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The plaintiff further states that the above- of the manor,” headboroughs,” all figure mentioned persons have

in the business transacted, which was foldisparaged and disgraced the saide booke lowed by the customary luncheon, with amongst Stationers and others, soe that your said toasts, at historic Jack Straw's Castle.” orator is like to be circumvented not only of this

CECIL CLARKE. money paide for the printinge of the saide books, Junior Atheneum Club. but likewise hindred in the sale of all the rest of his books exceptinge the five and twenty soulde by A SHIPWRECK: TRISTAN DE ACUNHA.George Cleaver.

The following interesting letter would seem Unfortunately the answer of the defend to be worth publishing in N. & Q.' (the ants is not attached to the complaint, so we peculiarities of the document have been prehave no means of knowing what defence served in the transcript):-was made.

Adm. 1/5132. As the complaint in the above suit is dated

Tristan de Acunha 9th Janry 1822. 1636, and the British Museum edition of the To the Right Honbl Lords Commissioners of the book is dated 1638, and published by the

Admiralty. defendant, some satisfactory agreement must

HONBL SIRS, have been entered into. It seems evident most respectfully beg leave to call your Lordships

We whose names are hereto subscribed that the latter is a second edition.

attention to the following circumstances. Possibly, as no other publication appears Having sailed from England in the Ship to be attributed to George Ballard, The Blenden Hall Capt Alexander Greig for Bombay History of Susannah' was the author's first on the oth May 1821, and proceeded as far as Lat: and last experience of publishers.

37° South Longitude 11°, 44 where we were Ship

wrecked on the Desolate Island called Inaccessible It would be interesting to know who these on 23rd of July following, and should in all protwo brothers, Richard and George Ballard, bability have remained for years in the Utmost PERCY D. MUNDY. distress and Anxiety subject to as much privation

as ever fell to the lot of any people that have

experienced a similar Misfortune, were it not for THE WEARING OF THE OAK. In 'N. & Q.,' Hawkesley Boatswain

who framed a Boat out of

the Ships Carpenter Robert Peirce and Leonard 6 S. vii. 449, a question is asked as to why, on part of the wreck the Ships boats having been Royal Oak Day, 29 May, the wearers of oak lost ; in which themselves and a few men of the sprigs change them at midday for a leaf of Crew crossed over an Arm of the sea to the another kind. No answer was given to this

Island of Tristan de Acunha on the gth of Novr

1821 after an attempt being previously made by query. In this part of Somerset the village six others of the Ships Company) named Joseph children substitute ash or maple for oak in Nibbs Andrew McCullock McCallister the afternoon. The children themselves Macdougall Smith & Taylor who can offer no explanation. It has been said

we lament to say have never been heard of since. that King Charles exchanged his oak tree for arrived safe, had the good fortune to meet A Man

The Carpenter and Boatswain with the others an ash during the day he was in hiding; but named William Glass formerly a Corporal in the none of the narratives of the King's escape Royal Artillery and divers, that has been on the mentions this. In fact, they all say that he island since Government sent some settlers with remained in the oak until nightfall.

a small military force from the Cape of Good ETHELBERT HORNE.

Hope in the year 1811, and which force was Downside Abbey, Bath.

withdrawn about six months after.

This man with a Laudable Zeal that must ever

reflect the Utmost Credit on himself and the few COURT LEET: MANOR COURT. (See 10 S. people* that are with him on the Island, immevii. 327, 377; viii. 16, 93, 334, 413; 11 s. diately proceeded to Inaccessible bringing with ii. 33 ; iv. 526 ; v. 78.)—At Manor Lodge, them all manner of Refreshment for the relief of Frognal

, on 9 June, Hampstead duly held the unhappy suffers, part of whom they took off its summer Court, with all the quaint experienced such marked attention from himself

the following morning to Tristan, where we all observances connected therewith. From an Wife and People as soon made us appear new interesting account of the proceedings in beings altogether, having not only given up their The Hampstead and Highgate Express, we

