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NOTES AND QUERIES.

11 S. X. JULY 11, 1914.]

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MILITARY MACHINES (11 s. ix. 430, 471). | blest with a very extravagant wife, and was -I am extremely obliged to your corre- the defendant, under an assumed name, in spondent for his kind help, but my query the case of Seaton v. Benedict, which estabstill remains unanswered as to particulars of lished the non-liability of a husband for penthouses and galleries in John Gray's debts contracted by a wife who is properly time (1731). As they were classed with supplied with necessaries by her husband. mantlets and blinds, and like these were

LEONARD J. Hopson. said to be similar to musculus, pluteus, Robertsbridge, Sussex. testudo, and vinea, they were evidently of a movable kind. As an old sapper and

ALEXANDER SMITH'S 'DREAMTHORP miner, I am fully acquainted with every- (11 S. ix. 450, 493).—MR. F. A. CAVENAGH'S thing connected with modern immovable first quotation comes from the well-known galleries and huts put up for an army.

English folk-song “The Beggar.' This may Since sending in my query I have found be found in Mr. Cecil Sharp's 'Folk-Songs: descriptions and drawings of mantlets and from Somerset,' pt. iv., where the first blinds in The Military Engineer, com

verse and the chorus go thus :posed by M. Le Blond, 2 vols., an English I'd just as soon be a beggar as a king, translation of which appeared in 1759,

And the reason I'll tell you for why ; hence very near to John Gray's time. More

A king cannot swagger, nor drink like a beggar,

Nor be half so happy as I. modern Military Dictionaries, such as Major James's (4th ed., 1876), give an explanation

Let the back and the sides go bare, my boys,

Let the hands and the feet gang cold ; of penthouses and galleries, but these are But give to the belly, boys, beer enough, fixtures.

L. L. K.
Whether it be new or old.

The

Mr. Sharp has a long note on the song. DEVICE ON ENCAUSTIC TILES (11 S. ix. chorus is almost the same as that of “I 509).

cannot eat but little meat."
Encaustic Tiles and Recent Discoveries at

IOLO A. WILLIAMS.
Launceston Priory.'-Arch. Cambrensis, Fifth
Series, y. 13.
· Flooring and Mural Tiles.'-Hulme's ' Birth

VOLTAIRE ON THE JEWISH PEOPLE (11 S of Ornament,' 1893.

ix. 49, 298).-I find that the words quoted * Manufacture of T'iles.'-Art Journal, 1895. by me at the first reference occur in a letter * Pavements of Figured Tiles.'—" Gentleman's written by Voltaire at Ferney on 12 Sept., Magazine Library” (Ecclesiology ?), 1894.

Greenfield (B. w.), Encaustic Tiles of Middle 1761, to M. de Burigny, who had sent him Ages, especially South Hampshire,' 1892.

a book on Bossuet ( Lettres Choisies de Henniker (J. H. M.), Two Letters on the Voltaire,' tome troisième, p. 36, Paris, Origin......of Norman Tiles,' 1794.

1792). HERTHA HAMILTON'S apposite extract Shaw (H.), *Specimens of Tile Pavements,' from “Le Pyrrhonisme de l'Histoire 'shows 1858.

that the author still retained, when compos. The last three books are in the London ing a serious work, the opinion he had Library.

WM. H. PEET.

hastily expressed in a letter.
BIOGRAPHICAL
INFORMATION WANTED

JOHN T. CURRY.
(11 S. ix. 488).—(4) ? Ralph Carr, S. of
Ralph of Whickham, co. Durham, arm.

CENTENARY OF THE CIGAR (11 S. ix. 89, Christ Church, matric. 12 May, 1785, aged 235, 454).—Godsmark, tobacconist, Mickle17, B.A. 1789; Merton Coll., M.A. 1792 ; gate, York, still holds out the bait of of Stannington, Northumberland, and Bar- gars upon his sign. The spelling of the rowpoint Hill, Middlesex ; barrister-at-law, word cigar was not fixed until the Victorian Middle Temple, 1796 ; died 5 March, 1837, Age. Segar and seegar seemed to John Bull's aged 67.

A. R. BAYLEY.

ear in the eighteenth century to be the

best phonetic rendering of cigarro. Spelling JOHN CURWOOD (11 S. ix. 430, 498).- reformers may, perhaps, revert to that Some interesting personal impressions of opinion.

