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I commend this object to the prayers of our gale, and he, with Mr. Smith, an engineer, Church; more especially to the prayers and was drowned. This melancholy event has sympathies of the Ladies' Association in cast a gloom over the friends and relatives connection with the English Presbyterian of the deceased. Church ; upon them the degraded females of

BEHARI LAL SINGH, Ragshai have particular claims. I announced to you in my last letter the appointment of a native brother to help me in preaching the

CORFU. Gospel in the vernacular. A hopeful commencement will, I trust, be soon made in this most important department. At present

Many members of our Church bave other duties, no less important and necessary, all along taken a deep interest in God's take up much of our time and strength. But ancient people, and of late it has been although we are not able to do much in this pressed on the Synod that new efforts direction yet, let me assure you that we shall should be made on their behalf. endeavour to do the best we can. For two Partly in consequence of this urgency, or three days we have been visiting a some were disposed to transfer Mr. Mohammedan of respectable character and Charteris to Italy or some other station ability. He is by birth a Hindu, but being where the Jewish field is more proan intelligent and well educated man, he mising, and last Synod gave notice to soon perceived the folly and sinfulness of the Committee to effect this transidolatry. In this state he remained for many ference should they deem it desirable. years, when he fell in with some Mohammedans, who read and expounded to him the

The result, however, was an expression sum and substance of the Koran. Perceiving from so many quarters of the loss that Muhammedanism inculcates the unity which the cause of the Gospel, and of God and the evils of intemperance, he which our Presbyterian countrymen believed in it. At present under the con- would sustain in the removal of your victions of sin, he feels somewhat uneasy missionary from Corfu, that the Comand restless, and strives to get quit of it, but mittee entered into a correspondence with only partial success. ·.... May the on the subject with the colonial comexample of his excellent Christian master, as mittee of the Free Church of Scotland, well as the instructions which he receives which resulted in that committee from us, be blessed to the conversion of his agreeing to pay £70 8-year towards soul. You will be glad to hear that I have suc- tinuance of his services. The decision,

his salary, so as to secure the conceeded in getting an old house belonging to which retains Mr. Charteris in his a Roman Catholic, who has left this place. present sphere, has been hailed with We have to pay 20 rupees rent per mensem; the liveliest satisfaction, not only by besides laying out 72 rupees for repairs and the soldiers and civilians of our own some additions for the accommodation of all your agents. In all we shall have to pay

communion, but by evangelical Chris312 rupees this year, or 26 rupees per month tians of every class in Corfu. for twelve months. I trust I am right in

In a recent letter, Mr. Charteris putting down this sum in my monthly bill, makes some remarks on the present as the house-rent for native agents has been state of feeling amongst the Hebrew sanctioned in the list which was sent to me race, which, coming from such a quar, by Dr. Hamilton and Mr. Hugh Matheson. ter, are worthy of all attention; and

Last Saturday this part of Bengal was the suggestions with which he convisited by a terrific storm, in consequence of cludes are earnestly commended to the which 250 persons have been killed, and 150 originators of this mission—the ladies wounded, besides 400 cattle destroyed, and of the Presbyterian Church of Eng. several large trees rooted out of the ground. land :The heavy and dangerous squall swept away part of my hut, and threatened further danger, fruit from this small corner of the

“ It is true, I do not expect much but the Lord said to the fierce wind, " Be Jewish field; but, take a wide survey still," and a few hours afterwards there was a perfect dead calm.

of the Jewish world, and point to tanI have not called on Mr. as yet, as

gible and permanent results at any he has sustained an irreparable loss in the place. I have not lately read of them premature death of an only son, who was my in any of the news of the Churches, fellow-passenger during part of the voyage. and in the Jewish periodicals I see It appears that on last Saturday he had gone little of that poverty of spirit which out to shoot some wild fowls in a native brings the soul near to the kingdom of boat, which was upset during the violent heaven. On the contrary, I see Do

