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heiress, Mary, married John Ferris. John In 1694 Sir John Somers, writing to the Swinfen represented Tamworth in Richard King, states : Sir Stephen Evans and Sir Cromwell's Parliament, 1659, and after the John Foche are very considerable men in Restoration sat for Stafford (1660), Tam- the City, and very useful to you upon all worth again (1661–79, March-July, 1679, occasions of loans.” Evance was one of and 1681), and Beeralston (1690, till his the Commissioners of Excise,

and was death).

W. D. PINK. appointed one of the Commissioners to Lowton, Newton-le-Willows.

the Lieutenancy of the City of London in

1694. He was concerned with army clothing “THE BROAD ARROW”(11 S. ix. 481).–For what they may be worth, I have extracted contracts, was first Governor of the Hollow the following from the History of the

Sword-Blade Company, and connected with Worshipful Company of Pewterers of Lon- he was born in New England, probably of

other chartered companies. It appears that don,' by C. Welch, F.S.A. :

Welsh parentage.

Evance is still the pro1474-5. “ Itm. delu'yd a ponchon of yrn (iron) nunciation of Evans in, at any rate, some ye brode arowe hede fore the forfet marke.”.

parts of Wales.

RHYS JENKINS. In an inventory of goods belonging to the Pewterers' Company

Rev. RICHARD SCOTT (11 S. ix. 430, 498). 1489–90. “ It. a punchon of Iron wt abrode -There is, it is true, some probability that arowe hede grauyn therein.'

the Dublin graduate mentioned by Mr. 1564-5. Itni. pd. for a hammer & a chesell & HIPWELL in his kind reply was identical mending the Brode Arowhedd to saye the Tynne. with the Rev. Richard Scott, M.A., who iijs. iiijd."

came from Fakenham to King's Lynn in Although the above references in no way refer to the broad arrow as the King's

1797, but positive testimony to that effect

has not hitherto been forthcoming. mark,” it is at this early date evidently one

A few additional clues may, perhaps, used under authority, and is first spoken of in 1474 as the “forfet " mark, wherewith,

enable some of your readers to clear the matter up

way another. The it is supposed, all wares of inferior metal Richard Scott, aged 20, who entered Dublin or workmanship were branded, and ultimately forfeited by the maker and melted the son of a farmer in co. Clare ; he had been

University as a Sizar on 16 June, 1778, was down. Secondly, in 1564 it is mentioned as the mark used for assaying the tin, and educated previously by a Mr. Numan (Dublin more directly implies under royal authority University Matriculation Books).

R. S. H. than when it was used as a company mark for confiscated wares.


PROVIDENCE : Foden Road, Walsall.

CAPT. BLIGH (11 S. ix. 489).—In the June ** BLANDANDERED

(11 S. ix. 487). — catalogue of second-hand books on sale by In Kipling's story With the Main Guard '

R. Hall of Tunbridge Wells occurs the (see Soldiers Three ') the Irishman Mul. following :vaney, a splendid soldier ruined by the Bligh (Lt. W.) Voyage to the South Sea for habit of drinking, helps his comrades the purpose of Conveying the Bread-Fruit Tree

to the West Indies in H.M.S. the Bounty, through a night of terrible heat in India including account of the Mutiny and subsequent by his wonderful gift of story-telling. On voyage-plate and charts, 4to, 1st ed., 1792." being complimented upon what he has done, Possibly this may be the book to which “ he looked at me wearily; his eyes were sunk MR. TEw refers. A copy is in the London in his head, and his face was drawn and white. Library.

A. COLLINGWOOD LEE. 'Eyah,' said he, "I've blandandhered thim

Waltham Abbey, Essex. through the night somehow, but can thim that helps others help thimselves ? Answer me that,

Dino's PURCHASE OF LAND (11 S. ix. 47, Sorr !'