ST. SWITHIN. this learned counsel are to be found in the late Serjeant Robinson's · Bench and Bar.' REGISTER MARRIAGES OF ROMAN Curwood at one time shared with Mr. CATHOLICS BEFORE 1837 (11 S. ix. 469).Adolphus the bulk of the most lucrative The record of the marriage of two French business at the Old Bailey, but some time émigrés in 1795 might very possibly be before he relinquished practice he had been found at the old Sardinian Chapel, the to a great extent ousted by younger men. Registers of which are now, I believe, at According to Serjeant Robinson, he was St. Anselm and St. Cecilia's Church, Kings

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way, or at St. Patrick's, Soho, where, IColmere, M.A., of Marshwood Vale, Dorset. think, the Registers date back beyond 1795. He was admitted together with John Scott

The Registers of the Bavarian Chapel, now on 2 Sept., 1554 (when there were vacancies the Church of the Assumption, Warwick due to resignations by Nicholas Smith and Street, go back to 1797, so it would be James Bayley), and he resigned before worth examining them.

31 Aug., 1558, when John Dolber succeeded FREDERICK T. HIBGAME. him. He is presumably identical with the Unthank Road, Norwich.

Walter Colmer who graduated M.A. at

Oxford in March, 1541/2 (see Foster, and also WILLIAM BAKEP. (11 S. ix. 369), THOMAS Boase); but the record apparently does CRANE (10 S. vi. 189), and Robert Watton not name the Oxford College to which he were each of them admitted twice to a belonged. Is anything known of him after Fellowship at Winchester College. Baker 1558 ? was admitted first on 16 Feb., 1537/8, and The troubles which arose at Winchester in must have resigned before 1 Oct., 1543, when 1559, upon the passing of the Act of Unihe was admitted again in succession to formity, have already been noticed in these William Sparkman. He resigned again be columns (10 S. ii. 45, 115). So far as I can fore 6 July, 1549, when Crane came in as ascertain from the College records, Crane his successor. That was Crane's second ad. was the only Fellow who actually suffered mission, for he had been admitted previously deprivation for recusancy. on 19 Nov., 1548, on the death of Elisha A later Thomas Crane, who became a Warham, but had resigned before 8 March, Winchester Scholar under the election of 1603, 1548/9, when Mathew Cole succeeded him. is sadly lost in Kirby's book, because he is Robert Watton was first admitted on 26 July, there miscalled “ Thomas Evans ” (p. 161). 1561, when a vacancy had arisen

H. C. “per deprivationem domini Thome Crane recusantis subscribere quibusdam articulis in visi- LETHE: PLAIN OR RIVER ? (11 S. ix. 326.) tatione Episcopi Winton. exhibitis."

Your correspondent MR. F. W. ORDE In the December of the same year Watton WARD may, perhaps. be surprised to learn resigned on the 19th, but he was readmitted that Lethe Plain, Añons mediov, is, and two days later as successor to William was, perfectly well so understood by scholars Adkins, who had died on the 18th. On the even in the Middle Ages. The fact that 24th John Taylor was admitted to the well-read Grecians among Roman poets, Fellowship which Watton had vacated on such as Vergil, Tibullus, or Horace, mis. the 19th.

understanding mythology, made errors is The above facts come mainly from surely not astounding-any.

than the College Register called 0," which Shakespeare speaking of clocks in his contains the notarial acts relating to the plays of Julius Cæsar' and Coriolanus.' swearing- in of the Fellows. This little- Vergil's known Register is marred by some unfortu

Omnia uel medium fiant mare nate gaps and omissions ; but, even so, it for Theocritus's gives much information not to be found in the

πάντα δ' εναλλα γένοιντο Register 'of Fellows, which is more often is known to boys of much less attainment consulted, and which occurs in the book called ' Liber Albus.'

than Macaulay's schoolboy. William Sparkman, who is mentioned

Your correspondent might consult the above, is not in the list of Fellows which Ravenna Scholia to Aristophanes's Frogs ' Kirby printed in his 'Winchester Scholars," | (B.C, 405), 1. 166 (188) Dindorf's edition :and, so far as the two Registers referred to “ Τίς εις | το Λήθης πεδίον ;” χωρίον εν Αίδου above are concerned, I can find nothing Aidupós ongiv, a place or district in (the about him beyond the fact that he ceased to realm of) Hades. be Fellow (cause not disclosed) in 1543 We cannot afford to neglect works such as (Reg. 0). It appears, however, from the Stephanus or Tzetzes or Du Cange; but Bursars' Account Roll of 1539-40, under Liddell and Scott have not made error as “ Stipendia sociorum,” that he was ad- to Lethe, even in 1869, as the Editor has mitted Fellow on John Chubbe's death in pointed out. 1540. I should be glad to learn what became The date of Plato's 'Politeia' compared of Sparkman after 1543.

with the ‘Frogs' would hardly solve the Another Fellow who is not in Kirby's list, question. Your correspondent may though in both the Registers, is Walter! member that the Greeks were heirs to a

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mythology which had its roots in many d'Este supported it, and there is at the lands. As to Plato's River Ameles," I Archives a most interesting correspondence should like to hear of the most recent recen- between her and the Mother Superior. sion of the Plato · Republic ' MSS.

