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The plaintiff further states that the above- of the manor," "headboroughs," all figure mentioned persons have


disparaged and disgraced the saide booke amongst Stationers and others, soe that your said orator is like to be circumvented not only of this money paide for the printinge of the saide books, but likewise hindred in the sale of all the rest of his books exceptinge the five and twenty soulde by George Cleaver."

Unfortunately the answer of the defendants is not attached to the complaint, so we have no means of knowing what defence was made.

in the business transacted, which was followed by the customary luncheon, with toasts, at historic Jack Straw's Castle." CECIL CLARKE.


Junior Athenæum Club.

A SHIPWRECK: TRISTAN DE ACUNHA.The following interesting letter would seem to be worth publishing in N. & Q.' (the peculiarities of the document have been preserved in the transcript) :Adm. 1/5132.

Tristan de Acunha 9th Janry 1822.


As the complaint in the above suit is dated 1636, and the British Museum edition of the To the Right Honbl Lords Commissioners of the book is dated 1638, and published by the defendant, some satisfactory agreement must have been entered into. It seems evident that the latter is a second edition.

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THE WEARING OF THE OAK.-In N. & Q.,' 6 S. vii. 449, a question is asked as to why, on Royal Oak Day, 29 May, the wearers of oak sprigs change them at midday for a leaf of another kind. No answer was given to this query. In this part of Somerset the village children substitute ash or maple for oak in the afternoon. The children themselves can offer no explanation. It has been said that King Charles exchanged his oak tree for an ash during the day he was in hiding; but none of the narratives of the King's escape mentions this. In fact, they all say that he remained in the oak until nightfall.

Downside Abbey, Bath.


COURT LEET: MANOR COURT. (See 10 S. vii. 327, 377; viii. 16, 93, 334, 413; 11 S. ii. 33; iv. 526; v. 78.)-At Manor Lodge, Frognal, on 9 June, Hampstead duly held its summer Court, with all the quaint observances connected therewith. From an interesting account of the proceedings in The Hampstead and Highgate Express, we learn that the number of copyholders' has greatly diminished of late, in consequence of so many 66 enfranchisements having been made. The curious fact is recorded of two brothers holding a well at North End, upon which quitrent is still paid, each brother possessing a half. "Suit rolls," "homage," proclamations," constables

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We whose names are hereto subscribed most respectfully beg leave to call your Lordships attention to the following circumstances.

Having sailed from England in the Ship Blenden Hall Capt Alexander Greig for Bombay on the 9th May 1821, and proceeded as far as Lat: 37° South Longitude 11° 44 where we were Shipwrecked on the Desolate Island called Inaccessible on 23rd of July following, and should in all probability have remained for years in the Utmost distress and Anxiety subject to as much privation as ever fell to the lot of any people that have experienced a similar Misfortune, were it not for Hawkesley Boatswain who framed a Boat out of the Ships Carpenter Robert Peirce and Leonard part of the wreck the Ships boats having been lost; in which themselves and a few men of the Crew crossed over an Arm of the sea to the Island of Tristan de Acunha on the 8th of Novr 1821 after an attempt being previously made by six others of the Ships Company) named Joseph Nibbs Andrew McCullock McCallister Macdougall Smith & Taylor who we lament to say have never been heard of since. arrived safe, had the good fortune to meet A Man The Carpenter and Boatswain with the others named William Glass formerly a Corporal in the Royal Artillery and divers, that has been on the Island since Government sent some settlers with a small military force from the Cape of Good Hope in the year 1811, and which force was withdrawn about six months after.

This man with a Laudable Zeal that must ever reflect the Utmost Credit on himself and the few

people* that are with him on the Island, immediately proceeded to Inaccessible bringing with them all manner of Refreshment for the relief of the unhappy suffers, part of whom they took off experienced such marked attention from himself the following morning to Tristan, where we all Wife and People as soon made us appear new beings altogether, having not only given up their Houses and Beds for our accommodation but

likewise all manner of refreshment & Wearing

that they possessed, though putting themselves

The names of the Tristan Islanders, "Wm. Glass, John Nankaril, Thos. Fortheringham, John Turnbull, John Taylor, and John Mooney. The two latter having been sent out by your Lordships Special order," follow the text of the letter, opposite the subscription, and before the Commander's signature.

at the same time to the greatest inconvenience, of our artillery while Bonaparte was at particularly as Mr Glass being in a far advanced St. Helena. state of Pregnancy, such kindness having made so deep an impression on our Minds that distance nor time can never obliterate for their Conduct towards us throughout in hazarding their lives so often having to traverse twenty five miles in a dangerous and uncertain sea in Small Boats three times backwards and forwards, getting all hands 44 from the late Scene of our Misfortunes.

