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lation in, 585; comparative popula-
tion of the States, 587.
Anatomy, as applied to the Fine Arts,
202; the sources of expression,
203, 205; of the eye, 206; of the
beard and hair, 207; of the lips,
208; necessity of pain, 209; ana-
tomical studies of Michael Angelo,
210; displayed in the Dying Gla-
diator, 212.
Anglo-Catholicism, the principles of,
137; assumptions of its advocates,
144; Archdeacon Manning's work
on the church, 153, 156; views of
the Reformation, 155; works by Dr.
Hawkins and Rev. W. Palmer on the
apostolical succession, 157.
Anthems and services, by English
composers, number of, 103.
Antilles, climate of the, 568.
Arkansas, population of, 588.
Arnott (Dr.), his new-invented air-
pump, 593.

Art, value of science to, 202, 210,
213; its relation to the drama,

Athens, ancient coinage of, 7.
Atmospheric railway, first suggestion

of an, 305; Mr. Medhurst's plans,
307; Messrs. Vallance and Pinkus'
patents, 308; Mr. Clegg's patent,
309; description of Mr. Clegg's,
310; stopping of trains, 311; M.
Teisserenc's report on the, 304,
312; first trials of, 312; Sir F.
Smith's and Prof. Barlow's report
on the, 314; the vacuum required,
315; on costs of construction, 316;
its advantages in steep inclines, 317;
Mr. Bergin's remarks on, 318; de-
tails of the relative expenses of work-
ing, 319-324; its speed does not
affect cost, 320; M. Mallet on the
economy of working the, 322; on
the maintenance of way, ib.; its
safety, 323-327; means of stopping
a train, 328; its merits as com pared
with the locomotive system, 329-
334; velocity of travelling by, 329;
cost of the Dalkey line, 333; M.
Teisserenc's estimate of its me rits,
334; M. Mallet's first report on the
Dalkey railway, 335; details of ex-
periments, 336-338; M. Mallet's

second report, 339; Sir R. Peel's
remarks, 342; its advantages, 343.
Auckland (Lord), his government of
India, 662.

Austria, paper issues of, 24; metallic
currency of, in 1815, 28; national
bank of, 46; lines of railroad in,
344; her subjugation of Bohemia,


Bank of England, issues of the, 24;
original charter of the, 28; first
issues of bank-notes, ib.; bank
issues unequal to the demands of
trade, 31; engagements of the, 33;
credit of country banks, 38; duties
of a national bank, 39; national
credit represented by banks, 40; on
colonial banks, 42; its advances on
exchequer bills, 44; bank restric-
tion act, 45; national bank of
France, ib.; national bank of Au-
stria, 46; privileges of the Bank of
England, 48; banking transactions
in the East Indies, 349.
Bankers of London, amounts passed
through their houses in 1840, 29.
Baring (Mr.), his remarks on Row-

land Hill's services, 195.
Barlow (Prof.), his report on the at-
mospheric railway, 314.
Bavaria, railroads in, 346.
Beard, expression imparted by the,


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safety of an atmospheric railway,
318, 326.

Bills, mercantile transactions assisted
by, 36, 37.

Blanc (Louis), his 'Histoire de Dix
Ans,' 117; his attacks on Louis
Philippe, 124; his hatred of En-
gland, 131; contributions of Polignac
to his work, 135.

Blow (Dr.), number and fate of his

compositions, 103.

Bohemia, its history and literature,
445; subjugated by Austria, 446;
cultivation of Slavonic literature in,

Books for children, 69; their charac-

ter in different periods, 70, 71;
illustrated, 76; school-books, 79;
fairy-tales, 79, 81.

Bordeaux, steam-vessels in the port
of, 546.

Borough, origin of the word, 278.
Boyce (Dr.), his collections of cathe-

dral music, 103; his anthems, 105.
Boyer, his presidency in Hayti, 598.
Brazil, mines of, 23; number of slaves
in, 585.