But I do not know the site of the Couvent. It must be remembered that Plato went The only “ Chaillot” with which I am to Egypt, and I should not be surprised to acquainted is a district lying between the find evidence that the River Ameles hid Étoile and the Seine, and the only convent some such term as Amenti or Amentes, the of which I could find traces was in Rue Egyptian name for the Western Land, the Christophe Colomb. That convent bourne of the dead.

formerly called Notre Dame de Sagesse, Further, I should incline to see a joke in and the building is now used for an école Anons Tedíov, the plain of the River paroissiale.' Can some reader of ‘N. & Q.' Lethe, whereon only dead men can walk-tell me more about this convent ? i.e., water. I should not reject a theory that Extracts from certificates : Lethe river is sound mythology after all. (a) Henrietta Maria......"nous a été remise le My old friend and master the late C. J.

ceur et les entrailles de la reine d'Angleterre, par Cornish when at St. Paul's was always in l'ordre du roi et de Monsieur.” the habit of writing on the papers of boys (6) James II.-—“Je, sous-signé Maître des céréwhose Latin verse he was correcting Ovid's monies de France, certifie que le coup de trés-haut, line from the “Metamorphoses ' :

trés-puissant, et trés - excellent Prince Jacques

second Roy de la grande Bretagne decedé à St. Rivus aquæ Lethes crepitantibus unda lapillis.

Germain-en-Laye le 16 du présent mois de SeptemHe and that line live in my memory together. bre, ayant esti miz dans une boëte de plomb renPerth, W.A.

CECIL OWEN.

fermée danz une autre boëte de vermeil doré, j'ay

eu ordre du Roy de le faire transporter au couvent {Readers of Ovid will remember that the text des Religieuseux de Ste Marie à Chaillot, suivant actually has

le désir du Roy d'Angleterre défunt et de la Rivus aquæ Lethes, per quem cum murmure labens Reyne d'Angleterre son Epouse, que la nuit Invitat somnos crepitantibus upda lapillis.]

du 17 au 18 du d. mois il a esti remiz par un des

Aumoniers de sa Majesté Britannique entre les RAGTIME ” (11 S. ix. 488).—In American mains de la Superieure du d. Couvent, en presence slang to rag a melody is to syncopate a

de M. le Duc de Barwik, des principaux officiers du

Roi et de moy," normally regular tune. Ragtime ” may be

E. M. F. said to be a strongly syncopated melody superimposed on a strictly regular accom

DE GLAMORGAN (11 S. viii. 468 ; ix. 153, paniment, and it is the combination of these 476). — Respecting the pedigree of this two rhythms that gives it its character. A family, I should like to draw the attention very exhaustive disquisition on ragtime

of those interested to two books which, I music, which has been popular in America think, throw some further light upon it. for over twenty-five years, was printed in The first is ‘Historical Notes on Parts The Times of 8 Feb., 1913.

of South Somerset,' by the late John WILLOUGHBY MAYCOCK.

Batten, F.S.A., 1894, where, in the early [MR. ARCHIBALD SPARKE also thanked for reply.) history of Brympton, there is a good deal HEART-BURIAL (11 S. viii. 289, 336, 352, The second book is a recent privately printed

about the De Lisle and Glamorgan families. 391, 432, 493; ix. 38, 92, 234, 275, 375,

the Baildon family by W. 398, 473).—In the Archives Nationales, Paley Baildon, F.S.A., in which the con

history of Paris, are certificates for the heart-burials nexions of the Lisle, Stopham, and Glaof Henrietta Maria (1669), James II. (1701), Marie d'Este (1718), and Marie Louise, Should MR. WHITEHEAD or AP THOMAS not

morgan
families

very ably treated. daughter of James II. (1712). These burials took place at the Couvent de la Visitation have access to these works, I shall be happy

to lend them.