Under all these circumstances we most humbly intreat your Lordships will take such steps in recovering and causing to be paid to Capt James Todrig of Hackney London, such sums as may be allowed to the aforesaid Glass, and the others concerned in taking us off the Island of Inaccessible, as Capt T- is fully empowered to transact all business in England for these people. Our object in intruding so long on your Lordships Valuable time proceeds from a conviction that should there be any as we are given to understand there is) some allowance from the liberality of the Government at home to such men as Hazard their lives in taking off Shipwrecked people) (Particularly from a desolate Island, where for the time of 4 months we Suffered Hardships of every kind almost incredible & such as has Seldom fell to the lot of any set people.

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John Patch Assist Surgeon H.C.S.

Robert Liddel Asst Surgeon H.C.S.

John McLennan, Asst Surgeon H.C.S.
Bernard Gormly Qr Mr H.M.S. 17th Regt

George Symers Surgeon
Tho Symers 2nd Officer

Jn Scrymgour Chief Officer
H. M. Greig Jun' Purser
Alex Greig Commander

Ap. 23. There is no such allowance, that my Lords know of, certainly n ne from this Office. ex 8 May I. S.

In The Convict Ship,' by W. Clark Russell (p. 130), there is an interesting account of this island in 1835. There it is stated that Governor Glass, an Englishman (then getting on to be an old man), was a corporal when Cloete's garrison was withdrawn, and was left as a volunteer in charge of a wreck and some military stores in 1824. For Tristan was occupied by a detachment

Probably stands for Honourable Company's Service.

Two seamen of the St. Helena squadron settled on the island with him. Mrs. Glass was a mulatto woman from the Cape, and the wives of the other settlers were negresses from St. Helena. about forty; The population was then though some of the women are well built and handsome, their com plexions run from milk to chocolate." E. H. FAIRBROTHER.

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WALA OF WIDSITH' AND "VALLIARICE INSULE."-A little geographical work called the 'Liber Generationis' was printed by Dr. Theodore Mommsen in Chronica Minora,'

vol. i. It was compiled in the fifth or sixth century, and it has come down to us in four manuscripts, the oldest of which was written in the seventh century. It gives the following particulars about the Balearic Islands (p. 110, § 216) :—

"Insulæ autem quæ pertinent at Hispaniam Terraconensem tres sunt quæ appellantur Valliaricæ. Habent autem ciuitates quinque has: Ebuso, Palma, Pollentia, quæ dicitur Majorica, Iomæne,* Magone, quæ appellantur Minorica." "Iomæne" became Jamna, and is now Ciudadela. "Magone" is Port Mahon.

The name given to the group of islands by the compiler of the Liber Generationis is a spurious metaphony, that is to say, it is an intentional accommodation of the sound of the true word to a supposititious etymon. Cp. English Roth's child with Rothschild (rothschild, i.e. "red shield "). The title accorded to Q. Cæcilius Metellus in B.C. 123 must be marked for length as follows: Bălĕāric-us. But the word Valliaric-æ contains Vallia," the name of the greatest of the Visigothic kings, and "ric-," the Gothic reiki, rule," " 'power," and it must be marked thus: Valliăric-æ.



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words became i in O.E.* In the next line Widsith tells us he visited Casere. This is the Count Cæsarius who ruled over Wālarīce, i.e., the Gallias, and who was slain at Seville in 448 by a Gothic nobleman named Agyulf. Cp. "Casere weold Creacum," 'N. & Q.,' 11 S. vii. 62.

Now Singiric, the king of the Visigoths who preceded Wala, was a brother of Sarus, the enemy of Ataulf.

In O.E. Germanic Săr- became Sær-, and yielded Sering- as a patronymic, according to rule. Cp. Casere <*Casæri <Cæsarius; and Cæsar > Căsăr> casering, a coin bearing Cæsar's image. ALFRED ANSCOMBE.

30, Albany Road, Stroud Green, N. BRUCE : FREEMAN: PARRY: PYKE."The will of one Archibald Bruce, surgeon in the Royal Navy, was proved in 1729 in the Consistory Court of Rochester, Kent. The will gives all to wife Jane ; no other names mentioned. This, probably, is the Archibald Bruce mentioned in the will of one William Pyke, of

Greenwich (about 1727)."

The aboye data were supplied by MR. R. J. BEEVOR, M.A., St. Albans, England. (Cp. 10 S. viii. 45.)

