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PRE FACE.

A ROMAN historian in a well-known passage rebuked an ancient people for ignorance of their own land and their own race. Strong as is the attachment of the Irish people to their country, they cannot be wholly acquitted of the same charge. It is only within the last half century that a real attempt has been made to subject early Irish literature to severe and systematic investigation; and German scholars at one period seemed likely to anticipate Irishmen in the study of the Celtic tongue. The rise of men like O'Donovan, O'Curry, Petrie, and others, fortunately averted this national discredit, and an impetus has now been given to Celtic research which, so to speak, secures the future of that department of Irish literature.

But it is not the ancient literature or the elder generations of Irish littérateurs that alone have been neglected by the Irish people. There are few Irishmen, I venture to think, who have any conception of the number of well-known literary names which belong to Ireland. Accustomed to read and hear of many writers as belonging to English literature, we are liable to forget their connection with Ireland; and thus many eminent authors pass for being English who were born on Irish soil.

Apart, however, from this consideration, the want has long been felt for a work in which the prose, the poetry, and the oratory of great Irishmen might be found in a collected and accessible form. Such a book is primarily necessary for the purpose of enabling the literary history of Ireland to be traced in a systematic manner; and not the literary history only, but also the historical and social development of the people. In Ireland, as in other countries; literature is the mirror wherein the movements of each epoch are reflected, and the study of literature is the study of the country and the people. Most Irishmen, moreover, have felt the desire for a work in which they could readily find access to the gems of literary effort which rest in their memory, and would be gladly seen again.

I have made ample confession of the neglect of Irish literature among Irishmen themselves, and with the greater freedom I can make complaint of the astonishing ignorance of Irish literature among Englishmen. It is no exaggeration to say that many London writers of comparatively small importance are better known than some Irish writers of genius.

So much for the ideas which led to this Work; I now pass on to the plan on which it has been prepared. As will be seen, a biographical sketch is first given of each author, and this is followed by selections from his works. The memoirs are not, as a rule, of great length, for the book is meant to be a cabinet of literature and not a biographical dictionary. In the selection of extracts the choice has been guided by a desire to present those specimens of an author which best

6

illustrate his style. Other considerations had also to be taken into account. It would be obviously absurd to give a passage which was not intelligible without full knowledge of all by which it was preceded or followed. As a consequence it was necessary to seek for an extract which stood out in something like relief, and which required no acquaintance with the context, or only such acquaintance as could be conveyed in a short preliminary note. This consideration has necessitated occasionally the selection of passages which were not, perhaps, the most brilliant in the author's works. Finally, it has been the constant aim to avoid the quotation of anything that had become hackneyed or that could wound the feelings or offend the taste of any class or creed.

As will be seen from the final memoir in the last volume I have had no large share in the preparation of the Work. Well nigh the whole of the first three volumes were prepared by the late Mr. Read, whose life-history Mr. Charles Gibbon has so touchingly told, and were carried through the press by Mrs. Read, who supplemented by various contributions what was necessary to their completion. I am responsible for the fourth volume only.

Finally, Mrs. Read unites with me in thanking the many authors and publishers who have so readily and courteously accorded permission to use extracts from the various works quoted.

T. P. O'CONNOR, M.A.

LONDON, April, 1880.

CONTENTS OF VOLUME IV.

PAGE

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CHARLES JAMES LEVER (1806–1872),....

1 AUBREY T. DE VERE (b. 1814),.

40

An Irish Legislator of the Olden Time (from Florence MacCarthy's Farewell to his Eng-

“Charles O'Malley"),

4

lish Love,

41

A Father and Son (from “Luttrell of Arran”), 9 The March to Kinsale,

41

Song - The Irish Dragoon,

12 The Intercession,

42

Mickey Free's Ancestry,

13 Dirge of Rory O'More, .

42

The "Man for Galway,'

13

O Woods !