191

thing but pride in their nation-pride Scriptures, which they cannot do ; at so great in Britain, where their Roths. least, the mass of the growing-up boys childs and Montefiores are so rich and are very ignorant, and for years there influential ; so great in France, where have been scarcely any schools for girls a Jew is Chancellor of the Exchequer, even of the more respectable parents, and has even set the iron-witted Em- whose sons are from necessity someperor todo sums in reduction ;' so what educated. From the advocacy great in America, where on either side of female education by Jewish jourleading statesmen and generals are nalism, I do not expect much result. Jews. The Jewish journals also In Corfu it is likely to be ' vox et preearnestly plead for the progress of terea nihil.' If such should be the both male and female education within mind of the Synod, I would try; I their own community and without might be able to do a little by local foreign interference, by means of effort. The Free Church ladies might Israelitish liberality. Some progress join with those of the English Presbyin these objects may be expected, and terian Church; and I see no reason here it is very desirable that the Jews, why some of the London societies both male and female, were able gener- might not be asked to supplement your ally to read the Hebrew and Italian resources.”

6

EDITORIAL The long account of the Synod contained in this number will be accepted by our readers as a substitute for other ecclesiastical intelligence. We congratulate the Church on the good spirit which characterised the discussions,

and on the prógress, in all departments, indicated by the reports. That from the Foreign Missions Committee appears this month, and the others will follow. One of the principal features of the recent Synod is derived from the extremely practical speech of Dr. Candlish, who proposed that the Free Church which he represented should be applied to for the loan of ministers of high standing and distinguished pulpit gifts, to aid in the extension of our Church in England. To this the Synod has replied by sending a strong deputation to Edinburgh, whose chief care will be to reduce the hint to its practical results. The Free Church will only act in accordance with the soundest policy as well as her Christian duty, in giving the Synod all the aid, both in men and money, which she can, that new stations and congregations may be established in the numerous fields now requiring the services of our Church. Ireland, too, will aid the movement. The plan pursued by the United Presbyterians, in London and in Bristol, offers to our Church, assisted in this way, the best example. We must no longer aim at multiplying weak charges, but by liberal encouragement try to make those we establish self-supporting and prosperous, almost from the first.

The cause of union with the United Presbyterians has not on this occasion apparently advanced. A feeling seems to prevail that the movement has met with little sympathy from the other side. The overtures so frankly made hy our Synod have certainly been discouraged by the cold reception they have met with among the English Presbyterians of the United Presbyterian Church. We have found the state of feeling by no means so favourable south of the Tweed as it is in Scotland, and the deputation, composed as it was of members from both quarters, bears out the distinction; Drs. Robson, Lindsay, and Thomson, from Edinburgh and Glasgow, giving no uncertain sound as to the importance of detaching their English brethren from their Scottish connection in order to their forming with us a strong English Church ; while, on the other hand, the Rev. Mr. Scott and his Elder, Mr. Stitt, from Manchester, spoke in terms indicating either a great unwillingness or the existence of insuperable difficulties. This may prove nothing more than that a longer delay must be submitted to than sanguine spirits had expected, and we trust nothing will discourage any among us from the use of all proper means for neutralizing every obstructing element which prejudice or mutual misunderstanding may have occasioned. Neither party can well afford the waste of strength which separation involves.

The extract which we have given from the Moderator's eloquent charge, and that from Dr. M'Crie's speech on the Bicentenary, will be read with interest.

We have to remind correspondents of the great importance of early intelligence, and especially to request our kind friends to whom our readers are indebted for regular accounts of Presbyterial proceedings, to give us as prompt and as full a detail of meetings as possible.