Brissot, his rupture with Robespierre,

616; his speeches in the Jacobins'
Club, 621; reply of Robespierre to,

Broglie (Duc de), his report on
slavery in the French colonies, 559,
Brougham (Lord) on the character

and eloquence of Robespierre, 607,


Buenos Ayres, production of the mines
of, 22.

Bürger, his ballad of 'Lenore,' 236.
Burleigh (Lord), his letter respecting
the cathedral choirs, 97.


Cæsar, compared with Sulla, 416.
Candahar, British armies in, 649.
Canterbury, statement by the minor
canons of, 111.

Carlyle (Mr.), his character of Robes-
pierre, 607.

Cartwright (Dr.), on the cathedral
service in Elizabeth's reign, 93.

Catechisms, instruction by, 73.
Cathedrals, state and prospects of the
service in, 85; 'Apology for the
Cathedral Service,' 86; Mr. Jebb's
remarks on, 87; Choral Service
of the Anglo-Catholic Church,'
by a Temple Bencher, 88; consti-
tution and statutes of, ib. ; statutes
of Gloucester and Rochester, 89;
office of precentor, 90; endow-
ments for the offices of the choir,
91; statutes of Durham, ib.; pro-
vision for the education of choris-
ters, 92; Injunctions' of Edward
VI., ib.; attacked by the Puritans,
93; Queen Elizabeth's support of,
94; Tallis and his contemporary
composers, 96; early attack on
choir property, 97; MS. in the
British Museum on the cathedral
choirs, 98; church composers in
the time of the Stuarts, 101; Pur-
cell, 102; appointment of com-
poser to the king, ib.; Blow's com-
positions, 103; the cathedral libra-
ries, 104; decline of cathedral music,
ib.; Dr. Croft's works, 105; reve-
nues of the choirs, 107; capitular
violation of the statutes, 108; mi-
nor-canons and lay-clerks, 109;
salaries of the choir, 110; Mr.
Jebb's remarks on the choirs, 111;
Norwich cathedral, 112; Tallis' ser-
vice, 113; the service in Westmin-
ster Abbey and St. Paul's, 114, 116.
Catholic (Roman) church, compared
with the church of England, 146;
doctrine of infallible authority of the,

Caubool, disasters at, 647; General
Pollock's successes at, 650.
Cayenne, slave population of, 585.
Charles I., state of church music in
his reign, 99.

Charles II., state of the cathedral
choirs under, 100; the drama in his
reign, 509.

Child (Dr.), anecdote of, 99.
Children, books proper for, 69; educa-

tion of the reason and imagination
in, 72, 74; on forming the taste
of, 75; illustrated books for, 76;
school-books for, 79; value of ima-
gination to, 81.

Chili, gold and silver mines of, 22.
China, T. Manning's visit to, 229.
Choirs, cathedral, members of the, 89,
91; Queen Elizabeth's injunction
for the support of, 95; their original
state and maintenance, 97; early
attack on the property of, ib.; their
state under the Stuarts, 99; reve-
nues and endowments of the, 107;
their spoliation, 108; station of the
members of, 111.
Christianity, early corruptions of, 143;
scriptural and church authority,
145; the moral obligations of, 158;
the spirit of scriptural, 165; in
Gaul, in the sixth century, 289.
Church (the), authority of, 137;
Dr. Hampden's remarks on, 140;
on the catholicity of, 141; early
doctrines in, 143; question of the
true church, 145; Dr. Hampden
on church authority, ib; differ-
ences between those of Rome and
England, 146; modified views of
church authority, 147; grounds of
Protestantism, 148; on the unity
of the, 153; the Catholic church,
154; apostolic succession, 156; Dr.
Hawkins' work, 157; doctrine of
infallible authority in, 161; foun-
dation of Protestantism, 162; its
influence on Gaul in the sixth cen-
tury, 289; on the authority of the,
421; in the time of Henry VIII.
and Edward VI., 424, 425; under
Elizabeth, 427, 432; its spirit at
the present day, 433.