Houses and Beds for our accommodation but learn that the number of copyholders has that they possessed, though putting themselves

likewise all manner of refreshment & Wearing greatly diminished of late, in consequence of so many “ enfranchisements” having * The names of the Tristan Islanders, Wm. been made. The curious fact is recorded of Glass, John Nankaril, Thos. Fortheringham, John two brothers holding a well at North End, Turnbull, John Taylor, and John Mooney. The upon which quitrent is still paid, each two latter having been sent out by your Lord brother possessing a half. Suit rolls,"

ships Special order,” follow the text of the letter, “homage,”

opposite the subscription, and before the Com

“ constables proclamations,"

mander's signature.

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at the same time to the greatest inconvenience, of our artillery while Bonaparte was at particularly as Mr Glass being in a far advanced St. Helena. state of Pregnancy, such kindness having made so deep an impression on our Minds that dis

Two seamen of the St. Helena squadron tance nor time can never obliterate for their settled on the island with him. Mrs. Glass Conduct towards us throughout in hazarding was a mulatto woman from the Cape, and their lives so often having to traverse twenty fire the wives of the other settlers were negresses miles in a dangerous and uncertain sea in Small from St. Helena. The population was then Boats three times backwards and forwards, getting about forty ; all hands 44 from the late Scene of our Misfortunes.

'though some of the women Under all these circumstances we most humbly

are well built and handsome, their com. intreat your Lordships will take such steps in plexions run from milk to chocolate.” recovering and causing to be paid to Cape James

E. H. FAIRBROTHER. Todrig of Hackney London, such sums as mav be allowed to the aforesaid Glass, and the others concerned in taking us off the Island of Inacces

WALA OF 'WIDSITH AND “VALLIARICÆ sible, as Cap T— is fully empowered to transact INSULÆ.”—A little geographical work called all business in England for these people. Our the ‘Liber Generationis' was printed by Dr. object in intruding so long on your Lordships Theodore Mommsen in Chronica Minora, Valuable time proceeds from a conviction that vol. i. It was compiled in the fifth or sixth should there be any as we are given to understand there is) some allowance from the liberality of the century, and it has come down to us in four Government at home to such men as Hazard manuscripts, the oldest of which was written their lives in taking off Shipwrecked people) in the seventh century. It gives the follow(Particularly from a desolate Ísland, where for ing particulars about the Balearic Islands the time of 4 months we Suffered Hardships of every kind almost incredible & such as has |(p. 110, § 216) :Seldom fell to the lot of any set people.

Insulæ autem quæ pertinent at Hispaniam We Humbly beg to

Terraconensem tres sunt quæ appellantur ValliSubscribe ourselves

aricæ. Habent autem ciuitates quinque has : Your Lordships

Ebuso, Palma, Pollentia, quæ dicitur Majorica, Most Ob & Humble Servants

Iomæne, * Magone, quæ appellantur Minorica.” ALEX GREIG COMMANDER Iomæne” became Jamna, and is now Mrs. Mary Gormly

Ciudadela. Magone is Port Mahon.
Miss Margaret Harris
Mrs. Ann Keys

The name given to the group of islands by Mrs. Pepper

the compiler of the ‘Liber Generationis ’ is a John Pepper Lieut. H.C.S.*

spurious metaphony, that is to say, it is an W'm Law

intentional accommodation of the sound of Colin Mactavish Asst Surgeon H.C.S. Mark Giberne Cadet H.O.S.

the true word to a supposititious etymon. Richard Furlong

Cp. English Roth's child with Rothschild L. Harris Lt

(roth+schild, i.e. “ red shield ”). The title John Patch Assist Surgeon H.C.S.

accorded to Q. Cæcilius Metellus in B.c. 123 Robert Liddel Asst Surgeon H.C.S.

must be marked for length as follows: John McLennan, Asst Surgeon H.C.S.