I regret having overlooked the will of John Parry, of East Greenwich, Kent, 1781, in the book on 'Parry Wills' by Lieut.-Col. G. S. Parry (11 S. ix. 146, 193). I am again

indebted to COL. PARRY for some new facts, for he has kindly informed me that at St. Paul's, Deptford, is an "altar-tomb " with the following inscriptions :

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"Mr. Isaac Parry of this parish died (6) Mar. 176(4), a. [aged] (55). Mary his relict, died (14) Oct., 1769, a. 60. John Parry, their son, died 25 Nov., 1769, a. 29; Mary, wife of Isaac Parry, jun., died Feb., 1777, a. 32. Mrs. Mary Parry, wife of John Parry and daughter of the above, died Apl. 24, 1793, a. 2(5). Mr. John Parry, son of the above John and Mary Parry, died Mar. 24, 1798, a. (5) years. [Apparently only one figure.]


[Also] Mrs. Honour Higgins.... Mr. Wm. Higgins....of the above-named Isaac Parry. Oct. 30, 1798, a. 6(3). Also the remains of Mrs. Martha... [The above on the top slab. There has also been an inscription at the side.]"

COL. PARRY remarks that he does not at present see any sufficient reason to connect John Parry of East Greenwich (1781) with these Deptford Parrys.

In the churchyard at St. Paul's, Deptford, is an "altar-tomb" with this inscription: "This is the family vault of James Pike," but if there was ever any other inscription it has disappeared.

Cp. Wright, O.-E Grammar,' 1908, § 125, and also the following instances: "Sigene Séquana; Liccit-felb : Léco-cētum; "side sēta (“ silk ").

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MR. R. J. BEEVOR will renew his search among wills proved in the Consistory Court of Rochester, Kent, as there are Greenwich wills to be found among them, and the connexion of James Pyke with Greenwich is an established fact.

"We have no evidence that the John Parry who married Mary Freeman in 1744 had any con born later than 1724, and so he was not a connexion with Greenwich. He cannot have

son of Isaac Parry who died 1764, aged 55 (see p. 6 of Third Series of 'Extracts from British Archives,' in Magazine of History, New York). If it is proved that this John Parry was not of Greenwich, that need not disturb any previously framed hypotheses concerning him' (ex letter from MR. BEEVOR, 16 March, 1914). EUGENE F. MCPIKE.

1200, Michigan Av., Chicago.

"COB": "EYRER."-These two words, denoting respectively the male swan and the female, occur in the Account Roll of the Bursars of Winchester College for the year from Saturday before Michaelmas, 6 Hen. IV., to Michaelmas, 7 Hen. IV. (1405-6), in the following item, under the heading Custus necessarii'::

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The very law which moulds a tear,
And bids it trickle from its source,
That law preserves the earth its sphere,

And guides the planets in their course. The last verse of 'On a Tear,' p. 181 of the beautifully illustrated Poems by Samuel Rogers,' 1834, reads. however. in the first line "That very law,' and in the third "a sphere."]

ADYE BALDWIN OF SLOUCH, 1764.-Is anything known of the above? He was described in the will of Nathaniel Jenner of Widhill, Wilts, as "of Slough, Innholder." R. J. FYNMORE.

PALM THE BOOKSELLER, SHOT BY NAPOLEON. Has any biography ever been published of J. P. Palm, the German bookseller, who was shot by Napoleon's orders at Braunau on 26 Aug., 1806 ?


Chambers's Encyclopædia' for 1908 it is recorded that Johann Philipp Palm was a bookseller of Nuremberg, who has acquired historic celebrity as a victim of Napoleonic tyranny for publishing or circulating a pamphlet entitled Germany in its Deepest Humiliation,' which indignantly referred to the conduct of the French troops in Bavaria.

There is also an account in The Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) on the subject. It mentions that Palm was born same 17 Nov., 1768, and that he married the daughter of the bookseller Stein, and adds that a life-size bronze statue was erected to his memory in Braunau in 1866, and on the centenary of his birth (1868) numerous patriotic meetings were held in Bavaria.

There is also a reference to Palm in William M. Sloane's 'Life of Napoleon Bonaparte,' vol. ii. chap. xxxiv. p. 270. The author mentions

"that Palm met death with the fortitude of a martyr, conscious that his blood was the seed of patriots."

is to be found in a note of Sir George TreThe only other reference I have come across velyan's Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay,' chap. xii. vol. ii. p. 251, and is an amusing account of a speech of Thomas Campbell's at a literary dinner. Campbell had audaciously proposed the health of the Emperor Napoleon at a time when it was anathema in England. Despite the groans with which the toast was received, Campbell explained that he admitted the Emperor was a tyrant, a monster, and, indeed, a foe to England and to the human race; yet that, in spite of all these faults, the Emperor was entitled to their gratitude on the simple ground that he had once shot a bookseller; and thus Campbell changed the groans of his audience into cheers.