43

The Widow Malone,

13

The Long Dying,

43

Bad Luck to this Marching,

14 Grattan,

43

The “Old Land,"

43

ARCHBISHOP M‘HALE (b. 1791),

14

The Little Black Rose,

An Irish Parliament and an Irish Famine

JOSEPH SHERIDAN LE FANU (1814–1873), 44

(from “Letters"),

15

A Narrow Escape from Murder,

45

Shemus O'Brien,

48

SIR JOSEPH NAPIER (b. 1804),..

17

Character of Burke,

18 MARMION W. SAVAGE (1823–1872),..

51

An Adventurous Couple (from “The Falcon

JAMES GODKIN (b. 1806),...

19 Family"), .

Ulster in Eighteenth Century (from "The

Land-war in Ireland”),

19

Thomas FRANCIS MEAGHER (1823–1867), ......... 54

Speech from the Dock,

55

ARCHBISHOP TRENCH (b. 1807),.

22 Nash and the Dragoons (from “Recollections

of Ireland and the Irish”),

56

The Poetry of Words (from "The Study of

Words"),

22 SIR SAMUEL FERGUSON (b. 1810),

58

The Evening Hymn,

24

The Forging of the Anchor,

58

Some Murmur,

24

Una Phelimy,

60

The Fairy Thorn,

61

JOHN PATRICK PRENDERGAST (b. 1807),.......... 24

Willy Gilliland,

62

The Clearing of Galway (from “The Crom. Pastheen Fion,

64

wellian Settlement"),

24

JAMES WHITESIDE (1806-1876),...

64

Hon. MRS. CAROLINE NORTON (1807–1877),...... 26 Speech on the Yelverton Case,

66

The Gipsy Girl in Prison (from "The Child Speech in Defence of Charles Gavan Duffy,. 68

of the Islands"), .

28

THOMAS D'ARCY M'GEE (1825–1868),........... 71

The Child of Earth,

29

The Blind Man to his Bride, .

The Celts,

72

30

Memories,

73

The Arab's Farewell to his Steed,

30

Am I Remembered?

73

John EDWARD WALSH (1816–1860),

My Irish Wife,

73

31

Death of the Homeward Bound,

74

A Tragic Case of Abduction (from “ Ireland

Home Thoughts, .

74

Ninety Years Ago"),

The Death of O'Carolan,

74

Mrs. S. C. HALL,

34 WILLIAM M'CULLAGH TORRENS (b. 1813),....... 75

An Irish Tragedy (from "Lights and Shadows Byron and Lady Caroline Lamb (from Bio-

of Irish Life"),

36 graphy of Lord Melbourne), .

75

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32

.

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PAGE

PAGE

LIDY Wilde ("Speranza”),........

79 Lovely Mary Donnelly,

139

To Ireland,

80 Abbey Asaroe,

139

The Year of Revolutions,

81 Across the Sea,

140

The Famine Year,

81

The Exodus,

82

MAYNE REID (b. 1819),

140

Related Souls,

83 The Wild West (from "The Scalp-hunters”), 141

Capture of an Indian Chief (do.), .

143

MEADOWS TAYLOR (1808–1876),.

84

How the Mutiny was Prepared (from “Seeta"), 84 Eva Mary Kelly,..

145
The People's Chief,

146

Thomas CAULFIELD IRWIN (b. 1823),...

90

Tipperary,.

146

Lucy's Attire,

90 Murmurs of Love,

147

Hymn to Eurydice, .

91

Hearth Song,

91 | ELLEN DOWNING,

145

L'Angelo,

92 Past and Present,

147

An Urn,

92 Talk by the Blackwater,

148

England,

92

Summer Wanderings,

93 CHARLES Joseph KICKHAM (b. 1830),...... 148

Sonnet,

93 The Schoolmaster's Story (from “Sally Ca-

vanagh"),

149

Richard Francis BURTON (b. 1821),............. 93 Patrick Sheehan,

153
Female Influence and Poetry among the The Irish Peasant Girl,

153

Arabs (from "Pilgrimages to Mecca," &c.), 94

DENIS FLORENCE Mac CARTHY (b. 1817),........ 154

JAMES RODERICK O'FLANAGAN (b. 1814).......... 97 The Pillar Towers of Ireland,

154
Harry Deane Grady (from “The Irish Bar"), 97 The Clan of Mac Caura,

155
The Seasons of the Heart,

156

William CONNOR MAGEE, D.D. (b. 1821),........ 99

Centenary Ode on Thomas Moore, .