C. L. S. 353, 474,).See ‘Die Historie von einer Frau

genannt Melusine ' in Deutsche VolksLOMBARD STREET BANKERS : SIR STEPHEN buecher,' Langewiesche, 1912, p. 378. This EVANCE (11 S. ix. 230, 272, 298, 373, 453, ) is a reprint of the 1456 German version, by 494).—The Calendars of Treasury Papers Tuering von Ruggeltingen, of a contemand of State Papers, William and Mary, porary French version of the Latin of contain a number of entries in reference to Jean d'Arras. There is a curious woodcut Sir Stephen Evance—or Evans, as the name illustrating the measuring of the land. is more frequently spelt in these volumes.




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IONA (11 S. ix. 490).--In the Gaelic ELFOU (11 S. ix. 470).--Perhaps Edfû is language at the present day it is called “I” meant, which lies between Luxor and the (pronounced as e in English), which simply First Cataract on the Nile. The Greek name

island," but the ancient form of one of the nomes of Upper Egypt was Ioua, used by Adamnan, the ninth Apollinopolis Magna. Ptolemy IV., PhiloAbbot of Iona, who died in the year 703, pator (B.C. 222), founded a temple there. is still occasionally employed.


The engraving evidently represents the Ioua is a genuine form, ordinarily famous temple at Edfu, on the left bank of used by Adamnan in mentioning Ioua the Nile, in Upper Egypt. Edfu is the insula, the island of Hy, an adjective with 'Azóldovos tódis or’Atollovos tódes peyáln a iem. termination derived from a root-form of the Greeks, and the Apollinis of Pliny, Iou. But in his second preface he says Nat. Hist.,' 5, 9 (11), 60. that Columba was homonymous with Iona

EDWARD BENSLY. (Jonah) the prophet, whose name in Hebrew

(Several signifies “dove. This explanation, coupled

what other correspondents take

seems certainly the right view—that “ Elfou with the connexion between Columba and simply a misprint.] his island, led to the erroneous form“ Iona,' and the conversion of an adjective into a WEST INDIAN FAMILIES (11 S. ix. 489). — place-name.

J. T. F. See ‘Sketch Pedigrees of some of the Early Durham.

Settlers in Jamaica,' by Noël B. Livingston OLD ETONIANS (11 S. ix. 489).—(11) (Kingston, Educational Supply Co., 1909, Robert Shapland Carew, admitted 5 July, admirably indexed, will be found in the

8vo, pp. 139, iv.). A wealth of material, 1765, left 1767, was only son of Shapland C. of Castle Boro, co. Wexford, by Dorothy, dau. for public examination at the Record Office

Slave Compensation Papers, made available and coheir of Isaac Dobson. He was M.P. for Waterford, 1776-1800, and co. Wexford,

in March, 1913. They comprise 1,847 1806–7. He married Anne, dau. and heir volumes, and are catalogued under T. 71.

J. M. BULLOCH. of the Rev. Richard Pigott, D.D., of Dysart,

123, Pall Mall, S.W. Queen's Co., in May, 1783, and was father of a son of the same name, who was created RAWDON FAMILY (11 S. ix. 428, 475).—In Baron Carew. He died 29 March, 1829.

Wilson and Spence's History of York,' 1788, R. M. GLENCROSS. vol. ii. p. 433, will be found the following Makshufa, Harefield Road, Uxbridge.

monumental inscriptions in the church of DANISH LYRICS (11 S. ix. 489).—The most St. Crux (Holy Cross), York, concerning prominent lyrical poets of Scandinavia of some members of the above family :recent or contemporary date are Holger

"Laurence Rawdon, late of this city, Alderman, Drachmann, Viggo Stuckenberg, J. Aakjær, July 5th, 1626.

who departed this life in the 58th year of his age, and Valdemar Rórdam, in Denmark; O. Levertin, Gustav Fróding, Pelle Molin, and and two daughters, Roger, Robert, Marmaduke

Margery, his wife, by whom he had three sons V. v. Heidenstam. in Sweden; and H. Elizabeth, and Mary, She deceased on the 17th Wildenvey and Olaf Bull in Norway. Stuck- April, 1644 ; Also the body of Elizabeth, her grandenberg, Leverti , and Fróding are dead. child, daughter of Sir Roger Jacques, Knt., who.


deceased in the 20th year of (her) age, Oct. 20th, National Liberal Club.