A SCOTTISH SABBATH. family choir is unbroken, and sends up its

full-voiced praise to heaven. The time has A Second distinguishing feature in the come for joining the companies that are Sabbath-keeping of Scotlund consists in the already crowding to the houses of prayer. fact, that we consider the entire Sabbath A brief interval, and a second frugal meal to be specially and equally consecrated to follows, and there is another ascent to the religion. The length of the sacred day we temple to worship God. Then comes the believe to be just the same as the length of happy Sabbath evening, in which the Chris. common days. We know nothing of the tian parents gather their children around distinction of "canonical hours," as if one them for religious instruction, and for recall. part of the day were in any degree more hal. ing and reviewing the lessons of the sanctuary. lowed than another; and all such distinctions Domestic affection has time to expatiate and we are accustomed to regard as a pernicious grow in that Sabbath atmosphere; the and presumptuous tampering with Divine Bible and other religious books are read; rule, a narrowing of our charter-not indeed psalms and hymns are joyfully sung. Mercy of inglorious idleness, but of holy rest.joins her work with that of piety; the sick But while we look upon every part of the and the sorrowful are visited and comforted; Sabbath as a dedicated thing, in the sense neglected children are taught in the Sabbath of our abstaining from all such secular em- school; unreclaimed masses ere evangelised ployments and recreations as would be law in the mission district. The family once ful on other days, its religious exercises are more re-assembles at the evening meal, and wisely and happily diversified; and in this the Sabbath is closed with family-worship, allotment of the Sabbath's holy work, very meditation, and secret devotion ; and as the much is left to the discretion of individuals members of the household pass away to and of churches. This statement, I believe, their pightly rest, it is felt that its hours may do something to remove one injurious have not been wearisome or unprofitable, and prevalent mistake regarding our Scottish but that they have in truth been all too manner of keeping the Lord's-day. Were short for the blessed work that was to be I to describe a well-spent Sabbath-day, such done in them. Of all the bold pictures in as is spent by thousands of men in Scotland which certain of our modern novelists have who are the salt of our land and the life indulged, there is none in which they have and glory of our churches—such as was allowed their imaginations a more wild and spent by the best of the English Puritans unwarranted licence than in the pictures two hundred years since, often leading them with which they have entertained their readers to confess, at the close of such a day, of a Sabbath in a Scottish family. These "Surely if this be not heaven, it must be pictures have been creations rather than the way to it”—I should paint it in some caricatures. And there have been travellers such manner as the following:—The good who have become writers of fiction when man rises from his slumbers to realise the they have touched on this subject, and who fact that it is God's day of sacred rest, and have quite equalled the novel-writers in the to open his mind to its devout associations. liberties they have taken with the simple There is an unwonted stillness in the streets, truth. One writer, presuming, we suppose

, and in the fields all around him, which that on the safe distance of his readers from the day only brings. The care of the body is scene which he describes, gravely informs not unheeded, and there is even a double them that in the city of Edinburgh all the attention to cleanliness and to taste in his window-blinds are kept carefully closed attire; secret devotion is more prolonged during the whole of the Sabbath, as if to than on other days, as it is more undisturbed, attemper the gloom of the house to the the family is in due time summoned around gloomy state of mind of its inmates, and the frugal meal, it being perhaps the only describes the little children as cowering day in the week' in which they all meet at under a vague sense of awe, and dreading the same board ; kind words and affectionate to indulge even an innocent smile. Men counsel s are interchanged; events in the who write thus may safely be affirmed never

mily history are alluded to, and made the to have spent a single Sabbath-day in a retheme of edifying reflection ; family-worship ligious family in Scotland.—Dr. A. Thome follows, and on this occasion the little son,

a

THE ACCOUNTS

OP THE

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN ENGLAND,

For the Year ending 31st December, 1861,

WITH THE TREASURERS' REPORTS.

By appointment of the Synod the Annual Collections for the Schemes take place as under :

Third Sabbath in February-Home Mission.
Third Sabbath in March-Synod Fund.
Third Sabbath in May-Foreign Missions.
Third Sabbath in August-School Fund.
Third Sabbath in November-College Fund,

Treasurers for the above Funds,—
ROBERT BARBOUR, Treasurer for Home Mission.
ARCHIBALD T. RITCHIE, Treasurer for College.
Hugh M. MATHESON, Treasurer for Foreign Missions,
GEORGE DUNCAN, Treasurer for Synod Fund.
JOAN JOHNSTONE, Treasurer for School Fund.

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R. H. Lundie, M.A.

John Clelland
BOLTON
BRADFORD
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William Hunter
CREWE

D. Blelloch DOUGLAS, I. of Man James Cleland LEEDS

Nason Brown
LIVERPOOL

Canding-street... J. R. Welsh, M.A....
Islington V. M. White, LL.D.
St. George's
St. Peters James Paterson
Trinity

Geo.Johnstore,M.A.
MANCHESTER-
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Ross
Grosvenor-square Alex. Munro, D.D.
St. Andrews J. C. Paterson
Salford

J. T. Davidson
Trinity

William McCaw PARK GATE

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Thomas Robinson... ROCKFERRY

D. Henderson
SHEFFIELD

James Breakey
SWINTON
WARRINGTON

Andrew Inglis
WAARTON...
WIGAN

David Blyth
MISCELLANEOUS...

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ALDERNEY
Walter Wright

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