody are those deeds and tion of the best means for providing a debt documents ? extinction and building fund. When it was 3. In what place or places are they premoved, seconded, and agreed to as follows: served ?

– That as it is the opinion of this Presby- 4. What is the date of the latest deed tery that it would be most desirable to have vesting the land and buildings in the present a debt extinction and building fund, and holders ? believing that this would be better secured 5. Is the tenure of the land freehold or by the co-operation of two or more neigh- 'leasehold ?

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