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NOTES AND QUERIES is published on BIBLIOGRAPHY OF BENJAMIN DISRAELI,

EARL OF BEACONSFIELD, 1820-1892.

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Notes and Queries Office, Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.O.

BIBLIOGRAPHY.

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cery Lane, W.C., Hon. Gen. Editor to the Brit. Record Soc., and

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LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 11, 1914.

Finally, to the title of its issue for 24 Jan., 1885, professing to be “No. 9980,” the journal

added the second claim : “ The Oldest NewsCONTENTS.-No. 237.

paper in Great Britain”; the third claim, NOTES :-'Berrow's Worcester Journal,' 21–The Governor with which I am not concerned, being added

of Malta in 'Midshipman Easy,' 22-Webster a Con. tributor to Overbury's Characters,' 23-Anne Brontë

later. “ Sandwich spoils " in 1457, 24 - The Chronicle of the Kings of England' - Shrovetide Throwing at the Cock, that the numeration is, and has always been,

A simple calculation will convince any one 25 — William Sydenham, M.D. – Fenimore Cooper : a Coincidence-Rectory House of St. Michael, Cornhill – incorrect, from the year 1836 downwards. Lines quoted in Jonson's 'Poetaster,' 26-Royal Ladies If No. 6982 appeared in 1836, the paper as Colonels-in-Chief-"The weakest goes to the wall"A Misquotation in Thackeray: Colman, Goldsmith, and must have commenced in 1722. And if the Gray, 27.

paper's present - day numeration is more QUERIES :-Judith Cowper : Mrs. Madan, 27–William accurate, it must have commenced in 1693.

Bell Scott-Medallic Legends - Old Etonians - Recent Work of Fiction Sought-Portrait of Dryden--"Galleon In Jan., 1890, Berrow's Worcester Journal in English Verse, 28-Merchant Adventurers : Muscovy seems to have celebrated a sort of bicenCompany-Fildieu-Wall-Papers—“ There's some water where the stags drown"-Folk Lore Queries : Robins and tenary, and reprinted its articles on the Swallows - Author Wanted - Alexander Iones, D.D.- subject as a pamphlet (illustrated), with the F. Chapman-Childe or Child Family, 29—“The d-d title of 'The Oldest English Newspaper.' strawberry -McJannet Surname, 30.

From this pamphlet it appears

that a REPLIES :- Registers of Protestant Dissenters, 30 –

"Speak to me, Lord Byron ” — Wildgoose, 31-"Con passage in the book of one Worcester his. 12A trawn chaer" —Moore of Winster, 32,7 Military of all these errors. damine" --Cromwell's Illegitimate Daughter, Mrs. Hartop torian, Valentine Green, has been the cause Machines - Encaustic Tiles - Biographical Information Wanted - John Curwood-Alexander Smith's Dream- Valentine Green was born on 16 Oct., 1739. thorp -Voltaire on the Jewish People-Centenary of the He was by profession an engraver, and was Cigar-Register of Marriages of Roman Catholics, 33– W. Baker : T. Crane - -Lethe, 34–" Ragtime "-Heart. 25 years old when the first edition of his Burial-De Glamorgan-Clack Surname, 35- Ethics of work appeared in 1764, with its then title of the Dust '_“ Master” and “Gentleman " during the Seventeenth Century – Duke of Sussex : Morganatic A Survey of the City of Worcester. In Marriages, 36– The Times': Bananas-Loch Chesney- this he says :Stubbs's Trade Protection Agency - Napoleon III. at Chislehurst - Balnes, Lalehan, and Litilyngton, 37 –

From the best information it is conjectured Southwark Bridge-Announcements in Newspaper Office that a public paper was established in Worcester Windows -- Old Etonians - The Great Eastern - Palla. as early as the commencement of the Revolution. vicini, 38.

.... That Worcester was among the earliest, if NOTES ON BOOKS :- London'- London Survivals’- not the first of the provincial cities that opened • Bannockburn'-The Burlington Magazine.'

this important and ready channel of communicaBooksellers' Catalogues.

tion of foreign and domestic intelligence is clearly ascertained.

“ It will be seen in the next section that the

magistracy of this City very early pledged themNotes.

selves, in their corporate capacity, to favour and support the public measures taken to rid the

nation of a tyranny that had been found inimical • BERROW'S WORCESTER JOURNAL.' to its liberty and happiness. This was, doubtless,

the period that gave birth to the weekly Worcester This paper has always appeared once a week, paper. It is uncertain, however, in what order and to its present-day title the following whether monthly, weekly, or what day of the

of succession those publications were first issued, assertions are added : “Established 1690. month or week, or in what form, folio, quarto, or The Oldest Newspaper in Great Britain. otherwise ; but in June, 1709, they assumed a Largest and leading county paper."

regular and orderly appearance in a small folio, Up to the year 1836, no claim of this kind containing six pages, which formed a weekly

number, published every Friday, and were printed was attached to the title of Berrow's Wor- by Stephen Bryan, under the title of the Worcester cester Journal, but to its issue for 22 Sept., Postman." 1836, which professed to be

“ No. 6982, Dr. Nash's two immense volumes conthe statement added Established

stitute the authoritative history of Worcester. 1709." This claim was continued up to He quotes Green ; but severely disregards all and inclusive of "No. 8909," published on his assertions about the Worcester paper. 26 July, 1873.