157

Christianity and Scepticism, .

100

158
WILLIAM HOWARD RUSSELL (b. 1821)............ 104 MARTIN HAVERTY (b. 1809),
After the Fall of Sebastopol (from “Letters

The Elopement of Hugh O'Neill (from

from the Crimea"), .

105

“History of Ireland ''),

159

Sir CHARLES GAVAN DUFFY (b. 1810)............ 108 CHARLES GRAHAM HALPINE (1829–1868), 159

A Lay Sermon,

109 A Vesper Hymn,

160

The Irish Chiefs, .

. 110 Not a Star from the Flag,

160

Innishowen,

Irish Astronomy,

161

The Patriot's Bride,

112

Adieu,

161

.

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111

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119

Julia KAVANAGH (1824 -1877),.....

113 John FRANCIS O'DONNELL (1837–1874),

.... 162

The Sisters (from “Nathalie"),

113 Where? .

162

Tombs in the Church of Montorio, .

163

RICHARD DALTON WILLIAMS (1822–1862),... 117

Guesses,

163

Ben-Heder,

117

Adieu to Innisfail,

118 Isaac BUTT (1813–1879), ......

164

My Cousin,

Speech on Land Tenure,

165

Lecture on Bishop Berkeley's Theory, . 167

FRANCES POWER COBBE (b. 1822),

121

Chivalry of the Period (from “Re-echoes "), 121 William ALEXANDER, D.D. (b. 1824),.. 170

John Francis Waller (b. 1810),

Death of an Arctic Hero, .

171

123

Below and Above,

172

The Spinning-wheel Song,

123

A Plea for Irish Song,

124

MRS. ALEXANDER, ...

170

The Song of the Glass, .

124

The Burial of Moses,

172

Welcome as Flowers in May,

125

Kitty Neil,

125

Francis Davis (b. 1810)....

173

JOHN TYNDALL (b. 1820),.

126

Caste and Creed,

174

Scientific Limit of the Imagination,

126

My Kallagh Dhu Asthore,

175

Only a Fancy,

175

John CRAWFORD Wilson (b. 1825),...........

The Death of Lily,

· 130 Dion BoucicauLT (b. 1822),.

176

How Cæsar was Driven from Ireland, . 131 The Man of Fashion in the Country (from

“London Assurance"),

176

ANNIE KEARY (1825–1879), ........

132 Origin of “ The Shaughraun,"

179

A Scene in the Famine (from“Castle Daly"), 133

FRANCES BROWNE (b. 1816),..

182

William ALLINGHAM,

137 The Returning Janissary, .

. 182

Ballytullagh (from “ Laurence Bloomfield ”), 138 The Last Friends,

183

Going to the Fair (do.),

138 What hath Time taken?

184

PAGR

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SIR GARNET JOSEPH WOLSELEY (b. 1833),...... 184 ROBERT DWYER JOYCE (b. 1830),

237

Sack of the Summer Palace (from“ Narrative Naisi receives his Sword (from “Deirdrè "),. 237

of the War with China"),

185 The Exploits of Curoi (from “ Blanid"), 238

The City of Nankin (do.), .

. 186

The Blacksmith of Limerick,

239

With the Rebels at Nankin (do.),

187

WILLIAM JOHN FITZPATRICK (b. 1830), ........... 240

John KEEGAN CASEY (1816-1870),....

188

Anecdotes of Keogh, the Irish Mass lon (from

Song of Golden-headed Niamh,

188

“Irish Wits and Worthies "),

241

My Cailin Ruadh,

188

Finglas Churchyard (do.),

243

Donal Kenny,

189

EARL OF DUFFERIN (b. 1826),..

