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OF THE CHARACTERS USED IN THE EXERCISES IN READING AND DECLAMATION.
(1) A vertical bar, employed to divide each paragraph into sections of a convenient length for concert reading. [See the PRE
(1) A separation mark. It signifies that the words between which it is placed, should not coalesce.
() A rest. Where this character is employed there should be a slight suspension of the voice.
(-) A hold. The vowels over which this character is placed, should have an unusual prolongation.
(^) A pause, called also a suspending pause. When placed over a rest, it signifies that this rest should have two or three times its usual length. It is called a suspending pause, because it keeps the mind of the hearer in suspense. [See an example on page 221, seventh line from the bottom.]
("") Acute and grave accents. They are employed to represent the rising and falling inflections, and also the emphasis melodies. [See page 48 and 54.]
[See p. 48.] [See p. 48.]
(^) Acuto-grave accent, or acuto-grave circumflex. () Gravo-acute accent, or gravo-acute circumflex. (ir) Irony. The passage to which these letters are prefixed, is ironical.
(rp) Reproach. When these letters are prefixed to a passage, it contains the language of reproach.
(wh) Whisper. The passage to which these letters are prefixed, should be whispered.
(1, 2, 3. 4) These numbers represent the degrees of modulation. [See p. 57.]
The italic letters represent sounds which are liable to be omitted, or imperfectly articulated. When all the letters in a word are italic, the word is emphatic. The emphatic words, however, are seldom, in this work, marked by italic letters.
In designating the pronunciation of words, in the foot-notes, I have used the letters which, on page 19, and 20, represent the ele ments of the English language. No superfluous letters are employed, as is done by lexicographers. The pronunciation of each word is determined by the letters which represent the sounds of which it is composed, and by the situation of the accent.
EXERCISES IN READING AND DECLA.
SPEECH OF SATAN TO HIS LEGIONS.
He scarce had ceas'd, when the superior fiend |
Ser-kům'fe-rêns. b Gallileo. He was born at Florence, the capital of Tuscany, in Italy. e Valdarno, Valle di Arno (Italian), the vale of the Arno, a delightful valley in Tuscany. Moun'tinz. • Am'i-ral (French), admiral. f A'zûr. Nåth'lès.
Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the brooks
While with perfidious hatred they pursu'd
"Princes, potentates, I
Warriors, the flow'r of heav'n, once yours, now lost,
Eternal spirits: | ir or have ye chosen this place, |
Your wearied vîrtue, | for the ease you find
A-tům'nål. Vallombrosa (válle, a vale; ombróso, shady), a shady valley in the Apennines, fifteen miles east of Florence. Orl'on, a constellation, in the southern hemisphere. d Busi'ris, Pharaoh. • Memphian, from Memphis, ancient capital of Egypt. Shiv'al-re. Pèr-fid'tus. Só'džurn-ůrź. 'A-máż'mènt. 'Hid'é-ůs. ▸ War'yůrż. 1 As-tôn'ish-ment. E-tèr'nål. " Be-holdź, not burholds. Diz-zèrn'.
OSSIAN'S ADDRESS TO THE SUN.
O thou that rollest above, round as the shield of my fathers! Whence are thy beams', O sun', thy everlasting light. Thou comest forth in thy awful beauty; | the stars hide themseves in the sky; the moon, cold, and pale', sinks in the western wave. But thou thyself movest alone, who can be a companion of thy course? |
The oaks of the mountains fall; the mountains themselves', decay with years.; the ocean shrinks, and grows again; the moon herself is lost in heavn;| but thou art for ever the same, I rejoicing in the brightness of thy course..]
When the world is dark with tempests', when thunder rolls, and lightning flies', thou lookest in thy beauty from the clouds', 'and laugh'est at the storm. I "But, to Ossian, thou lookest in vain; for he beholds thy beams no more, whether thy yellow hairs | flow on the eastern clouds', or thou tremblest at the gates of the west.
But thou art perhaps like me' for a season: thy years will have an end. Thou shalt sleep in the clouds', careless of the voice of the morning. 'Exult, then, O sun, in the strength of thy youth !'Age, is dark, and unlovely: it is like the glimmering light of the moon, when it shines through broken clouds'; | and the mist is on the hills, the blast of the north is on the plain', the traveller shrinks in the midst of his journey. I
TELL'S ADDRESS TO THE MOUNTAINS.
Ye crags, and peaks', I'm with you once again;f! I hold to you the hands you first beheld, |
Moon herself, not moo'-ner-self. • He, beholds thy beams; not He'be holds thy beams. Ossian was blind. • Crags and peaks; not cragz'n peaks, nor crags Ann Peaks. 'Agèn'.