In 1903 the Rev. J. R. Burton published the But in the following week's issue, “No second volume of his valuable Biblio9381,” for 2_ Aug., 1873, the claim was graphy of Worcestershire,' and on p. 5 altered to “Established 1690.”. No expla- says : nation was given either of this alteration, or of the cause of the jump of 471 numbers York, Oxford, and Cambridge ; it was renewed

In 1662, an Act restricted printing to London in one week.

again in 1679 and 1685, and finally expired in

66

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1695. Before this latter year, then, it was A.D.C., “and he governs here in rey absoluto-50impossible for a book to be printed in Worcester come along.' except surreptitiously, and after Oswen (a six. Now it is known that Maitland's nickname teenth-century printer). nothing has certainly been produced there until 1708.

among his officers, civil and military, was

King Tom " or Old King Tom.” The (quinquennial) Act in question was 13 and 14 Car. II. C. 33. It can be seen in the character of the Governor of Malta, as

In addition to the argument from names, * The Statutes at Large.' It, however, was not renewed in 1678, owing to Titus Oates's depicted in the novel, is exactly that of Sir plot. But it was in full force again from Thomas Maitland, who was noted for his

eccentricities and arbitrary conduct. Sir 1680 to 1695. Nothing, therefore, printed openly in Worcester before the year for six years, describes him as

Charles Napier, who had served under him

a rough old 1695, and nothing is known to have been printed surreptitiously even when the Act humour, and was fond of a joke, more

despot." He had, too, a sort of grim was not in force.

J. B. WILLIAMS.

especially a practical joke. He took strong (To be continued.)

fancies and antipathies—was a good friend and a good hater. In the book Jack, as

soon as he had given him an account of the THE GOVERNOR OF MALTA

grotesque duel, at which he “had laughed IN 'MR. MIDSHIPMAN EASY': ....till he held his sides,” became a first

favourite, and afterwards, whenever Mr. SIR THOMAS MAITLAND.

Midshipman Easy had been through any In his Introduction to 'Mr. Midshipman other extraordinary adventure or was conEasy ' in the “ Illustrated Standard Novels" templating some fresh escapade, he used to Series published by Messrs. Macmillan, Mr. say to himself, “ I've a famous good yarn David Hannay says :

for the Governor,” or “ It would be a good The Governor who rejoiced in Jack's stories joke to tell the Governor.” So did Capt. may be named with confidence as Sir Alexander Sawbridge console himself on one of these Ball, whom Marryat may have known, and must occasions for stifling his instinct to assert at least have heard of, when he was in the discipline and spoil sport with the reflecMediterranean with Dundonald in the Impérieuse.”

tion : There 'll be another yarn for the I propose to show that this Governor of Governor, or I'm mistaken." But with all Malta was not Sir Alexander Ball, but Sir his faults Maitland was a man of sound judg. Thomas Maitland.

ment and prompt action, and he had a kind 1. The Governor was much amused at the heart. He gave Mr. Midshipman Easytriangular method of fighting a duel, with whom he invited to make a home of Governthree parties engaged at the same time, ment House while he was detained at Malta which was adopted by the Midshipman at —very good advice, and helped to prevent the suggestion of Mr. Tallboys, the gunner. him from spoiling his career. Capt. Wilson says to his First Lieutenant : Like his predecessor Sir Alexander Ball, “I dine at the Governor's to-day ; how he Sir Thomas Maitland died in office at Malta, will laugh when I tell him of this new way so that the following incident proves nothing of fighting a duel!” To which Mr. Saw- either way. The Governor promises to pay bridge replies: “Yes, sir, it is just the Jack a visit at his house “ if ever I come to thing that will tickle old Tom ” (chap. xviii.). England again.” On which the author com2. The Governor is addressed and spoken ments : But Sir Thomas never did go

Sir Thomas (chaps. xxii., xxviii., back to England, and this was t'eir final xli.).

adieu.” 3. But what seems conclusive is the remark It is, of course, chronologically inaccurate made by Jack when the Governor takes to make Maitland Governor of Malta during very decisive steps to ensure that Jack's the period in which the Midshipman was friend and fellow-midshipman, Gascoigne, serving in the Mediterranean, when England shall not fight_a duel with the Spanish was at war with Spain as well as with France.

blackguard,” Don Silvio, and to summon Peace had been concluded with Spain in both n idshipmen to appear before him. 1809. Maitland came to Malta from Ceylon, An aide-de-camp with a corporal and a where he had been for six years Governor, file of men” is sent to see that this latter in 1812 or early in 1813, and died there in order is duly executed.

1824. But, as Mr. Hannay himself points “This is confounded tyranny....Well may out in his Introduction to ‘Newton Forster,' they call him King Tom.' Yes,' replies the Marryat “cared as little as Lever for mere

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