245

WILLIAM E. H. LECKY (b. 1838),

189

Dublin in the Eighteenth Century (from

An Icelandic Dinner (from "Letters from

246

“ History of England "),

High Latitudes "),

190

On Irishmen as Rulers,

248

Influence of the Elder Pitt (do.),

193

A Plea for Toleration,

250

Character of Marcus Aurelius (from “His-

tory of European Morals "),

196

JOHN CASHEL HOEY (b. 1828),

251

BARTHOLOMEW SimyonS (d. 1850),.

198 Origin of O'Connell,

251

198

Napoleon's Last Look, .

253

The Coast of Clare, .

The Flight to Cyprus,

199

MRS. CASHEL HOEY (b. 1830),..

253

EARL CAIRNS (6. 1819),.

201 A Terrible Interview (from “No Sign"),. 253

Speech-On the Oude Proclamation,

201

The Empress of India,

204 William GORMAN WILLS (b. 1828),....

258

The Queen and Cromwell (from “ Charles the

J. L. PORTER (b. 1823),

207

First”),.

259

Lydda (from “The Giant Cities of Bashan"), 207

The Druses (do.),

208 | WILLIAM ARTHUR (b. 1819),.

260

Eastern Politeness (from “Handbook for

Commercial Biography (from “The Suc-

Syria and Palestine"),

209

cessful Merchant"),

261

Position and Mind (do.),

262

ALFRED PERCEVAL GRAVES (b. 1846), ........ 211

Irish Spinning-wheel Song,

211

SiR WILLIAM THOMSON (b. 1824),.

264

Irish Lullaby,

212

The Origin of Life,

264

Father O'Flynn,

212

Love's Wishes,

212 JOHN TODHUNTER (b. 1839),

266

The Banks of the Daisies,

213

The Daughter of Hippocrates,

267

I Once Loved a Boy,

213

Song-Hither, O Love!

269

Irish Lamentation to the Ulster Goll, 213

Chorale-Where shall Freedom's banner, 269

269

THOMAS N. BURKE (b. 1830),...

213

Lost,

269

A Nation's History, .

214

Found,

The Curse of Ignorance,

215

Rosa MULHOLLAND,.

270

National Music,

216

The Pursuit of a Rebel (from “Hester's

William FRANCIS BUTLER (b. 1838),.

218 History"), .

270

A View of the Prairie (from The Wild

273

North Land "),

J. A. MacGAHAN (1845–1878),..

218

My Shipmates (from “The Great Lone

The Russian Officer (from “ Campaigning on

Land "),

the Oxus "),

273

219

First Sight of the Rocky Mountains (do.), 220

Miss CASEY (E. OWENS BLACKBURNE) (b. 1848), 277

An African Queen (from “ Akim-foo"),

221

A Forest Scene in Africa (do.), .

222

Biddy Brady's Banshee (from "A Bunch of

Shamrocks"),

. 277

TIMOTHY DANIEL SULLIVAN (b. 1827),

223

280

O'Neill in Rome,

John BOYLE O'REILLY,

The Little Wife, .

225

Chunder Ali's Wife,

280

225

Song from the Backwoods,

281

My Native Land,

To my Brother,

226

281

My Mother's Memory, .

Donal of Beara (from “Dunboy "),

281

226 Unspoken Words,

The Farmer's Son,

226

282

A Letter,

227 John PEYTLAND MAHAFFY (b. 1839),

You and I,

227

Thoughts on Nearing Greece (from “Rambles

and Studies in Greece"), .

282

ALEXANDER MARTIN SULLIVAN (b. 1930),........ 228

Marathon (do.),

283

"Forty Eight” (from "New Ireland "), . 228 The Acropolis of Athens and the Rock of

Cashel (do.),

284

PATRICK WESTON JOYCE (b. 1827),...

233

Fairies and the Names of Places,

233 Richard Dowling (b. 1846), .....

285

Connla of the Golden Hair (from “Old Celtic

The Deaf-Mute casts off his Son (from "The

Romances "), .

235 Mystery of Killard "),

286

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