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changed even for the most perfect and honourable foreign administration. I find this to be the opinion of many of our best friends ainongst the middle and upper classes; men who wish to develop the true manhood of the people, and not to simply train them to political or social docility. The laws and principles of Odd Fellowship igno: no man's right to advise and assis!; but they very wisely confine its honours and authority to those who have earned it by actual labour amongst themselves. It any gentleman feels disposed to give “independent practical advice and assistance," the road is perfectly open; nay, he is actually invited to enter. Let him do as I and scores of others have done-become a subscribing member, and doubtless his superior talent and command of leisure will speedily be appreciated. Odd Fellowship : is essentially a self-dependent provident institution, and self dependence cannot hang pendant from external patronage, however distinguished.
I am, yours respectfully,
CHARLES HARDWICK, P.G.M. P.S.—I know several clergymen and professional gentlemen who have done, or are now doing, the routine of lodge duty. I think, Mr Editor, you informed me a short time ago that you had harnessed yourself to the car of practical Odd Fellowship, and had become secretary to your lodge. This is the true
EXTENSION OF BENEFITS. Brother Jobn Bannister, of the Loyal Patience Lodge, Chorley -in a letter for which we regret we can find no room-suggests that, instead of members of our Order joining other Friendly Societies, they might be allowed to pay double subscriptions and obtain double benefits. This is a question that might be properly submitted to the delegates at the next A.M.C.-Ed.
BROTHER J. T. SMITH, MAYOR OF MELBOURNE. On the occasion of the visit of this gentleman to England, the G.M. and Board of Directors, having heard that he took great interest in the working of the Order in Victoria, Australia, determined to invite him to a dinner at head quarters. The invitation was forwarded accordingly, and the following correspondence ensued :
London, Morley's Hotel, Dear Sir and Brother,
November 9th, 1858. I have to acknowledge your very kind note inviting me to visit Manchester and dine with the Board of Directors. I regret much, as I leave London on Thursday next on my return to Melbourne, that I am precluded from enjoying your hospitality. Be kind enough to convey to the Board the assurance of my sincere gratification at the proffered hospitality.
Believe me very fraternally yours,
J. T. SMITH, M.L.A.,
Mayor of Melbourne. On receiving the above, Messrs. Aitken, Daynes, and Hardwick were appointed to prepare an address of congratulation on Brother Smith's visit to this country. The following address, engrossed, was afterwards laid before the Board, and having been signed by the officers of the Order, was forwarded to London :
"TO J. T. Smith, Esq., M.L.A., and Mayor of Melbourne. “Honoured Sir, and Brother,
“We, the officers of the Manchester Unity Independent Order of Odd-Fellows and Board of Directors, beg to congratulate you on your visit to the mother country.
“We are exceedingly happy to know that you take an active part in all that concerns the well-being of our Order, and hope you may long be
to support the benevolent principles of our constitution, laws, and lectures of our extensive Society.
“ Be pleased to convey to our Brethren at the antipodes how pleased we are to know that, although so far from us, they so cheerfully earry out everything that can tend to the consolidation and extension of the Independent Order.
“In bidding our shores farewell—it may be for ever,-we hope you may arrive safely at your distant home; and, in your future journey through life, that you and yours may enjoy all the happiness this world can afford.
“We remain, yours fraternally, on behalf of the M.U., WILLIAM ALEXANDER, G.M. JOHN SCHOFIELD, P.G.M. WILLIAM HIKTON, D.G.M. Rev. Thomas PRICE, P. Prov. G.M. CHARLES HARDWICK, P.G.M. BENJAMIN STREET, P.G.M. SAMUEL DAYNES, P.G.M.
WILLIAM AITKEN, P. Prov. G.M. HENRY Brck, Prov. C.S.
Join GALE, P. Prov. G.M. JAMES Roe, P.G.M.
Josepi WOODCOCK, P. Prov. G.M. HENRY RATCLIFFE, Corresponding Secretary. “Manchester, November 10th, 1858."
LIVERPOOL NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCE.- At the meeting of this important association, held in October last at the St. George's Hall, Liverpool, Mr. Charles Hardwick, P.G.M., by invitation from the central committee, read a paper upon
"Friendly or Benefit Societies, their errors, and the means of improvement." Mr. Hardwick's sentiments on this subject are well known to the readers of our Magazine. He entered at length into the discussion of the principal points at issue between the patrons of "office clubs" versus the selfgoverned bodies, and contended that the true duty of the upper classes was to aid by their countenance, and by the diffusion of sound information on the subject of finance in a popular form, the efforts of the provident and industrious portion of the coinmunity, but to leave management and the practical details in the hands of the members themselves. The paper, which was well received and listened to with marked attention, was read in the section devoted to subjects having relation to “Social Economy," Sir James Stephen occupying the chair.
STATISTICS OF THE NORTH LONDON DISTRICT.
