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Mountains, passing on in a straight line to Natal, and then veering off over the Pondo Mountains, right down to the Port of St. John, which is its Port outlet, with the full understanding that all this territory is but to be the reserve of the Basuto's, Griquas, Pondo Griquas, and Fingoe lands, there will be hope for that part of South Africa, but if the Imperial Government once rules otherwise-due to the influence of traders, missionaries, and others-England may look out for future trouble and expense. These territories must be purely for the use and benefit of the natives, with full opportunities for selling their produce and buying their supplies; nothing beyond this. If left to themselves, the Basutos will grow enough corn that would supply the whole of the Cape. It is the natural granary of that part of South Africa, and thus save an outgo for flour for the Colony of about £400,000 and more. The Transkei can supply any quantity of wool, beef, skins, and Indian corn, and thus can at all times prove most beneficial to the Colonists.

The Cape Blue Book would show the enormous trade that was done by these people with the English trader until the madman Sprigg destroyed the then, and after, possibility for its development. To him and his mercenaries the Colony owes a debt of £3,000,000, and the loss of the finest land, and the love and aid of the very best race of natives it was the lot of the Colonists to have as fellow subjects. Truly, some men are but as curses to a country; and of such may be said of Sprigg, one cannot but hope that the fate of these people are at last in the hands of an enlightened, progressive, and humane Government, freed from the control of party politics and missionaries, and governed by some well-defined plan. It has been said there is hope for any people when its statesmen do not think it is their business to interfere in every matter and small detail. However much my readers may differ, I am bold to say that, not only in South Africa, but all over the globe, there is too much governing. The people only want to be left alone and they will soon learn what is their best interest; and as time goes on it will be seen that an equitable, peaceful exchange of goods are advantageous to the interest of all. The Cape Kaffirs of the past were more o

warriors, while at the present day they are more of herdsmen. In the course of the years past they have learnt to appreciate the power of the white man, with all his scientific works and food supplies. The inhabitants will yet feel, sooner or later, that it is better to belong to the great power upon which the sun never sets. England is the only power that can enforce the rights and duties of humanity as befits a great power, backed up, if needed, by the thunder of her fleets, from Pole to Pole.

CHAPTER VII.

AFTER partaking of a good meal, we once more took our seats in a Cobb's coach, and with a hurrah, we leave Aliwal for St. James Town journey. It was my good fortune to have for my vis-a-vis in the coach, a real genuine woman, and a good mother; a mother indeed in the Colony, and if it was true in the days of the first Napoleon that mothers were wanted, is it less true they are wanted in all countries in these days. Sixteen children was the number she had presented to the Colony, and with such good conditions, she was still well and healthy. The words of the Poet Russell came to my memory, "They who had most children had riches to boast." Ill health, due to ignorance, is the common heritage of most white women in South Africa. "The first wealth is health,''so writes Emerson, and in this terse little sentence is concentrated the ethics and economy of sanitary science. Some years ago, Gail Hamilton vigorously declared, "that a woman of twenty should be as much ashamed of being dyspeptic, as of being drunk," and not less radical was the address of Dr. Hunt, of New Jersey, at the Social Science Congress, who relegated physical disease to a similar place, that would be assigned to defective morals. It is undoubtedly true that a large proportion of people do not even know what health is, in its true sense. Good health is a positive condition, not merely the negatative one of being free from actual pain or disease. Good health is the inevitable result of good conditions, and as it is the first wealth, and the first requisite of success in every undertaking, these conditions. deserve careful study and all our consideration. This healthy woman had for latter-day joys twelve children grown to

maturity. Her sons filling responsible positions in life; some of her daughters married, giving joy to their husbands. in all fulness of home comfort, that was truly to be envied. I felt as I conversed with her, her children could indeed call her blessed, and if it is true that a good wife is a gift from the Lord, then, indeed, the man who called her wife, must have felt her price was beyond the value of Rubies.

Happy he must pass his Life,
Who is directed by a good wife,
Adam could find no solid place
Until he saw a woman's face;
In the female race appear
Truth, darlings of a heart sincere.
Confusion take the men, I say,

Who no regard to woman pay.

This mother was the daughter of an old Native Land Commissioner of the past, and having spent much of that period under the British Government, she could speak with authority. Her vicissitudes in life under her father's roof, and in her own home, and her removals through frontier disturbances had been many. At one time she and her husband possessed about £30,000; but in later years, owing to losses in cattle and Government Frauds, they grew poor, but had still enough to live comfortably on during the rest of their days, in the midst of their happy children and children's children in the Colony and in the Free State. Moreover, she could, if so inclined, go to the Transvaal, although she had no special desire to visit the latter often, from the fact that, through the blundering of a Gladstone, she had lost one son in the late war, and the sight of his grave made her feel a bitterness against the modern English Government for its folly and general incapacity. Her early recollections of her father's home made her, from contrast, bitterly condemn the modern Rulers of Downing Street, and the present occupiers of the country; and she was fully persuaded that the Colony was better off, and freer, when the leading statesman in the present responsible Parliament, so called, had no power over it. She was delighted at the prospect of the Basuto Lands, and the Transkei, and the adjacent territories being once

more placed under the protecting arm of the Imperial Government. She was fully persuaded, from her long experiences, that the black man desired to be under the Queen's Government. The natives had no love for the petty chiefs that so continually informed them that they had control over their destinies, and who were so often changing their views of things, and altering their boundaries and general conditions, giving them constant fear and change, to their loss and annoyance. At present the Transkei is a loss to the colony of £450,000 a year; and if Europeans are located upon Reserves, a million pounds a year will not pay the cost of Colonial Government in so-called times of peace, while war will always be looming within measurable distance. The plan that is adopted in Canada should be adopted by the Imperial Government in South Africa, and wherever there are native tribes to control or assist and arrange for. There should be Districts and Reserves entirely in the hands of the natives, into which no white man ought to trespass, and out of which no native, without a full pass from the Border Magistrate, should be allowed. All trading should be done at certain times, and only in the boundaries of their line. The huts and habitations should all be a certain number of miles from the boundary. Those who without a pass crossed the boundary should be looked upon as the enemies of the white man, to be shot or otherwise punished according to law. Missionaries, the fermenters of rebellion and self-covetous men, should, under no condition, be allowed in the native locations. For fuller details respecting the Missionaries and their aims, I refer my readers to some of my later chapters.

The Colonial Government have sold lands in Tembuland, and elsewhere over the Kei, which, in equity and fairness, the Colony had no more right to sell them than an American Colony would have. Not satisfied with this, a township of Umtata has been sold, though Umtata is not Colonial territory. Nor is this all. Round each Magistracy, which, in itself, is an intrusion, and would not be wanted but for the rapacity of the white land-occupiers, and in some cases land thieves, a reserve is made, clearing the natives off and pre

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