Băléāric-us. But the word Valliaric-conBernard Gormly Q' M' H.M.S. 17th Rege

tains “ Vallia,” the name of the greatest of | George Symers Surgeon

the Visigothic kings, and rīc.,” the Gothic Tho* Symers 2nd Officer

reiki, rule,” power,” and it must be Jno Serymgour Chief Officer

marked thus : Vālliăric-æ. H. M. Greig Jun" Purser Alex Greig Commander

The metaphony is attributable either to [Endorsed]

the fact that Vallia, the king of the Vis goths Ap: 23. There is no such allowance, that my who succeeded Singiric in Hispania TarraLords know of, certainly n ne from this Office. conensis in October, 415, actually did conquer exl 8 May I. S.

the Balearic Islands ; or else to an uncritical In 'The Convict Ship,' by W. Clark attempt made by the geographer to har. Russell (p. 130), there is an interesting monize a word that he could not understand account of this island in 1835. There it is with a well-known and much - honoured stated that Governor Glass, an Englishman personal name. Cp. · Wala” in “Widsith,' (then getting on to be an old man), was a N. & Q.,' 11 S. vi. 7. corporal when Cloete's garrison was with- In ‘Widsith,' 1. 75, the poet tells us he drawn, and was left as a volunteer in charge was “mid Seringum.' Mr. Chambers (* W.,' of a wreck and some military stores in 1824. p. 212) and some other commentators For Tristan was occupied by a detachment believe that Widsith meant the Sēres,

i.e., Chinamen ! But Latin ē in early loanProbably stands for Honourable Company's Service.

* MS. has tomæne (with t::i).

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words became į in 0.E.* In the next line MR. R. J. BEEVOR will renew his search Widsith tells us he visited Cāsere. This is among wills proved in the Consistory Court the Count Cæsarius who ruled over Wälarīce, of Rochester, Kent, as there are Greenwich i.e., the Gallias, and who was slain at wills to be found among them, and the conSeville in 448 by a Gothic nobleman named nexion of James Pyke with Greenwich is an Agyulf. Cp. “ Casere weold Creacum,” established fact. 'N. & Q.,' 11 S. vii. 62.

“We have no evidence that the John Parry Now Singiric, the king of the Visigoths who married Mary Freeman in 1744 had any who preceded Wāla, was a brother of Sarus, connexion with Greenwich. He cannot have the enemy of Ataulf. In 0.E. Germanic been born later than 1724, and so he was not a Săr- became Sær-, and yielded Sering- as a (see p. 6 of Third Series of

son of Isaac Parry who died 1764, aged 55

Extracts from patronymic, according to rule. Cp. Cāsere British Archives,' in Magazine of History, New < *Casæri < Cæsarius; and Cæsar > Cāsær > York). If it is proved that this John Parry was casering, a coin bearing Cæsar's image.

not of Greenwich, that need not disturb any preALFRED ANSCOMBE.

viously framed hypotheses concerning him

(ex letter from MR. BEEVOR, 16 March, 1914). 30, Albany Road, Stroud Green, N.

EUGENE F. McPIKE. BRUCE : FREEMAN : PARRY : PYKE. 1200, Michigan Av., Chicago.

* The will of one Archibald Bruce, surgeon in the Royal Navy, was proved in 1729 in the

“ COB”: “EYRER.”—These two words, deConsistory Court of Rochester, Kent. The will noting respectively the male swan and the gives all to wife Jane ; no other names men- female, occur in the Account Roll of the tioned. This, probably, is the Archibald Bruce Bursars of Winchester College for the year mentioned in the will of one William Pyke, of from Saturday before Michaelmas, 6 Hen. IV., Greenwich (about 1727).”