It is rather curious that there does not appear to be any reference to this unfortunate bookseller in any volume of N. & Q.' -at least, I can find no entry of the name Palm in the ten General Indexes. Nor can I trace any allusion to him in The Athenæum, either in 1866 or on his centenary in 1868. Any information on this interesting topic would be welcomed.

F. C. WHITE. ORIENTAL NAMES MENTIONED BY GRAY.Can any one suggest a source for the following Oriental (or pseudo-Oriental) names mentioned by Gray in an unpublished letter to Walpole: Miradolin, the Vizier-azem, the Angel Israphiel, Abubekir, the Demon Negidher, the evil Tagot, the bowers of Admoim ? Also for the name Sarag, used by Gray as an equivalent for Cambridge ?


Fiveways, Burnham, Bucks.

the undersigned as
Information is desired by
name Wanless, Wanlass, or Wanlys, and its
to the use of the
the name of a house, and in Yorkshire is
etymology. It is used in Westmorland as
applied to two farms. In at least one other
case in the same neighbourhood it is the
name of an estate (?), farm (?), or field (?).
Dialect Dictionary,' where it is explained
The only reference I can find is in a
as "a surprise."
A. C. A.

[It is also known as a personal name: v. 4 S. i. 543.1

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MARSACK.-At 7 S. xii. 409, 478, are references to Major Charles Marsack of Caversham Park, Oxfordshire.

In Burke's Landed Gentry' (1905) the genealogy of Roome is given :—

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This family traces descent from Will. Roome, Esq., who during the reign of George II. possessed landed property in Yorkshire, and m. Margaretta Holcroft (d. 1782), dau. of Margaret, Comtesse de Marsac, of Caversham Park, Oxon, whose family left France during the Huguenot dispersion and became attached to the Court of Hanover, and who, with her father the Count de Marsac, came over with the Court to England."

I am interested to know if there is any foundation for this story of the rather unusual English name Marsack being derived from a "Comtesse de Marsac."

As a matter of fact, there was no such 66 Comtesse " connected with person as a Caversham Park. That place was purchased by Major Charles Marsack in about 1790, on his return from India with a great fortune.

I believe the Margaret Holcroft referred to above was niece of Major C. Marsack, and daughter of Thomas Holcroft the dramatist. Vide Hazlitt's Life of Holcroft.'

G. J., F.S.A.

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Can any reader inform me if there were
Tekells at Hambledon, Surrey, or Hamble-
don, Hampshire, during the period 1780-
Are there any records extant of
1800 ?
dyers or weavers of that period?

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RUSSHEWALE."-Part of the expenditure for the galley called the Philip, built at Lynn in 1336 (Acc. Exch., "in cccc et dimidia bordaruni de Thorndene in K.R., Bundle, 19, No. 31, m. 1,) was :Norwagia pro calfettacione et Dennagio dicte Nauis emptis de Petro de Waltone precii centene

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Again (ibid., m. 4):—

"In diuersis cordis de Russhewale cum schiuis et Trussis pro vno rakke inde faciendo." This appears (in another hand) revised in the margin to :—

"In pelle et russewale shiues et poliues xlvli. xvijs.'

66 the rakke," whatever Are we to suppose its purpose, was made of rushes ?

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PHRASES.-I hear that when banns of mar-
riage are published for the first time a
when for the
local phrase declares the woman
creased in the knees";
"broken in the knees ";


ACTION OF VINEGAR ON ROCKS. stated in Juvenal, x. 153, that Hannibal "montem rumpit aceto," and Livy (xxi. second time,



37, 2) relates that Hannibal blasted the and when for the third time, "thrown over rocks by pouring vinegar on them when heated by fire. Pliny mentions it as common process in the Spanish mines. Commenting on this, a well-known editor Calcareous rocks would be dissolved by vinegar; it is doubtful whether heat would add to the effect."

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If after due publication of the banns one party declines to marry, the offender is said to have "scorned the Church," and I am told that not more than a couple of generaclergy. tions ago fees or fines were given to the

Will some contributors kindly inform me whether these are purely local phrases, or are known in other parts of the kingdom? (Rev.) F. J. ODELL, R.N.

Lapford, North Devon.

STEVENS.-When I was a small boy, some of the old people told me at Hybla House, co. Kildare, Ireland, that when Squire As the Stevens lived there, before my father, a Miss Stevens was born and lived there. matter would be of much interest to me, I should be glad if any reader would kindly give me any particulars as to whether a Miss Stevens was really born at Hyblo House or not.

I have seen Chambers's Book of Days,' but not got much information from it E. A. W. EXSHAW. further than what was told me years ago.

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