Clavigero (the Abbé) on the origin of
the Mexicans, 53.

Clegg (Mr.), his patent for the atmo-

spheric railway, 309.

Climate, its effects, in different coun-
tries, 569.

Clodowig, his death, 283.

Clover, first introduced into England,

Coal, price of, in France, 548.
Coffee, imports, exports and prices of,


Coins, origin of, 3; ancient Greek
and Persian money, 5, 6; Roman,
8; assay of denarii, 9; early French
coins, 10; Tower and Troy weight,
11; depreciation of English gold

coin in different reigns, 12; depre-
ciation of French coins, 14; use of
gold and silver for trade, 16; weight
and value of the different European
coins, 18; uncertain state of the
currency of England, 20; relative
value of coin and credit, 36, 37.
Colonies, their value to England, 20;
resources of our, 32; banks required
in the, 42; slave, 559-605; co-
lonial laws, 597; obstacles to the
prosperity of English, 599-603.-
(See also SLAVE-TRADE.)

Columbia, slave population of, 585.
Columella, on economy of husbandry,

Comedy, in the time of Charles II.,
509; characteristics of writers of,


Commerce, great houses of, in the

fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, 22;
high prices injurious to, 39; in-
crease of, 41.

Copan, ruins of, 57, 58.
Corn, prices from 1773 to 1792, 468;

prices during the war, 469; effect
of restrictive laws on the price of,


Corn-laws, of 1773 and 1791, their
effect, 468; inefficiency of the law
of 1815, 470; their effects on far-
mers with small capital, 478.
Cotton, imports, exports and prices of,


Credit, true nature of, 29, 33; repre-
sented by currency, 36; in France
and England, 37; on the legislative
regulation of, 39; national credit
dependent on the trader, 40; natural
adjustment of, 48.

Croft (Dr.), his genius and composi-
tions, 105.

Cromwell, his protection of church
music, 100.

Cuba, present state of the slave-trade
at, 584.

Currency, depreciation of a metallic,
9; English gold coin depreciated in
various reigns, 12; table of depre-
ciation of French coins, 14; value
of gold for trade, 16; weight and
value of European coins, 18; its
fluctuating value in England, 20;
paper-issues in Europe, 24; metal-

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Dean, extract from his oath, 89; spo-
liation of cathedral choirs by deans
and chapters, 108.

Denarius, value of the, 8; compara-
tive assays of, 9.

Denis (M.), table of depreciation of
French coins by, 14.

Denmark, her slave colonies, 585.
Dockwra (Mr.), founder of a penny-
post, 196.

Drainage, benefits to the land from,

481; improvements in tile-draining,

Drama (the), of Italy compared with
Shakspeare, 370; Schiller's Don
Carlos,' 373; analysis of Alfieri's
'Filippo,' 374-379; Eschylus and
Alfieri compared, 380-385; poetry
of, 502; acted and unacted, 503;
its alleged decline, 504; of Greece
and Spain, 506; influences of society
upon, 509; writers of comedy, 511;
as related to art, 513; the comedy
of Money,' 514; Old Maids,'
515; the old and modern drama-
tists compared, 519; Talfourd's
'Ion,' 520; Glencoe,' 523; Grif-
fin's 'Gisippus,' 527; the historical
drama, 530; Shakspeare's histori-
cal plays, 534; Sterling's Straf-
ford,' 536, 541.

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Elizabeth (Queen), profits of trade in
the reign of, 15; state of the church
under, 93; her support of cathe-
dral worship, 94; her warrant for
impressing singing-boys ib.; extract
from her Injunctions,' 95; her
views of the Reformation, 419; state
of England under, 427; her civil
and ecclesiastical government, 429-
432; state of farming in her reign,
461; sketch of society under, 507.
Ellenborough (Lord), his government
of India, 646; his notification of
October 1842, 650; his proclama-
tion respecting the gates of Som-
nauth, 652; his preference of the
military to the civil service, 654;
letter from Lord Wellesley to, 658;
character of his government, 660;
his condemnation of Lord Auck-
land's government, 662; review of
his career, 665; his recall, 666.
England, currency question of, 19;
her colonies, 20; metallic and paper
issues of, 24; gold and silver issues
in 1815, 28; state of credit in, 37;
popular feeling towards France, 133;
French post-office treaty with, 192;
the English and Italian drama com-
pared, 371, 380; present state of,
391; compared with France and
Rome, 392; number of steamers
in, 545; her advantages for steam
navigation, 548; navy of, 551; her
colonial laws, 597; her commerce
with Holland, 602.
Exchequer-bills, advances by the Bank
on, 44.