The aboye data were supplied by MR. to Michaelmas, 7 Hen. IV. (1405-6), in the R. J. BEEVOR, M.A., St. Albans, England. following item, under the heading Custus (Cp. 10 S. viii. 45.)

necessarii':I regret having overlooked the will of “In soluto Willelmo swanherde de Twyforde pro John Parry, of East Greenwich, Kent, 1781, i novo (sic) eyrer empt, de eodem ad copulaud.' in the book on Parry Wills' by Lieut.-Col. cum le cobbe existente in riparia eo quod retus G. S. Parry (11 S. ix. 146, 193). I

am again byrer occisa fuit cum j serpente anno ultimo elapso

vjsviijd." indebted to COL. PARRY for some new facts,

H. C. for he has kindly informed me that at St. Paul's, Deptford, is an “altar-tomb " with the following inscriptions

Queries. “ Mr. Isaac Parry of this parish died (8) Mar. We must request correspondents desiring in. 176(4), a. (aged] (55), Mary his relict, died (14) formation on family matters of only private interest Oct., 1769, a. 60. John Parry, their son, died to affix their names and addresses to their queries, 25 Nov., 1769, a. 29; Mary, wife of Isaac Pairy, in order that answers may be sent to them direct. jun., died Feb., 1777, a. 32. Mrs. Mary Parry, wife of John Parry and daughter of the above, died Apl. 24, 1793, a. 2(5). Mr. John Parry, son

GEORGE BUBB DODINGTON, LORD MELof the above John and Mary Parry, died Mar. 24, COMBE.-I should be very glad to know if 1798, a. (5) years. [Apparently only one figure.] any specimens of this worthy's manuscript

[Also] Mrs. Honour Higgins.... Mr. Wm. correspondence have been preserved in Higgins. ...of the above-named Isaac Parry... Oct. 30, 1798, a. 6(3). Also the remains of Mrs. private collections. An interesting selection Martha... [The above on the top slab. There from his papers was published not long since has also been an inscription at the side.]"

by the Historical Manuscripts Commission COL. PARRY remarks that he does not at ( Various Collections, vol. vi.), but, as he present see any sufficient reason to connect

a most voluminous letter-writer, it John Parry of East Greenwich (1781) with seems likely that other effusions of his may these Deptford Parrys.

still be in existence. LLOYD SANDERS. In the churchyard at St. Paul's, Deptford,

59, Chancery Lane, W.C. is an “altar-tomb” with this inscription : WHITFIELD.-Information is desired about “This is the family vault of James Pike,” the Whitfield family of Wem, Hodnet, and but if there was ever any other inscription Whixall, Salop-especially evidence of bapit has disappeared.

tism of Thomas Whitfield, who died 1773, Cp. Wright, 0.-E Grammar,' 1908, § 123,

and is buried at Whixall. He was born in and also the following instances : Sigene

1678. Please reply direct to Sēquana ; Liccit-felb : Lēco-cētum ; side

E. S. B. WHITFIELD. sila (“ silk”).

261, Lewisham High Road, S.E.

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a Tear.'"

AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS "WANTED. There is also a reference to Palm in I should be extremely obliged if any of William M. Sloane's ' Life of Napoleon Bonayour readers could give me the reference to parte,' vol. ii. chap. xxxiv. p. 270. The these lines, written some time ago :

author mentions Gigantic daughter of the West,

“that Palm met death with the fortitude of a We drink to thee across the Flood.

martyr, conscious that his blood was the seed of Hands all round !

patriots.” God the tyrant's cause confound,

The only other reference I have come across And the great name of England, round and round. is to be found in a note of Sir George Tre

J. C. W.

velyan's 'Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay,' [The lines seem an imperfect reminiscence of chap. xii. vol. ii. p. 251, and is an amusing Tennyson's ‘Hands All Round.')

account of a speech of Thomas Campbell's

at a literary dinner. Campbell had auda. The very law that moulds a tear,

ciously proposed the health of the Emperor And bids it trickle from its sourceThat law preserves the earth a sphere,