December 14, 1838. To the Editor of the Old-Fellows' Magazine. Sir,– Will you please to find a corner, in the next issue of the Magazine, for the annexed return. By so doing, you will perhaps assist in disabusing the minds of our members of the slander too carelessly thrown on Benefit Societies by the Times of yesterday. I am aware that it is not always easy to answer the sophistical arguments which appear in that paper; but all men possessing an average of common sense will admit that a plain statement of facts like those accompanying this note, are worth all the ifs and supposes which the scribblers to the Times have caused to be inserted therein. I am, Sir, yours truly,
Secretary to the North London District. M.U. A Return is issued to the Lodges of the North London District, shewing the income and expenditure of the Sick and Funeral Funds for the year
1857. Seven Lodges have not supplied Returns, as called for, and have caused delay in publishing. Sixty-tour Lodges numbering 6483 members, have forwarded Returns to the District Se ary, and the following is the result :INCOMB.
EXPENDITURE. £ 8. d.
£ Contributions ........... 6835 17 54 Sickness Allowances.. 3726 14 0 Admission Fees 347 7 10 Funeral Allowances... 1249 19 101 Interest
1373 5 53 District Sick Levy... 19 5 6 On an incomplete return..
5 15 03
Total Expenditure... 4995 1944
3566 6 54
£8562 5 98
£5562 5 93
£ s. d. Increase by Income over Expenditure in 60 Lodges ...... 3633 17 6 From which deduct Expenditure over income in 4 Lodges... 67 11 03 Net Increase
3566 6 51 Capital at begining of Year..
36,807 8 03 TOTAL-Capital of Sick and Funeral Funds of 64 Lodges £40,373 14 6
PRESENTATIONS AND ANNIVERSARIES.
ABERDARE DISTRICT.-Presentation to a Young Lady.-On Tuesday, Nov. 23, 1958, the members of the Sunnybank Lodge, with many visitors, met for the purpose of presenting the daughter of the Rev. Thomas Price with a mark of their esteem, a large Family Bible, bound in the most costly manner, on the corners of which, in gold letters, was the following inscription:-"This Bible was presented to Miss Emily Price by the Sunny bank Lodge, 1.0.F., for eminent services rendered by her father, the Rev. Thomas Price, P.P.G.M., of the Aberdare District, to the above lodge, 1858.” The presentation was made by D. Thomas, P.P.G.M.; and Miss Price returned thanks in some Welsh stanzas, one of which we give for the benefit of our Welsh friends,
Meistr cadeirydd, ac anwyl gyfeillion,
I fydaid o fodau, sy'n gorwedd mewn pechod. The meeting was afterwards addressed by her father, the three district officers, P.P.G. Masters, Jones, and Botting; Lewis, Thomas, Morgan, and Jones ;-all testifying to the services which called for this expression of their regard by the members of the lodge.
A BERSYCHAN, PONTYPOOL DISTRICT.—On the evening of Wednesday, 25th August, the members of the Union Lodge, and of various lodges of the district, assembled at the house of Mr. David Nicholas, Union Inn, Abersychan, for the purpose of presenting P.P.G.M. William Fisher with a small token of respect for his valuable services to the Union Lodge and Pontypool District. Prov. C.S. Thomas was called to the chair, and P.P.G.M. Joseph Ellis acted as vice-chairman. The chairman, after a few complimentary remarks, presented a purse and £5 to P.P.G.M. William Fisher, as a small token of respect for his superior management of the district, while acting as their chiet officer. Mr. Fisher responded briefly, but very feelingly. During the course of the evening numerous songs were sung and toasts proposed.
ATTLEBOROUGH, WARWICKSHIRE.-At the annual audit of accounts of the Loyal Howard Lóige, on the 9th of November last, the balance in favour of the lodge was found to be £1,196 198. 114d., which, with some interest then overdue, left the capital over £2,000. A vote of thanks was unanimously accorded to Mr. William Taverner, the secretary, who on that night completed his seventh year of office We understand that a voluntary subscription is being made in the lodge for a testimonial to Mr. Taverner, for his meritorious labours in the lodge of which he has been a member for upwards of eighteen years.
