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OF THE AMERICAN PUBLISHERS.
THIS work contains, in the form of a journal, a history of the Voyage of the Beagle, undertaken for scientific objects, and performed at the expense and under the direction of the British government. In his preface to the English edition, Mr. Darwin, the author, states that he accompanied the vessel at the request of her commander, Captain Fitz Roy, and with the special sanction of the Lords of the Admiralty. He published, after his return, a voluminous history of the expedition, setting forth in detail its scientific results. In this work he has given, besides a narrative of the voyage, a sketch of his observations in natural history and geology, presented in such a manner as to possess most interest and value for the general reader, referring those who look for scientific details to the larger publications. In its present form, it seems admirably adapted to the purpose of popular instruction and entertainment, and has therefore been included in the present series.
New-York, January, 1846.
H. & B.
OF THE FIRST VOLUME.
Porto Praya-Ribeira Grande-Atmospheric Dust with Infusoria -Habits of a Sea-slug and Cuttle-fish-St. Paul's Rocks, nonvolcanic-Singular Incrustations-Insects the first Colonists of Islands-Fernando Noronha-Bahia-Burnished Rocks-Habits of a Diodon-Pelagic Confervæ and Infusoria-Causes of discoloured Sea Page 1
Rio de Janeiro-Excursion North of Cape Frio-Great Evaporation-Slavery-Botofogo Bay-Terrestrial Planaria-Clouds on the Corcovado-Heavy Rain-Musical Frogs-Phosphorescent Insects-Elater, springing Powers of--Blue Haze-Noise made by a Butterfly-Entomology-Ants-Wasp killing a Spider-Parasitical Spider-Artifices of an Epeira-Gregarious Spider-Spider with an unsymmetrical Web
Monte Video-Maldonado-Excursion to R. Polanco-Lazo and Bolas-Partridges-Absence of Trees-Deer-Capybara,_or River Hog-Tucutuco-Molothrus, cuckoo-like habits-Tyrant Flycatcher-Mocking-bird-Carrion Hawks-Tubes formed by Lightning-House struck.
Rio Negro-Estancias attacked by the Indians-Salt LakesFlamingoes R. Negro to R. Colorado-Sacred Tree--Patagonian Hare-Indian Families-General Rosas-Proceed to Bahia Blanca-Sand Dunes-Negro Lieutenant-Bahia BlancaSaline Incrustations-Punta Alta-Zorillo
Bahia Blanca-Geology-Numerous gigantic extinct Quadrupeds -Recent Extinction-Longevity of Species-Large Animais
do not require a luxuriant Vegetation-Southern Africa-Siberian Fossils-Two Species of Ostrich-Habits of Oven-birdArmadilloes-Venomous Snake, Toad, Lizard-Hybernation of Animals-Habits of Sea-Pen-Indian Wars and MassacresArrow-head-Antiquarian Relic. Page 103
Set out for Buenos Ayres-Rio Sauce-Sierra Ventana-Third Posta-Driving Horses-Bolas-Partridges and Foxes-Features of the Country-Long-legged Plover-Teru-tero-Hailstorm-Natural Enclosures in the Sierra Tapalguen-Flesh of Puma-Meat Diet-Guardia del Monte-Effects of Cattle on the Vegetation-Cardoon-Buenos Ayres-Corral where Cattle are slaughtered . 135
Excursion to St. Fé-Thistle-Beds-Habits of the BizcachaLittle Owl-Saline Streams-Level Plains-Mastodon-St. Fé -Change in Landscape-Geology-Tooth of extinct HorseRelation of the Fossil and recent Quadrupeds of North and South America-Effects of a great Drought-Parana-Habits of the Jaguar-Scissor-beak-King-fisher, Parrot, and Scissortail-Revolution-Buenos Ayres-State of Government 156
Excursion to Colonia del Sacramiento-Value of an EstanciaCattle, how counted-Singular Breed of Oxen-Perforated Pebbles-Shepherd Dogs-Horses broken-in, Gauchos ridingCharacter of Inhabitants-Rio Plata-Flocks of ButterfliesAëronaut Spiders-Phosphorescence of the Sea-Port Desire -Guanaco-Port St. Julian-Geology of Patagonia-Fossil gigantic Animal-Types of Organization constant-Change in the Zoology of America-Causes of Extinction 181
Santa Cruz--Expedition up the River-Indians-Immense Streams of Basaltic Lava-Fragments not transported by the River-Excavation of the Valley-Condor, habits of-Cordillera-Erratic Boulders of great size-Indian Relics-Return to the Ship— Falkland Islands-Wild Horses, Cattle, Rabbits-Wolf-like Fox -Fire made of Bones-Manner of hunting wild Cattle-Geology-Streams of Stones-Scenes of Violence-Penguin-Geese -Eggs of Doris--Compound Animals