Napoleon at a time when it was anathema And guides the planets in their course. in England. Despite the groans with which HENRY SAMUEL BRANDRETH

the toast was received, Campbell explained Haddon House, Weybridge, Surrey.

that he admitted the Emperor was a tyrant, [The authorship of these lines was inquired for in

a monster, and, indeed, a foe to England the First Series of .N. & Q., and at 1 s. xi. 391 and to the human race; yet that, in spite ESTE (Samuel Timmins of Birmingham) stated that of all these faults, the Emperor was entitled they came from “Mr. Rogers' beautiful Lines on to their gratitude on the simple ground that

He gave the following as their correct he had once shot a bookseller; and thus form :The very law which moulds a tear,

Campbell changed the groans of his audience And bids it trickle from its source,

into cheers. That law preserves the earth its sphere,

It is rather curious that there does not And guides the planets in their course. appear to be any reference to this unfortuThe last verse of 'On a Tear,' p. 181of the beauti- nate bookseller in any volume of “ N. & Q.' fully illustrated Poems by Samuel Rogers,' 1834, -at least, I can find no entry of the name reads. however, in the first line “That very law,” Palm in the ten General Indexes. Nor and in the third “a sphere.'']

can I trace any allusion to him in The ADYE BALDWIN OF Slouch, 1764.—Is Athenæum, either in 1866 or on his centenary anything known of the above ? He was de- in 1868. Any information on this interestscribed in the will of Nathaniel Jenner of ing topic would be welcorned. Widhill, Wilts, as “ of Slough, Innholder.”

F. C. WHITE. R. J. FYNMORE.

ORIENTAL NAMES MENTIONED BY GRAY.PALM THE BOOKSELLER, SHOT BY NAPO. Can any one suggest a source for the followLEON.—Has any biography ever been pub.

ing Oriental (or pseudo-Oriental) names lished of J. P. Palm, the German bookseller, mentioned by Gray in an unpublished letter who was shot by Napoleon's orders at

to Walpole : Miradolin, the Vizier-azem, the Braunau on 26 Aug., 1806 ?

Angel Israphiel, Abubekir, the Demon In 'Chambers's Encyclopædia' for 1908 Negidher, the evil Tagot, the bowers of it is recorded that Johann Philipp Palm

a bookseller of Nuremberg, who has by Gray as an equivalent for Cambridge ? acquired historic celebrity as a victim of

PAGET TOYNBEE.

Fiveways, Burnham, Bucks. Napoleonic tyranny for publishing or circulating a pamphlet entitled “Germany in its WANLESS. Information is desired by Deepest Humiliation, which indignantly the undersigned as to the of the referred to the conduct of the French troops name Wanless, Wanlass, or Wanlys, and its in Bavaria.

etymology. It is used in Westmorland as There is also an account in “The Encyclo- the name of a house, and in Yorkshire is pædia Britannica (1911) on the

same applied to two farms. In at least one other subject. It mentions that Palm was born case in the same neighbourhood it is the 17 Nov., 1768, and that he married the name of an estate (?), farm (?), or field (?). daughter of the bookseller Stein, and adds The only reference I can find is in a that a life-size bronze statue was erected to · Dialect Dictionary,' where it is explained his memory in Braunau in 1866, and on

a surprise."

A. (. A. the centenary of his birth (1868) numerous [ It is also known as a personal name: v. 4 S. i. patriotic meetings were held in Bavaria.

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NOTES AND QUERIES.

II S. X. JULY 4, 1914.]