BEVERLEY, YorkshIKE.-On Wednesday evening, October 27th, about 100 members belonging to this district met in the Girl's School-room, near the Minster, for the purpose of witnessing the presentation of an emblem of the Order to the Rev. J. B. Birtwhistle, the worthy incumbent, as a token of gratitude and respect for the valuable services that gentleman had rendered. The proceedings cominenced shortly after eight o'clock, and were greatly enlivened by glees and songs. The emblem was in a very handsome and costly gilt fraine, the picture representing a widow and her children escaping from Poverty, whose grim hand was outstretched to grasp them, but was frustrated in his design by Charity, who extended her hand to save and protect them. At the bottom of the picture was the following inscription :-“Presented to the Rev. J. B. Birt whistle, M.A., by the members of the Widows' and Orphans' Auxiliary, belonging to the Beverley District of Odd-fellows, M.U, October 27th, 1858.” The chairman on this occasion was Mr. William Edmondson, Mr. William Carr Appleton being selected to present the emblem, while Mr. James G. Crosskill read the following address :
"TO THE REV. J. B. BIRTWHISTLE, INCUMBENT OF BEVERLEY MINSTER: “Rev, and respected Sir,- We, the Widows' and Orphans' Auxiliary, belonging to the Beverley District of Odd-fellows, Manchester Unity, beg to present you with a small token of gratitude and esteem for the kind and disinterested manner in which you have, whenever requested, assisted us by your administrations. We feel proud to think that at one time our society had the honour to number yourself as one of its members, and that in the early days of manhood, you thought it not degrading to be counted a brother Odd-fellow, and sincerely do we regret that by reason of unseen and accidental circumstances, you ceased to belong to our brotherhood ; yet, knowing that other and more weighty matters had a stronger claim on your time and attention, it pleases us to see that you still have the good and welfare of our society at heart, and are ready at all times to advocate its claims. We cordially congratulate ourselves that we have frequent opportunities of listening to your ministrations, and hope many of us profit by your instructions. Rev. Sir, it now remains for us to present this memento of our gratefulness; and earnestly do we wish you every earthly happiness ; also, that you may long live to be a comfort and pro. tection to your own household and a blessing to your fellow men, and when you shall have finished your course on earth, and ended a life of usefulness, may you die in peace with all mankind, enter the Grand Lodge above, and receive the gracious welcome of our Great Redeemer- Wel done, good and faithful servant, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.'"
The address was then handed to the Rev. J. B. Birtwhistle, after which Mr. James Carr Appleton presented the emblem in the name of, and on behalf of, the Odd-fellows.— The Rev. J. B. Birtwhistle in a brief but effective speech thanked them for the token of respect. As a minister, he was truly thankful to learn that his ministrations had been approved and that by some of them they had been found profitable and instructive.After several speeches, the National Anthein was sung by the whole company.
BINGLEY, YORKSHIRE.-On Tuesday, the 12th of October, the members of the Airedale Lodge held a tea party in the Odd-Fellows' Hall, when about 120 members and friends sat down to tea. After tea, a public meeting was held on the occasion of presenting to Mr. Benjamin Beck Skirrow a splendid framed portrait of himself, valued at £15, with the following inscription:-“Presented by the Brethren of the Airedale Lodge, Bingley District, Independent Order of Odd-Fellows, Manchester Unity, to Benjamin Beck Skirrow, P.P.G.M., as a token of their esteem for his zealous and gratuitous services. October 12, 1858." P.G. Joseph Stephenson took the chair at seven, p.m.; and after a few introductory remarks, called upon P.G. Joseph Manson to make the presentation; on which he read the following address, which was neatly written on parchment, and signed by the officers and committee of the lodge, with the seal affixed thereto:-" To Benjamin Beck Skirrow. Sir,-Permit me, in the name and on behalf of the officers of our lodge, to present to you a portrait of yourselt, as a memorial of our high esteem for you, and of our sincere gratitude for the zealous and gratuitous services which you have so long and faithfully rendered to our lodge. We esteem and regard our testimonial the more, because we flatter ourselves that it will be handed down to posterity as an heir-loom in your family, and thereby become a lasting memorial of the good and friendly feeling which exists between you and this lodge, whose prosperity you have so assiduously laboured to proinote-with the portrait which we have the honour to present to you, and which, we sincerely hope, you and your family may live long to contemplate and admire, we beg your acceptance of our best wishes for your future welfare and happiness."
BRADFORD, YORKSHIRE.-On Thursday evening, 25th November, about eighty members and friends of the Industry Lodge assembled for the purpose of presenting to P.G. George Hey, permanent secretary, a splendid electro-plated tea service, as a mark of their approbation of his conduct during a period of twenty-eight years. The lodge now possesses a surplus of £1,055. During P.G. George Hey's stewardship, the lodge had paid out upwards of £2,000 for sickness, and more than £1,000 for funeral expenses; and from the 1st May, 1858, to the present time, they had paid £40 in sick pay and other expenses, and still had a clear gain from that time of £47 3s. ld. The toasts were interspersed with some excellent oratory and vocalization.
BURSLEM, STAFFORDSHIRE.—The members and friends of St. John's Lodge celebrated their anniversary by an excellent dinner at the Swan Inn, on Wednesday, November 17th. Prov. D.G.M. Edwin, the chairman, congratulated the company on the cheering prospects of the lodge, which had been in existence upwards of thirty years. After the usual loyal and patriotic toasts, the chairman spoke in eloquent terms on the progress of Odd-Fellowship; and, in responding to the toast—"The Independent Order, Manchester Unity,” Mr. Glass explained the nature and objects of our Society. Some, he said, had thought that Odd Fellowship was born in the camp of Augustus Cæsar, and some in the Garden of Eden! but he thought, after careful research, that some fifty years ago it was introduced by some men in humble life, and they had derived the idea from the principles of "Freemasonry.” It mattered little, he thought, where it came fron, there could be but one opinion formed of it, and that was, that it was calculated