T. omas Rawdon was Sheriff of York in PRIVY ('OUNCILLORS (11 S. ix. 449, 490).- 1615; Christopher Rawdon was Sheriff in Mr. A. I.. HUMPHREYS at the latter reference | 1739. In 1628 Sir Roger Jacques, meris in error in his statement that a Privy chant, served the office of Sheriff, and in Councillor must be a natural-born subject of 1639 he was Lord Mayor. Great Britain." A notable exception was

WM. NORMAN. Max Müller, who was appointed as a

naturalized British subject. I saw him in his The Rev. Rawdon Hautenville, a Devonrobes after the honour was bestowed on him, shire clergyman who died some years ago and he was justly proud of the distinction. in London, I believe, claimed some connexion His wish that we should meet again in with this family. Burke, who gives Lord Florence was, I painfully recall, his last Moira's pedigree, says nothing of any adieu to me on that occasion.

descendants. Is the peerage extinct WILLIAM MERCER. dormant ?




on the

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five parts in painting,” which includes Notes on Books.

some penetrating remarks on affectation; and the sixteenth section, where the functions of the

“ machine are set forth. Deus intersit. Shaftesbury's Second Characters.' Edited by

Benjamin Rand. (Cambridge University Press, Always necessary,” says Shaftesbury, “in the 78. 6d. net.)

high heroic,” and he goes on to contrast the

poverty (pictorially) of common history, where THE present volume brings us a real contribution * machine is introducible, with the scenes in to the available literature of the early eighteenth which the Christian machine appropriately century. It comprises four treatises on art and enters, to the advantage of the latter, though

rather three treatises and the these in their turn must, he thinks, yield to material for a fourth-the work of the last year

in which


ancient mythological of Shaftesbury's life, which was spent, for the

" machine may with truthfulness be employed, sake of his declining health, at Naples. Of these because Christian scenes are almost exclusively treatises the first, the 'Letter concerning Design,' martyrdoms or other invenuste subjects." We was printed for the first time in the fifth edition may notice that he says Domenichino's "St. of the author's best-known book, the Cha- Jerome' is the best picture in the world, and that. racteristics '; and the second, ' The Judgment of criticizing Raphael's Transfiguration,' he bids us Hercules,' was published in French in the Journal observe how the false double piece (viz., the des Sçavans for November, 1712, appearing in part above) serves, however, as the machine English form separately in 1713, and in the second part with infinite advantage." edition of the Characteristics in 1714. The

As he says himself in the notes on the Idea of fourth treatise, “ Plastics —inchoate, but none the the Book, "Shaftesbury's design was to convey, less clear as to intent, and of wider range than the through the medium of criticism of art, a subtler others—is published here for the first time, as and more profound criticism of human life, are also the notes of the design for grouping the capacity, and morality. In this he has been four together as a single work under the title of followed by many writers from Lessing onwards ; Second Characters.'

but, familiar as the line of thought is nowadays Dr. Rand, who has already done important to the shallowest tyro who can dawdle over work in regard to Shaftesbury, gives a sufficient Ruskin, it strikes one here as new and original, Introduction. Shaftesbury's name-on the whole taking one back, perhaps, to Plato more disa deservedly high one-gains by this addition tinctly than to any one else—if for nothing else, to his achievement. The Judgment of Her- yet for the particular tone of its ethic. cules 'may strike the modern reader as enunciat- The formlessness of the most important part ing rather obvious principles in regard to unity of the book, and that which will be new to students, and propriety in the treatment of an historical shows itself, very suggestively, as something of a scene in painting ; these principles did not, how-positive advantage. ever, appear so self-evident to Shaftesbury's contemporaries, and, even now, if used as a test Comment and Criticism : a Cambridge Quarterly in criticizing the new or newly approved work Paper for the Discussion of Current Religious and which occupies attention at the present day, Theological Questions. (Longmans, 6d.) might prove to be not so much ignored of set This number (Vol

. II. No. 1, May), appears in a purpose as neglected. The beginning of the essay; new form, the object of which is to render the with its distinction of the possible