E. A. FRY. at Chaillot. Henrietta Maria's body is buried in the church of the Hôpital du Val

227, Strand, W.C. de-Grâce. This was founded as a Bene- CLACK SURNAME (11 S. ix. 428, 494).– dictine monastery by Anne of Austria, and on the very day on

which the reply was converted by Napoleon I. into a mili; appeared I found at the Record Office (W.O. tary hospital. James II.'s body was buried 13: 4166), among the Peterhead volunteers in the Church of St. Germain-en-Laye, of 1803, one

George Clackie.” The Scots where he died.

word clake means a gossip. The Couvent de la Visitation was founded

J. M. BULLOCH. at Chaillot by Henrietta Maria. Marie

123, Pall Mall, S.W.

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* THE ETHICS OF THE Dust’(11 S. ix. 289, position. There were certain occupations 336).-4. When Ruskin referred to Richter's which gave the title to those who followed “ lovely illustrations of the Lord's Prayer,' them. The Army, the Navy, and the Law he probably had in mind the German artist were three such occupations. It used to (Adrian) Ludwig Richter, 1803–84, and not be said that a lawyer was a gentleman by the painter of English birth, but German Act of Parliament. It meant that the parentage, Henry James Richter, 1772–1857, Legislature looked upon a lawyer as having suggested by your correspondent Mr. the status of a gentleman, and designated HOWARD S. PEARSON. Ludwig Richter him as such in its proceedings, quite irrewas probably the most popular German spective of his birth. illustrator of his day. Among other works The great difference seems to be that a he illustrated Schiller's · Lied von der man

be born

a gentleman, but he Glocke,' Goethe's 'Hermann und Dorothea,' cannot be born a Master. As there is Hebel's · Alemannische Gedichte,' the collec- no caste system in England, a man by tions of fairy-tales by Musäus and Bechstein, his ability or intellectual aptitude has alway's and 'The Vicar of Wakefield,' which, by the been able to climb into the higher grades; way, has always been a favourite English and this process was going on in the sevennovel with the Germans. His illustrations teenth century just as it is going on now. of the Lord's Prayer which are indeed

F. P. lovely "--appeared for the first time in 1856 ; the series consists of nine woodcuts. DUKE OF SUSSEX : MORGANATIC MAR. Ludwig's work is typically German, and as RIAGES (11 S. ix. 470, 518).—The tradition homely as some of the fairy-tales which he in the Dunmore family is that the Duke of has so charmingly illustrated. The sim- Sussex was bribed by the payment of his plicity of his style reminds one of Dürer. I debts to repudiate Lady Augusta Murray. may add that his ‘Lebenserinnerungen The very dissimilar treatment of Lady eines deutschen Malers,' which appeared Cecilia Buggin (nicknamed “ Duchess of posthumously, is the most amiable auto. Nevertheless "") attributed to Whig biography that it has been my pleasure to influence at Court. read. In the city of Dresden a monument Some authorities hold that Col. D'Este has been erected in honour of its beloved son. had a rightful claim to the throne of Hanover,

C. H. IBERSHOFF. the Royal Marriage Act affecting only the Madison, Wisconsin.

succession to the English crown.

G. W. E. R. “ MASTER

“ GENTLEMAN DURING THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY IN ENGLAND The Royal Marriage Act (11 $. ix. 510).-On further investigation, I expediency to safeguard the Royal family; think, your correspondent will find that and so many of the sons of George III. tried “ Master''

title of office, and to evade it that the King found himself Gentleman a title of social rank. The forced into a very strict observance of the case he cites of the overseer of fortifications Act, for he saw the danger of complications evidently refers to a Quarter Master. A with subjects when his son or sons came to similar title of office was that of Master the throne. It was also expediency, temat Arms. In the Navy there were such pered by affection, which led Queen Victoria titles of office as Quarter Master, Sailing to disregard the Act in the case of her uncle, Master, &c. In civil life an employer of the Duke of Sussex. She knew that he labour of any sort was a “Master.' At the would never come to the throne, that no old English Universities the title belonged children would result from the union, and especially to

to those who graduated as that he had from her babyhood shown more Masters of Arts, &c. The head of the thought for her than had all the other uncles college was “The Master" par excellence. together. Though Sussex joined his royal So it was with the schools. There was brothers in their jealousy of Prince Albert,

“Master''; the other teachers were he was always the first to give way to Her known by another name. In all these Majesty's desires. When the trouble about cases the title

one of office, and it the Prince's precedence occurred in the belonged to those who held the office House, he was quick to seize the opportunity whatever their social origin might have by sending a message to the Queen that he been.

desired important favour, and Her The title of Gentleman was different. Majesty at once guessed that this was in It referred primarily to, birth and social connexion with Lady Cecilia Underwood.