Expression, in art, the study of, 202;
its relation to passion, 205; of the
eye, beard and hair, 206, 207; in
the lips, 208.

Eye, anatomy and expression of the,



Fairy-tales, appropriate to childhood,

Faith, on the exercise of reason in

matters of, 159, 160.
Farming, in Elizabeth's reign, 461;
Fleta's account of, 463; ancient
tenures of land, 464; inclosures of
waste lands, 467; prosperity of far-
mers from 1795 to 1813, 468;
heavy lands, 472; of light soils,
473; reports of the committee on
agriculture (1836), 474; want of
capital to tenant farmers, 477;
benefits of drainage, 481; subsoil
ploughing, 482; clayed lands, 485;
farming in Hertfordshire, 487; of
down-lands, 489.

Ferozepore, army of reserve assembled
at, 652.

Feudalism, on the causes of its decline,

'Filippo,' remarks on Alfieri's play of,
374, 379.

Fine Arts (the), on the anatomy of ex-
pression in, 199; connection of art
and science, 202, 210, 213; sources
of emotion, 203; on expression and
passion, 205; anatomy of the eye,
206; notes on Michael Angelo's
works, 210-212; the Dying Gla-
diator, 212.

Flax, imports and exports of, 25.
Fleta, his account of ancient farming,

France, early coins of, 10; deprecia-

tion of coins in, 14; issues of the
bank of, 24; her silver currency, 26;
her gold and silver currency in 1815,
28; state of credit in, 37; national
bank of, 45; revolution of 1830 in,
118; administration of, 119; ac-
cession of the Orleans dynasty, 122;
character of Louis Philippe, 123;
the present government of, 124;
disturbances at Lyons and Paris,

(1831-32), 126; correspondence of
Louis Philippe and Nicholas, 128;
on an alliance of Russia with,
132; popular feeling in England
toward, 133; her prospects under
the Orleans dynasty, 134; post-of-
fice arrangements of, 192; account
of the National Assembly (1790),
233; early history of, 272; its state
before the Revolution, 274; feuda-
lism in, 279; early municipal insti-
tutions of, 281; in the sixth cen-
tury, 282; compared with England
and ancient Rome, 292; her navy,
542; on a steam-navy for, 544;
number of French steamers, 546;
deficiency of communication in,
547; price of coal and iron in, 548;
works on the French slave colonies,
559, 604; state of the negroes in
the French islands, 570-582; co-
lonial law of, 572; census of the
slave population in the French co-
lonies, 582, 585; Robespierre and
the Constituent Assembly, 608 et
seq.; publication of Robespierre's
papers by the government, 615;
Brissot and the Girondists, 616;
Robespierre's speeches in the Na-
tional Convention, 624; the Reign
of Terror, 633; festival de l'Etre
Suprême, 635.

Franks, origin of the name, 279.
Frédégonde, history of, 284.


Garat (M.), his interview with Robes-
pierre, 631.

Gaul, early history of, 277; its state

in the sixth century, 282; partition
of, 283; Hilperic and Frédégonde,
284; Sighibert, ib. ; early influence
of the church on, 289.
Germany, writers of, in the last cen-
tury, 216; translators of German
poetry, 236; early history of, 277;
railways finished or projected in,
344-346; metallic currency of the
states of, 46; recent literature of,
355; censorship of the press in,

Gibbon, remarks on his history, 243.

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