“ moments for the artist's portrayal, remains admirable and preservation of copies practicable. It contains an

article on the exact import of the historicity of the suggestive. The Letter 'on design is virtually a confession Burkitt ; a plea for the reconstruction of English

Gospel, entitled Under Pontius Pilate,' by Prof. of faith in the soundness of asthetic perception Ecclesiastical Courts, from the pen of Mr. Leslie : and judgment in the people at large-remarkable as coming from a man of Shaftesbury's position, an appreciation and criticism by Mr. H. L. Pass of whom ill-health, too-excluding him from public Mr. Knox's recent book 'Some Loose Stones, and

a suggestive paper by Mr. W. Spens on current work-might have been expected to render somewhat narrowly fastidious in his estimate of the controversy, as delivered in the recent pamphlets average. Moreover, he has the insight to perceive by Dr. Bethune-Baker, Dr. Sanday, and Bishop

Gore. the dependence of a people's soundness in art upon their civic rectitude and wisdom.

MR. E. T. JAQUES, who is a solicitor of the Shaftesbury's translation of the Tablet of Supreme Court, has made an interesting contribution Cebes’ is given in the third place-in lieu of the to Dickens literature by giving, under the title of Appendix concerning the Emblem of Cebes,'| Charles Dickens in Chancery, an account of Dickens's which remained unexecuted at his death... This proceedings in respect of the Christmas Carol,' to. enables the student to acquaint himself with an allegory which, in Shaftesbury's view, offered which he has added some gossip in relation to the considerable opportunity for what we may call old Law Courts at Westminster. Messrs. Long.

mans are the publishers, and the price is one creative comment," as well as here and there

shilling net. Mr. Jaques is better known to our a pithy, suggestive counsel, though it cannot readers as Christian Tearle,” the author of The be pretended that, in itself, it is anything but & Pilgrim from Chicago' and “The Gardens of Gray's dull and frigid scheme for an interpretation of

Inn. human life.

From Plastics, an Epistolary Excursion on MESSRS. A. & C. BLACK send The Social Guide the Original Progress and Power of Designatory for the present year, edited by Mrs. Hugh Adams Art, it is tempting to draw matter for discussion and Miss Edith A. Browne. The 'Guide ' includes at 'almost every page.

We will allow ourselves the Indian seasons, Egypt, and Continental resorts. only to mention as examples the fourteenth section, The price is half-a-crown net.



The Cornhill Magazine begins with the first fascinating answer in the affirmative — to the chapters of a novel entitled “Two Sinners,' by query ‘Is Man an Electrical Organismı ?' stating, Mrs. Ritchie. It starts out pretty well. The poem with considerable ingenuity and force, speculations

A True Dream,' from the unpublished remains of which seem everywhere in the air about us just Mrs. Browning's early work, is several degrees now. Miss Gertrude Kingston is a trenchant critic better as poetry than the relics hitherto exhumed. of the last three generations : her opinions seem to Mr. A.C. Benson has some graceful commonplaces have been formed almost too exclusively from what about old buildings in a paper called . The Beauty she has observed in one stratum of society, and in, of Age,' and Julia Cartwright contributes one of perhaps, only some of the circles even of this. Her her pleasant studies of the Italian Renaissance in warning note about the school boys of the present • Cardinal Bembo and his Villa.' Mr. Stephen generation certainly deserves attention. Paget in the first instalment of a series called • The New Parents' Assistant' makes several sound

In the July Fortnightly Count Ilya Tolstoy and shrewd remarks which, however, are nearly continues his reminiscences of his father, the lost in a mass of quasi-humorous illustration and naïve and homely record still of early childhood, paradox, which for some reason or other remains with nothing in it unparalleled, but fairly interest rather unconvincing: Of Mr. Bradby's three essays ing as to the details given. There is an account of the under the common title. By the Wayside,' the third, family sayings which became, within the family, White, Black, and Grey,' is decidedly the best proverbial, and this suggests that it would be For good tales-and several are really good-the interesting to have a collection of these started, no reader will turn to the Marchesa Peruzzi de' matter from what family, so they were properly Medici's description of her life in the house of her authenticated avd genuine. Mr. Gilbert Cole. father, the sculptor Julian Story, at Rome, where ridge contributes a charming paper on Sir Thomas Hans Andersen and Robert Browning both figure; Browne, a personage whom it never seens weari. and also to Sir Henry Lucy's wonted ‘Sixty Years

some repeatedly to contemplate. Prof. Gaston in the Wilderness. • The Illustrious Garrison,'

