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THE

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66

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IN

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LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 8, 1914.

CONTENTS.-No. 241.

Massinger not only reproducing incidents, but also echoing words and phrases from his predecessor's play. How closely the scenes conNOTES:-A Source of Massinger's 'Parliament of Love,' nected with Clarindore's wooing of Bellisant 101-Sir John Gilbert, J. F. Smith, and The London in The Parliament of Love' were founded Journal, 102-Statutes and Memorials in the British upon Tharsalio's wooing of the Countess Isles, 103-Hugh Peters: Post-Restoration Satires, 105-Eudora in The Widow's Tears' may be Printers' Phrases - Reference to 'Chevy Chase'-Murderer reprieved by Marriage-"Huckleberry"-Monthly seen in the following comparison of the two Catalogue, 1714-17, 106-Servian Terms: "Narodna plays.

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Notes.

A SOURCE OF MASSINGER'S

'PARLIAMENT OF LOVE.'

THE plot of The Parliament of Love,' as of many of Massinger's plays, is constructed of materials derived from various sources.

Dr. Koeppel has pointed out that for its central idea, the institution of a court or Parliament of Love for hearing the complaints and redressing the grievances of lovers, the dramatist was indebted to the Aresta Amorum' of Martial d'Auvergne; and another conspicuous feature, common to this play and Webster and Rowley's A Cure for a Cuckold '-the story of the lover commanded by his mistress to kill his dearest friend-was doubtless borrowed from Marston's Dutch Courtesan.'

But a further unmistakable source of the plot has been overlooked. The character of Clarindore, the "wild courtier" of Massinger's play, is clearly modelled upon that of Tharsalio, the "impetuous wooer of Chapman's comedy The Widow's Tears.'

The conduct of the courtship scenes in these two plays is almost exactly the same,

66

The Widow's Tears.-Tharsalio announces to Lysander and Cynthia, and their son Hylus, his intention of marrying the Countess Eudora, whom he had previously served as a page. In spite of the Countess's vow of perpetual widowhood, he is, he says, assured of his speed"; he will show them "with what facility he will win her." Lysander, incredulous, mockingly observes that this is "a good pleasant dream." Tharsalio leaves them, calling upon Confidence to Command her servant deities, Love and Fortune, To second my attempts for this great Lady.

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The Parliament of Love.-Clarindore, Mont66 noble rose, Perigot, and Novall discuss the lady" Bellisant. The three latter agree that she is so proud and unapproachable that it is useless to attempt to gain her favour. Clarindore taunts them with their fainting spirits"; he is confident that he can win her for his mistress. Perigot asks him if he is talking in his sleep." Clarindore then wagers that within a month he will make Bellisant yield to him, and leaves his companions, exclaiming :

66

Love, blind archer, aid me!

The Widow's Tears.-Tharsalio forces him

self into the Countess's presence, notwithstanding that she is engaged in conversation with three great noblemen who have come to pay their addresses, and boldly woos her. She angrily bids him begone, or she will have him "tost in blankets," and, on his refusing to obey, bids her ushers quit the house of him, by th' head and shoulders." If he dares to come again, they are charged to shut the doors upon him. He leaves, raging at his reception :

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