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MARSACK.-At 7 S. xii. 409, 478, are Can any reader inform me if there were references to Major Charles Marsack of Tekells at Hambledon, Surrey, or HambleCaversham Park, Oxfordshire.

don, Hampshire, during the period 1780In Burke's 'Landed Gentry' (1905) the 1800 ? Are there any records extant of genealogy of Roome is given

dyers or weavers of that period ? This family traces descent from Will. Roome,

FRED TEKELL. Esq., who during the reign of George II. possessed landed property in Yorkshire, and m. Margaretta “ DUNNAGE? ”: RUSSHEWALE.”—Part of Holcroft (d. 1782), dau. of Margaret, Comtesse de the expenditure for the galley called the Marsac, of Caversham Park, Oxon, whose family Philip, built at Lynn in 1336 (Acc. Exch., left France during the Huguenot dispersion and became attached to the Court of Hanover, and K.R., Bundle, 19, No. 31, m. 1,) was :who, with her father the Count de Marsac, came “in cccc et dimidia bordaruni de Thorndene in over with the Court to England."

Norwagia pro calfettacione et Dennagio dicte I am interested to know if there is any Nauis, emptis de Petro de Waltone precii centene foundation for this story of the rather un

Xxxs." usual English name Marsack being derived Again (ibid., m. 4):from a Comtesse de Marsac."

In diuersis cordis de Russhewale cum schiuis As a matter of fact, there was no such et Trussis pro vno rakke inde faciendo.” person as a Comtesse” connected with This appears (in another hand) revised in Caversham Park. That place was pur

the margin to : chased by Major Charles Marsack in about "In pelle et russewale shiues et poliues 1790, on his return from India with a great

xlvli. xvijs.” fortune.

Are we to suppose the “ rakke,” whatever I believe the Margaret Holcroft referred its purpose, was made of rushes ? to above was niece of Major C. Marsack, and daughter of Thomas Holcroft the dramatist.

PUBLICATION Vide Hazlitt's Life of Holcroft.'

CURIOUS

BANNS :
G. J., F.S.A.

PHRASES.—I hear that when banns of mar

riage are published for the first time a ACTION OF VINEGAR ON ROCKS. - It is local phrase declares the woman to be stated in Juvenal, x. 153, that Hannibal

“creased in the knees”; when for the montem rumpit aceto," and Livy (xxi. second time, “ broken in the knees”; 37, 2) relates that Hannibal blasted the and when for the third time, thrown over rocks by pouring vinegar on them when pulpit.” heated by fire. Pliny mentions it as If after due publication of the banns one common process in the Spanish mines. party declines to marry, the offender is said Commenting on this, a well-known editor to have scorned the Church,” and I am writes : “ Calcareous rocks would be dis. told that not more than a couple of generasolved by vinegar; it is doubtful whether tions ago fees or fines were given to the heat would add to the effect."

clergy. Can any correspondent kindly add to the

Will some contributors kindly inform me present meagre explanation of the process ?

whether these are purely local phrases, or H. I. A.

aro known in other parts of the kingdom ? [Livy's “ardentia saxa infuso aceto putrefaciunt"

(Rev.) F. J. ODELL, R.N. hardly implies blasting: rather a dissolving of the

Lapford, North Devon.
surface which would have the effect of softening
the rock. See 4 S. ii. 289, 350, 443, 490, 534; iii.

STEVENS.-When I was a small boy, some 136; 5 S. ix. 204 ; 8 S. iv. 85.]

of the old people told me at Hybla House,

Kildare, Ireland, that when Squire JOHN TEKELL OF SPITALFIELDS. - Can Stevens lived there, before my father, a Miss any reader of 'N. & Q.' give me information Stevens was born and lived there. As the concerning this man, who was a dyer of matter would be of much interest to me, scarlet cloth, or a weaver, in Spitalfields I should be glad if any reader would kindly some time between 1780–1800 ? He was give me any particulars as to whether a born in Gloucestershire in 1737 or 1739. Miss Stevens was really born at Hybla, He was supposed to have a country house House or not. somewhere near London, or possibly a place I have seen Chambers’s ‘Book of Days,' of residence in London. I also wish to but not got much information from it know the date of his death and place of further than what was told me years ago. burial.

E. A. W. EXSHAW.

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