Şévrette interprets to us M. Jean Richepin's by Lieut.-Col. MacMunn, gives in a sufficiently interpretation of Shakespeare-correcting parts of telling way the story of Sale's Brigade at Jellalabad"; it where he deems it needs correction, as, for and there is a short story, ' Pride of Service,' by example, in the matter of Desdemona's character, Mr. Boyd Cable, of which the stuff, and also the whom M. Richepin, perversely we also think, descriptive treatment, are excellent ; indeed, it will have to be "curious, super-subtle," "an wants only firmer, less amateurish handling of the intellectuelle.. Mr. J. F. Macdonald admires Mr. characters at the climax to give it a claim to quite Zangwill's play Plaster Saints,' and gives his outstanding praise. Just a year ago we commented

reasons for doing so in a skilful analysis. Mr. sympathetically on an excellent article by Mr. William Archer's Manners in India, and Mr. Hesketh Frichard about the Grey Seals of Haskeir. Wilfrid Ward's 'Oxford Liberalism and Dogma," We congratulate both him and the editor of The are perhaps not so far beyond the scope of `N. &Q?' Cornhill upon the effect of that article, which, that we must forbear to mention them, being as through the intermediation of Mr. Charles Lyell, they are very well worth consideration. The MP.. stung the Legislature into legislating." and remaining papers are on national and internahas brought to pass the Grey Seals (Protection) tional political questions, Bill. This has now gone through its third reading in the House of Lords, and provides a close season for grey seals from 1 October to 15 December.

Notices to Correspondents. THE July number of The Nineteenth Century is one of the best of recent years. The Abbé Ernest

On all communications must be written the name Dimnet has an article, important for its literary as and address of the sender, not necessarily for pub. well as for its social information, on the question lication, but as a guarantee of good faith. Does the Church play any Active Part in France ?' To secure insertion of communications corre The situation, as he depicts it, is of unique interest. spondents must observe the following rules. Let The history of religion may often be shown by the each note, query, or reply be written on a separate historian to repeat itself. The position of the slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and Church in France to-day would seem to be in all such address as he wishes to appear. When answer, literalness unprecedented. Miss Edith Sichel gives ing queries, or making notes with regard to previous us an attractive account of the late Emily Lawless; entries in the paper, contributors are requested to and Mr. Darrell Figgis draws from the volumes put in parentheses, immediately after the exact recently given to the world by Mrs. Parnell a por. heading, the series, volume, and page or pages to trait of Charles Stewart Parnell, which certainly which they refer. Correspondents who repea: explains his peculiar effectiveness, as the descrip- queries are requested to head the second com tions of him prior to the publication of this new munication “ Duplicate.” life do not. One of the most charming papers in the number—and of a type to please, we think,

W. H. P,-Forwarded. many of our readers—is Mrs. Stirling's 'A Georgian MR. L. STANLEY JAST (“Sundial Motto "). Scrap-book,' this being a book of extracts compiled Ecclesiastes ini. 15. by Diana Bosville, daughter of one Yorkshire squire and wife of another, and a friend of Lady have sent him replies re

L. V. desires to thank the correspondents who

Wildgoose.” Mary Wortley Montagu's. Diana had a discerning eye in the matter of excerpts, and a brisk sense of

MAJOR CUTHBERTSON and Mr. R. M. Hogg.-humour, and the matter here selected out from “Inveni portum” has been discussed at 6 $. i. 494 ; her selections is most of it eminently worth while. 1. 136, 409; iv. 76 ; 7 S. ix. 168, 237; and 9 s. ii. Miss Arabella Kenealy contributes a lengthy and / 41, 229.




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