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Whatever the Queen's first feelings about it style of the agency, which is carried on in were, the Duke and Lady Cecilia, with Bush Lane, Cannon Street. Stubbs', Ltd., whom he had been living for years, were was founded in 1836 by the amalgamation speedily married, and in April of the same of several small businesses. year the Queen conferred the title of Duchess

CECIL CLARKE. of Inverness upon her uncle's wife. From Junior Athenæum Club. that time the Duke gave no annoyance to the Queen ; even the sight of the young Prince

Of societies of this kind, one of the largest sitting in a special chair next the throne at and best known is the London Association the opening of Parliament did not draw a for the Protection of Trade, whose headword from him, though all his world ex- offices are at 66, Berners Street, W. Estab. pected a protest.

CLARE JERROLD. lished in 1842, and affiliated with 112 Mutual Hampton-on-Thames.

Societies in the United Kingdom, it has a

membership of nearly 50,000, and is managed THE TIMES ': BANANAS (11 S. ix. 503). — by an unpaid Commercial Committee, who The statement of The Times as to the early are elected annually by the members. importation of bananas to the United States

HARRY HEMS. does not strike me as quite correct. I was l'air Park, Exeter. born in the summer of 1850 near New York, and lived in that city (save when at school NAPOLEON III. AT CHISLEHURST (11 S. ix. in New Hampshire) till the summer of 1864, 509).—Camden Place, Chislehurst, became when I came to Europe. Now I distinctly the property of Mr. N. W. J. Strode in 1860. recollect that at some time during those The new owner, who had been a friend of fourteen years—probably in the late fifties Louis Napoleon during the latter's early or the early sixties-bananas were very sojourn in England, partially rebuilt and common in New York, and I used to go to greatly improved the house, taking as his market in the early morning with my father pattern the best French work of the eighto buy them for breakfast. We often did teenth century. this, so that more than a few bunches

After Sedan, Mr. Strode, on hearing that must have been imported to New York England was to be the place of refuge of the long before 1864. W. A. B. COOLIDGE.

Imperial family, at once placed the house at Loch CHESNEY (11 S. ix. 389, 433, 495). — arrived in December, 1870, Napoleon joining

the disposal of the Empress, and there she The surname Chesney still occurs in Gallo- her in March, 1871. way, but it is not common. The only person of that name mentioned in "The County Chancellor Camden, and the place had early

The house dates from the time of Lord Directory' of Scotland is James Chesney, Kirkmagill, Stoneykirk, Wigtownshire.” The

associations with the historian William Camden.

E. BASIL LUPTON. mention of Stoneykirk reminds one that the name has nothing to do with stones. It is

8, Queen Square, Leeds. a dedication to St. Stephen (who, indeed, I remember having read in La Lecture was stoned to death). Steenie,” being the

pour Tous (Hachette & Cie., Paris, Londres), familiar form of Stephen in Lowland Scots, within the past eight months, an article on became corrupted into · Staney,” which Camden House, Chislehurst, in 1871, by being misunderstood, it was thought genteel M. Auguste Fillon, preceptor to the Prince to write, as in English, “ Stoney.

Imperial, in which he makes mention of Mr. HERBERT MAXWELL.

Strode ; but I am writing this severely from Monreith.

memory.

EDWARD WEST. STUBBS'S TRADE PROTECTION AGENCY (11 S. ix. 510).—Through the courtesy of Stubbs'

BALNES, LALEHAM, LITTLYNGTON, AND Mercantile Offices (Stubbs, Ltd.), which is STANES (11 S. ix. 508).--According to Lewis, the correct title, I am enabled to inform · Topographical Dict. of England,' 1831, BRADSTOW that Perry's Trade Protection Balne is a township of Snaith, which latter Offices are the oldest of the kind in the world. place is seemingly called the manor. Business was commenced some time towards modern county atlas there is a railway the end of the eighteenth century, and it is station at Balne. believed that copies of the Gazette issued by In the fifteenth century there was this concern, containing notices of insolven- manor held by a certain

named cies published prior to 1800, are still in Goldington, called after him, in Lidlington existence. W. R. Perry, Ltd., is the present or Litlington, Beds.

M.A.OXON.

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